Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
George Straqwhen

Priest in Dysart, Fife

George Straqwhen and Hugh Turry arrested Walter Mylne in Dysart and took him to St Andrews to the archbishop. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Hugh Turry

Priest in Dysart, Fife

George Straqwhen and Hugh Turrey arrested Walter Mylne in Dysart and took him to St Andrews to the archbishop. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Hamilton

(1510/11 - 1571) [ODNB]

Abbot of Paisley 1536, fathered 6 illegitimate children with Grizzel Sempill; Lord High Treasurer (1545 - 53); bishop of Dunkeld (1546 - 47); archbishop of St Andrews )1547 - 71); supporter of Mary; hanged

John Hamilton sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

John Hamilton, as archbishop of St Andrews, sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

Along with the bishops of Caithness and Aberdeen, John Hamilton opposed the directing of the Lord's Prayer to saints. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Winram (Wynram)

(c. 1492 - 1582) [ODNB]

Prior of St Serf within Lochleven 1553, ecclesiastical reformer; BA St Andrews 1515; MA before 1532; DTh 1541; sub-prior 1535, de facto leader of St Andrews Augustinian priory during the minority of Lord James Stewart; elected superintendent of Fife 1560; married 1562

John Winram sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

Cardinal David Beaton ordered John Winram to summon George Wishart to appear before the bishops at St Andrews. Winram preached a sermon against heresy, which he defined as opinion obstinately held which impugned the scriptures. 1563, pp. 648-49; 1570, p. 1444; 1576, pp. 1231-32; 1583, p. 1268.

John Scot and another Franciscan went to Wishart in the castle prison after his condemnation and insisted he make his confession to them. He refused, asking to confess to John Winram instead. 1563, p. 653; 1570, p. 1447; 1576, p. 1234; 1583, p. 1271.

Winram sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

During the dispute over the Lord's Prayer, John Winram was given a commission to declare to the people the manner in which it should be prayed. He declared that it should be directed to God, and this settled the matter. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

Winram sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Mary of Guise

(1515 - 1560) [ODNB]

Queen of Scots 1538, consort of James V; regent of Scotland 1554

Walter Mylne was martyred during the regency of Mary of Guise. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Robert Stewart

(1522/3 - 1586) [ODNB]

Earl of Lennox and earl of March; bishop-elect of Caithness in 1541 - he was too young to be a priest; he was never consecrated but kept the revenues for life

Along with the archbishop of St Andrews and bishop of Aberdeen, Robert Stewart opposed the directing of the Lord's Prayer to saints. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

Stewart sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Scot

Friar

Friar Scot entered into the debate at St Andrews about whether the Lord's Prayer could be directed towards saints. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Toittus

Franciscan friar at St Andrews 1551

Friar Toittus preached in favour of directing the Lord's Prayer to saints. He was eventually forced to leave St Andrews. 1570, pp. 1450-51; 1576, p. 1237; 1583, p. 1274.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Walter Mylne

(c. 1476 - 1558) [ODNB]

Priest at Lunan, Forfarshire, for over 40 years; protestant martyr

Walter Mylne had been religiously conservative in his youth. He then spent time in Germany, where he came into contact with reformed ideas. When he returned to Scotland, he married. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, pp. 1274-75.

Mylne was arrested in Dysart and brought to St Andrews, where he was brought before an assize charged with heresy. He was condemned and burnt. He was the last martyr in Scotland. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, pp. 1238-39; 1583, pp. 1275-76.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Gordon

(d. 1577) [ODNB]

Younger son of Alexander Gordon, 3rd earl of Huntly; studied at Aberdeen, Paris; BCnCL Angers; chancellor of Moray (1540 - 46); bishop of Aberdeen (1546 - 77); chancellor of the University of Aberdeen; fathered eight illegitimate children

Along with the archbishop of St Andrews and bishop of Caithness, William Gordon opposed the directing of the Lord's Prayer to saints. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

Gordon sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Dysart [Dyfart]

Fife, Scotland

OS grid ref: NT 305 935

1298 [1274]

K. Henry. 8. Schisme in Scotland about the Pater noster. Walter Mille.

neither to any other creature: MarginaliaA schisme in Scotland by a Sermō of Richard Mershall a blacke Fryer preaching that the Pater noster should not be sayd to Saintes.the Doctours of the Vniuersitie of S. Andrewes together with the Gray Friers, who had long ago taught the people to pray the Pater noster to Saints, had great indignatiō that their old doctrine shuld be repugned, & stirred vp a Gray Frier called Frier Toittis, to preach again to the people that they should & might pray the Pater noster to Saintes. Who finding no part of the Scripture to founde his purpose vpon, yet came to the Pulpit, the first of Nouember, being the Feast of Allhalowes, an. 1551. and tooke the text of the Gospell for that day read in their Masse, written in the 5. of Mathew, conteining these wordes 

Commentary  *  Close

Matthew 5:3.

