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Abundus

Deacon of Carpophorus, priest, in Tuscia; C4 martyr with Carpophorus

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Adauctus and Januarius

C4 priests of Felix the bishop; martyred in Venosa with him

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Arrianus

C4 governor of Thebes; martyr

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Arthemius

of Rome; C4 martyr

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Carpophorus

C4 priest in Tuscia; martyred with his deacon

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Cassian of Imola (St Cassian)

(d. early C4) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Schoolmaster; reputedly bishop; martyr under Diocletian

Cassian was a strict but godly schoolmaster, who was arrested and sentenced to be tormented by his scholars. They, in revenge for his harsh punishments, stripped him, taunted him, threw stones and books, and stabbed him with their styli. Cassian died from the treatment. 1570, pp. 129-30; 1576, pp. 93-94; 1583, pp. 92-93.

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Claudius, Cyrinus and Antonius

Early C4 martyrs with Marcellinus the bishop

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Cucusatus

C4 martyr in Barcelona

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 192; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Cyprian of Antioch (St Cyprian of Antioch)

Legendary C4 bishop of Antioch [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Said to have been a pagan conjurer and sorcerer; martyr under Diocletian

Cyprian was a citizen of Antioch and a sorcerer. He converted to Christianity and became a deacon, a priest and finally bishop of Antioch and martyr. 1570, pp. 128-29; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

He was martyred with Justina. 1570, p. 121; 1576, p. 96; 1583, p. 95.

Foxe distinguishes him from Cyprian of Carthage. 1570, p. 101; 1576, p. 71; 1583, p. 71.

 
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Cyriacus

Deacon to Marcellus the bishop; C4 martyr

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Dacianus

Governor in Spain under Diocletian

Dacianus caused St Vincent to be racked, among other tortures, and had the executioners whipped to make them keener to torment Vincent. 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 92; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Euelasius

Converted by the suffering of Fausta; martyr

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Eusebius of Caesarea

(263 - 339) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Christian scholar, presbyter at the church at Caesarea; wrote History of the Church

Eusebius said that he himself had known the martyrs in Palestine who died during Diocletian's persecution. 1570, p. 110; 1576, p. 78; 1583, p. 77.

He personally witnessed the persecutions in the Thebiade. 1570, p. 113; 1576, p. 80; 1583, p. 80.

He was present at the martyrdom of Philoromus at Alexandria. 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

Eusebius received a letter from Constantine, instructing him to build and repair churches in Caesarea. 1570, p. 141; 1576, p. 104; 1583, p. 103.

Foxe uses Eusebius extensively as a source throughout Book 1.

 
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Faustus

(d. early C4); priest of Alexandria; martyred there

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Felix

Reputed C4 bishop in Apulia; martyred at Venosa

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Felix

C4 minister martyred in Valencia with his two deacons

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Fortunatus and Achilleus

C4 deacons; martyred in Valencia

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Fortunatus and Septimus

C4 readers of Felix the bishop; martyred in Venosa with him

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletian

(236/7 - 316) [R. W. Mathisen www.roman-emperors.org]

Roman emperor (284 - 305), succeeding Carus's son, Numerian, in the east; controlled the whole empire after the death of Carinus, Carus's younger son, in 285. Introduced tetrarchy; enforced imperial cult; abdicated.

Declined an offer to take the throne in 308; died at Split.

Diocletian came to the throne with the support of the troops. 1570, p. 108; 1576, p. 77; 1583, p. 76.

Having accused Aper of killing Numerian, Diocletian killed him with his sword in front of the troops. 1570, p. 109; 1576, p. 78; 1583, p. 77.

Diocletian commanded that he be worshipped as a god. 1570, p. 109; 1576, p. 78; 1583, p. 77.

Diocletian introduced the most severe persecution of the Christians. The persecution began with the destruction of churches and books of scripture. 1570, pp. 39, 109-111; 1576, pp. 31, 78-79; 1583, pp. 31, 77-79.

