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John Stokesley

(1475 - 1539) [ODNB]

MA Oxford 1500; DTh 1516; archdeacon of Surrey 1522; archdeacon of Dorset 1523; dean of St George's, Windsor 1524; royal confessor 1517; royal chaplain 1519; almoner 1520; bishop of London (1530 - 39)

Thomas Boleyn, John Stokesley and Edward Lee were sent as delegates to the pope to present the king's case for a divorce from Queen Catherine. 1570, p. 1195; 1576, p. 1023; 1583, p. 1051.

Thomas Cranmer, John Stokesley, Edward Carne, William Benet and the earl of Wiltshire were sent as ambassadors to the pope to dispute the matter of the king's marriage. 1570, p. 1280; 1576, p. 1095; 1583, p. 1121.

John Stokesley became bishop of London after Thomas Wolsey was deprived. 1570, p. 1130; 1576, p. 968; 1583, p. 994.

After King Henry had extended Wolsey's praemunire to the whole clergy, the bishops agreed to call all the priests in their dioceses to contribute. Stokesley called his clergy together, but there was such protest and disorder that he sent them away with his pardon. He then complained of his clergy to Sir Thomas More. 1570, p. 1195; 1576, p. 1023; 1583, p. 1051.

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Simon Fish was wary of returning home because he was afraid of Sir Thomas More and John Stokesley. 1570, p. 448; 1570, p. 1153; 1576, p. 987; 1583, p. 1014.

Articles were put by Stokesley, bishop of London, to Humphrey Monmouth, accusing him of helping William Tyndale and of advancing the opinions of Martin Luther. He was examined and sent to the Tower. According to Monmouth, Tyndale had wished to become chaplain to the bishop of London, but was turned down. 1570, p. 1133; 1576, p. 970; 1583, p. 997.

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Thomas Phillips was handed over by Sir Thomas More to Bishop Stokesley in 1530. As well as holding heretical opinions, he was charged with having a copy of William Tracy's will and butter and cheese during Lent. He was examined by More and Stokesley and agreed to abjure, but not to read openly the abjuration in the form presented. He appealed to the king and was excommunicated by the bishop. 1570, p. 1185; 1576, p. 1014; 1583, p. 1042.

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Richard Bayfield was tried before John Stokesley, assisted by Stephen Gardiner and others. 1563, p. 484; 1570, p. 1161; 1576, p. 993; 1583, p. 1021.

Stokesley sent a letter to the mayor and sheriffs of London, directing them to be present at the sentencing of Richard Bayfield. 1563, pp. 488-89; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p. 996; 1583, p. 1024.

Mr Selyard, writing to John Stokesley, asked him to send word by his friend William Saxey of anything that could be discovered against Robert Bate. 1563, p. 495; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1127.

Stokesley had all of Tyndale's New Testaments and other books brought into St Paul's churchyard and burnt. 1563, p. 495; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1127.

Stokesley pronounced sentence on John Tewkesbury as a relapsed heretic and turned him over to the sheriffs. 1563, p. 493; 1570, p. 1167; 1576, p. 998; 1583, p. 1026.

James Bainham was examined before John Stokesley in the house of Sir Thomas More. 1563, p. 496; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1027.

Andrew Hewett was examined by Stokesley, Gardiner and Longland. 1563, p. 506; 1570, p. 1180; 1576, p. 1009; 1583, p. 1036.

Many people in the London diocese were made to abjure under Bishop Stokesley. 1570, p. 1184; 1576, p. 1013; 1583, p. 1040.

Thomas Patmore had been preferred to the living of Much Hadham by Bishop Fitzjames and continued there peacably for sixteen years until John Stokesley became bishop of London. Stokesley was suspected of wanting the benefice for someone else. He imprisoned Patmore in his own palace and then had him sent to Lollards' Tower, where he was kept in harsh conditions. 1583, p. 1044.

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Patmore's release from prison was ordered by the king. The king gave him a commission to the lord chancellor, the archbishop of Canterbury and Secretary Cromwell to investigate the dealings of Stokesley and Foxford towards Patmore. 1583, p. 1045.

John Frith was examined in London by the bishops of London, Winchester and Lincoln. Stokesley pronounced sentence upon him and turned him over to the mayor and sheriffs of London to be burnt. 1563, pp. 501-04; 1570, pp. 1176-78; 1576, pp. 1006-08; 1583, pp. 1034-35.