: MarginaliaMath. 5.Blessed are the poore in spirite, for to them pertayneth the kingdome of heauen.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaThe doctrine of the Papistes holdeth that the Pater noster may be sayd to Saintes. and why?This feeble foundation being layde, the Frier began to reason most impertinently, that the Lordes Prayer might be offered to Saints: because euery petition therof appertaine to them. For if we meete an old mā in þe streete (sayd he) we will say to him: good day father, and therefore much more may we call the Saints our fathers: and because we graunt also that they be in heauen, we may say to euery one of them: Our father which art in heauen. Father, God hath made their names holy, and therefore ought we as followers of God to holde their names holy, and so we may say to any of the Saints: Our father which art in heauen, hallowed be thy name. MarginaliaBlasphemous doctrine against the glory & and name of God. And for the same cause, sayd the Frier, MarginaliaA Fryerly glosing vpō the Pater noster.as they are in the kingdome of heauen, so that kingdome is theirs by possession: and so praying for the kingdome of heauen, we may say to them and euery one of them: Thy kingdome come. And except their will had bene the very will of God, they had neuer come to that kingdome, and therefore seeing their will is Gods will, we may say to euery one of them: Thy will be done.

[Back to Top]

But when the Frier came to the fourth petitiō touching our dayly bread, he began to be astonished and ashamed, so that he did sweate abundantly, partly bicause MarginaliaThe Fryers sophistry here fayled him.his sophistry began to fayle him, not findyng such a colour for that part as for the other which went before: and partly because he spake against his owne knowledge and conscience and so was compelled to confesse that it was not in the Saintes power to giue vs our daily bread, but that they shoulde pray to God for vs (said he) that we may obtaine our daily bread by their intercession, and so glosed he the rest to the ende. Not standing yet content with this detestable doctrine, hee affirmed most blasphemously, that S. Paules napkyn and S. Peters shadow did miracles, and that the vertue of Eliseus cloke deuided the waters, attributing nothing to the power of God: with many other errours of the Papistes, horrible to be heard.

[Back to Top]

Vpon this, folowed incontinent a daungerous schisme in the Church of Scotland: for not onely the Cleargie, but the whole people were deuided among themselues, one defending the trueth, and an other the Papistry, in suche sort, that there rose a Prouerbe: MarginaliaA Scottishe prouerbe. To whome say you youre Pater noster? And although the Papists had the vpper hand as then, whose words were almost holdē for law (so great was the blindnes of that age) yet God so inspired þe harts of the common people, that so many as could get the vnderstanding of the bare words of the Lords prayer in english ( which was then saide in Latin) vtterly detested that opiniō, holding that it should in no wise be said to Saints: So that the craftes men and their seruauntes in theyr boothes, when the Frier came, exploded him with shame enough, crying, Frier Pater noster, Frier Pater noster, who as the last being conuict in his owne conscience, and ashamed of his former Sermon, was MarginaliaFryer Pater noster driuē out of S. Andrewes.compelled to leaue the Towne of S. Andrewes.

[Back to Top]

In the meane time of this brute, there were two Pasquils set on the Abbay Churche, the one in Latin bearyng these words.


Doctores nostri de Collegio,

Concludunt idem cum Lucifero,

Quod Sancti sunt similes altissimo:

Et se tuentur grauatorio

De mandato Officialis,

Ad instantiam fiscalis,
MarginaliaM. Dauid Gaw and M. Thomas Heruy, two procurators.
Gaw & Heruey non varij

In premissis connotarij.

The other in English, bearing these words.


Doctours of Theologie, of fourescore of yeares,

And old iolye Lupoys the bald gray Friers,

They would be called Rabbi and Magister noster,

And wot not to whome they say their Pater noster.

Shortly, the Christians were so hotely offended, and the Papistes on the other side so proud and wilfull, that necessary it was, to eschew greater incōueniences, that þe Cler-gy at least should be assembled to dispute and conclude the whole matter, that þe lay people might be put out of doubt. MarginaliaDisputation in Scotland to whom they should say their Pater noster. Which being done, and the Vniuersitie agreed, whosoeuer had bene present might haue heard much subtile sophistry. For some of the popish Doctours affirmed that it MarginaliaPater noster to be sayd to God formaliter & to Saintes materialiter.shoulde be sayd to God formaliter, and to Sayntes, materialiter, Others MarginaliaVltimatè to god non vltimatè to Sayntes.vltimatè, & non vltimatè. Others sayde it shoulde be said to God MarginaliaPrincipaliter to God minus principaliter to Saintes.principaliter, and to sayntes minus principaliter. Others, that it should be sayd to GOD MarginaliaPrimariè to god secundariè to Saintes.primariè, and to saintes secundariè, Others that it should be sayd to GOD MarginaliaStrictè to God largè to Saintes.capiendo strictè, & to sayntes capiendo largè. Whiche vayne distinctions being heard and considered by the people they þt were simple, remayned in greater doubtfulnes thē they were in before: so that a MarginaliaThe aunswere of an olde man, to whom they should say their Pater noster.well aged man, and seruaunt to þe Suppriour of S. Andrewes called þe Suppriours Thome being demaunded to whome hee sayde hys Pater noster: he answered, to God onely. Then they asked agayne what should be sayd to the sayntes, he answered, geue them Aues and Credes inough in the deuils name, for that may suffice them wel inough: albeit they doe spoyle God of his right. MarginaliaA doctorly reason why the Pater noster should be sayd in Latine.Others making their vauntes of the Doctours, sayd, that because Christ (who made the Pater noster) neuer came into the Ile of Britaine, & so vnderstood not the English tonge therefore it was that the Doctors concluded it shoulde be sayd in Latine.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaThe Councell of Edenbrough could not agree to whom they should say theyr Pater noster.This perturbation and open sclaunder yet depending it was thought good to call a principal Councell 

