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John BamptonJohn IveRobert Bright
 
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John Bampton

of Otham, Kent; witness against two Kent martyrs; held Lollard meetings in his house in 1509; given penance [R. G. A. Lutton in Lollardy and the Gentry in the Later Middle Ages, M. Aston and C. Richmond (eds.) (New York, 1997)]

John Bampton was a witness against John Browne and Edward Walker. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1276.

 
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John Ive

of Kent; at the end of Edward IV's reign, his teachings led Agnes Grebill into heresy [Thomson]

At the trial of Agnes Grebill, her husband testified that John Ive's teachings had led her into heresy. 1570, p. 1454; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1277.

 
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Robert Bright

of Maidstone, Kent; admitted to holding unorthodox views for 14 years; abjured; witness against two Kent martyrs [Thomson]

Robert Bright abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

Bright was a witness against John Browne and Edward Walker. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1276.

1301 [1277]

K. Hen. 8. Carder, Agnes Grebill, E. Walker. Iohn Browne Martyrs. The sentence of condemnation.

his house, by the teaching of Iohn Iue, she was brought to that beliefe, and so forth from thence dayly, till this time of detection, she hath continued.

And besides that (sayd he) when my children Christofer and Iohn, being about seauen yeares of age, were then taught of me in my house the said errour of the Sacrament of the aultar, and by the sayd Agnes my wife diuers times, she was alwayes of one mind in the said misbeliefe against the Sacrament of the aultar, that it was not Christes body, flesh and bloud, but only bread. Furthermore, being examined how he knew that she was stedfast in the sayd errour, he sayd that she alwaies without contradiction affirmed this teaching, and sayde, the sayd opinion was good, and was well contented that her children aforesaid, were of the same opinions againste the Sacramente of the aultar, &c. 

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Foxe omits John Grebill's testimony about his wife's denial of the spiritual efficacy of pilgrimages, auricular confession, and holy bread and water. None of her statements were - from Foxe's point of view - controversial. John Grebill's deposition is printed in Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), pp. 18-20.

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Ex verbis Registri.

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MarginaliaThe Catholicke Clergie of the Papistes set the husband agaynst the wife.The Byshop with his Catholicke Doctours, not yet contented with this, so set the husband agaynst the wyfe, proceeding further in their Catholicke zeale, MarginaliaThe Catholicke Papistes set the Children to accuse their owne mother.caused her two children MarginaliaChristopher Grebill and Iohn Grebill, witnes agaynst Agnes Grebill theyr mother.Christofer and Iohn to be produced, one of the age of xxij. the other of xix. against their owne naturall mother. Who likewise being pressed with their othe, witnessed and sayd, 

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In what follows, Foxe conflates the depositions of Agnes Grebil's sons, Christopher and John (Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), pp. 20-21. Most of what follows is from Christopher's more detailed desposition. Although he abridged this material, Foxe's version of it is essentially accurate.

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that the foresaid Agnes their mother held, beleeued, taught, and defended, that the Sacrament of the aultar was but bread, and not the very body of Christ, fleshe, and bloud: That Baptisme was no better in the Fount, then out of the Fount: That confirmation was of no effect: That the solemnisation of Matrimony was no sacrament: 
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Christopher actually stated that his mother believed that it was not necessary that marriage be solemnized in a church (Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), p. 20.

That confession to God alone was sufficient: Also that going in pilgrimage and worshipping of Saints and Images was of none effect, &c. Item, that their father and the sayd Agnes their mother holde, taught, and communed of the sayd errours within their house diuers times, by the space of those three yeares past, as well on holy dayes, as working dayes, affirming and teaching that the saide opinions were good and lawfull, and to be holden and maintained, and agreemente was made amongst them, that none of them should discouer or bewray eyther of these beliefes in any wise. 
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Christopher went on to state that he was converted to these heresies, not by his parents, but by John Ive and that books that Ive loaned him (Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997),p. 20).

Finally, 
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This final portion is from the deposition of Agnes Grebil's son, John (Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1977), p. 21).

that they neuer heard their sayd father and mother, holding nor teaching any other opinions, then be the said errours against the Sacrament of the altar, and pilgrimages, offerings, worshipping of Saints and Images, as farre as they could remember, &c. Ex verbis Regist.

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Heere hast thou (Christian reader) before thine eyes, an horrible spectacle of a singular, yea of a double impietie, first of an vnnaturall husband, witnessing against his own wife: MarginaliaExample of an vnnaturall husband, and of vnnaturall children. and of as vnnaturall children, accusing and witnessing against their owne naturall mother. Which although they had so done, the cause being of it selfe iust and true (as it was not) yet had they done more then nature woulde haue led them to do. Now the case being such, as which by Gods word standeth firme, sound, and perfect, what impietie were it for men to accuse a poore innocent in case of heresie, which is no heresie? Now besides all this, MarginaliaGreat impiety of the husband toward the wife.the husband to come in against his owne wife, and MarginaliaGreater impiety in the children against the mother.the children to bring in the knife wherewith to cut the throate of theyr owne naturall mother that bare them, that nourished thē, that brought them vp, what is this, but impietie vpon impietie, prodigious and horrible for all Christian eares to heare? And yet MarginaliaGreatest impiety of all in the Clergy men the authors hereof.the greatest impietie of all resteth in these pretensed Catholickes and Clergiemen, which weare the authors and causers of all this mischiefe. 

