Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Latin/Greek TranslationsCommentary on the Text
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1978 [1951]

Q. Mary. Englishe Martyrs in Spayne. Confessours scourged for Religion.

Marginalia1558.þe rather thorough a little misūderstādyng, hearyng þe Inquisitor cast out a word, þt it should be needefull for hym to talke with the prisoner, and beyng thereupon more then halfe persuaded, that at the length they ment good fayth, did so, and repayred thether about the euenyng. MarginaliaIohn Fronton imprisoned by the Spanish Inquisitors for asking his owne goods.Immediatly vpon his commyng, the Iayler was foorthwith charged with hym, to shut hym vp close in such a certaine prison, where they appointed him.

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The partie hopyng at the first that hee had bene called for about some other matter, and seyng him selfe contrary to his expectation, cast into a darke dungeon, perceaued at the length that the world went with him farre otherwise then he supposed it would haue done.

But within two or three dayes after, he was brought forth into the Court, where he began to demaūde his goods: & because it was a deuise that well serued their turne, without any more circumstaunce they bad him say his Aue Maria. The partie began & sayd it after this maner: Aue Maria gratia plena Dominus tecum, benedicta tu in mulieribus, & benedictus fructus ventris tui Iesus. Amen. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
John Fronton saying the 'Ave Maria'
Foxe text Latin


Aue Maria gratia plena dominus tecum, benedicta tua in mulieribus, & benedictus fructus ventris tui Iesus. Amen.
Sancta Maria mater Dei ora pro nobis peccatoribus.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord be with you, blessed are you among women, and blessed be Jesus, the fruit of your womb. Amen.
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners.

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MarginaliaIohn Fronton iudged an hereticke for not adding to Aue Maria, more then the Scripture hath.The same was written worde by word as he spake it: and without any more talke of claymyng his goodes because it was booteles, they commaunde him to prison agayne, and enter an action agaynst him as an hereticke, forasmuch as he did not say his Aue Maria after the Romish fashion, but ended it very suspiciously, for he should haue added moreouer: Sancta Maria mater Dei ora pro nobis peccatoribus, 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
John Fronton saying the 'Ave Maria'
Foxe text Latin


Aue Maria gratia plena dominus tecum, benedicta tua in mulieribus, & benedictus fructus ventris tui Iesus. Amen.
Sancta Maria mater Dei ora pro nobis peccatoribus.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord be with you, blessed are you among women, and blessed be Jesus, the fruit of your womb. Amen.
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners.

by abbreuiatyng whereof, it was euident enough (sayd they) that he did not allow the mediation of Saintes.

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MarginaliaA quarell picked against the English Marchant to spoyle him of his goods.Thus they picked a quarell to detaine him in prison a longer season, and afterwardes brought him forth into their Stage disguised after their maner: where Sentence was geuen that he should lose all the goodes whiche he sued for, though they were not his owne, and besides this, suffer a yeares imprisonment.

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¶ The Martyrdome of an other Englishman in Spayne. 
Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of this Englishman, Baker, Burgate, Burges and Hoker first appeared in the 1563 edition and were unchanged in subsequent editions.

MarginaliaAn other English man burnt in Spaine.AT what tyme this blessed Martyr of Christ suffered, whiche was the yeare of our Lord, 1560. December. xxij. there suffered also an other Englisheman, with other xiij. one of them beyng a Nunne, an other a Frier, both constaunt in the Lord. MarginaliaRead. afore pag. 907.Of whiche xiij. read before, pag. 907.

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¶ Iohn Baker and William Burgate, Martyrs.

MarginaliaIohn Baker, W. Burgate, Martyrs in Spayne.IOhn Baker and William Burgate, both Englishmen, in Cales, in the countrey of Spayne, were apprehended, and in the Citie of Siuill burned the second day of Nouember.

¶ Marke Burges, and William Hoker, Martyrs.

MarginaliaMarke Burges burnt in Lushborne.MArke Burges an Englishmā, Master of an English Shyp called the Minion, was burned in Lushborne, a Citie in Portingall. an. 1560.

MarginaliaW. Hoker stoned to death in Siuill.William Hoker a young man, about the age of xvj. yeares, beyng an Englishman, was stoned to death of certaine young men there in the Citie of Siuill, for the confession of his fayth. an. 1560.

But of these and such other Actes and matters past in Spayne, because they fell not within the compasse of Queene Maryes raigne, but since her tyme, an other place shall serue hereafter (the Lord willyng) to entreate more at large of the same, when we come to the yeares and raigne of the Queene that now is, where we haue more conueniently to inferre not onely of these matters of the Martyrs (whereof somewhat also hath bene touched before, page. 907. but also of the whole Inquisition of Spayne, and Plackard of Flaunders, with the tragicall tumultes and troubles happenyng within the last memory of these our latter dayes, accordyng as it shall please the mercy of the Lord to enable our endeuour with grace and space to the accomplishment therof.

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¶ A chapter or treatise concernyng such as were scourged and whipped by the Papistes in the true cause of Christes Gospell. 
Commentary  *  Close
Scourged Protestants

All of these accounts first appeared in the 1563 edition although they were scattered throughout the end of the volume. In the 1570 edition, Foxe brought these accounts together, and rearranged them. He made no substantive change to their contents, however, and they remained unchanged in subsequent editions. Some of these accounts, such as Thomas Greene's and Stephen Cotton's, are autobiographical; others were sent to Foxe by sympathetic informants.

