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Robert Kett (Ket)Sir Humphrey Arundell
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Robert Kett (Ket)

(c. 1492 - 1549) [ODNB]

Wealthy tanner of Wymondham in Norfolk; led a rebellion in 1549; captured, found guilty of treason; executed at Norwich; hanged from the walls of Norwich castle

His brother William (d. 1549) was also a leader of the rebellion. Captured and tried with Robert; hanged from the steeple of Wymondham church

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 1500; 1576, p. 1271; 1583, p. 1308.

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Sir Humphrey Arundell

(1512/3 - 1550) [ODNB]

of Helland, Cornwall; Catholic landowner; leader of the Western Rising of 1549; captured and tried for treason, hanged at Tyburn

Humphrey Arundell was one of the Devonshire men's chief captains. 1563, p. 886; 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

Humphrey Arundell and Henry Bray requested safe conduct to put their grievances to the king. 1563, p. 886.

Arundell was captured and executed with other rebel leaders. 1570, p. 1499; 1576, p. 1271; 1583, p. 1308.

1348 [1324]

K. Edward. 6. Boners aunsweres to the articles obiected against him. His refusall of Secretary Smithe.

MarginaliaAnno 1549.hath made vs his Iudges, and to the Bench of his counsaile: and how they will take this matter when they heare of it, I doubt not. He would make mē beleue that he were called before vs for preaching his opinion of the sacramēt, wherein I assure you he did both falsly & naughtily, yea & lewdly, and more then became hym, and more then he had in commaundement to do, for he was not willed to speake of that matter, & perhaps he may heare more of that hereafter: but yet he will lay no such thing to his charge, and therefore we wyll not haue hym delay vs as he doth. Which ended, the delegates notwithstanding decreed to tary agayne for him vntill two of the clocke at after noone the nexte day, beyng Friday, and the twenty of September.

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The V. Action or processe the xx. of September, agaynst Boner Byshop of London, before the kings Commissioners.

MarginaliaThe 5. Sessiō or court against Boner Byshop of London.AT which day and tyme the Bishop appeared hymselfe personally before thē in the same chamber of presence. Where first he did exhibite his answers vnto the last Articles ministred vnto hym the 18. of September. The contents wherof here vnder follow.

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¶ The aunswer of the sayd Bishop of London, made vnto the Articles ministred vnto hym the second tyme.

THe aunswers of me Edmund bishop of London, vnder myne accustomed protestation geuen vnto the Articles of late ministered and exhibited agaynst me here in this court, with speciall protestation also, that I doe not intend in any wise to make aunswere to any of the sayd articles, otherwise then the lawe of this Realme doth bynd me to doe, nor to speake or say contrary to any thyng that in my former aunsweres I haue sayd or done, and that if so chaunce me to do, it is not nor shall not be with my good will, or full consent, and that so soone as I shall perceyue it, I intend to reuoke it, and so now as than, and then as now, doe so in that case reuoke, to all honest and lawfull purposes.

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MarginaliaBoner aunswereth to the first article.To the first Article I do aunswere and say, that there was a Messenger whose name I knowe not, that came vnto me to Fulham as I nowe remember, but I doe not remember the day thereof, and he sayd that my Lord Protectours grace required me to come by and by to speake with hym. And thereupon hauyng made the sayd messenger to breake hys faste, I repayred to the Court at Westminster, but not (vpon the tenth day of August, but some other day of the sayd month.

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MarginaliaAunswere to the 2. article.To the second Article I doe say, that it is obscure, in certayne and ouer generall, especially in those at the same tyme, which may be referred to the tenth of August, and than aunswere already is made thereunto, and it may be referred to some other day of the sayd month of August, either before the x. of August or after. And because it remayneth vndeclared, I am not bound in law to aunswer vnto it, neyther yet to these wordes and sentence in the sayd Article (it is to wit) then and there, for they without declaration, are incertaine, obscure and generall, and I before the specification, and declaration thereof, not bound herein to make an aunswer, specially hauyng already made full and sufficient answer in this matter, accordyng to the commission as I do take it, and accordyng vnto the law which also willeth that if a certaine answer be looked for, the position and Article must before be certaine.

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MarginaliaHe aunswereth in a generall.To the 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. and 14, Article, he answereth all after one maner and sort, as thus. That it doth depend of the former Articles, to which for causes aforesayd, he sayth, he is not bound in law to make answer vnto, especially hauyng already made.

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Sauing that in the sixt he addeth thereunto, that he at no tyme heard the L. Protector find fault, nor commaunded as is deduced in the sayd Article, so farre as he doth finde.

Also sauyng the 7. Article where he addeth neuertheles confessing and knowledging with heart and mouth, the kings maiesties authoritie, and regal power in is minoritie, as well and full as in his maioritie.

Also sauing the 8. 9. 10. and 11. articles, where he addeth as they be deduced, they are not true, as appeareth in conferring one with other.

To the 12. and 14. Articles, he addeth, as they be deduced they are not true. Confessing neuerthelesse, the Kings Maiesties authoritie and power regall, as before is expressed.