He went on use threats and imprisonment, and eventually he devised a great variety of tortures and methods of execution. 1570, pp. 112-14; 1576, pp. 80-81; 1583, pp. 79-81.

Diocletian abdicated and, having heard of the edict of Constantine and Licinius granting freedom of worship to Christians, died. 1570, p. 121; 1576, p. 87; 1583, p. 86.

 
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Georgius

(d. early C4); young man of Cappadocia; martyr

Georgius was imprisoned, tortured and beheaded. 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Gereon of Köln

(d. early C4) Reputedly Roman soldier; martyr

Gereon was beheaded at Cologne. 1570, pp. 113, 128; 1576, pp. 81, 93; 1583, pp. 80, 92.

 
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Glycerius

C4 martyr at Nicomedia

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Hermogenes

C4 governor of Athens; martyr

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 126; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Hieron

Martyr under Maximinus Daia

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Jacobus Philippus Bergomensis (Jacob Philip of Bergamo)

(1434 - 1520)

Chronicler

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, pp. 62, 65, 85, 91, 97, 104, 128, 132; 1576, pp. 38, 40, 59, 63, 68, 73, 92, 96; 1583, pp. 38, 58 40, 59, 63, 68, 73, 92, 95.

 
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Judes and Domuas

C4 martyrs at Nicomedia

They are mentioned by Foxe; 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Justina

Virgin; martyr under Diocletian with Cyprian of Antioch

She is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, pp. 129, 133; 1576, pp. 93, 96; 1583, pp. 92, 95.

 
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Lucius Cornelius Sulla (Sylla)

(138 - 78 BCE); Roman general; assumed the name Felix; consul 88 BCE

Roman dictator 82 BCE; resigned 80 BCE

He appears in Prudentius's verse: 1570, p. 129; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Maximinus Daia

(c. 270 - 313) [M. Di Maio www.roman-emperors.org]

Served as Galerius's caesar in the East (305 - 11)

Roman emperor of the East (311 - 13)

Maximinus fought off a revolt by Maxentius. He renewed persecution of the Christians after the publication of the toleration edict of Galerius. 1570, pp. 114, 117; 1576, pp. 82, 84; 1583, pp. 81, 83.

Maximinus issued contradictory edicts urging persecution and toleration of Christians. He eventually, after defeat by Licinius, turned against the priests of the Roman gods. 1570, pp. 121-22; 1576, pp. 87-88; 1583, pp. 86-87.

Maximinus died of an abdominal complaint. 1570, pp. 39, 122; 1576, pp. 31, 88; 1583, pp. 31, 88.

 
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Menas and Eugraphus

Early Christian martyrs

They converted Hemogenes through their courage under torture. 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Pantaleon (Panthaleon) (St Pantaleon)

(d. c. 305) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

of Nicomedia; physician to Emperor Maximinian; martyr

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Philoromus

(d. early C4); of Alexandria; martyr

Philoromus was a wealthy noblemen. Dispite the persuasions of his friends to recant, he continued to adhere to the faith until he was killed. Eusebius of Caesarea witnessed his martyrdom. 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Procopius

(d. early C4); of Scythopolis, Palestine; martyr

Procopius was a convert who was tortured and beheaded. 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Prudentius (Aurelius Prudentius Clemens)

(348 - after 405) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Spanish Roman Christian poet; lawyer; provincial governor; retired to become an ascetic

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, pp. 56, 86, 101, 104, 124, 126, 129; 1576, pp. 35, 60, 71, 74, 90, 92, 93; 1583, pp. 35, 59, 71, 74, 89, 92.