The archbishop of Canterbury (Cranmer), along with the bishops of London (Stokesley), Winchester (Gardiner), Bath and Wells (Clerk) and Lincoln (Longland) and other clergy went to see Queen Catherine. She failed to attend when summoned over 15 days, and they pronounced that she and the king were divorced. 1570, p. 1200; 1576, p. 1027; 1583, p. 1055.

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Stokesley swore an oath of allegiance to Henry VIII as head of the church. 1570, p. 1203; 1576, p. 1030; 1583, p. 1057.

Stokesley met Princess Elizabeth's christening procession at the church door. 1570, p. 1199; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1054.

Stokesley preached a sermon in 1534 commending the efficacy of masses. This was attended by Thomas Merial, who was accused of heretical opinions and brought before Stokesley. 1570, pp. 1439-40; 1576, p. 1228; 1583, p. 1257.

Stokesley was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Bishops Stokesley and Tunstall wrote a letter to Cardinal Pole in Rome, urging him to give up his support of the supremacy of the pope. 1563, pp. 613-20; 1570, pp. 1212-16; 1576, pp. 1037-42; 1583, pp. 1065-68.

Stokesley attended a synod in 1537 with other bishops and learned men and with Thomas Cromwell as vicar-general. Stokesley favoured retaining the seven sacraments. 1563, p. 594; 1570, p. 1351; 1576, p. 1153; 1583, p. 1182.

Holland, Stokesley's summoner, was sent for by Sir Christopher Barker to take Thomas Frebarne to the bishop. Frebarne had obtained pork in Lent for his pregnant wife. The bishop had Holland take him and the pig to the civil authorities. 1570, p. 1354; 1576, p. 1156; 1583, p. 1184.

Edmund Bonner, when nominated to the bishopric of London, told Richard Grafton that John Stokesley had been wrong to persecute those like Lobley for having bibles in English. 1570, p. 1362; 1576, p. 1162; 1583, p. 1191.

 
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Stephen Gardiner

(c. 1495x8 - 1555) [ODNB]

Theologian, administrator; BCnL Cambridge 1518; DCL 1521; DCnL 1522; chancellor of Cambridge

Principal secretary to the king 1529; ambassador to France

Bishop of Winchester (1531 - 51, 1553 - 55)

Thomas Cromwell, Thomas More and Stephen Gardiner served together in Thomas Wolsey's household. 1563, p. 592; 1570, p. 1347; 1576, p. 1150; 1583, p. 1178.

Gardiner and Edward Fox urged leniency on Cardinal Wolsey when dealing with Robert Barnes. They stood surety for him and convinced him to abjure. 1563, pp. 601-02; 1570, pp. 1364-65; 1576, pp. 1164-65; 1583, pp. 1192-93.

Stephen Gardiner was sent as ambassador to Rome by Henry VIII during the time of Clement VII to deal with the matter of the king's divorce and to promote Thomas Wolsey as pope. Both the king and Wolsey wrote letters to him. 1570, pp. 1125-28, 1193; 1576, pp. 963-66, 1021; 1583, pp. 990-92, 1049.

Shortly after Gardiner became secretary to King Henry, he and William Fitzwilliam were assigned by the king to ensure that Thomas Wolsey's goods were not stolen after his deprivation of his offices, but returned to the king. 1570, p. 1130; 1576, p. 967; 1583, p. 994.

Richard Bayfield was tried before John Stokesley, assisted by Stephen Gardiner and others. 1563, p. 484; 1570, p. 1161; 1576, p. 993; 1583, p. 1021.

John Frith was taken first to the archbishop of Canterbury at Lambeth, then to the bishop of Winchester at Croydon, and then to London to plead his case before the assembled bishops. He was examined there by the bishops of London, Winchester and Lincoln. 1563, pp. 501-03; 1570, pp. 1176-78; 1576, pp. 1006-08; 1583, pp. 1034-35.

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Andrew Hewett was examined by Stokesley, Gardiner and Longland. 1563, p. 506; 1570, p. 1180; 1576, p. 1009; 1583, p. 1036.

The archbishop of Canterbury (Cranmer), along with the bishops of London (Stokesley), Winchester (Gardiner), Bath and Wells (Clerk) and Lincoln (Longland) and other clergy went to see Queen Catherine. She failed to attend when summoned over 15 days, and they pronounced that she and the king were divorced. 1570, p. 1200; 1576, p. 1027; 1583, p. 1055.

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Gardiner swore an oath of allegiance to Henry VIII as head of the church. 1570, p. 1203; 1576, p. 1030; 1583, p. 1057.

