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Agnes Chittenden

of Canterbury

Agnes Chittenden abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Agnes Reignold

of Cranbrook, Kent

Agnes Reignold abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Alice Hilles

of Tenterden, Kent; wife of Robert

Alice Hilles abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Elizabeth White

of Canterbury

Elizabeth White abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Guillemine Guilbert

(d. 1556) [Ogier, Reformation and Society in Guernsey (1966) pp. 57-58]

Of S Pierre Port, Guernsey; sister of Perontine Massey and daughter of Katherine Cauches. Martyr

She is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 1456; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Joan Colyn

of Tenterden, Kent

Joan Colyn abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Joan Dodde

wife of John Dodde

Joan Dodde abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Joan Linche

of Tenterden, Kent

Joan Linche abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Joan Lowes

wife of Thomas Lowes of Cranbrook, Kent

Joan Lowes abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Joan Olbert

of Godmersham, Kent; wife of William the elder

Joan Olbert abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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John Bannes

of Boxley, Kent

John Bannes abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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John Bennet

of Staplehurst, Kent

John Bennet abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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John Buckherst

of Staplehurst, Kent; one of the last group of William Warham's victims [Thomson]

John Buckherst abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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John Franke

of Tenterden, Kent

John Franke abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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John Lambert (formerly Nicholson)

(d. 1538) [ODNB]

of Norfolk; religious radical; BA Cambridge 1519/20; imprisoned for heresy 1531-32; accused again and tried in 1538; burnt at Smithfield

John Lambert was converted at Cambridge by Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur. 1563, pp. 482, 527; 1570, p. 1255; 1576, p. 1075; 1583, p. 1101.

Lambert translated works from Latin and Greek to English and then went abroad to join William Tyndale and John Frith. He became preacher to the English house in Antwerp. 1563, pp. 527-28; 1570, p. 1255; 1576, p. 1075; 1583, p. 1101.

He was accused by Barlow in Antwerp and brought from there to London, where he was examined at Archbishop Warham's house at Otford before Warham and others. Forty-five articles were put to him which he answered. Warham then died and Lambert was unbothered for a time because Thomas Cranmer replaced Warham and Anne Boleyn married the king. Lambert taught children Greek and Latin in London. 1563, pp. 528, 533-69; 1570, pp. 1255-80; 1576, pp. 1075-1095; 1583, pp. 1101-21.

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Lambert attended a sermon preached by John Taylor at St Peter's in London in 1538. Lambert put ten articles to him questioning transubstantiation. Taylor conferred with Robert Barnes, who persuaded Taylor to put the matter to Archbishop Cranmer. Cranmer called Lambert into open court, where he was made to defend his cause. 1563, pp. 532-33; 1570, pp. 1280-81; 1576, p. 1095; 1583, p. 1121.

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Stephen Gardiner urged Henry VIII to use the case against John Lambert as a means of displaying the king's willingness to deal harshly with heresy. The king himself would sit in judgement. 1563, pp. 533-34; 1570, p. 1281; 1576, p. 1095; 1583, pp. 1121-22.

Lambeth wrote an apology of his cause to King Henry. 1563, p. 538; 1570, pp. 1285-91; 1576, pp. 1099-1105; 1583, pp. 1124-30.

At his trial, Lambert disputed with Cranmer, Gardiner, Tunstall, Stokesley and ten other bishops. At the end, the king had Thomas Cromwell read the sentence of condemnation. On the day of Lambert's execution, Cromwell asked for his forgiveness. 1563, pp. 533-37, 569; 1570, pp. 1281-84; 1576, pp. 1095-98; 1583, pp. 1121-24.

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Stephen Gardiner recalled hearing Thomas Cranmer reason against John Lambert. 1563, p. 756; 1570, p. 1526; 1576, p. 1301; 1583, p. 1351.