 
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Samonas, Gurias and Abibus

C4 martyrs

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Sergius and Bacchius

Early C4 Christian martyrs

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Theodorus (St Theodorus)

(d. 306) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Soldier martyred at Amasea

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Thyrsus, Lucius, Callinicus, Appollonius, Philemon, Asilas and Leonides

Martyrs with Arrianus, governor in Thebes

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Vincent (St Vincent)

(d. early C4) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Deacon; martyr at Valencia, Spain

Vincent was racked, among other tortures, and then imprisoned in irons. 1570, p. 116; 1576, p. 92; 1583, p. 92.

 
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Alexandria

Egypt

Coordinates: 31° 11' 5" N, 29° 55' 9" E

 
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Amasya (Amasea, Amasenus)

[Amasia]

Anatolia, Turkey

Coordinates: 40° 39' 0" N, 35° 50' 0" E

 
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Antioch (Antioch on the Orontes, Great Antioch, Syrian Antioch) (Antakya)

[Antiochia apud Orontem]

Turkey

Coordinates: 36° 12' 0" N, 36° 9' 0" E

 
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Barcelona (Barcino; Barceno)

[Barcinona; Barcelone]

Catalonia, Spain

Coordinates: 41° 23' 0" N, 2° 11' 0" E

 
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Izmit (Nicomedia)

[Philomilium]

Anatolia, Turkey

Coordinates: 40° 46' 0" N, 29° 55' 0" E

 
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Valencia (Valentia; Valence)

[Valent.; Valenciennes]

Spain

Coordinates: 39° 29' 0" N, 0° 22' 0" W

Cathedral city

 
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Venosa (Venusia) [Venusa]

Potenza, Italy

Coordinates: 40° 58' 0" N, 15° 49' 0" E

115 [92]

The first Booke conteyning the X. first persecutions, of the Primitiue Churche.

aduersaries to quicker speede, at length was fastned vnto the crosse and so finished his martirdome, which he so long desired, MarginaliaAgricola desirous of martyrdome. Agricola dyed martyr vpon the Crosse. Ambros in Exhortatione ad Virgines.

No lesse worthy of commemoration is the lamentable Martyrdome of Vincentius, whose historie here followeth. MarginaliaThe cruell martyrdome of Vincentius. Ex August in Sermon. This Vincentius was a Spaniard, and a Leuite most godly and vertuous, who at this time suffered Martyrdom at Valence, vnder Dacianus the President, as we may gather by Prudentius in his hymne. Bergomensis in his supplement reciteth these words concerning his martyrdome, out of a certaine sermon of S. Augustine: Our heart conceiued not a vaine and fruitles sight (as it were in beholding of lamentable tragedies) but a great sight & marueilous, certainly, and there with singulare pleasure receiued it, when the paineful passion of Victorius Vincentius was read vnto vs. Is there any so heauye harted, that will not be mooued in the contemplation of this immooueable Martyr so manly, or rather so godly fighting against the craft and subtilty of that Serpent, against the tiranny of Dacianus, against the horrors of death, & by the mightie spirite of his God conquering all: But let vs in few wordes rehearse the degrees of his tormentes though the paynes thereof in many wordes can not be expressed. MarginaliaThe tormentes exercised vpon Vincentius. First Dacianus caused the Martir to be layde vpon the torture, and all the ioyntes of his body to be distended and racked out, vntill they crackt againe. This being done in most extreme and cruel maner al the members of his painful and pittiful body were greuously indented with deadly woundes. Thirdly (that his dolors & griefes might be augmēted) they miserably vexed his flesh with yron combes sharpely filed. And to þe end the tormentors might vomit out al their vengeāce on the meeke & milde martyrs fleshe, the tormentors themselues also were vily scourged at the Presidentes commaundement. And lest his passion through want of paines might seeme imperfect or else to easie, they laid his body being all out of ioint, on a grate of iron, which body when they had opened with iron hookes, they seared it with firie plates, with hote burning salt sprinkling the same. Last of all into a vyle dongeon was this mighty Martir drawen, the floure whereof first was thicke spredde wyth the sharpest shels that might be gotten, his fete then being fast locked in the stockes, there was he left alone without all worldly comfort: but the Lorde his God was with him, the holye spirit of God (whose office is to comfort the godly afflicted) fulfilled his hart with ioy & gladnes. Hast thou prepared a terrible racke (O cruell tyraunt, O deuouring Lion) for the Martirs bed: the Lorde shall make that bed softe and sweete vnto him. MarginaliaThe comfort of the Lord vppon his Sainctes. Rackest thou his bones and ioyntes al a sunder, His bones, his ioints, his heares are al numbred. Tormentest thou his flesh with mortal wounds: the Lord shal poure abūdantly into al his sores of his oyle of gladnes. Thy scraping combes, thy sharpe fleshookes, thine whote searing yrons, thy parched salte, thy stincking prison, thy cutting shelles, thy pinching stockes shal turne to this patient Martyr to the best. Altogether shall worke contrary to thine expectation, great plenty of ioy shall hee reap into the barne of his soule, out of this mighty haruest of paines that thou hast brought him into. Yea thou shalte proue him Vincentius indede: that is, a vanquisher, a tryumpher, a conqueror subduing thy madnes, by his mekenes, thy tiranny by his patience, thy manifold meanes of tortures, by the manifold graces of God, wherewith he is plentifully enriched.

