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Alice Doyly

Buckinghamshire Lollard; married (1) John Wilmot; married (2) William Cottesmere; married (3) Thomas Doyly

Elizabeth Wighthill gave evidence against her mistress, Alice Doyly, in 1520. Alice Doyly was said to have praised the preacher John Hacker and to have spoken against pilgrimages and images. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

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Alice Rayburne

Sister of John Rayburne

Alice Rayburne accused her brother of disparaging transubstantiation and of favouring services in English. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Cuthbert Tunstall

(1475 - 1559) [ODNB]

DCnL, DCL from Padua by 1505; diplomat; keeper of the privy seal (1523 - 30)

Bishop of London (1522 - 30); bishop of Durham (1530 - 52, 1553 - 59)

William Carder, Agnes Grebill and Robert Harrison were tried for heresy in 1511 before William Warham, Cuthbert Tunstall, Gabriel Sylvester, Thomas Wells and Clement Browne. All three were condemned to burn. 1570, pp. 1454-55; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, pp. 1276-77.

After William Tyndale went to London, he tried to enter the service of Cuthbert Tunstall, bishop of London, but was unsuccessful. 1570, pp. 1225-26; 1576, p. 1049; 1583, pp. 1075-76.

Thomas Wolsey, William Warham, Cuthbert Tunstall, John Fisher, Nicholas West, John Veysey, John Longland, John Clerk and Henry Standish took part in the examination of Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur in 1527-28. Wolsey committed the hearing to Tunstall. 1563, pp. 461-78; 1570, pp. 1134-46; 1576, pp. 971-81; 1583, pp. 998-1008.

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Thomas Bilney wrote five letters to Tunstall. 1563, pp. 465-73; 1570, pp. 1140-47; 1576, pp. 977-81; 1583, pp. 1003-08.

Bilney initially refused to recant and asked to introduce witnesses; this request was refused by the bishop of London because it was too late in the proceedings. Bilney was given two nights to consult with his friends. 1563, p. 479; 1570, p. 1140; 1576, p. 977; 1583, p. 1003.

In 1526 Tunstall issued prohibitions to his archdeacons, calling in New Testaments translated into English and other English books. 1563, pp. 449-50; 1570, pp. 1157-58; 1576, pp. 990-91; 1583, pp. 1017-18.

Augustine Packington favoured William Tyndale, but pretended otherwise to Cuthbert Tunstall, bishop of London, then in Antwerp. He offered to procure all the unsold copies of Tyndale's New Testament held by the merchants in the city if Tunstall would provide the money to buy them. Packington then paid Tyndale for the books, and Tyndale immediately had them reprinted. 1563, p. 443; 1570, pp. 1158-59; 1576, p. 991; 1583, p. 1019.

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Thomas Wolsey, having obtained large sums from the king's treasury, went to the French court to contribute to the ransom of Clement VII, hiring soldiers and furnishing the French army. He took with him Cuthbert Tunstall, William Sandys, the earl of Derby, Sir Henry Guildford and Sir Thomas More. 1563, p. 439; 1570, p. 1123; 1576, p. 962; 1583, p. 988.

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John Tewkesbury was examined before Cuthbert Tunstall, Henry Standish and John Islip. 1563, p. 490; 1570, p. 1165; 1576, p. 996; 1583, p. 1024.

After Richard Bayfield returned to England, he was arrested, tried by Cuthbert Tunstall and abjured. 1563, p. 484; 1570, p. 1161; 1576, p. 993; 1583, p. 1021.

Tunstall was translated to the see of Durham after Thomas Wolsey was deprived of office. 1570, p. 1130; 1576, p. 968; 1583, p. 994.

Tunstall swore an oath of allegiance to Henry VIII as head of the church. 1570, p. 1203; 1576, p. 1030; 1583, p. 1057.

Tunstall preached a sermon on Palm Sunday in front of King Henry in which he attacked the pope's claimed authority. 1570, pp. 1206-10; 1576, pp. 1033-36; 1583, pp. 1060-63.