 
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John Riche

of Wittersham, Kent

John Riche abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Joyce Bampton

of Bearsted, Kent; wife of John

Joyce Bampton abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Julian Hilles

of Tenterden, Kent; wife of Robert

Julian Hilles abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Katherine Cauches

(d. 1556) [Ogier, Reformation and Society in Guernsey (1966) pp. 57-58]

Of S Pierre Port, Guernsey; mother of Perontine Massey and Guillemine Guilbert. Martyr

She is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 1456; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Margaret Baker

of Cranbrook, Kent; wife of William; abjured 1511; given penance [N. P. Tanner in Lollardy and the Gentry in the Later Middle Ages, M. Aston and C. Richmond (eds.) (New York, 1997)]

Margaret Baker abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Perotine Massey

(d. 1556) [Ogier, Reformation and Society in Guernsey (1966) pp. 57-58]

Of S Pierre Port, Guernsey; daughter of Katherine Cauches. Martyr

She is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 1456; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Rebekah Bennet

of Staplehurst, Kent; wife of John

Rebekah Bennet abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Richard Bampton

of Boxley, Kent; brother of John of Otham [R. G. A. Lutton in Lollardy and the Gentry in the Later Middle Ages, M. Aston and C. Richmond (eds.) (New York, 1997), p. 201]

Richard Bampton abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Richard Mekins

(d. 1541) [Fines]

Child, not yet 15, of London; recanted at the stake, so hanged

Edmund Bonner brought Richard Mekins to court, charged with heresy. Although the witnesses against him gave contradictory evidence, the jury were told to allow them. The jury brought an indictment and Mekins was executed. 1563, p. 613; 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174; 1583, p. 1202.

 
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Robert Franke

of Tenterden, Kent

Robert Franke abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Thomas Browne

of Cranbrook, Kent

Thomas Browne abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Thomas Church

of Great Chart, Kent

Thomas Church abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Thomas Field

of Boxley, Kent

Thomas Field abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Thomas Manning

of Beninden, Kent

Thomas Manning abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Vincent Linche

of Halden, Kent

Vincent Linche abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Lorkyn

of East Farley, Kent

William Lorkyn abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Olbert the younger

of Godmersham, Kent

William Olbert the younger abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

 
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Bearsted

[Berstede; Bersted]

Kent

OS grid ref: TQ 795 555

 
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Boxley

Kent

OS grid ref: TQ 775 585

 
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East Farleigh

[Eastforley]

Kent

OS grid ref: TQ 735 535

 
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Great Chart

Kent

OS grid ref: TQ 985 415

 
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High Halden

Kent

OS grid ref: TQ 895 375

 
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Staplehurst
NGR: TQ 785 430

A parish partly in the hundred of Cranbrook, and partly in that of Marden, lathe of Scray, county of Kent. 4 miles north by east from Cranbrook. The living is a rectory in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Canterbury.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Wittersham

[Wyttysham]

Kent

OS grid ref: TQ 895 275

1302 [1286]

King Henry. 8. A table of certeine abiuring, their articles. Sundry kindes of iudgementes of Papistes.
¶ Here foloweth a Table contayning the names of them which were abiured the same time vnder William Warham Archbishop, in the Dioces of Caunterbury. An.1511.
MarginaliaA table or catalogue of them which were caused to abiure vnder W. Warrham. MarginaliaNote what doctrine here reigned in England before the time of Luther.Iohn Grebyll, the elder ofterbury.
Benynden.Thomas Church of greate
Christopher Grebyll, hysCharte.
sonne.Vincent Linche, of Hal-
Ioh. Grebill, sonne of Iohnden.
the elder of Benynden.Iohn Ryche of Wytty-
W. Rich of Beninden.sham.
W. Olbert, the elder ofIoane Lynche of Tenter-
Godmersham.den.
Agnus Iue of Canterbury.Thom. Browne of Cram-
Agnes Chytenden of Can-broke.
terbury.Iohn Franke of Tenterden.
Thomas Manning of BeninIoyce Bampton, Wyfe of
den.Iohn Bampton, of Ber-
Ioane Colyn of Tenter-stede.
den.Rich. Bampton of Box-
Rob. Hilles of Tenterden.ley.
Alice Hilles his wife.Robert Bright of Mayd-
Tho. Harwood.stone.
Ioane Harwood.of Ro-William Lorkyn of Eastfor-
his wife.wendēley.
Phil. Harwood.Iohn Bannes of Boxley.
Stephen Castelin of Ten-1512.
derden.Iohn Buckherst of Staple-
W. Baker of Cranbroke.herst.
Margeret Baker his wife.Ioane Dodde, wife of Iohn
W. Olbert the younger, ofDodde.
Godmersham.Iohn Bennet, of Staple-
Rob. Reygnolde of God-herst.
mersham.Rebecka Bennet his Wife.
Agnes Reygnold of Cran-Ioane Lowes, Wyfe of
broke.Tho. Lowes of Cram-
Thomas Fielde, of Box-broke.
ley.Iulian Hilles Wyfe of Ro-
Ioane Olbert, wyfe to W.bert Hilles of Tenter-
Olbert the elder, of God-den.
mersham.Robert Francke of Tenter-
Elizabeth White of Caun-den.
¶ The Articles layd to these abiurers, appeare in the Registers to be the same which before were obiected to the other v. Martyrs aforesayd: which was, for beleuing and defending. 
Commentary  *  Close

