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722 [698]

K. Edward. 4. Troubles in Hungary, Boheme and Austria.

mentes of writers, as of Polybius, and Diodorus Siculus, which were not extant before. MarginaliaEx 5. lib. Peuc. Ex Peucer.

MarginaliaCommendation of George Pogiebracius. The constant fortitude also of Georgius Pogiebracius kyng of Boheme, is not vnworthy of commendation: of whom also Pope Pius himselfe, in Descriptione Europæ, doth honestly report (as a Pope may speake of a protestant) in these wordes, writyng: Magnus vir alioqui, & rebus bellicis clarus. &c. MarginaliaEx pij pont. Descriptione Europæ. Whō although Pope Innocent dyd execrate with hys children yet he left not of the profession of the veritie and knowledge, which he had receiued. MarginaliaGods fauour to the sonnes of Pogiebracius. Moreouer þe Lord so prospered hys sonnes, Victorinus & Henricus, that they subdued their enemies, and kept their estate: In so much, that when Fridericke the Emperor at Vienna was in custody enclosed by the Citizens, Victorinus dyd restore and deliuer hym out of their handes: Wherfore the Emperour afterward aduaunced them to be Dukes. Also God gaue them sometymes prosperous victory agaynst Mathias, as at the Citie of Glogouia. &c.

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MarginaliaThe death of Pogiebracius. After the decease of Georgius Pogiebracius kyng of Boheme, Fridericke the Emperour assigned that kyngdome not to Mathias, vpon whom the Pope had bestowed it before, but vpon Vladislaus sonne of Casimirus, king of Polonye, and of Elizabeth, daughter of the Emperour Albert, and sister to Ladislaus. For the whiche, Mathias beyng discontented, and for that the Emperour had denied him hys daughter Kunegunda, wente about to exclude Vladislaus out of Boheme, and also proclaymed warre agaynst Fridericke. But before he accomplished hys purposed preparation, death preuented hym, who without issue departed. anno 1490.

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MarginaliaVladislaus Casimirus sonne, made kyng of Hungary. After the death of Mathias, departing without issue, Vladislaus sonne of Casimirus, kyng of Polonie, and of Elizabeth daughter to Albert Emperour, and sister to K. Ladislaus maried his wyfe Beatrix, whome Mathias left a widow, & with her was elected K. of Hungary, wyth this cōdition made betwene hym and Fridericke the Emperour, that if he died without lawfull issue, then the kyngdomes of Hungary and of Boheme, should returne to Maximilian sonne to Fridericus. MarginaliaVladislaus forsaketh hys first wyfe. But Vladislaus not long after, did repudiate hys wife Beatrix, and depriuyng her of her kyngdome, caused the sayd Beatrix to sweare and to consent to the mariyng of an other woman, which was the daughter of the French kyng, named Anne, MarginaliaDispensation frō Pope Alexander to forsake his first wife, and to mary an other. procuring from Pope Alexander a dispensatiō for the same, as is before signified. By this Anne, Vladislaus had Lewes, and Anne, which Anne afterward was maried to Ferdinandus.

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MarginaliaLudouicus Vladislaus sonne, K of Hungary and Boheme. Lewys succeding after hys father, had both þe said kingdoms of Boheme and Hungary. an. 1492. and maried Mary sister to Charles the 5. Emperour. Anne, as is said, was coupled to Ferdinandus. &c.

Of Charles duke of Burgoine, somewhat was before touched, who had maried kyng Edwardes sister: and what troubles by hym were stirred vp in Fraūce, partly was before notified. MarginaliaWarre betwene Charles duke of Burgoyne and Fridericke the Emperour. This Charles after he had besieged the Citie Nussia, or Nouasium, the space of a whole yeare, went about to alienate the territorie of Colen, from the Empire to hys owne dominion: wherfore war began to be moued betwene hym and Friderike the Emperour. MarginaliaAn. 1475. At length through communciation had, peace was concluded and a mariage appointed betwene Mary the only daughter of Charles, & Maximilian the Emperors sonne. an. 1475. Then from Nouasiū Charles leadeth his army toward Heluetia, agaynst Renatus or Reinhardus Duke of Lotharing: then agaynst the Heluetians. Where he beyng thrise ouercome, first at Granson, then at Moratum or Murta, in the hyer part of Heluetia, MarginaliaCharles duke of Burgoyne slaine in warre.
An. 1477.
at last at the towne Nanse, was ouerthrown and slaine. an. 1477. The procurer of which wars: was chiefly Lewys the xi. the French kyng, to the entent he might compasse the dominion of Burgundy vnder hys subiection: which afterward by open wrong and priuy fraud, he brought about, defraudyng Mary the daughter of Charles, of her rightfull inheritaunce: MarginaliaMary daughter of Charles of Burgoyne maried to Maximiliā. For the which cause the Burgundians were the more willyng to ioyne her in maryage wyth Maximilian sonne of Fridericke the Emperour: by reason whereof, the title of Burgundy, was first ioyned to the house of Austria.