Tunstall was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Bishops Stokesley and Tunstall wrote a letter to Cardinal Pole in Rome, urging him to give up his support of the supremacy of the pope. 1563, pp. 613-20; 1570, pp. 1212-16; 1576, pp. 1037-42; 1583, pp. 1065-68.

Tunstall disputed with John Lambert at his trial before the king. 1563, p. 536; 1570, p. 1283; 1576, p. 1097; 1583, pp. 1123.

Tunstall was imprisoned in the Tower with Stephen Gardiner under Edward VI and Edward Seymour. 1563, p. 685; 1570, p. 1486; 1576, p. 1260; 1583, p. 1296.

Tunstall was a deponent in the case of Gardiner. 1563, pp. 828-29, 855.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Elizabeth Rayburne

Sister of John Rayburne

Elizabeth Rayburne accused her brother of ignoring fast days and of disparaging pilgrimages and transubstantiation. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Elizabeth Wighthill

Servant of Alice Doyly

Elizabeth Wighthill gave evidence against her mistress, Alice Doyly, in 1520. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Geoffrey Wharton

(d. by October 1529) [Fasti; Venn & Venn]

DCnL Cambridge 1520; chancellor to the bishop of London 1523; prebendary of Islington (1523 - 29); archdeacon of London (1526 - 29)

Geoffrey Wharton, along with other archdeacons in the London diocese, was sent a commission to seek out and deliver any copies of the New Testament in English and anything from a list of proscribed books. 1563, pp. 449-50; 1570, pp. 1157-58; 1576, pp. 990-91; 1583, pp. 1017-18.

Geoffrey Wharton brought charges against the London priest Robert West in 1529. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

Geoffrey Wharton was present at the examination of John Tewkesbury. 1563, p. 492; 1570, p. 1166; 1576, p.997 ; 1583, p. 1025.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Henry Morgan

(d. 1559) [ODNB]

BCL Oxford 1522; DCL 1525; chaplain to Henry VIII by 1528; chaplain to Queen Mary; bishop of St David's (1554 - 59) deprived

John Rayburne of Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire, was accused to Dr Morgan in 1530. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Booth

Vicar of Britwell, Buckinghamshire [now Berkshire]

Alice Doly was accused by her servant of having caused John Booth to read books against pilgrimages. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Hacker (Ebbe, Richardson)

Holy water bearer (parish clerk) of Colman Street, London [Fines]

Learned heretical Lollard beliefs from Thomas Vincent; leader of Berkshire Lollards discovered in 1527 by Cuthbert Tunstall; accused in Amersham in 1521, abjured; accused again in 1528, naming co-religionists each time

Alice Doyly was accused of praising the preaching and prophecies of John Hacker. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

John Hacker, with others, abjured. 1563, p. 418.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John London

(1485/6 - 1543) [ODNB; Emden]

Administrator; native of Hambleden, Buckinghamshire

BCL Oxford 1513; DCL 1519; warden of New College, Oxford (1526 - 42); regarded in Oxford and elsewhere as a great opponent of reform; notary public by 1533; dean of Wallingford 1536; canon and prebendary of Salisbury and Windsor 1540; dean of Oxford 1542; participated in the dissolution of the monasteries; convicted of perjury in 1543, died in prison

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Alice Doly's servant was brought before John London to give evidence against her mistress in Buckinghamshire in 1520. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

The arrest of Thomas Garrard at Oxford brought great joy to John London and John Hygdon. 1563, p. 605; 1570, p. 1366; 1576, p. 1166; 1583, p. 1194.

After Thomas Garrard escaped, John Cottisford was blamed by the John Hygdon and John London. They sent out spies to search. 1563, p. 606; 1570, p. 1367; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1195.

Anthony Dalaber was brought before London, John Hygdon and John Cottisford and examined. 1563, p. 608; 1570, p. 1368; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1196.