These charges were used repeatedly in the proceedings of 1511-12; for an example, see Kent Heresy Proceedings, 1511-12, ed. Norman P. Tanner. Kent Records 26 (Maidstone, 1997), p. 34. Foxe is quoting the charges accurately.

MarginaliaTheir articles.1. FIrst that the sacrament of the aultar was not the very body of Christ, but materiall bread.

2. That cōfessiō of sinnes ought not to be made to a priest.

3. That there is no more power geuen of God to a priest, then to a lay man.

4. That the solemnization of Matrimony is not necessary for the weale of mans soule.

5. That the sacrament of externe vnction, called ancyling, is not profitable nor necessary for mans soule.

6. That Pilgrimages to holy and deuoute places be not necessary nor meritorious for mans soule.

7. That Images of Saintes, or of the Crucifixe, or of our Lady, are not to be worshipped.

8. That a man should pray to no saint, but onely to God.

9. That holy water and holy bread is not better after the benediction made by the Priest. MarginaliaEx Regist. W. Warrhā.Ex verbis Regist. W. Warrhā. Fol. 176. an. 1511.

MarginaliaThe doctrine of the Gospell in England before M. Luther began.By these articles & abiurations of the forenamed persons, thou hast to vnderstand Christian Reader, what doctrine of religion was here styrring in this our Realme of England before the time that the name of Martine Luther was euer heard of here amongest vs. 

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Foxe is declaring one of his main purposes in supplying accounts of the Lollard martyrs: to demonstrate that there was a 'True Church' before Luther.

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Three piuers sortes of iudgements amongest the Papistes, agaynst heretickes, as they call them.

MarginaliaThree sorts of proceedings of the Papistes agaynst the heretickes.AS touching the penaunce & penalty enioyned to these aforesaid, as also to al other such like, first here is to be noted, that the Catholick fathers in theyr processes of hereticall prauity, haue three diuers and distinct kindes of iudgementes and proceedinges.

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MarginaliaThe proces of the Papistes in condemning heretickes.For some they iudge to be burned, to the intent that other being brought into terrour by them, they might therfore more quietly hold vp theyr kingdome, & reign as they list. And thus condēned they these v. aforesayd, & notwithstanding they were willing to submit themselues to þe bosome of the mother Church, yet could they not be receiuedas by the words of the Register, and by the tenor of theyr sentence aboue specified, may well appeare.

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And this sort of persons thus by them condemned, cōsisteth either in such as haue bene before abiured, and fallē agayne into relapse: or els such as stand constantly in their doctrine, and refuse to abiure, eyther els such as they intēd to make a terrour and example to all other, notwithstanding that they be willing and ready to submit themselues, and yet cannot be receiued. And of this last sort were these v. Martyrs last named. So was also Iohn Lambert, who submitting himselfe to the king, could not be accepted:  

Commentary  *  Close

See 1563, p. 533; 1570, p. 1288; 1576, p. 1097 and 1583, p. 1123.

So was likewise Richard Mekins the sely lad, 
Commentary  *  Close

I.e., innocent or guileless, not 'silly' or foolish, as in modern usage.

pag. 1174. and the three women of Gernesey, whose submission woulde not serue to saue theyr liues, with many other in like case. 
Commentary  *  Close

For Mekins see 1563, p. 613; 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174 and 1583, p. 1202. For the Guernsey martyrs see 1563, p. 1543; 1570, p. 2128; 1576, p. 1849 and 1583, p. 1943.

