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971 [970]

K. Henry. 8. M. Patrike Hamelton of Scotland, Martyr.

Persecuters. Martyrs. The Causes.
Tho. Ram-
say, Chanō-
and Deane
of the Ab-
bey of S.

Iohn Gre-
son, Princi-
pall of the
Blacke Fri-
Iohn Dilli-
daffe, War-
den of the
Gray Fri-
Iohn Spēs,
Yoūg, bac-
cheler of
Iohn An-
nand, Cha-
Frier Alex.
Priour of
the Blacke
Friers. &c.

At Saint
in Scotlād.
An. 1527.

Lābertus, so profited
in knowledge, & ma
ture iudgemēt in mat
ters of religiō, that he
through þe incitatiō of
þe sayd Lambert, was the
first in all þtvniuer
sitie of Marpurge,
which Marginalia Of the vniuersitie of Mertgraue, read pag. 166. publikely dyd
set vp cōclusiōs there
to be disputed of, con-
nyng fayth and
workes: arguyng al-
so no lesse learnedly
then feruently vppon
the same. What these
propositions and con-
clusions were, partly
in his treatise hereaf-
ter folowyng, called
Patrike places, may
Thus the ingeni-
ous wyt of this lear-
ned Patrike increa-
sing dayly more and
more in knowledge, &
inflamed with godly-
nes, at length began
to reuolue with him selfe, touchyng his re-
turne into his coun-
trey, beyng desirous
to importe vnto hys
countrey men, some
fruite of the vnderstā
dyng, which he had re
ceaued abroad. Wher-
upon, persisting in his godly purpose, he toke
one of the iij. whō he
brought out of Scot-
land, and so returned
home without any lō-
ger MarginaliaThe godly zeale of M. Hamelton towardes his countrey. delay. Where he,
not susteynyng the mi
serable ignoraūce and
blyndnes of that peo-
ple, after he had vali-
auntly taught & prea-
ched the truth, and
refelled their abuses,
was first accused of
heresie, & afterward,
constantly and stou-
tly susteinyng the qua-
rell of Gods Gospell,
agaynst þe high priest,
& Archbishop of S.

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Andrew, named Iames Beton, was cited to appeare before him & his Colledge of Priests, the first day of March.1527 

Commentary  *  Close

1528. Hamilton in fact answered the summons in mid-January 1528, was released after several days' discussions, and was rearrested about a month later, being burned on 29 February.

. But he beyng not onely forward in knowledge, but also ardent in spirite, not tarying for the houre appoynted, preuented the time, and came very early in the mornyng, before he was looked for, & there mightely disputyng against them, when he could not by the Scriptures be conuicted, by force he was oppresed: MarginaliaThe Martyrdome and suffering of M. Patrike Hamelton. and so, the sentence of condemnatiō beyng giuen agaynst him, the same day after dyner, in all the hoate hast, he was had away to the fire, & there burned, the kyng beyng yet but a child, which made the Byshops more bold. And thus was this noble Hamelton, the blessed seruaunt of God, without all iust cause, made away by cruell aduersaries, yet not without great fruite to the Church of Christ, for the graue testimony of his bloud, left the veritie & truth of God, more fixed and confirmed in the hartes of many, then euer could after be pluckt away: in so much that diuers afterward stādyng in his quarel, susteined also the lyke Martyrdome, as hereafter (Christ willyng) shall appeare, as place and tyme shall require.

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In the meane season we thinke good to expresse here his Articles, and order of his processe as we receaued them from Scotland, out of the registers.

¶ The Articles 
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As John Knox observed, 'the Articles for the which [Hamilton] suffered war bot of Pilgramage, Purgatorye, Prayer to Sanctes, and for the Dead, and such trifilles'. This set of articles, at least, does not appear to take cognizance of the more systematic Protestant doctrine taught in Patrick's Places. John Knox, The Works of John Knox, ed. David Laing, 6 vols (Edinburgh, 1846-64), vol. I p. 16.

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and opinions obiected agaynst M. Patrike Hamilton, by Iames Beton Archbyshop of S. Andrewes.