In his De vera obedientia, Gardiner challenged the authority of the pope and argued against the validity of the king's marriage to Catherine of Aragon. 1570, pp. 1204-06; 1576, pp. 1031-32; 1583, pp. 1058-59.

Gardiner was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Gardiner was sent with a Henry VIII's answer to Francis I, king of France, regarding Henry's supremacy over the English church. 1570, p. 1221; 1576, p. 1045; 1583, p. 1072.

Gardiner was suspected of involvement in the downfall of Anne Boleyn, and urged the king to disinherit Elizabeth. 1570, pp. 1233, 1243; 1576, p. 1056; 1583, pp. 1082, 1083.

Gardiner was a resident ambassador to France in 1538, when Edmund Bonner, through the efforts of Thomas Cromwell, was brought in to replace him. There were great disagreements between the two, since Bonner at the time was in favour of reform. 1570, p. 1239; 1576, p. 1061; 1583, p. 1088.

The bearward who had a book belonging to Archbishop Cranmer's secretary intended giving it to Sir Anthony Browne or Stephen Gardiner. 1570, p. 1356; 1576, p. 1157; 1583, p. 1186.

In a letter to Henry VIII, Philip Melancthon called Gardiner wicked and impudent. 1570, p. 1341; 1576, p. 1145; 1583, p. 1173.

Bonner sent a declaration to Cromwell of Stephen Gardiner's evil behaviour. 1570, pp. 1241-44; 1576, pp. 1063-66; 1583, pp. 1090-92.

Gardiner urged Henry VIII to withdraw his defence of religious reform in order to ensure peace within the realm and to restore good relations with foreign rulers. 1570, pp. 1296; 1576, p. 1109; 1583, p. 1135.

Stephen Gardiner urged Henry VIII to use the case against John Lambert as a means of displaying the king's willingness to deal harshly with heresy. 1563, pp. 533-34; 1570, p. 1281; 1576, p. 1095; 1583, pp. 1121-22.

Cranmer had sent letters for Henry VIII to sign relating to reform in the church. Gardiner convinced the king that these reforms would jeopardise a league with the king of France and the emperor, so the letters were never signed. 1570, p. 1426; 1576, p. 1215; 1583, p. 1245.

Gardiner disputed with Lambert during his trial. 1563, pp. 535-36; 1570, pp. 1282-83; 1576, p. 1097; 1583, p. 1123.

Stephen Gardiner was Thomas Cromwell's chief opponent. 1563, p. 598; 1570, p. 1359; 1576, p. 1160; 1583, p. 1189.

Stephen Gardiner complained to the king about the sermon of Robert Barnes preached during Lent at Paul's Cross. He disputed with Barnes, and Richard Coxe and Thomas Robinson acted as arbiters. Gardiner then submitted articles against Barnes. 1570, p. 1371; 1576, pp. 1169-70; 1583, p. 1198.

Adam Damplip was brought before Thomas Cranmer, Stephen Gardiner, Richard Sampson and others and examined. 1563, p. 657; 1570, p. 1401; 1576, p. 1194; 1583, p. 1224.

Thomas Broke, Ralph Hare, James Cocke and James Barber were sent from Calais with their accusers to England to be examined by Cranmer, Gardiner, Sampson and other bishops. 1563, p. 661; 1570, p. 1401; 1576, p. 1195; 1583, p. 1224.

William Symonds and John London kept notes of Anthony Pearson's sermons at Windsor. They included the names of all those who frequented the sermons and reported all of these to Stephen Gardiner, who in turn reported to the king and received a commission for a search at Windsor. 1570, pp. 1389-90; 1576, p. 1185; 1583, pp. 1213-14.

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Gardiner had Simon Haynes and Philip Hoby committed to the Fleet, but their friends secured their release. 1570, p. 1390; 1576, p. 1186; 1583, p. 1214.

Gardiner conducted the third examination of John Marbeck himself. He ordered Marbeck to be placed in irons and kept in isolation. 1570, pp. 1391-92; 1576, pp. 1186-88; 1583, pp. 1215-16.

On the orders of Stephen Gardiner, John Massie took Adam Damplip to Calais. 1570, p. 1400; 1576, p. 1193; 1583, p. 1223.

John Capon and others of the judges in the trial of Marbeck, Testwood, Pearson and Filmer at Windsor sent a message to Stephen Gardiner in favour of John Marbeck. Gardiner went straight to the king and obtained a pardon. 1570, p. 1397; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1220.