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In this cataloge or company of such holy martirs, as suffered in this foresaid tenth persecutiō, many mo and almost innumerable there be expressed in authors, beside thē whom we haue hetherto comprehended, as Philoromus, MarginaliaPhiloromus, Martyr. a man of noble byrth, & great possessions in Alexandria, who being perswaded by his friendes to fauour himselfe, to respect his wife, to consider his children and familie did not onely reiect the counsels of them, but also neglected the threates and torments of the Iudge, to keepe the confessiō of Christ inuiolate vnto the death, & losing of his head. Euseb. Lib. 8. cap. 9 MarginaliaEuseb. lib. 8. cap. 9. The confession and Martyrdome of Philoromus. Niceph Lib. 7. cap. 9. of whome Euseb. beareth witnes that he was there present himselfe.

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MarginaliaProcopius Martyr. The tormentes and constancie of Procopius to death. Nicephor. lib. 7. cap. 15.Of like estate and dignitie was also Procopius in Palestina, who after his conuersion brake his images of siluer, and golde, and distributed the same to the poore and after al kinde of torments, of racking, of cording, of tearing hys flesh, of goring and stabbing in, of fiering, at lēgth had his head also smitten of, as witnesseth. Niceph. Lib. 7. cap. 15.

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MarginaliaGregorius Martyr. The sundry tormentes of Georgius.To this maye be ioyned also Georgius, a younge man of Capadocia, who stoutly inueighing against the impyous idolatry of the Emperours, was apprehended, and cast in prison, then torne wyth hooked yrons, burnt with hoate lyme, stretched with cordes, after that his hands and feete with other members of his body being cut of, at last wytha sworde had his head cut of. Niceph. ibid.