Thomas Garrard was apprehended after his escape and examined by Cottisford, Hygdon and London. He was condemned as a heretic and made to bear a faggot. 1563, p. 609; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

John London was one of the examiners of the reformers in Cardinal College, Oxford. 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

Some plate was stolen from New College, Oxford, and sold to William Callaway in London. Callaway bought the goods in good faith. When John London, warden of the college, discovered that he had bought it and that he was a protestant, he brought a charge of felony against him. 1563, pp. 626-27; 1570, p. 1408; 1576, pp. 1200-01; 1583, p. 1230.

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London was one of the chief persecutors of Robert Testwood, Henry Filmer and Anthony Pearson at Windsor. 1563, p. 630; 1570, p. 1386; 1576, p. 1182; 1583, p. 1211.

Anthony Pearson often preached in Windsor, where his sermons were very popular with the people, but not with the conservative clerics, especially William Symonds and John London. 1570, p. 1389; 1576, p. 1185; 1583, p. 1213.

After London had been in Windsor a while, he learned of the views of Robert Testwood and was shown the broken nose of the image of the Virgin. 1570, p. 1389; 1576, p. 1185; 1583, p. 1213.

Symonds and London kept notes of Pearson's sermons. They included the names of all those who frequented the sermons. They reported all of these to Stephen Gardiner. 1570, p. 1389; 1576, p. 1185; 1583, pp. 1213-14.

Henry Filmer's wife pleaded with the bishops who were commissioners for the Six Articles to give her husband an audience. She eventually found the bishops of Ely, Salisbury and Hereford together and put her case. However, John London and William Symonds ensured that Filmer was never brought before the bishops. 1570, p. 1395; 1576, p. 1189; 1583, p. 1218.

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Symonds brought Henry Filmer's brother to John London's house, where he was won over with food, drink and promises of friendship and plenty. London retained him as one of his household men until the day of Henry Filmer's trial, when his brother gave testimony against him. 1570, p. 1396; 1576, p. 1190; 1583, p. 1219.

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After the secret indictments against members of the privy council were discovered and the king's pardon granted, John London, William Symonds and Robert Ockham were brought before the council and found guilty of perjury. They were sentenced to ride backwards on horses, wearing papers, and to stand in the pillories of Windsor, Reading and Newbury. 1570, p. 1399; 1576, p. 1193; 1583, p. 1221.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Rayburne

of Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire; [Fines]

Affirmed in 1530 that a mouse could eat the consecrated host; took instructions from the Lutheran Thomas Lound

John Rayburne, his sisters, his wife and his father were examined by Bishop Longland. Rayburne was accused by his sisters of ignoring fast days, disparaging pilgrimages and transubstantiation, and favouring services in English. His father accused him of possessing gospels in English and of attending a service in John Taylor's house. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, pp. 984-85.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Robert West

Priest of St Andrew Undershaft, London [Fines]

Robert West was accused of praising Martin Luther and questioning the authority of the church doctors. He abjured and was given penance in 1529. 1563, p. 419; 1570, pp. 1119, 1184; 1576, pp. 957, 1013; 1583, pp. 984, 1041.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Roger Hackman

North Stoke, Oxfordshire [Fines]; accused in 1525 of disavowing good works

Roger Hackman was accused for words he spoke at a church ale in North Stoke. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir William Barenten

of Buckinghamshire

Alice Doly visited his house and made disparaging remarks about the images there. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Ferrar

Deponent against Roger Hackman

Thomas Ferrar reported words spoken by Roger Hackman at a church ale in North Stoke. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Smith

of North Stoke, Oxfordshire; deponent against Roger Hackman

William Smith reported words spoken by Roger Hackman at a church ale in North Stoke. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Britwell Salome (SU 675 935) or Brightwell Baldwin (SU 655 955) [Britwell]


Person and Place Index  *  Close
North Stoke


OS grid ref: SU 615 865

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Princes Risborough

[Roshborough; Ryssebrowe]


OS grid ref: SP 805 035

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Stanton Harcourt [Staunton Harecourt]


OS grid ref: SP 415 055

1008 [984]

K. Henry 8. Persecution of simple men within the Dioces of Lincolne.
Persecutrs.Martyrs.The Causes.
was referred vnto the euen of Corpus Christi, be-
cause they would honour their bready Messias with
a bloudy sacrifice. Thus Thomas Harding was
consumed to ashes, he being of the age of lx. yeares
and aboue. Ex testimonio scripto ciuium Amershamen-
¶ I finde in the recordes of Lincolne, about the
same tyme 
Commentary  *  Close

Here Foxe is drawing on a now lost courtbook of Bishop John Longland of Lincoln.

