Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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367 [366]

K. Edward.1. Trouble betwene the French king and Pope Boniface.

MarginaliaRychard k. of Almaine dyeth.
A great variaunce betwene the Monks and citisens of Norwich.
buryed at the Abbey of Hayles, which he built out of the ground. The same yeare also Norwich, there fell a great controuerise, betwene the monkes and the Citizēs, about certaine tallagies and liberties. At last, after much altercation and wrangling wordes, the fuirous rage of the Citizens so much increased and preuayled, and so litle was the feare of God before their eyes, that altogether they set vpō the Abbey and Priory, and burned both the Church and the Byshops palace. When this thyng was heard abroad, the people were very sory to heare of so bold & naughty an enterprise, & much discommended the same. At the last, K. Hēry calling for certayne of his Lords, and Barons, sent them to the Citie of Norwich, that they mght punishe and see execution done of the chiefest malefactours: In so much that some of them were condemned and burnt, some of them hāged, and some were drawen by the heales with horses throughout the streates of the Citie, and after in much miserie ended their wretched liues. MarginaliaExecution done at Norwich by the commaundemēt of king Henry the 3.
Adam Prior of Cant. refuseth to be Archb. of Cant.
Rob. Kilwerbye Archb. of Cant.
The same yeare, Adam the prior of Canterbury, & Byshop elect: in the presence of pope Gregory the. 10. refused to be archbyshop, although he was elect. Wherfore, the Pope gaue the same Archbishopricke, to frier Robert Kilwardby the Prouost of the preachyng friers: a man of good lyfe and great learnyng. He was cōsecrated at Canterbury, the fourth day of March by sixe Bishops of the same prouince. The same yeare also at Michelmas, the Lord Edmund, the sonne of kyng Richard of Almaine, maried the sister of Gilbert Earle of Glocester. MarginaliaThe death of K. Henry the 3.Also in this yeare of our Lord. 1273. the xvi. day before the Calendes of December vpon S. Edmunds day the Archbyshop and confessour: dyed kyng Henry, in the. 56. yeare of his raigne, & was buried at Westminster: leauing after him two sonnes and two daughters, to wit Edward the prince, & Edmund Earle of Lancaster & Leycester, Beatrice, and Margeret. Which Margerete was maryed to the kyng of Scottes. This kyng Henry in his lyfe tyme beganne the buildyng of the Church and steple at Westminster, but dyd not throughly finish the same before his death.

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¶ King Edward the First. 
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First seven years of Edward I's reign

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MarginaliaKing Edward. 1.IN the tyme of the death of king Henry, Edward hys eldest sonne was absent in Vasconia, as a little before you heard: yet notwithstandyng, by Robert Kilwarby Archb. of Caunt. and other bishops and nobles, he was ordeyned heire and successour after hys father: who, after he heard of his fathers death, returned home to hys countrey, and was crowned the yeare of our Lord. 1274. Who then layd downe hys crowne saying: he would no more put it on, before he had gathered together all the landes pertaynyng to the same. This MarginaliaPietie to parents rewarded of GodEdward as he had alwayes before been a louyng and naturall chylde to hys father, whome he had deliuered out of prison & captiuitie: & afterward hearing both together of þe death of hys sonne, & of hys father, wept and lamented much more for hys father, then for his sonne, saying to the French kyng (which asked the cause therof) that the losse of hys childe was but light, for children might after encrease and be multiplied, but the losse of hys parent was greater, which could not be recouered: Robert Auesbury. MarginaliaEx chron. Rob. Auesburiensis.So almighty God for the same hys pietie to his father shewed, rewarded hym agayne with great successe, felicitie, and long raigne. MarginaliaA miracle of God in preseruing king Edward.In so much, that he beyng yong as he was playing at Chesse with a certayne souldior of his, sodainly hauyng no occasion geuen: rose vp and went his way, who was not so soone voyded the place, but incontinent fel down a mighty stone from the vawte aboue directly vpon þe place where he sate, able to haue quashed hym in pieces, if he had taried neuer so little more. In the preseruation of whome, as I see the present hand and mighty prouidence of the liuyng God: so in the kinges order agayne, I note a fault or error worthy of reprehension: MarginaliaFalse worship reprehended.
God geueth the benefite and a dūme bocke hath the thēkes.
For that he receauyng such a liuely benefite at the hand of the lyuing Lord, goyng therfore on pilgrimage to Walsingham, gaue thankes not onely to our Lady, but rather to a rotten blocke. Ibidem. Of the gentle nature of this couragious prince, sufficient proofe is geuen by this one exaumple: that what tyme he being in his desport of haukyng, chaunced sharply to rebuke the negligence of one of hys gentlemen, for what fault I cannot tell about hys hauke: the gentleman beyng on the other side of the riuer, hearyng his manassing wordes was glad (as he sayd) that the riuer was betwene them. With this answer the couragious bloud of this Prince beyng mooued, vpon present heat, he leaped straight into the floud, both of a swift streame and of a daungerous depenesse, and no lesse hard in gettyng out. Notwithstandyng either forgettyng his owne lyfe, or neglectyng the daunger present, but hauyng a good horse, ventreth hys owne death, to haue the death of his mā. At length with much difficultie recouering the banke, with hys sword drawen persueth hys prouoker. Who hauing not so good an horse, and seyng himselfe in daunger of takyng, reyneth hys horse: and returnyng backe bare hed vnto the Prince, submitteth hys necke vnder hys hande to stryke. MarginaliaExample of princely clemency to be learned of kinges & princes.
Ex chroni. Nic. Triuet. & R. Auesb.
The prince, whose feruent stomacke the water of the whole riuer could not quench, a little submission of hys man did so extinct that the quarell fell, hys anger ceased, and his sworde put vp, without any stroke geuen. And so both returned to their game, good frendes agayne. Auesb. Nich. Triuet.

