Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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309 [308]

K. Henry.3. Dissention betwene Pope Gregory .9. and the Romaines.

terbury, meanes was made, that a dilatory day was graūted by the kyng, for them to aunswere. MarginaliaPeter Riual. Stephen Segraue, Robert Passelew called to their aunswere.At which day first appeared Peter de Riuallis, then Stephen Segraue, after him Robert Passelew, ech of them seuerally one after an other shewed themselues, but not able to aunswere for them selues, like traytors were reproued, and like villanes were sent away. Ex Mat. Pariens. fol. 91.

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¶ Variance betwene Pope Gregory 9. and the Romanes. 
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Gregory IX

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaVariance betwene the pope & Citisens of Rome.WHile peace thus betwene the kyng and the nobles was reconciled in England, dissension and variaunce the same tyme and yeare begā in Rome, betwene the Pope and the Citizens of Rome. The cause was, for that the Citizens claymed by old custome and law, MarginaliaThe allegation of the Romanes.that the Byshop of Rome might not excommunicate any Citizen of the Citie, nor suspend the sayd Citie with any interdiction for any maner excesse.

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MarginaliaThe Popes aunswere.To this the Pope aunswered agayne, Quòd minor Deo est, sed quolibet homine maior (to vse the very wordes of mine author) Ergo, Maior quolibet ciue, næ etiā rege, vel Imperatore. &c. that is, that he is lesse then God, but greater then any man. Ergo, greater then any Citezen, yea also greater then Kyng, or Emperour. And for somuch as he is their spiritual father, he both ought and lawfully may chastice his children when they offend, as beyng subiected to him in the faith of Christ, and reduce them into the way agayne, when they stray out of course.

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MarginaliaThe 2. allegation of the Romanes.Moreouer, the Citizens alledge agayne for themselues, that the Potestates of the Citie and Senatours do receaue of the Church of Rome MarginaliaThe Pope bound to pay to Rome yearely tribute.yearely tribute, which the byshops of Rome were bound to pay vnto them, both by new and also auncient law. Of the which yearely tribute, they haue bene euer in possession before this present tyme of this pope Gregory 9.

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MarginaliaThe Pope replyeth.Hereunto the Pope aunswered and sayd, that although the Church of Rome in tyme of persecution, for their defence and cause of peace was wont to respect the head rulers of the Citie with gentle rewardes, yet that ought not now to be take for a custome: For that custome onely ought to stand, which consisteth not vpon examples, but vpō right and reason.

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MarginaliaThe 3. cause and allegatiō of the Romanes.Farther and besides, the Citizens sayd, that they at the commaundement of the Senatour would appropriate their countrey with new and larger limites, and infranches the same beyng enlarged with new fines and borders.

MarginaliaThe Popes aunswere.To this the Pope agayne made aunswere, that certaine Lordshyps and Cities and Castels be conteined within the compasse of the sayd limites, as the Citie Viterbium, and Montcaster, which they presume to appropriate within their precinct: but to ascribe to them and vsurpe that which perteineth to other, is agaynst right and iustice.

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MarginaliaThe Pope flyeth the Citie of Rome.For these and such other controuersies rising betwene the Pope and the Romanes, such dissension kyndled, that the Pope with his Cardinals leauyng the Citie of Rome, remoued to Perusium (as partly before is recited) thinking there to remaine and to plant themselues: but the Romanes preuailyng against him, ouerthrew diuers of his houses in the Citie. MarginaliaExcōmunication abused.For the which, he did excommunicate them. The Romanes then flying to the Emperour, desired his ayde & succour: but he, belike to pleasure the Pope, gatheryng an armey, went rather against the Romanes. MarginaliaThe Pope warreth against the Romanes.Then the Popes armey, whose Captaines were the Earle of Tholouse (to purchase the Popes fauour) and Peter the foresayd Byshop of Winchester (whom the Pope for the same had sent for from Englād, partly for his treasure, partly for his practise and skill in feates of warre) and the Emperours host ioyned together, and borderyng about the Citie of Rome, cast downe the casalles or mansions belongyng to the Citizens round about the Suburbes, to the number of xviij. and destroyed all their vines and vineyardes about the Citie. Wherat the Romanes beyng not a litle offended, brast out of the Citie with more heate then order, to the number of C. thousand (as the story reporteth) to destroy Viterbium the Popes Citie, with sword and fire. MarginaliaA great slaughter of the Romāes by the Pope.
Ex Parisiensi. pag. 92.
But the multitude beyng vnordered and out of battaile ray, and vnprouided for ieoperdies which by the way might happen, fell into the handes of their enemies, who were in wayte for them, and of them destroyed a great nūber, so that on both partes were slayne to the vew of xxx. thousand, but the most part was of the Citizens. And this dissension thus begon was not soone ended, but continued long after.