, and in the same Countrey of Buckyng-
hamshyre, in the which the foresayd Thomas Har-
dyng did suffer, that diuers other for the lyke doc-
trine, were molested and troubled, whose names
with there causes here vnder folow.
Elizabeth Wighthill be-
ing brought before Doctor
London, in the personage
at Staunton Harecourt,
and there put to her othe,
deposed against Maistres
Alice Doly,, MarginaliaAlyce Doly, accused. her maistres 
Commentary  *  Close

Alice Doyly had married three times; first to a John Wilmot, the second time to William Cottesmere, a member of an important gentry family and the third time to Thomas Doyly, the head of one of Oxfordshire's most ancient gentry families. By the time of her third marriage her moveable goods alone were estimated at £1000 (Andrew Hope, 'Lollardy: The Stone the Builders Rejected?' in Protestantism and the National Church in Sixteenth Century England, ed., Peter Lake and Maria Dowling [Beckenham, 1987], pp. 8-10). Alice would be investigated again for heresy (whether as a result of this testimony or on later charges is unknown) but there is no record of her being convicted

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that the sayde Maistres
Doly speaking of Iohn
Hacker of Colmanstreete 
Commentary  *  Close

John Hacker was an extraordinarily influential Lollard with a long career; see J. A. F. Thomson, The Later Lollards, 1414-1520 for details. Hacker would be arrested in London in 1527 and in 1528, he would abjure and give the names of over 40 other Lollards to the authorities (1563, p. 418 and BL, Harley 421, fos. 11r-14r).

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ElizabethMistres A-in London Waterbearer,
Wighthill.lice Doly.saide that he was very ex-
pert in the Gospels, and
all other things belõging
to diuine seruice, and could
expresse and declare it, and
the Pater noster in English,
as well as any Priest, and
it woulde doo one good to
Doctourheare him: sayeng moreo-
London.uer, that she woulde in no
case, þt this were knowne,
for hurting the poore man,
commaunding moreouer
the said Elizabeth, that she
should tell no man hereof,
affirming at þe same time,
that the foresayde Hacker
coulde tell of diuers pro-
phesies, what should hap-
pen in the Realme.
Ouer and besides, the
forenamed Elizabeth de-
posed, that the sayde Mi-
stresse Doly her Mistresse,
shewed vnto her, that she
had a booke, which held a-
gainst Pilgrimages: and
after that, she caused Sir
Iohn Boothe, Parson of
Britwell, to reade vpon a
booke, which she called Le-
genda aurea, & one Saints
life he read, MarginaliaAgaynst Pilgrimage.whiche did
speake against Pilgrima-
ges. And after that was read, her Mistresse sayde
vnto her: Loe daughter, now yee may heare as I
tolde you, that this booke speaketh against Pilgri-
Furthermore, it was deposed against Maistres
Doly by the sayde Elizabeth, that she beeing at Syr
William Barentens place, and seeing there in þe clo-
set, Images new gilded, sayd to the sayd Elizabeth,
looke, heere be my Lady Barentens Gods. MarginaliaAgainst Images. To
whome the saide Elizabeth aunswered againe, that
they were set for remembraunce of good Saintes.
Then sayd she, if I were in an house, where no I-
mages were, I could remēber to pray vnto Saints
as well as if I did see the Images. Nay sayd the o-
ther, Images do prouoke deuotion. Then sayd her
Maistresse, ye shoulde not worship that thyng that
hath eares, and can not heare, and hath eyes and can
not see, and hath mouth, and can not speake, and
hath hands, and can not feele.
Item, the sayd M. Doly was reported by the sayd
partie, to haue a booke conteining the xij. Articles of
the Creede, couered with boordes, and red couering.
Also another blacke booke, whiche she set most price
by, which booke she kept euer in her chamber, or in
her coffer, with diuers other bookes. And this was
about þe yeare of our Lord 1520. Ex Registro Lincolne.
¶ Note heere, good reader, in this tyme, which was
aboue 46. yeares ago, what good matter heere was
to accuse and molest good women for. 
Commentary  *  Close

Here Foxe is highlighting the triviality, at least in his eyes, of the offences charged against Alice Doyly.