Commentary  *  Close

Apparently the general provincial council of the Scottish church which assembled in Edinburgh on 26 January 1552, although this dispute was not the formal nor the principal business of that council. David Patrick (ed), Statutes of the Scottish Church 1225-1559 (Edinburgh, 1907), pp. 135-47.

to decide the matter. Whiche being assembled at Edenbrough, the Papistes being destitute of reason, defended theyr partes with lyes, alledging, that the Vniuersitie of Paris had cōcluded that the Lordes Prayer should be sayd to Saintes. But because that could not be proued, and that they could not preuayle by reason, they vsed theyr wil in place of reason, & sometime dispitefull and iuiurious talke. MarginaliaThe Papistes mainteyne their cause with lyes and rayling, when reason lacketh. As Fryer Scot being asked of one to whō he shuld say the Pater noster, hee aunswered, saying: say it to the deuill, knaue. So the Councel perceauing they could profite nothing by reasoning, they were compelled to passe * Marginalia* That is to the numbring of voyces. voting.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaThe Fryers and Prelates could not agree amōg themselues about saying the Pater noster.But then incontinent they that were called Churchmē, were found deuided and repugnaunt, among themselues. For some Bishop with the Doctours and Friers, consented that the Pater noster should be sayde to sayntes: but the Byshops of S. Andrewes, Caitnesse and Atheins, wyth other moe learned men, refused vtterly to subscribe to the same. Finally, with consent of both the parties, Commission was geuen by the holy churche to Dane * Marginalia* This Winrame is now become a godly minister in the Church of God, and a maried man. Iohn Winrame, then Suppriour of S. Andrewes, to declare to the people how and after what maner they shoulde praye the Lordes prayer. Who accepting to the commission, declared that it should be sayd to God, with some other restrictions which are not necessary to be put in memory. And so by litle and little, the brute and tumulte ceased, Ex testimonio è Scotia allato.

[Back to Top]
The martyrdome of the blessed seruant of God, Walter Mille.

AMong the rest of the Martirs of Scotland, þe marueilous constancie of MarginaliaWalter Mylle, Martyr.Walter Mille is not to be passed ouer wt silence. Out of whose ashes sprang thousands of his opinion and religion in Scotland, who altogether choose rather to dye then to be any longer ouertroden by the tyranny of the foresayd cruell, ignorant, and beastly byshops Abbots, Monkes, and Fryers, and so began the congregation of Scotland, to debate the true Religion of Christ agaynst the Frenchmen and Papists, who sought always to depresse and keepe down the same: for it began soone after the Martyrdome of Walter Mille, of the which þe forme here after followeth.

[Back to Top]

In the yeare of our Lorde. 1558. in the tyme of Marye Duches of Longewayll Queene Regent of Scotland, & the sayd Iohn Hamelton being bishop of S. Andrewes, and Primate of Scotland, this Walter Mille (who in hys youth had bene a papist) after that he had bene in Almaine, & had heard the doctrine of the Gospell, he returned again into Scotland, and MarginaliaWalter Mylle contrary to his Popishe vow maried.setting aside al papistry and compelled chastitie, maryed a wyfe, MarginaliaWalter Mylle first suspected of heresie.whiche thing made him vnto the Byshops of Scotland to be suspected of heresie: and after long watching of him MarginaliaWalter Mylle taken by two Popishe prestes George Straqwhen and Syr Hugh Turrye.he was taken by 2. Popish Priestes one called sir George Straqwhen, and the other sir Hugh Turry seruauntes to the sayd byshop for the tyme, wythin the towne of Dyfart in Fiffe, and brought to s. Andrewes and imprisoned in the castell therof. He being in prison, the Papistes earnestly trauayled and laboured to haue seduced him, and threatned him with death and corporall tormentes, to the intent they woulde cause him to recant and forsake the trueth. But sceing they coulde profit nothing thereby, and that he remained still firme and constant, they

[Back to Top]
labou-
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield