Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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350 [349]

K. Henry.3. Robertus Gallus agaynst the Pope.

for the most parte in þe exercise of preachyng, in hearing confessions, & enioyning of pennance: shall be takē away frō thē by little and little. For, by piece mele doth the wolfe deuour the poore and needy man. 3. q. 1. cap. 1. When the authoritie Ecclesiasticall therfore shall be quite taken from them, and disposed to other, such as eyther by their order, or Apostolicall graunt, do chalenge to haue the same: Then doubtles, shall neither the iurisdiction of ciuile causes and pleadings, nor any authority that such Prelates haue yet remaynyng, neyther yet the possessions of the temporall goodes of the Church, any longer remayne amongest them. Shall such haue the temporall goodes of the church which minister not the spirituall threasure therof? 1. Cor. 9. Knowe ye not that they which kill the sacrifice ought to eate of the sacrifice, & they that serue at the aulter are partakers of the alter? For as the body without the soule cannot stande, so corporall thinges without spirituall thinges cannot continue. 1. q. 1. if any shal take away the same. Thus haue you had the 39. arguments, for the which both he was condemned, and hys bookes burned.

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MarginaliaA detestable booke of the Fryers called Euangelium eternum.In the dayes of this Gulielmus, there was a most detestable and blasphemous booke set forth by the friers, (mentioned also in Math. Parisiensi.) which they called Euangelium æternum, or Euangelium Spiritus sancti. That is, the euerlastyng Gospell, or the Gospell of the holy Ghost. In which booke, many abhominable errours of the friers were conteyned, so that the Gospell of Iesus Christ was vtterly defaced: which this booke sayd, was not to be compared with this euerlastyng gospell, no more then the shell is to be compared with the carnell: then darkenes to light. &c. Moreouer that the Gospell of Christ shall be preached no longer but fifty yeares, and then this euerlastyng gospell should rule the Church. &c. Item, that whatsoeuer was in the whole Bible, was in the sayd Gospell conteyned. At length, this friers Gospell was accused to the Pope, and so vi. persons chosen of the whole vniuersitie to peruse and iudge of the booke: as Christianus Canonicus, Beluacensis: Odo de doaco: Nicolaus de Baro: Ioannes de Sicca Vella, Anglus. Ioannes Belim, Gallus: Among whom, this Gulielmus also was one, who mightely impugned this pestiferous and deuilish booke. These vi, after the perusing of the boke, were sent vp to Rome. MarginaliaThe eternall and spirituall Gospel of the Friars cōdemned wyth much ado of the PopeThe friers likewise sent their messengers withall: where they were refuted, and the errours of the boke condemned: but so, that the pope with the Cardinals commaunded the sayd booke to be abolished and condemned not publikely (tenderyng the estimation of the religious orders, as of his owne most chiefe champions) but that they should be burned in secret wise: and the bookes of the foresayd Gulielmus to be burnt with all.

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Besides other his bookes, two sermons we haue of his yet remayning, one vpon the Gospell of S. Luke, of the pharisie and the Publicane: the other vppon the Epistle redde in the Church on May day. Where in the first he resembleth the phariseis to our Monkes, and that he proueth by all the properties of the Phariseis described in the Gospell. The publicane he resembleth to the Laitie, such as for because the sooner are they reduced to acknowledge their sinnes the more hope they haue of mercy. The other, because they stand confident in their owne rightousnesse, are therfore farther from their iustification. In the latter sermon he setteth forth and declareth what perils and daungers are lyke to fall vpon the Church by these religious orders of Monkes and friers.

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MarginaliaLaurentius Anglicus condemned of the pope.Among the other besides of that age which withstoode the bishops of Rome and his Antechristian errors, was one Laurence an Englishman, and maister of Paris. An other was Petrus Ioannes a Minorite. Of whome, the foresayd Laurence was aboute the yeare of our Lord 1260. Who in his teaching, preaching, & writyng, did stoutly defend þe part of the foresayd Gulielmus & the rest of hys side agaynst the friers. Agaynst þe which friers he wrote two bookes: MarginaliaDefensio Gulielni.
Cauendum a pseudoprophetis.
One in the defence of William afore mentioned: the other vpō thys argument and title: To beware of false Prophetes. &c. Certayne other things also he wrote, wherin by diuers proofes, and testimonies he argued and proued, that Antichrist was not farre of to come.

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MarginaliaThe Pope Antichrist. The synagoge of Rome to be great Babylon.The other, Petrus Ioannis, was about the yeare of our Lord. 1290. which taught and maintayned many things agaynst the pope: prouing that he was Antichirst, and that the sinagogue of Rome was great Babilone. He wrote vpon Mathew, vpon the Epistles, and vpon the Apocalips. Mention of this Petrus Ioannes is made in Nicolaus Emericus in lib. Inquisitionū. &c. MarginaliaEx Nicolao Emerico in libro suarum inquisitionumAnd sayth moreouer, that Michael Cesenas (of whom Christ willyng shall follow hereafter) MarginaliaPetrus Ioanies burned after his death.toke of him a great part of hys opinions. And because the Pope could not burne hym aliue, after hys death he cau-sed hys bones to be taken vp and burned.