Persecutors.Martyrs.The Causes.
MarginaliaRog. Hatchman accused.Agaynste thys Roger
Hachman it was layd by
depositions brought in,
WilliamRogerthat he sitting at the church
Smith ofHackman. 
Commentary  *  Close

There is no corroboration for Foxe's list of the charges against Hachman.

Ale, at Northstoke, sayde
North-these words: I will neuer
stoke inlooke to be saued, for no
Oxford-good deede that euer I did,
shire.At North-neither for any that euer I
stoke inwill doo, without I may
Oxford-haue my saluation by pe-
Thomasshire.tition, as an outlawe shall
Ferrar.haue his pardon of the
An. 1525.King, and said, that if hee
might not haue his salua-
tion so, he thought he shuld
be lost. Ex Regist. Lin.
MarginaliaRob. West accused.Agaynste this Roberte
RoberteWest Priest it was obiec-
West, priestted, 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe's source for this account is almost certainly a now lost court-book of Bishop Cuthbert Tunstal of London. Robert West was also - according to a record not consulted by Foxe - charged with eating meat on Friday and having committed adultery (London Metropolitan Archive, DL/C/330, fo. 175v).

that he had commen-
of Saintded Martin Luther, and
Andrewthought that he had done
vndershaft.well in many things, as
in hauing wife and chil-
DoctourAt Lon-dren. &c.
Whartondon.Item, for sayeng, that
Chauncel-where as the Doctors of
lor to Ton-An. 1529.the Church haue comman-
stall Bishopded Priestes to saye Mat-
of London.tens and Euensong, they
had no authoritie so to do:
for the whiche he was ab-
iured, and was enioyned
penance. Ex Regist. Lincol.
MarginaliaIohn Ryburne accused.It was testified 
Commentary  *  Close

There is no corroboration of Foxe's account of John Ryburn.

Iohn Ryburne, by his si-
ster Elisabeth Ryburne,
Doctorbeing put to her othe, that
Morgan.Iohn Ry-she comming to him vpon
burne.the Assumption euen, foūd
him at Supper with but-
ter and egges, and beeyng
bid to sit downe and eate
with him, she aunswered
that it was no conuenient
time thē to eate. To whom
At Rosh-he saide agayne, that God
borough.neuer made suche fasting
dayes, but you (quoth he)
An. 1530.are so farre in Limbo pa-
trum, that you can neuer
turne agayne. And in fur-
ther communication, whē
she sayd that she would go
on pilgrimage to the holy
crosse, at Wendouer, he said
again, that she did nought:
For there is neuer a step
(saide hee) that you set in
going on Pilgrimage, but
you go to the Diuell: and
you go to the Churche to
woorship that the Prieste
doth hold aboue his head,
which is but bread, and if
you cast it to the Mouse, he
will eate it: and sayd, that
hee woulde neuer beleeue
that the Priest hath power
to make his Lord.
Item, it was testified by
another sister named Alice Ryburne, that she beyng
with her brother in a close called Brimmers close,
heard him say these wordes: MarginaliaA prophesy.That a time shall come
that no eleuation shall be made. Whereunto she an-
swering againe, asked: and what seruice shall wee
haue then? He sayd: that seruice that we haue now.
Furthermore, the sayd Iohn Ryburne was accused
vpon these wordes, saying: that the seruice of the
Church was nought, because it was not in English:
For sayde hee, if wee had our Pater noster in Eng-
lish, we would say it nine times against once now,
&c. Ex Regist. Lincol. fol. 300.
¶ Note heere out of the records of the register, that
in this examination of Iohn Ryburne, first his two
sisters, then his owne wife, and at last hys owne fa-
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