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Here, as in many other places in the A&M, Foxe's concern with family values is manifest. He is obviously appalled that a husband would testify against his wife and that children would testify against their mother. And Foxe is also appalled that the authorities would force them to do so. Typically, Foxe concludes by placing most of the blame on the Catholic clergy.

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The cause why this good woman so stood (as she dyd) in the deniall of these foresaid articles obiected, was thys, for that she neuer thought that her husband and her owne children, who onely were priuie of her Religion, would testifie agaynst her. Whom notwithstanding after she perceaued to come in, and to depose this agaynst her, denying stil as she did before) that she did euer hold such maner of errours, and being now destitute of all frends and comfort, brast out in these woordes openly (as the register MarginaliaEx Regist. W. Warrham. Fol. 177. reporteth) that she repented the time that euer she bare those children of her body. 

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The register states that Agnes 'penitet eam ipsos filios suos umquam peperisse' (Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), p. 18).

And thus the Archb. with his Doctours hauing now the thing that they sought for, albeit she was ready to deny all errours, and to conforme her selfe to theyr religion, 
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Interestingly, there is nothing in the register that Alice recanted or that she was ready to recant. Foxe is exaggerating her compliance in order to underscore the cruelty of the Catholics.

yet notwithstanding, they refusing her readines and conformitie, proceeded to theyr sentence, and so MarginaliaAgnes Grebell condemned by the sentence of the Archb.condemned her to death.

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After whose condemnation, next was brought to examination MarginaliaRobert Harrisun examined.Rob. Harrison, whom in like maner, because, he stoode in his deniall, contrary witnesses agaynst him were produced: to wit, Christofer Grebyll, W. Rich, W. Olberd Agnes Iue, who a litle before had bene abiured, and therfore were so much the more apt and appliable to serue the Bishops humour for daunger of relapse. MarginaliaW. Carder. Agnes Grebyll, Robert Harison Martyrs.After the deposition & conuiction of which witnesses, although he submitted himselfe to repentaunce and conformitie, 

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According to Warham's register, Harryson submitted himself to the Church but he did not recant his beliefs (Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), p. 7).

yet notwyth-standing it would not be receaued, but sentence was read & he condemned with the other two aforesayd, vnto þe fire.

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And thus these three were condemned and burned, & MarginaliaThe bishops certificate to the king.certificate geuen vp of them together to the king frō Warrham the Archbishop vpon the same. An. 1511. Maij. 2. 

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The certificate of their excommunication and transference to the secular arm would have been sent to Chancery. What Foxe is referring to is a copy of the certificate recorded in Warham's register (fos. 172v-173r). A translation of this document can be found in Norman P. Tanner, 'Pennances imposed on Kentish Lollards by Archbishop Warham, 1511-12' in Lollardy and the Gentry in the Later Middle Ages, ed. Margaret Aston and Colin Richmond (Stroud, 1997), p. 246.

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Ex Regist. Cant.

Ouer and besides these three godly martyrs aboue recited. I finde in the foresayd Registers of W. Warrham, ij. other godly like martirs MarginaliaIo. Browne Edward Walker Martyrs. also in the same yeare, and for the same xij. articles aboue specified, to be condemned vpon þe depositions of certayne witnesses brought in agaynst thē, to wyt. MarginaliaWitnesses agaynst these two Martyrs.Tho. Harwod, Phillip Harwod, Stephen Castelyn, W. Baker, Rob. Reynold, Ioh. Bāpton, Rob. Bright W. Rich. &c. whereupon they were adiudged likewise for heretickes to be burned, the yeare aforesayd. 1511. þe names of which two martyrs were Iohn Brown, and Edward Walker. 

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See Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), pp. 43-58. John Browne was a martyr whose daughter gave a substantial account of his torture and execution. In the 1570 edition, Foxe had first printed a description of the proceedings against John Browne, drawn from Archbishop Warham's register (1570, pp. 1453-1455). Further on in the same edition, Foxe also printed the longer account of this narrative (1570, p. 1480). This narrative was derived not from official records, but as Foxe notes, was related to him by Browne's daughter Alice. Both of these accounts, the one from the register and the one from Alice Browne, were inserted into Foxe's book as it was being printed, consequently neither account appears in 1511, when Browne's trial and execution actually took place. They were reprinted, in the same chronologically inaccurate locations in Foxe's text, in the next two editions (1576, pp. 1239-41 and 1255; 1583, pp. 1276-7 and 1292-3). However, Foxe then added a shorter version of Alice Browne's narrative, without, however, removing the longer version. This probably happened because Foxe decided to move the account of John Browne to its proper chronological place and decided to shorten it in the process. But for some reason, he neglected to remove the long version and also, more understanably, overlooked the account derived from Warham's register. As a result, there are three separate accounts of John Browne scattered across the pages of the 1583 edition (1583, pp. 805, 1276-77 and 1292-3) and all subsequent unabridged editions.