To the 15. Article he aunswereth and sayth, that it is a MarginaliaAunswere to the 15. article.position of law, and that yet both now, and heretofore he hath made aunswer thereunto in effect and substaunce, as appeareth in his former aunswers, and so shal do always according to the law and his bounden ductie, knowledging as he hath already done, the kings maiesties regall power in his minoritie, to be no lesse then in his maioritie. And the subiects bound to obey vnto his grace, his lawes, statutes, and ordinaunces, and his sayd authoritie, as well in hys minoritie, as in hys maioritie, not allowyng, but expresly condemnyng the opinion of all rebels holding the contrary.

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MarginaliaBoner refuseth Secretary Smith to be his iudge.After this perceiuyng that M. Secretary Smith was somewhat more quicke with hym then others of the Commissioners, and that he would not suffer him any longer to dally out the matter with his vaine quiddities and subtleties in law, but euer earnestly vrged him to go directly to his matter, and therewithall sometymes sharply rebuking him for his euill and stubborne behauiour towardes them: he to deface his authoritie (as he thought) did also then exhibite in writyng a recusation of the Secretaries iudgement against him. The forme and maner wherof, as he exhibited it vnto the iudges, I thought here also to exhibite vnto the Reader as here vnder followeth.

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¶ The recusation of the Iudgement of Syr Thomas Smith, made by the B. of London the first tyme.

MarginaliaCauses alleaged by Boner why he refused Secretary Smyth.IN the name of God, Amen. Forasmuch as equitie, naturall reason, and all good lawes do require, that Iudges shall be of that integritie, wisedome, circumspection, learnyng and indifferencie, that exercising the office and rowme of a Iudge, they may & shall do it, without hatred, malice or grudge agaynst any person conuented or called before them vprightly, sincerely, and duely executyng and doyng their office vnto them in any wyse committed: and for as much also as all iudgementes and processe ought to haue their due course, and proceede without suspition or corruption in any wyse: and finally, for as much as very dangerous it is to appeare and make defence before an incompetent Iudge, who commonly and accustomably of priuate & vnlawful corrupt affectiō to the one side, & for malice, hatred and enuy borne against the other side, rather serueth his carnall, corrupt, and wilfull appetite, then any thyng is mooued to obedience and keeping of good order, law, or reason, touching him that is conuented and compelled to make aunswer against his will: MarginaliaBoner layeth exceptions against Sir Thomas Smyth.I therefore Edmond Bishop of Lonodn, hauing perceiued and felt by all the sayings, proceedings and doyngs of you sir Thomas Smith Knight, one of the two principall Secretaries to the kings Maiestie in this matter attempted and mooued agaynst me, that ye haue been, and yet continually are a notorious and manifest enemy of me the sayd Edmond, and much offended that I should in any wyse alledge and say, or vse, any such things for my most defence, as the law geueth me licence and libertie to do, yea hearyng most fauourably and effectually my denouncers and enemies with both eares in any thyng that they shall alledge, purpose, attempt, or do agaynst me, though their persons in lawe are not in any wyse to be heard or admitted, ne yet their sayinges true, and not hearing me so much as with one eare in my lawfull saiengs and doinges in this behalfe, but contrarywise openyng your mouth at large, ye haue sundry tymes, against good wisedome and reason outraged in wordes and deedes against me the sayd Edmond, saying among other wordes, that I did as theeues, murtherers and traytors are woont to doe, beyng my selfe as ye vntruly did say, inward in deed, culpable, and yet outward otherwise, vnable to defend the matter against me, but onely by takyng exceptions, and making friuolous allegations agaynst my Iudges and Commissioners, and that I haue bene and am as sturdye, wilfull, and disobedient, as may in your iudgement and opinion, maintaining and vpholding the rebels and their opinions, and that I shall aunswer by mouth, or els smart and doe worse, orels ye will send me to the Tower, there to sit and be ioyned with Kette and Humfrey Arundell the Rebels: ouer and besides diuers other threatnings and comminatorie wordes by you pronounced and vttered vnseemely, and far vnmeet to proceed out of the mouth of you that are in such rowme and place as ye be in.

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And moreouer, increasing your malice, euil will, and grudge borne agaynst me ye haue amongest other thynges vntruly surmised, written, alledged, and sayd, that a certayne booke of Articles and Iniunctions by the Lord Protectours Grace in the full counsayle after a certayne prescribed fashion and fourme in the denunciation, commission, and Articles, which [de facto] were induced, brought in and obiected agaynst me, was deliuered vnto me: MarginaliaHere Boner most proudly shameth not to belye the kinges Secretary and one of his Maiesties Coūsaile, charging him with altering, & adding vnto the Counsailes Iniunctions.and moreouer of an euill will and vngodly intent & purpose, contrary to the truth, ye haue withdrawen, added, altered, and qualified diuers thynges in the same, otherwyse then they were spoken or done, and yet ye are not ashamed to alleadge,

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