After the burning of Filmer, Pearsons and Testwood, Capon sent Robert Ockham with a report to Stephen Gardiner. 1570, p. 1398; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1221.

Gardiner was one of the questioners at the second examination of Anne Askew in 1546. 1563, p. 683; 1570, p. 1417; 1576, p. 1208; 1583, p. 1237.

Katherine Parr read and studied the scriptures and discussed them with her chaplains. The king was aware of this and approved, so she began to debate matters of religion with him. When the king became more ill-tempered because of his sore leg, her enemies, especially Stephen Gardiner and Thomas Wriothesley, took the opportunity to turn the king against her. 1570, pp. 1422-23; 1576, pp. 1212-13; 1583, pp. 1242-43.

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Gardiner and other enemies of Katherine Parr planned to accuse and arrest Lady Herbert, Lady Lane and Lady Tyrwhit and search their quarters for books and other evidence to use against the queen. 1570, p. 1423; 1576, p. 1213; 1583, p. 1243.

During Henry VIII's final illness, Sir Anthony Browne tried unsuccessfully to get Stephen Gardiner reinstated in the king's will. 1570, p. 1478; 1576, p. 1253; 1583, p. 1291.

After the death of Henry VIII, the duke of Suffolk related to Thomas Cranmer how Stephen Gardiner had nearly been arrested at the time of the execution of Germaine Gardiner. He confessed his fault to the king and was pardoned. 1570, p. 1477; 1576, p. 1253; 1583, p. 1290.

Stephen Gardiner preached a sermon contrary to King Edward's injunctions. He was arrested and taken to the Tower by Sir Anthony Wingfield and Sir Ralph Sadler; Sadler and William Hunnings were instructed to seal off doors to his house. He was transferred to the Fleet. 1563, pp. 728, 760; 1570, pp. 1521, 1529; 1576, pp. 1297, 1304; 1583, pp. 1340, 1353-54.

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Gardiner wrote to Thomas Cranmer, Nicholas Ridley, the Lord Protector and others while imprisoned in the Fleet. 1563, pp. 728-54; 1570, pp. 1522-25; 1576, pp. 1297-1300; 1583, pp. 1340-50.

Gardiner was released out of the Fleet by a general pardon, but was placed under house arrest for failure to conform. Nicholas Ridley, Thomas Smith and William Cecil were sent to him. He was called before the council. 1563, p. 755; 1570, pp. 1525-26; 1576, p. 1301; 1583, p. 1351.

Gardiner was imprisoned in the Tower with Cuthbert Tunstall under Edward VI and Edward Seymour. 1563, p. 685; 1570, p. 1486; 1576, p. 1260; 1583, p. 1296.

After Gardiner had been in the Tower for nearly a year, Sir William Paulet and Sir William Petre visited and urged him to admit his fault. Paulet, Petre, the earl of Warwick and Sir William Herbert delivered the king's letters to him. 1563, pp. 761-62; 1570, pp. 1529-30; 1576, p. 1304; 1583, p. 1354.

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Edward Seymour, John Russell, John Dudley and Sir William Petre visited Stephen Gardiner in the Tower at various times to attempt to get him to accept the king's reforms. 1563, pp. 766; 1570, p. 1532; 1576, p. 1306; 1583, p. 1356.

Articles were put to him to answer. 1563, pp. 754-68; 1570, pp. 1525-34; 1576, pp. 1300-07; 1583, pp. 1350-57.

When Sir William Herbert and Sir William Petre went to Stephen Gardiner in the Tower with new articles, they took with them a canon and a civil lawyer: Nicholas Ridley and Richard Goodrich. 1563, p. 768; 1570, p. 1534; 1576, p. 1307; 1583, p. 1357.

After Gardiner's sequestration, Thomas Cranmer, Nicholas Ridley, Thomas Goodrich, Henry Holbeach, Sir William Petre, Sir James Hales, Griffith Leyson, John Oliver and John Gosnold were commissioned to examine him. 1563, p. 776; 1570, p. 1535; 1576, p. 1309; 1583, p. 1358.

William Paget, Andrew Baynton and Thomas Chaloner were deponents in the case of Gardiner. 1563, pp. 814-18; 1570, p. 1536; 1576, p. 1309; 1583, p. 1359.

Gardiner was examined and deprived of his bishopric. 1563, pp. 814-67; 1570, pp. 1536-37; 1576, pp. 1309-10; 1583, pp. 1359-60.