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By these & such other stories who seeth not, how farre the church of Rome hath degenerated from the true image MarginaliaThe Church of Rome degenerated frō the image of the true Church.of the right Church of Christ, which by the rule and example of the Gospell ought to be a daughter of peace, not a mother of debate, not a reuenger of her selfe, nor seeker of wars, but a forgeuer of iniuries, humbly and paciently referryng all reuenge to the Lord, not a raker for riches, but a winner of soules, not contending for worldly mastership, but humbling themselues as seruants, and not Vicars of the Lord, but ioyntly lyke brethren seruyng together. Bishops with Bishops, Ministers with ministers, Deacōs with Deacons, and not as masters separatyng themselues by superioritie one from an other, and briefly communicatyng together in doctrine and counsaile, one particular Church with an other, not as a mother one ouer an other, but rather as a sister Church one with an other, seeking together the glory of Christ, and not their owne. MarginaliaDifference betwene the church of Rome that was, & the church of Rome that is now.And such was the Church of Rome first in the olde auncient beginnyng of her primitiue state, especially while the crosse of persecution yet kept the Bishops and Ministers vnder in humilitie of hart and feruente callyng vpon the lord for helpe: so that happy was that Christian then, which with liberty of conscience onely, might hold his lyfe, how barely soeuer he liued. And as for the pride and pompe of the world, striuyng for patrimonies, buying of Bishoprikes, gapyng for benefices, so farre was this of from them, that then they had litle laysure and lesse list yea once to thinke vpon them. Neither dyd the byshops then of Rome fight to be Consuls of the City, but sought how to bryng the Consuls vnto Christ, beyng glad if the Consuls would permit them to dwell by themin the citie. Neyther did they then presume so hie, to bring the Emperors neckes vnder their girdles, but were glad to saue their neckes in any corner from the sword of Emperors. Then lacked they outward peace, but abounded with inward cōsolation, Gods holy spirit mightely working in their harts. Then was one Catholicke vnitie of truth and doctrine amongest all churches, against errors and sectes. MarginaliaEastchurch Westchurch.Neither did the East and West, nor distance of place diuide the church, but both the East Church and West Church, the Grekes & Latines, made all one church. And albeit there were then v. Patriarchall Seas appoynted for order sake, differing in regions, and peraduenture also in some rites one from an other, yet all these consentyng together in one vnitie of Catholicke doctrine, hauyng one God, one Christ, one fayth, one Baptisme, one spirit, one head, and linked together in one bonde of charitie, and in one equalitie of honour, they made all together one body, one Church, one Communion, MarginaliaCatholike.called one Catholicke, vniuersall, and Apostolicall Church. And so long as this knot of charitie and equalitie did ioyne them in one vnitie together, so long the church of Christ florished, and encreased, one redy to help and harbour another in tyme of distresse, as Agapitus and Vigilius flying to Constantinople were there ayded by the Patriarch. &c. so that all this while neither forein enemy, neither Saracen nor Soldane, nor Sultane, nor Calipha, nor Corasmine, nor Turke had any power greatly to harme it.

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MarginaliaThe Shisme betwene the Greeke church and the church of Rome.But through malice of the enemy, this Catholicke vnitie did not long continue, 

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Schism between the Greek and Latin Church

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

and all by reason of the bishop of Rome, who not contented to be lyke hys brethren, began to extend hymselfe, and to clayme superiotie aboue þe other 4. Patriarchall Seas, and all other Churches in þe world. MarginaliaEqualitie mother of concorde.And thus as Equalitie amongest christian bishops was by pride and singularitie oppressed: so vnitie began by litle and little to be dissolued, and the Lordes coate, which the souldiours left whole, to be deuided. Which coate of Christian vnitie, albeit of long time had bene now seame ript before by the occasion aforesayd: yet notwithstandyng in some peece it held together in some meane agreement, vnder subiection to the sea of Rome, till the tyme of this pope Gregory the 9. an. 1230. at which tyme this rupture and schisme of the church brake out into a playne diuision, vtterly disseuering the Eastchurch from the Westchurch vpon this occasion.

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MarginaliaThe cause & occasion why the Greeke church vtterly brake frō the Romans.There was a certaine Archbisho elected to an Archbishopricke among the Grecians, who comming to Rome to be confirmed, could not be admitted, vnles he promised a very great somme of mony. Which when he refused to doe, and detested the execrable simony of the court of Rome, he made his repayre home agayne to hys country vnconfirmed, declaryng there to the whole nobilitie of that land, the case how it stood. For the more confirmation wherof, there wer other also, which comming lately from Rome, and there had proued the same, or worse, came in and gaue testimony to his saying. Whereupon all the Church of the Grecians the same tyme hearyng this, departed vtterly away from the Church of Rome, which was in the dayes of this pope Gregory the 9. MarginaliaMat. Par. fol. 112.In so much that the Archbyshop of Constantinople comming afterwarde to the generall Councell at Lions, there openly declared, that where as before tyme

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he
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