Agaynst this sort of persons, the processe which the papists vse, is this. First after they beginne once to be suspected by some Promotor, 
Commentary  *  Close

I.e., an informer.

they are denoūced and cited: then by vertue of Inquisition they are taken and clapt fast in Irons and prison: from thence they are brought forth at last to examination, if they be not before kilde by famine, colde, or strayghtnesse of the prison. Then be articles drawne or rather wrested out of theyr writinges or preachinges, & they put to theyr othe to answere truely to euery poynt and circumstaunce articulated agaynst them. Whiche Articles if they seeme to deny, or to salue by true expounding, thē are witnesses called in and admitted, what witnesses soeuer they are, be they neuer so much infamous, vsurers, ribaldes, women, yea and common harlots. Or if no other witnesses can be founde, then is the husband brought in and forced to sweare agaynst the wife, or the wife agaynst the husband, or the children agaynst the naturall mother, as in this example of Agnes Grebyll. 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe's concern with family values is manifest throughout his work and, typically, he places most of the blame on the Catholic clergy.

Or if no such witnesse at all can be found, then are they strayned vpon the racke, or by other bitter tormentes forced to confesse theyr knowledge, and to peach other. Neyther must any be suffered to come to them, what neede so euer they haue. Neither must any publicke or quiet audience be geuen them to speake for themselues: till at last sentence be readde agaynst them, to geue them vp to the secular arme, or to degrade thē, if they be Priestes, and so to burne them. MarginaliaEx histor. Cochlæi contra Hussitas Lib.Ex hist. Cochlæi contra Hussitas.

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MarginaliaThe vse and maner how the Papistes draw out articles of bookes after the authors be condemned.And yet the malignity of these Aduersaryes doth not here cease. For after that the fire hath consumed their bodyes, then they fal vpon theyr bookes and condemne them in like maner to be burned, & no man so hardy to read thē, or keep them, vnder payne of heresy. But before they haue abolished these bookes, first they gather articles out of thē, such as they list themselues, & so peruersly wrast & wringe them after theyr owne purpose, falsely, & cōtrary to þe right meaning of the author, as may seeme after theyr putting down, to be most heretical, & execrable. Which being done, & the bookes then abolished, that no man may confer them with theyr articles to espy theyr falshood: thē they diuulge and set abroad those articles in such sort as princes & people may see what heretickes they were. And this is the rigor of theyr processe and proceeding against these persons, whom thus they purpose to condemne and burne.

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MarginaliaThe punishmēt of them whom the Papistes cōdemne to perpetuall prison after their submission.To the second order belongeth that sort of heretickes whom these Papistes do not condemne to death, but assigne them vnto Monasteries there to continue, and to fast all theyr life, In pane doloris & acqua angustiæ, that is, wyth bread of sorow, and water of afflictiō: and that they should not remoue one mile out of the precinct of the sayd Monastery, so long as they liued, without they were otherwise by the archbishop himselfe or his successors dispensed with all. Albeit many times the sayd persons were so dispensed withall, that theyr penaunce of bread and water, was turned for them to wollward 

Commentary  *  Close

I.e., the penitents had to wear woollen undergarments on certain designated days instead of the customary linen undergarments.

Wednesdaies and fridayes euery weeke, or some other like punishment. &c.

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MarginaliaThe punishmēt of them which be inioyned penaunce after their recantation.The thyrd kinde of heretickes were those whom these Prelates did iudge not to perpetuall prison, but onely inioyned them penaunce either to stand before the preacher, or els to beare a fagot about the market, or in processiō: or els to weare the picture of a fagotte bordered on theyr lefte sleeues, without any cloke or gowne vpon the same: or else to kneele at the saying of certain masses, or to say so many Pater nosters, Aues, and Creedes to such or such a Saynct: or to go in pilgrimage to such or such a place: or els to beare a Fagot to the burning of some hereticke: either els to fast certaine Fridayes bread & water: Or if it were a woman to weare no smocke on Fridayes, but to go wolward. 

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I.e., the penitents had to wear woollen undergarments on certain designated days instead of the customary linen undergarments.

&c, as appeareth Regist. fol. 159.

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And thus much by the way out of the Register of William Warrham aforesayd, like as also out of other bishops registers many mo such like matters and examples might be collected, if either leysure would serue me to search, or if the largenes of this Volume would suffer al to be inserted

that
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