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MarginaliaA chapter concerning such as were scourged for religion.ANd thus through the mercyfull assistaūce and fauorable ayde of Christ our Sauiour, thou hast as in a generall Register (good Reader) the story collected, if not of all, yet of the most part, or at least, not many I trust omitted, of such good Saintes & Martyrs as haue lost their lyues, and giuen their bloud, or dyed in prison for the testimony of Christes true doctrine and Sacramentes, from the tyme of the cruell Statute MarginaliaOf this Statute, read before pag. 507. first giuen out by kyng Henry the iiij. Ex officio. pag. 507. vnto this present tyme, and especially vnder the raigne of Queene Mary.

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Now after thys bloudy slaughter of Gods good Saintes and seruantes thus ended and discoursed, let vs procede (by the good pleasure of the Lord) somwhat likewise to entreate of such as for the same cause of Religion haue ben, although not put to death, 

Commentary  *  Close

The preceding passages were added in the 1570 edition and are a response to the criticisms of Nicholas Harpsfield and other catholic polemicists that Foxe glorified as martyrs those who had not suffered a violent death.

yet whipped and scourged by the aduersaries of Gods word, first beginnyng with Richard Wilmot, and Thomas Farefaxe, who about the tyme of Anne Ascue, were pitifully rent and tormented with scourges and stripes for their faythfull standyng to Christ and to hys truth, as by the story and examination both of þe sayd Rich. Wilmot, and of Thomas Farefaxe nowe following, may appeare.

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¶ The scourgyng of Richard Wilmot, and Thomas Fayrefaxe.

MarginaliaThe scourging of Richard Wilmot, and Tho. Fayrefaxe.AFter the first recantation of Doct. Crome for his Sermon whiche he made the fift Sonday in Lent at Saint Thomas Acons, beyng the Mercers Chappell, his Sermon was on the Epistle of the same daye, written in the x. chap. to the Hebrues, MarginaliaD. Cromes Sermon. wherein he proued very learnedly by the same place of Scripture and others, that Christ was þe onely and sufficient sacrifice vnto God the father, for the sinnes of the whole world, and that there was no more sacrifice to bee offered for sinne by the Priestes, for as much as Christ had offered his body on the Crosse, and shed hys bloud for the sinnes of the people, and that once for all. For þe whiche Sermon he was apprehended of Boner & brought before Steuen Gardiner and other of the Councell, where he promised to recant his doctrine at Paules crosse, the second Sonday after Easter. MarginaliaD. Cromes recantation.And accordingly, he was there & preached, Boner wt all his Doctours sittyng before hym: but hee so preached and handled his matter, that he rather verified his former saying, then denyed any part of that whiche he before had preached. For the whiche the Protestantes praysed God, and hartely reioyced.

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But Byshop Boner with his champions, were not therewith pleased, but yet notwithstandyng they had hym home with them, & so handled him amongest þt woluish generation, that they made hym come to the crosse agayne the next Sonday.

MarginaliaD Crome caused to recant the second tyme.And because the Magistrates shoulde now heare hym, And be witnesses of this recantation whiche was most blasphemous, to deny Christes sacrifice to be sufficient for penitent sinners, and to say that the sacrifice of the Masse was good godly, and a holy sacrifice, propitiatorie and auaileable both for the quicke and the dead: Because (I say) that they would haue the nobles to heare this blasphemous doctrine, the viperous generation procured al the chiefe of þe Counsell to be there present.

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Nowe to come to our matter at this tyme, the same weeke, betweene his first Sermon and the last, and while Doct. Crome was in duraunce, one MarginaliaRic. Wilmot Prentise in Bow lane.Rich. Wilmot beyng Prentise in Bowe lane, beyng of þe age of eightene yeares, and sittyng at his worke in his Maysters shop the Tuesday, in the moneth of Iuly, one MarginaliaLewes one of the Gard, a Welchman, a Popishe persecutor.Lewes a Welchman, being one of the Garde, came into the shop, hauyng thynges to do for him selfe.

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One asked hym what newes at the Court, and he answered that the old hereticke D. Crome had recanted now in deede, before the Counsell, and that he shoulde on Sonday next be at Paules crosse agayne, and there declare it.

Then Wilmot sittyng at his Maisters worke, & hearyng hym speake these woordes and reioycyng in the same began to speake vnto hym, saying that he was sory to heare these newes. MarginaliaWilmot defendeth D. Cromes Sermon.For (sayd he) if Crome should say otherwise then hee hath sayd, then is it contrary to þe truth of Gods word, and contrary to his own conscience, which shal before God accuse hym.

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Lewes aunswered and sayd that he had preached & taught heresy, and therefore it was mete that he shoulde in such a place reuoke it.

Wilmot told hym that he would not so say, neyther did he heare him preach any doctrine contrary to gods word written, but that he proued his doctrine, and that sufficiently by the Scriptures.

Lewes then asked hym how he knew that.

Wilmot Aunswered by the scripture of God, wherein he shall finde Gods will and pleasure, what he willeth all men to do, & what not to do: and also by them he should proue & trye all doctrines, and the false doctrine from the true.

Lewes sayd: it was neuer mery since the Bible was in English: MarginaliaThe Lord Cromwell wrongfully accused.& that he was both an hereticke & a traitour that caused it to be trāslated into English (meaning Cromwell) and therfore was rewarded accordyng to his desertes.

Wilmot aunswered agayne: what hys desertes and offences were to hys Prince, a great many doe not knowe, neyther doth it force whether they do or no: once he was

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