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MarginaliaWales subdued.In the first beginnyng of hys reigne, thys king had much a do in Wales, where he had diuers conflictes wyth the Welshmen: whom at last he subdued & cut downe their woodes, suppressed rebellions, & vanquishing their kings Lewline and his brother, MarginaliaThe kings sonne first prince of Wales.ordayned his eldest sonne Edward, borne in the same countrey to be Prince of Wales. This Lewline Captayne of the Welshmen here mentioned, rebelling agaynst kyng Edward: asked counsaile by way of coniuration, what euent should come vpon hys attempt. To whom it was told, that he should go forward boldly: for doubtlesse, he should ryde through Chepeside at London, with a crowne on hys head. Which so came to passe. For he beyng slayne, hys hed was caried through Chepe, wyth a crowne of siluer to London bridge: MarginaliaVayne prophesies not to be sought to.wherby men may learn not to seeke nor sticke to these vayne prophesies: Whiche though they fall true, yet are but the traynes of the deuill to deceayue men.

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About this tyme was a great earthquake, and such a rotte, that consumed a great multitude of shepe, in the land, through the occasion as they say, of one scabbed shepe that came out of Spayne. The king returnyng from Wales to England, ordred certayne new lawes MarginaliaPunishment for bakers & milners.
The statute for Mortmaine first enacted.
for the wealth of the realme. Among many other this was one: that authoritie was geuē to all Maiors, Baliffes, and other officers to see execution & punishment of bakers makyng bread vnder the sise, with pillory. Of Milners stealyng corne wiyth the tumbrel. &c. And within ij. yeres after, the statute of Mortmayne was first enacted, which is to meane that no man should geue vnto the church any landes or rentes, without a speciall lycence of the kyng.

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MarginaliaAn. 1279.
Blacke Fryers by Ludgate builded
Bosten belmished with fire
The great conduit in Cheape.
Westminster church finished
About which tyme also, beyng the 7. yere of hys raigne. 197. Iewes for mony clippyng were put to execution. In which same yeare began first the foundation of the blacke friers by Ludgate. And the towne of Bosten was greatly wasted the same yere with fire. The halfepeny and farthings, began first to be coyned the selfe tyme, which was the 8. yere of hys reigne. The great conduit in Chepe begā the fourth yeare after to be made. anno. 1284. And the yeare next followyng the new worke of the Church of Westminster (begon, as is afore premonished in the thirde yeare of Henry. 3.) was finished, which was 66. yeres in edifiyng. MarginaliaThe Iewes banished the realmeThe Iewes were vtterly banished this realme of England the same tyme, for which the commons gaue to the kyng a fiftene. an. 1291.

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After that the countrey of Wales, was brought in a ful order and quiet, by the hewyng downe of their woodes, and castyng downe their old holdes, and building of new, which all was brought to a perfect ende, about the 24. yeare of this kings reigne: then ensued an other broyle as great or greater with Scotland: 

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War with Scotland

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

to the great disquiet of the kyng and the realme of England, many yeares after. This trouble first began, by the death of Alexander king of Scots, who dyed without issue left aliue behynd hym. Although Fabiane in þe vij. booke of hys Chronicle affirmeth, that he left 3. daughters, the eldest maried to sir Iohn Baliol: the secōd to Robert Bruze, the third to one Hastings. MarginaliaA place in Fabiā corrected.But this in Fabian, is to be corrected as which neyther standeth with it selfe, & is clearely conuinced by the witnesse and history of Rob. Auesbury, and also of Gisburne. MarginaliaEx Rob. Auesb. & Gualtero Gisburnensi.

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For first, if kyng Alexander had left hys eldest daughter maried to sir Iohn Bailol, then what controuersie might rise among the Lordes about succession, needing so diligent and anxious decicing by the kyng of England. Secondly, what clayme or title could the king of Norway haue to the crowne of Scotlād, which was one of the chalengers, claimyng the sayd crowne in the behalfe of Margaret the Nece of the foresayd king Alexander her grandfather, if the eldest daughter of þe father had bene left alyue? Thirdly, what can be more plaine, whē by the affirmance of the foresayd story is testified, that k. Alexander had two wyues. Of þe second wherof he had no issue. Of the first he had two children: Alexander which died before his father, and Margaret maried to the kyng of Norway, MarginaliaLacke of successiō, what disturbance it worketh in a Realme.which dyed also before her father, of whom came Margaret the Nece of Alexander, and daughter of the kyng of Norway aforementioned. And she also dyed in the iourny betwene Norway and Scotland,

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the
Gg.iiij.
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