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MarginaliaWarres & dissension among Cristen Princes. And thus haue you the miserable vexations and cōtentions among our Christian princes here in Europe described, vnder the reigne of this Friderike the 3. Emperour, so that almost no angle nor portion of all Christendome (whether we consider the state of the Church, or ciuill gouernement) was free from discorde, tumultes, and dissentions. This cankered worme of ambition so mightely creepeth and euery where preuayleth in these latter endes of the worlde, that it suffreth neyther rest in common weales, nor peace in the Church nor any sparkle of charity almost to remayne in the lyfe of men. MarginaliaThe discorde of Christiās scourged by the Tukes. And what maruell then, if the Lord seing vs so farre to degenerate not onely from his preceptes & counsayles, but almost from the sense and bound of nature, that brother with brother, vncle with nephew, bloud with bloud cannot agree in striuyng, killyng, and fightyng for worldlye dominions do send therfore these cruell Turkes vppon vs so to scourge and deuoure vs? Of whose bloudy tyranny and daily spillyng of Christian bloude hereafter (by the grace of Christ) we will discourse more at large, when we come to the peculiar consideration of the Turkishe storyes. In the meane time, this shall be for vs to note and obserue, not somuch the scourge how greuous it is: but rather to beholde the causes which bryng the whippe vpon vs, which is our owne miserable ambition and wretched warres among our selues.

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MarginaliaDiscorde & dissension in the Church noted. And yet if this Christian peace and loue, left and commended so hartly vnto vs by the mouth of the sonne of God beyng now banished out of Christian realmes and ciuile gouernaunce, might at least finde some refuge in the Churche, or take sanctuarie amōg mē professing nothing but religiō, lesse cause we had to mourne. Now so it is, that as wee see litle peace and amitie among ciuill potētates: so lesse we finde in the spirituall sort of them, whiche chiefly take vpon them the administration of Christes Churche. So that it may well be doubted, whether the scourge of the Turke, or the ciuill sworde of princes haue slayne moe in the fieldes, or the Popes keyes haue burnt moe in townes and cities. And albeit such as be professed to thee church, do not fight with sword and tergat for dominions & reuenewes, as warlyke princes do: MarginaliaAmbition & auarice of the church of Rome. yet this Ambition, pride, and auarice, appeareth in them nothyng inferiour to other wordlye potestates especially if we beholde and aduise the doynges and insatiable desires of the court of Rome. Great argument & proufe hereof neither is hard to be found, nor farre to bee soughte. What realme almost through all christendome hath not onely seen with their eyes, but haue felt in their purses þe ambition intolerable, and auarice insatiable of that deuouryng churche, and also haue complayned vpō the greuaunce therof, but neuer could be redressed? What exactions and extortions haue bene here in England out of Byshoprikes, Monasteres, Benefices, Deanries, Archdeaconries, and al other offices of the church, to fill the popes coffers: & when they had all done, yet euery yeare brought almost some new inuention from Rome, to fetche in our Englishe money: & if all the floudes in England (yea in all Europe) did runne into the sea of Rome, yet were that Oceane neuer able to be satisfied.

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In Fraunce lykewise, what floudes of money were swalowed vp in this sea of Rome, it was openly complayned of in the councell of Basill as is testified by Henry Token, Canon and Ambassadour of the Archbyshop of Maydenburg, writtē in his booke intituled Rapularium, MarginaliaEx Rapulario Hērici Token. where as he writeth that in the Councell of Basill. an. 1536. the Archbyshop of Lyons did declare, that in the time of Pope Martine, there came out of Fraunce to the court of Rome. ix. millions of gold, whiche was gathered of the Byshops and Prelates, besides those whiche could not be counted of the poore clergie, which daily without number, runne vnto the court of Rome carying with them all their whole substance, MarginaliaThe sea of Rome is turned into an Oceane, that hath no bottome. The archbyshop of Turonne sayd also at Basill, in þe yeare of our Lord.1439. that three millions of gold came vnto Rome in his time, within the space of. xiiij. yeres, frō the prelates and prelacies, wherof no accompt could be made beside the poore clergy, whiche dayly runne to that court. Let the man which feareth God iudge what a deuouryng gulfe this is. MarginaliaWhat a Million is. A million conteineth, x. hundred thousand.

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And what made Pope Pius the 2. to labour so earnestly to Lewes the 11. the French King (who as is aforesayd was a great enemie to the house of Burgoin) that he would (according to his former promise) abolishe & vtterly extinct the constitution established before MarginaliaConcilium Bitursense. at the coūcell of Bitures, by King Charles the 7. his predecessor, called Pragmatica Sanctio, but onely the ambition of that sea, whiche had no measure, and their auarice which had no end, þe story is this. King Charles 7. the French King, willing to obey and folow the councell of Basill, did summon a Parlyament at Bitures, where by the full consēt of all the states in fraūce both spirituall and temporall, MarginaliaPragmatica Sanctio. a certayne constitution was decreed and published called Pragmatica Sanctio, wherein was comprehended, briefly the pith and effect of all the Canons and decrees concluded in the Councell of Basill. The which constitution the sayd king Charles willed and commaunded through all hys realme, inuiolably to be obserued and ratified for the honour and increase of Christian religion for euer. MarginaliaEx Ioan. Maria Belga. de Schismat. & Concilijs. cap. 24 This was an. 1438.

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