1081 [1052]

K. Hen. 8. The othes of the Byshop of England made to the king agaynst the Pope.

your eyes the mirror of truth, the glory of God, the dignitie of your soueraigne Lord and King, and the great concord and vnitie, and inestimable profite and vtilitie, that shal by the due execution of the premisses, insue to your selfe and all other faithfull and louing subiectes, ye make or cause to be made diligent searche and waite, and especially in euery place of youre shirewicke, whether the said Bishop do truly, sincerely, and without all maner cloke, colour, or dissimulation, execute, and accomplishe our will and commaundement, as is aforesaid And in case ye shall heare, perceiue, and approuably vnderstand, and know that the said Bishop, or any other ecclesiasticall person within his dioces, do omit and leaue vndone any part or parcel of the premisses, or else in the execution and setting forth of the same, do coldly and fainedly vse any maner sinister addition, wrong, interpretation, or painted colour: then we straightly charge & commaund you, that forthwith vpon any such default, negligence, or dissimulation of the said Bishop, or any other ecclesiasticall person of his dioces, contrary to the true tenour, meaning, and effecte of the saide charge by vs to him appointed aforesaid, yee doe make indelaidly, and with all speede and diligence, declaration and aduertisement to vs and our Counsell, of the saide defaulte, and of the behauiour, maner, and fashion of the same.

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And for as much as we vpon singular trust, and assured confidence which we haue in you, and for the speciall loue and zeale we suppose and thinke ye beare towards vs and the publicke and common wealth, vnitie, and tranquillitie of this our realme, haue specially elected and chosen you among so many, for this purpose, and haue reputed you suche men, as vnto whose wisedome, discretion, truth and fidelitie, we might commit a matter of suche great waight, moment, and importance, as whereupon the vnitie and tranquillity of our realme doth consist, if ye shoulde contrary to our expectation and trust which we haue in you, and agaynst your duety and allegeance towards vs, neglect or omit to do with all your diligence and wisedome, whatsoeuer shall be in your power for the due performance of our mind and pleasure to you before declared in this behalfe, or halt, or stomble at any part or specialitie of the same, be yee assured that we like a Prince of iustice, will so extremely punish you for the same, that all the worlde besides shall take by you example, and beware contrary to their allegeance, to disobey the lawfull commaundement of theyr soueraigne Lord and Prince in such things: as by the faithfull execution whereof, ye shall not onely aduance the honor of Almightie God, and set foorth the maiestie and Imperiall dignitie of youre soueraigne Lord, but also bring an inestimable weale, profite and commoditie, vnitie and tranquillitie, to all the common state of this our Realme, whereunto both by the lawes of God, nature, and man, ye be vtterly bound.

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Geuen vnder our signet at our Pallace
of Westminster the 9. day of Iune.

Furthermore, that no man shall cauill or surmise thys fatall fall and ruine of the Pope, to haue come rashly vpon the Kings owne partiall affection, or by any sensuall temeritie of a few, and not by the graue and aduised iudgement, approbation and consent generally and publikely, as well of the nobles and commons temporal, as also vppon substantiall groundes, and the very strength of truth, by the discussion and consultation of the spiritual and most learned persons in this Realme: it shall be requisite moreouer to these premisses, to adioyne the words and testimonics also of the Byshops owne othes and profession made to the King, yelding and rendering vnto him only the stile of supreme head next vnder Christ, of the Church of England, all other seruice, subiection, and obedience to be geuen to any other forreine Potentate, which should be preiudiciall to the Kings highnes in this behalfe beeing excluded, and that both frankely and freely, of their own voluntary motion, and also vppon the faith and fidelitie of their priesthode, as by their owne words and handwriting may appeare, in forme as heere vnder followeth.

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The othe of Steuen Gardiner to the King.

EGo Stephanus Wintonien. Episcopus pure, sponte, & absolute, in verbo pontificio, profiteor ac spondeo, Illustrissimæ vestræ Regiæ maiestati, singulari ac summo Domino meo, & patrono, Henrico Dei gratia Angliæ & Franciæ, Regi, fidei defensori, Domino Hiberniæ, atque in terris Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ supremo immediatè sub Christo capiti, quod post hac nulli externo Imperatori, Regi, Principi aut Prelato, nec Romano pontifici (quem Papam vocant) fidelitatem & obedientiam, &c.

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In Engish.