MarginaliaArticles out of the Registers. THat man hath no free will.
That there is no Purgatory.
That the holy Patriarckes were in heauen, before
Christes passion.
That the Pope hath no power to loose and bynde: nei-
ther any Pope had that power, after S. Peter.
That the Pope is Antichrist, and that euery Priest
hath the power that the Pope hath.
That M. Patrike Hamelton was a byshop.
That it is not necessary to obteine any Bulles from a-
ny Byshop.
That the vow of the Popes religion, is a vowe of wic-
That the Popes lawes be of no strength.
That all Christians worthy to be called Christians,
do know that they be in the state of grace.
That none be saued, but they are before predestinate.
Whosoeuer is in deadly sinne, is vnfaythfull.
That God is the cause of sinne, in this sence, that is,
that he withdraweth hys grace from men, whereby they
That it is deuilishe doctrine, to enioyne to any sinner,
actuall penaunce for sinne.
That the sayd M. Patrike hymself doubteth whether
all children departing incontinent after their Baptisme, are
ued or condemned.
That auricular confession is not necessary to saluation.

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These Articles aboue written, were giuen in, and layd agaynst M. Hamelton, and inserted in their registers, for the which also he was cōdemned, by them which hated him to death. But other learned men, which commoned & reasoned with hym, do testifie, that these Articles folowyng were the very Articles, for the which he suffered. MarginaliaHis articles, otherwise more truely collected.

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1. Man hath no free will.

2. A man is onely iustified by fayth in Christ.

3. A man, so long as he liueth, is not without sinne.

4. He is not worthy to be called a Christian, which beleueth not that he is in grace.

5. A good man doth good workes: good workes do not make a good man.

6. An euill man bringeth forth euil workes: euill workes, being faithfully repented, do not make an euill man.

7. Fayth, hope,and charitie be so lynked together, that one of them can not be without an other, in one mā, in this life.

¶ And as touching the other Articles, whereupon the Doctours gaue their iudgementes, as diuers do report, he was not accused of them before the byshop. Albeit in priuate disputation, he affirmed and defended the most of thē.

Here foloweth the sentence pronounced agaynst hym.

MarginaliaThe sentence agaynst M. Patrike Hameltō. CHristi nomine Inuocato: We Iames, by the mercy of God, Archbishop of Saint Andrew, primate of Scotlād, wyth the counsaile decree, and authoritie of the most reuerend fathers in God, and Lordes, Abbottes, Doctours of Theologie, professors of the holy Scripture, and maisters of the vniuersitie, assisting vs for the tyme, sitting in iudgemēt, within our Metropolitane church of Saint Andrew, in the cause of hereticall prauitie, agaynst M. Patrike Hamelton, Abbot or pensionarie of Ferme, being summoned to appeare before vs, to aunswere to certeine Articles affirmed, taught, and preached by hym, and so appearyng before vs, and accused, the merites of the cause beyng ripely weyde, discussed, and vnderstāded by faythful Inquisition made in Lent last passed: we haue founde the same M. Patrike, many wayes infamed wyth heresie, disputing, holding, and maintaynyng diuers heresies of Martin Luther, and hys folowers, repugnant to our fayth, Marginalia* Contemned by councelles & Vniuersities but here is no mention of the scripture. and which is already * condemned by generall Councels, and most famous Vniuersities. And he beyng vnder the same infamie, we decernyng before, hym to be sommoned and accused vpon the premisses, he of euill mynde (as may be presumed) passed to other partes, forth of the Realme, suspected and noted of heresie. And beyng lately returned, not beyng admitted, but of his owne head, without licēce or priuilege, hath presumed to preache wicked heresie.

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We haue found also, that he hath affirmed, published, & taught diuers opinions of Luther, and wicked heresies, after that he was summoned to appeare before vs and our councell: That man hath no free wyll: That man is in sinne so long as he lyueth: That children incontinent after their baptisme, MarginaliaNote here that these articles agree not wyth the articles in the Register before mentioned 

Commentary  *  Close

However, they do agree closely with the articles numbered 1-7, above.

. are sinners: All Christians that be worthy to be called Christians, do know that they are in grace: No mā is iustified by workes, but by fayth onely: Good workes make not a good man, but a good man doth make good

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