Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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1961 [1934]

Q. Mary. Examinations of Roger Holland, Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno. 1558. Iune.Boner. How say you? how do you know it is the Testament of Christ, but onely by the Church? For the Church of Rome hath and doth preserue it, and out of the same hath made decrees, ordinaunces, and true expositions.

No (saith Roger) the church of Rome hath & doth suppresse þe readyng of the Testamēt. And what a true expositiō (I pray you) did the Pope make therof when he set his foote in the Emperours necke & sayd: MarginaliaPsal. xcj.Thou shalt walke vpon the Lyon and the Aspe: the yong Lyon and the Dragon shalt thou treade vnto thy foote. 

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The reference is to Pope Alexander III's putative humiliation of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. Later, this incident would be widely known to English people through the writings of Foxe and Jewel. How Holland knew of it is less clear; although his ultimate source was probably Robert Barnes's edition of Platina's papal biographies. Whether Holland read this for himself or was repeating what someone told him must remain unknown.

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Then sayd the Byshop: Such vnlearned wilde heades as thou and other, would be expositours of the Scripture. Would you then the auncient learned (as there be some here aswel as I) should be taught of you?

Hollād. Youth delighteth in vanitie. My wildnes hath bene somewhat the more by your doctrine, then euer I learned out of this booke of God. But my Lord, I suppose, some of the old Doctours say: If a poore lay man bryng his reason and argumēt out of the word of God, he is to be credited afore the learned, though they be neuer so great Doctours. For the gift of knowledge was taken from the learned Doctours, and giuē to poore fishermen. Notwithstandyng I am ready to be instructed by the Church.

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Boner. That is very well said Roger. But you must vnderstand that the Church of Rome is the Catholicke Church. Roger, for thy frendes sake (I promise thee) I wish the well, and I meane to do the good. Keeper, see he want nothyng. Roger, if thou lacke any mony to pleasure thee, I will see thou shalt not want. 

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Bonner is offering Holland money to buy necessities - bedding, better food, freedom from chains, etc. - in prison.

This hee spake vnto hym alone his fellowes beyng apart, with many other fayre promises, and so he was sent to prison agayne.

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The last examination of Roger Holland.

MarginaliaThe last examination of Roger Hollād.THe last examination of Roger Holland was when he with his fellow prisoners were brought into the Consistory and there excommunicated all sauyng Roger, and ready to haue their sentence of iudgement giuen, with many threatning wordes to feare them with all: the Lord Straūge, Syr Tho. Iarret, M. Eglestō Esquier, & diuers other of worship both of Cheshyre & Lākeshyre, that were Rog. Hollāds kinsmē & frendes, beyng there present: which had bene earnest suters to the Byshop in his fauour, hopyng of his safetie of life. Now the Byshop hopyng yet to wynne hym with hys fayre and flatteryng wordes, began after this maner.

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Boner. Roger I haue diuers tymes called thee before, home to my house, and haue conferred with thee, and beyng not learned in the Latine toung, it doth appeare vnto me thou art of a good memorie & of a verie sensible talke, but something ouerhasty: which is a naturall disease to some men. And surely they are not the worst natured men. For I my selfe shall now and then be hasty, but myne anger is sone past. So Roger, surely I haue a good opinion of you, that you wil not with these leude fellowes cast your selfe headlong from the church of your parentes & your frendes that are here, verie good Catholickes (as it is reported vnto me.) And as I meane the good, so Roger play the wisemās part, and come home with the lost sonne & say: I haue runne into the Church of schismatikes and heretickes, from the Catholicke Church of Rome, MarginaliaThe Rhetoricall persuasiōs of B. Boner.and you shall, I warrāt you, not only finde fauour at Gods handes, but the Church that hath authoritie, shall absolue you and put new garmentes vpon you, and kill the fatlyng to make thee good chere withall: That is, in so doyng, as meate doth refresh and cherish the minde, so shalt thou finde as much quietnes of conscience in commyng home to the Church, as did the hungry sonne that had bene fed afore with the hogges, as you haue done with these heretickes that seuer them selues frō the church. I giue them a homely name, but they bee worse (puttyng his hand to his cap for reuerence sake) then hogges: For they know the Church and will not follow it. If I should say this much to a Turke, hee would (I thinke) beleue me. But Roger, if I did not beare thee and thy frendes good will, I would not haue said so much as I haue done, but I would haue let myne Ordinarie alone with you.