MarginaliaThe othe of Steph. Gardiner to the king.I Steuen Byshop of Winchester, do purely of mine owne voluntary accord and absolutely, in þe word of a Bishop, professe and promise to your princely maiestie, my singular and chiefe Lord and Patrone, Henry the 8. by the grace of Gdo King of England & of France, defendor of the fayth,Lord of Ireland, & in earth of the Church of England supreme head immediately vnder Christ, that from this day forward I shall sweare, promise, geue, or cause to be geuē to no forreine Potētate, Emperour, King, Prince or Prelate, not yet to the Byshop of Rome, whō they call Pope, any othe or feaultie directly or indirectly, either by word or writyng, but at all tymes and in euery case & condition I shall obserue, hold, & mainteyne to all effectes & intentes, the quarell & cause of your royall Maiestie & your successours, and to the vttermost of my power, shall defend the same agaynst all manner of persons whom soeuer I shall know or suspect to bee aduersaries to your Maiestie or to your successours, & shall geue my fayth, truth, & obedience sincerely & with my very hart, onely to your royall Maiestie, as to my supreme Prince. I professe the Papacie of Rome not to be ordeined of God by holy Scripture, but constantly do affirme and openly declare and shall declare it to be set vp onely by mā, and shall cause diligently other men likewise to publish the same. Neither shall I enter any treatie with any person or persons either priuely or apertly, or shall consent thereto, that the Byshop of Rome shall haue or exercise here any authoritie or iurisdiction, or is to be restored to any iurisdiction hereafter.

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MarginaliaStephen Gardiner aprenoun- renounceth the Pope.Furthermore that þe sayd Byshop of Rome now being or any that shall succeede him hereafter, in the sayd Sea, is not to be called Pope nor supreme Byshop or vniuersall Byshop, nor most holy Lord, but onely ought to be called Byshop of Rome and felow brother (as the old maner of the most auncient Byshops hath bene) this I shall to my power openly mainteyne and defend.

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Also I shall firmely obserue & cause to bee obserued of other, to the vttermost of my cunnyng, witte, & power, all such lawes and Actes of this Realme, how and what soeuer, as haue bene enacted & established for the extirpation and suppression of the Papacie, and of the authoritie, and iurisdiction of the sayd Byshop of Rome. Neither shall I appeale hereafter to the sayd Bish. of Rome, nor euer consent to any person, that shall appeale to him, neither shall I attempt, prosecute or follow any sute in the Court of Rome for any cause of right or Iustice to be had, or shall make aunswere to any plee or action, nor shall take vpon me the person and office either of the plaintife or defendent in the sayd Court. And if the sayd Byshop by his messenger or by his letters shall make any meanes of significatiō vnto me of any matter what soeuer it be, I shall with all speede & diligence make declaration & aduertisement therof, or cause that same to be signified, either to your princely maiesty, or to some of your secret coūsaile, or to your successours or any of their priuy counsell: Neither shall I send or cause to be send at any tyme, any writing or messēger to the sayd Byshop or to his Court without the knowledge & cōsent of your maiesty or your successours willyng me to send writing or messenger vnto him. Neither shall I procure or geue coūsaile to any persō to procure bules, brieues or rescriptes whatsoeuer, either for me or for any other, frō the sayd Bysh. of Rome or his court. And if any such shall be procured agaynst my will & knowledge either in generall or in speciall, or els whosoeuer they shall be graunted vnto them, I shall vtter & disclose the same, & not consent thereunto, nor vse them in any case, & shall cause them to be brought to your maiestie or your successours.

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Furthermore for the confirmation hereof, I geue my fayth & truth by firme promise & in the fayth of a Byshop that agaynst this my foresayd profession, & promise made, I shall defēd my selfe by no dispēsation, exception, nor any remedy or cautel of law or exāple, during this my natural life. And if heretofore I haue done or made any protestatiō in preiudice of this my profession & promise here made: the same I do reuoke at this present & for euer hereafter, and here vtterly do renounce, by these presents. Whereunto I haue subscribed & vnder written the name both of my selfe & of my Byshopricke, with my proper hand, & thereto also haue put to my seale, in perpetual & vndoubted testimony of the premisses. Geuen the x. day of February. an. 1534. & of our soueraigne Lord kyng Henry viij. 26.

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Steph. Winton.

The lyke othe of Iohn Stokesley Byshop of London.

MarginaliaThe othe of Stokesley.I Iohn Byshop of London, do purely, & of myne owne volūtary accord, & absolutely in the word of a Byshop professe and promise to your princely maiestie, my singular, and chief Lord and patrone Henry 8 by the grace of God kyng of England, and of Fraunce, defender of the fayth, Lord of Ireland, and in earth of the same Church of Englād supreme head immediately vnder Christ. &c. Like to the othe before.

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¶ The
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