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MarginaliaSergius. Bacchius. Panthaleō. Theodorus, Faustus, Gereō with 318. fellowes. Hermogenes, Menas a man of Athens. Eugraphus, Samonas, Gurias, Abibus, Hieron, with hys fellowes. Iudes, Dom. Eualasius, Maximinus, Thirsus, Lucius, Callinicus, Apollonius, Philemon, Asilas, Leonides, Arrianus the President. Cyprianus, Byshop of Antioche. Iustina, Glicerius, Felix Priest. Fortunatus and Achilleus Deacons. Carpophorus, Abundus hys Deacon. Claudius, Syrinus, Antonius, Cucusatus, Felix Byshop. Adauctus, and Ianuarius, Fortunatus, Septimus, Martyrs.With these aforenamed adde also Sergius, and Bacchius, Panthaleon, a phisition in Nicomedia, mentioned in Supplem. Lib. 8. Theodorus of the Citie Amasia in Hellesp. mentioned of Vincentius. Lib. 3. Faustus a martyr of Egypt, mentioned of Niceph. Lib. 8. cap. 5. Gereon with 318. fellow martirs which suffered about Colour. Petr. de nat. Lib, 9. cap. 49. Hemogenes the President of Athens, who being conuerted by the constancie of one Menas, and Eugraphus in their torments, suffered also for the like faith. Item Samonas, Gurias and Abibus, mentioned iu Symeon Metaphrast. Hieron also wt certaine of his confessors, vnder Maximinus, mentioned in Metaphrastes. Iudes, and Domuas, who suffred with many other Martirs aboue mentioned, at Nicomedia, as recordeth Metaphrastes. Euelasius, Maximinus the Emperors officers, whom Fausta the virgin in her torments conuerted. Also Thyrsus, Lucius, Callinicus, Appollonius, Philemon, Asilas, Leonides, with Arrianus president of Thebaide, Cyprianus, likewise a Citizen of Antioche, who after he had continued a long time a filthy Magitian, or sorcerer, at length was conuerted, & made a Deacon then a Priest, and at last the Bishop of Antioche, Vincent lib. 12. cap. 120 of whome partly we touched somwhat before. Pag. 72. This Cyprian wt Iustina a virgin suffered amōg the martirs, Item, Glycerius at Nicomedia, Felix a minister, Fortunatus, Achilleus, Deacons in the citie of Valent. Arthemius of Rome, Cyriacus Deacon to Marcellus the bishop. Carpophorus Priest at Thuscia, with Abundus his deacō. Item, Claudius, Syrinus, Antonius, which suffered with Marcellinus the Bishop Sabell Enead. 7. Lib. 8. Cucusatus, in the citie Barcinona. Felix Byshop of Apulia, with Adauctus & Ianuarius his priests, Fortunatus & Septimus hys readers, who suffered in the Citie Venusina vnder Dioclesian. Bergom. Lib. 8.

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It were to long a trauell or trouble to recite al and singular names of them particularly, whom this persecutiō of Dioclesian did consume. 

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Cassianus to Justina and Tecla

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008).

The number of whom being almost infinite is not to be collected or expressed: One storye yet ramayneth, not to be forgotten of Cassianus, whose pitifull story being described of Prudentius we haue here inserted, rendring metre for metre as followeth. MarginaliaThe Lamētable story of Cassianus Martyr. Ex Aurel. Prudentius. lib. peristephanon.

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1 THrough Forum, as in Italy,
I passed once to Roome:
Into a Church by chaunce came I,
And stoode fast by a toome.
2 Which church sometime a place had bene,
Where causes great in lawe:
Were scand and tryed, and iudgement giuen,
To keepe brute men in awe.
3 Thys place Sylla Cornelius,
First built: he raised the frame:
And called the same Forum, and thus,
That City tooke the name.
4 In prayer feruent as I stoode,
casting mine eie aside:
A picture in full piteous moode,
(Imbrude) by chaunce I spied.
5 A thousand wounded markes full bad,
All mangled, rent, and torne:
The skinne appeared as though it had,
Bene iagde and prickt with thorne.
6 A scull of pictured boyes did bande,
About that lothsome sight:
That with their sharpned gads in hand,
His members thus had dight.
7 These gads were but their pens wherewith,
Their Tables written were:
And such as scholers often sith,
Vnto the scholes doe beare.
8 Whom thou seest heere thus picturde fitte,
And firmely dost behold:
No fable is, I do thee witte,
Vnaskte a Prelate tolde
9 That walkt thereby: but doth declare,
The history of one,
Which written, would good recorde beare,
What faith was long agone.
10 A skilfull scolemaister this was,
That here sometime did teach:
The Bishop once of Brixia as,
And Christ full plaine did preach.
11 He knew well how to comprehende,
Longe talke in few lynes:

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