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At these wordes his frendes that were there, gaue the Bishop thankes for his good will and paynes that he had taken in his and their behalfe.

Boner. Well Roger, how say you now? Do you not beleue that after the Priest hath spoken the wordes of

consecration, there remayneth the body of Christ really and corporally vnder the formes of bread and wine: I meane the selfe same body that was borne of the virgine Mary, that was crucified vpō the crosse, that rose agayne the third day.

Holland. Your Lordship sayth, the same body which was borne of the virgine Mary, which was crucified vpon the Crosse, which rose agayne the third day: but you leaue out, whiche ascended into heauen: MarginaliaThe Papistes how they take one peece of Scripture, and leaue out an other.and the Scripture sayth he shall there remayne vntill he come to iudge the quicke and the dead. Then he is not conteined vnder the formes of bread and wine by Hoc est corpus meum. &c.

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Boner. Roger, I perceiue my paynes and good will, wil not preuaile, and if I should argue with thee, thou art so wilfull (as all thy fellowes be, standyng, in thine own singularitie & foolish conceite) that thou wouldest still talke to no purpose this vij. yeare, if thou mightest bee suffered. Aunswere whether thou wilt confesse the reall & corporall presence of Christes body in the Sacrament, or wilt not.

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Holland. My Lord, although that God by his sufferaunce hath here placed you to set forth hys truth and glory in vs his faithfull seruauntes: notwithstandyng your meanyng is farre frō the zeale of Christ, and for all your wordes, you haue the same zeale that Annas & Caiphas had, trusting to their authoritie, traditions and ceremonies, more then to the word of God.

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Boner. If I should suffer him, he would fall frō reasonyng to rayling, as a franticke hereticke.

Lord Straunge. Roger (saith the Lord Straunge) I perceaue my Lord would haue you to tell him whether you will submit your selfe vnto him or no.

Boner. Yea, sayth Boner, and confesse this presence that I haue spoken of.

With this Roger turnyng him to þe Lord Straūge and the rest of his kynsmen and frendes, very cherefully kneled downe vpon his knees and sayd: God by the mouth of his seruaunt S. Paul hath sayd: Let euery soule submit him selfe vnto the higher powers, & he that resisteth receiueth his owne damnation: and as you are a Magistrate appoynted by the will of God, so doe I submit my self vnto you, and to all such as are appointed for Magistrates.

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Boner. That is well sayd: I see you are no Anabaptist. MarginaliaThe presence in the Sacrament.How say you then to the presence of Christes body and bloud in the Sacrament of the altar?

Holland. I say, and I besech you all to marke & beare witnes with me (for so you shall do before the iudgemēt seat of God) what I speake: for here is the conclusion: And ye my deare frendes (turnyng him to his kinsmē) I pray you shew my father what I do say, that he maie vnderstand I am a Christian man: I say and beleue & am therin fully persuaded by the Scriptures, that the Sacramēt of the Supper of our Lord ministred in the holy Communion according to Christes institution, I beyng penitent and sory for my sinnes, and myndyng to amend and lead a new life, and so commyng worthely vnto Gods board in perfect loue & charitie, do there receiue by fayth, the body and bloud of Christ. And though Christ in his humane person sit at þe right hand of his father, yet (by faith I say) his death, his Passiō, his merites are myne: and by faith I dwell in him and he in me. And as for the Masse, transubstantiatiō, and the worshippyng of the Sacrament, they are mere impietie and horrible idolatrie.

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Boner. I thought so much sayth Boner (sufferyng hym to speake no more) how he would proue a verie blasphemous hereticke as euer I heard. How vnreuerently doth he speake of the blessed Masse? MarginaliaSentence red against Roger Holland.and so read his bloudy sentence of condemnation, adiudgyng hym to be burned.

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All this while Roger was very patient and quiet, and whē he should departe, he said: my Lord, I besech you suffer me to speake ij. wordes. The Bishop would not heare him but bad him away. Notwithstandyng, beyng requested by one of his frendes, he sayd: speake, what hast thou to say.

Holland. Euen now I told you that your authoritie was from God and by his sufferance, and now I tell you, God hath heard the prayer of his seruaūtes which haue beene poured forth with teares for hys afflicted Saintes, which daily you persecute, as now you do vs. But this I dare be bold in god to speake (which by his spirite I am moued to say) MarginaliaRoger Hollād prophesieth of shortening the tyme of Bish. Boners crueltie.that God will shorten your hand of cruelty, that for a time you shall not molest his

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