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MarginaliaRobertus Gallus prophecieth against the Pope.To these and with these aboue specified, is to be added Robertus Gallus: who beyng borne of a right noble parentage, for deuotion sake was made a Dominicke frier, about the same yeare of our Lord aboue touched, an. 1290. This man, it appeareth by hys writing, had diuers and sondry visions: whereof part is annexed wyth the visions and prophesie of Hildegardis. His visions all tende agaynst the spiritualtie of Rome. Where, in the fift chapter, he calleth plainely the Pope an idole: which hauyng eyes seeth not, neyther lusteth to see the abhominations of hys people, nor the excessiue enormitie of their voluptuousnes. But only to see to the heapyng vp of hys owne treasure: & hauyng a mouth, speaketh not, but sayth: I haue set good men ouer them, (which is sufficient for me) to do them good eyther by me self, or by some other. And followeth in the same chapiter, wo to that Idole: woe to the mighty & proude, who shall be equall in all the earth to that Idole. He hath exalted vp hys name in earth, saying: who shall bryng me vnder? Is not my house compared with the mighty Potentates of the land? I am hygher then Dukes: Knightes on theyr horseback do seruice vnto me. That which my fathers had not before me, that haue I done to me. My house is strowed with siluer: Gold and pearle are the pauement of my palace. &c.

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MarginaliaThe pope described.Agayne, in the xij. chapter, and also in the first, vnder the name of a Serpent he paynteth out the Pope: whom he declareth to extoll hymself aboue measure, and to oppresse the few that be godly, and to haue many false Prophets about hym, which neglectyng the word and the name of Christ, do preach & extoll hym onely, obscuryng the name of Christ. The Church of Rome and the Pope he describeth in these wordes: MarginaliaThe visions of Robertus Gallus.I was prayng (sayd he) on my knees, lookyng vpward to heauen, nere to the aultar of S. Iames in Paris, on the ryght side of þe aultar: and saw in þe ayre before me the body of a certayn high Bishop all clothed in white silke, who turnyng hys backe on the East, lyft vp hys hand toward the West, as the Priestes are wont in theyr Masse turnyng to the people, but hys head was not sene. MarginaliaThe state of the Church of Rome described.And as I was consideryng aduisedly whether he had any head or no: I perceaued a certayne head in hym all dry, leane, & withered, as though it had bene an head of wood. And the spirit of the Lord sayd to me: This signifieth the state of þe church of Rome.

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Moreouer, the same author in his visions well describing the maner of the schole sophisters, and Sorbonistes, addeth in this wise. MarginaliaThe schole men and the friuolous questions described.An other day, as I was in like contēplation as before, I beheld in spirite: and behould I saw a man appareled like to the other before: which went about, hauing fine bread, and excellent wine, that hanged aboute hym on both sides. And the same hauing in hys hand a lōg and an harde flinte stone, was knawing hungerly vpon the same, as one being hungry is wont to byte vpon a loafe of bread. Out of the which stone came two heades of two serpentes, the spirite of the Lorde instructing me, and sayinge: This stone purporteth the friuolous intricate, and curious questions, wherein the hungry do trauaile and labour, leauing the substantiall foode of their soules. And I asked, what these two heads did meane. And he sayde: The name of the one is vayne glory, the name of the other is the marring and dissipation of religion.

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MarginaliaThe reformation of the church prefigured.Also, concerning the reformation of the church, this vision he declareth: It happened as I was (sayth he) in the same citye in the house of a certaine noble man (a Britayne) and was there speaking with certaine: I saw a crosse of siluer very bright, much like to the crosse of the Earle of Tholouse: But the 12. appels which dyd hange beside in the armes of the crosse, were very vyle, like to the appels which the sea is wont to cast vp. And I sayd: What is this Lord Iesu? And the spirit answered me: This crosse which thou seest is the church, which shall be cleare and bright in purenes of lyfe, and shall be heard and knowen all ouer through the shrill voyce of the preaching of sincere verity. Then being troubled with the apples, I asked, what these aples so vyle dyd signifie. And he sayd: it is the humiliation of the church, &c.

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MarginaliaThe simonie and auarice of the clergie to be punished.This godly man did forewarne (as is in a certain chronicle declared) how God would punish the simony and auarice of the clergy with such a plage, that riuers should runne with bloud, &c. It is sayd, that there is remayning a great volume of hys visions, which are not yet abroade: for these that be abroad, are but a briefe extract out of hys visions and reuelations.

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After þt we haue thus long straied in these foren stories of Friderick, and in the tractation of other matters per-

tainyng
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