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Ex Regist. W. Warrh. fol. 179.

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Nowe as you haue heard the names of these blessed Martyrs, with their articles recited, let vs also heare the tenor of the Bishops sentence, by the which they were condemned one after an other. Their sentence contayneth one vniforme maner of wordes in forme as followeth. 

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Cf. Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), pp. 6-7, 14-15, 23-24, 49 and 57-58. The sentence against Robert Harryson is translated in Norman P. Tanner, 'Pennances imposed on Kentish Lollards by Archbishop Warham 1511-12' in Lollardy and the Gentry in the in the Later Middle Ages, ed. Margaret Aston and Colin Richmond. (Stroud, 1997), pp. 245-6.

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The tenour of the sentence.

MarginaliaThe condēnation of these v. aforesayd martyrs.IN nomine Dei. Amen. Nos Willielmus permissione diuina Cantuariensis Archiepis. totius Angliæ primas & Apostolicæ sedis Legatus, in quodam negotio hereticæ prauitatis contra te Willielmum Carder de Tenterden nostræ Cant. Dioceseos laicum ac nostro imperio notoriè subditum & subiectum coram nobis in iudicio personaliter comparentem nobis super heretica prauitate huiusmodi detectum & delatum, ac per nostram Diocesim Cantuariæ antedictæ notoriè & publicè in ea parte apud bonos & graues diffamatum, ex officio mero ritè & canonicè precedentes, auditis & intellectis, visis & cognitis, rimatisq; ac matura deliberatione discussis & ponderatis dicti negotij meritis, seruatisque in omnibus & per omnia in eodem negotio de iure seruandis, ac quomodo libet requisitis pro tribunali sedentes, Christi nomine inuocato & solum Deum præ oculis habentes: Quia per acta actitata, deducta, probata & exhibita coram nobis in eodem negocio inuenimus te per probationes legitimas coram nobis in hac parte iudicialiter factas, nonnullos & varios errores, hæreses, & damnatas opiniones, iuri diuino & ecclesiastico obuiantes, contrarios, & repugnantes, contra fidem orthodoxam, determinatam & obseruatam, tenuisse, credidisse, affirmasse, predicasse, & dogmatizasse, & presertim contra Sacramenta altaris, seu eucharistiæ, pœnitentiæ ordinis, & alia Sacramenta, & sanctæ matris Ecclesiæ dogmata: Et quamuis nos Christi vestigijs inhærendo, qui non vult mortem peccatoris, sed magis vt conuertatur & viuat, sepenumero conati fuimus te corrigere ac vijs & modis licitis, & canonicis quibus potuimus aut sciuimus, ad fidem orthodoxam per vniuersalem Catholicam & Apostolicam Ecclesiam, determinatam & obseruatam, ac ad vnitatem eiusdem sanctæ matris Ecclesiæ reducere, tamen inuenimus te adeo duræ ceruicis quòd tuos errores & hæreses huiusmodi nolueris sponte & incontinenti confiteri, nec ad fidem Catholicam & vnitatem sanctæ matris Ecclesiæ antedictas debitè reuerti & redire, sed tanquam iniquitatis & tenebrarum filius in tantum indurasti cor tuum, vt non velis intelligere vocem tui pastoris tibi paterno compacientis affectu, nec velis pijs & paternis monitionibus allici, nec salubribus reduci blanditijs: Nos vero nolentes quod tu qui iniquus es fias nequior, & gregem dominicum in futurum tuæ hereticæ prauitatis labe (de quo plurimum timemus) inficias, idcirco de consilio Iurisperitorum nobis in hac parte assistentium cum quibus communicauimus in hac parte, te Willielmum Carder predictum de meritis atque culpis per tuam damnabilem pertinatiam aggrauatis, de & super huiusmodi detestabili hereticæ prauitatis reatu conuictum, & ad Ecclesiæ vnitatem pœnitentialiter redire nolentem, hæreticum hæreticisque credentem ac eorum fautorem & receptatorem prætextu præmissorem suisse & esse, cum dolore & amaritudine cordis iudicamus & declaramus finaliter & diffinitiuè in his scriptis, relinquentes te ex nunc tanquam hæreticum iudicio siue curiæ seculari, teque Willielmum Carder prædictum (vt præfertur) hereticum nihilominus in maioris excommunicationis, sententiam occasione præmissorum incidisse & incurrisse, nec non excommunicatum fuisse & esse pronuntiamus, decernimus, & declaramus etiam in his scriptis.

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Moreouer, besydes these fyue blessed Sainctes of God, whome they so cruelly by theyr sentence dyd condemne to deathe, we finde also in the same Registers of William Warrham, a greate number of other, whome they for the same doctrine and lyke Articles caused to be apprehended and put to open recantation: the names of which persons in the Catalogue heere following, bee these. 

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See Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), pp. 61-124. Foxe seems to have overlooked Simon Piers of Waldershare (Kent Hersey Proceedings, pp. 59-60).

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