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Henry AmcottesRobert Warnington
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Henry Amcottes

Fishmonger; lord mayor of London (1548 - 49)

Bonner appeared for the fifth time before the commissioners on 20 September. During an interval, he instructed Gilbert Bourne, his chaplain, Robert Warnington, his commissary, and Robert Johnson, his registrar, to tell the mayor and aldermen of London to avoid reformed preachers. 1563, pp. 716-17; 1570, p. 1514; 1576, p. 1283; 1583, p. 1325.

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Bonner appeared for the sixth time before the commissioners on 23 September, when he presented a general recusation against all the commissioners and a second appellation to the king. A letter was read from Bonner to the mayor and aldermen of the city of London, complaining of the preaching of John Hooper. 1563, p. 718; 1570, p. 1516; 1576, p. 1285; 1583, p. 1327.

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In the dispute between the earl of Warwick and Edward Seymour, the supporters of Warwick met at, among other places, the lord mayor's house in London. 1570, p. 1545; 1576, p. 1317; 1583, p. 1367.

The lord mayor, the sheriffs and the council of London agreed to support the opponents of Edward Seymour and published a proclamation against him. 1570, pp. 1546-47; 1576, p. 1318; 1583, p. 1368.

The king sent a letter to the lord mayor of London, Henry Amcottes; the mayor-elect, Sir Rowland Hill; the aldermen and common council, directing that 1000 troops be mustered to defend the Lord Protector. The lords opposing the Lord Protector sent a letter on the same day directing the mayor and council not to obey any instructions coming from him. 1570, p. 1547; 1576, p. 1319; 1583, p. 1369.

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The lord mayor and common council of London, having received contrary instructions and demands for military assistance from the king and Lord Protector on the one hand, and from the lords opposed to the Lord Protector on the other, were uncertain how to proceed. The recorder argued in favour of the lords. George Stadlowe argued for the king. 1570, p. 1548; 1576, pp. 1319-20; 1583, pp. 1369-70.

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Robert Warnington

Bishop Bonner's commissary

Bonner appeared for the fifth time before the commissioners on 20 September. During an interval, he instructed Gilbert Bourne, his chaplain, Robert Warnington, his commissary, and Robert Johnson, his registrar, to tell the mayor and aldermen of London to avoid reformed preachers. 1563, p. 716; 1570, p. 1514; 1576, p. 1283; 1583, p. 1325.

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1349 [1325]

King Edward 6. The 4. Session agaynst Boner. Boners appeale to the king.

MarginaliaAnno 1550.write, and say, that all is true, and one consonant and agreeable in all poyntes with the other, where in deede it is not so. And ye haue further [de facto] agaynst the law, and agaynst the Commission to you directed, and agaynst my iust and lawfull allegations & saiengs, proceeded vnlawfully & vniustly agaynst me, attēpting many things agaynst me vnlawfully & vniustly as appeareth ni the acts of this matter, to the which I do referre me so far forth as they make for me, and be expedient by me and for me so far forth as they make for me, and be expedient by me and for me to bee alledged and referred vnto your selfe also vnlawfully and vniustly [de facto] with your Colleagues, the which without you had begun the sayd matters proceedyng, where by the law ye so ought not to haue done in deede, but abstained there from, as heretofore sondry tymes I haue alleaged, appearyng in the actes of this Court, doe vpon these iust and reasonable causes, accordyng to the order of the Kings Maiesties Ecclesiasticall lawes, MarginaliaThe popes lawes termed by the name of the kinges Ecclesiasticall lawes. refuse, decline, and recuse you the sayd Sir Thomas Smith, is an vncompetent, vnmeete, and suspect Iudge, agaynst me in this behalfe, and decline your pretensed iurisdiction in this matter for causes aforesayd, desiring nothyng but Iustice, and offeryng my selfe prompt and ready to prooue them so farre as I am bound, and accordyng to the order of the Kings Maiesties Ecclesiasticall lawes of this Realme in this behalfe, as tyme, place, and otherwyse shall require.

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MarginaliaThe reply of Secretary Smith to Boners allegations.This recusation ended, the Secretary told him plaine, that that notwithstandyng he would proceed in his Commission and would be still his Iudge, vntill he were otherwise inhibited, and sayd vnto him farther: My Lord, where as you say in your recusation that I sayd, that you did like thicues, murtherers, and traytors, in deed I sayd it, and may and will so say agayne, since we perceiue it by your doings.

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MarginaliaBoner.Whereunto the Bishop in a great and stoute rage replied, saying: Well sir, because you sit here by vertue of the Kings Commission, and for that ye be Secretary to hys maiestie, and also one of his highnes counsail, I must and do houour and reuerence you: MarginaliaBoner in a pelting chafe agaynst Syr Tho. Smyth.but as you be but sir Thomas Smith, & say as ye haue said, that I do lyke theeues, murtherers, and traytors, I say ye lye vpon me, & in that case I defie you: and doe what ye can to me, I feare you not, and therfore quod facis, fac citius.

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MarginaliaThe Archb.Whereat the Archbishop with the other Commissioners said vnto him, that for such his vnreuerent behauior he was worthy imprisonment.

MarginaliaBoner.Then the Bishop in more mad fury then before, sayd againe vnto them: A Gods name ye may do de facto, send me whether you will, and I must obey you, and so wil, except ye send me to the deuill, for thether I will not go * Marginalia* I pray God ye goe not for your selfe. for you. Three things I haue (to wit) a small portiō of goods, a poore carcase, and myne owne soule: the two first ye may take (though vniustly) to you, but as for my soule ye get not, quia anima mea in manibus meis semper.

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MarginaliaSecretary Smyth.Well, sayd then the Secretary, ye shal know that there is a kyng.

MarginaliaBoner.Yea Sir (said the Bishop) but that is not you, neither I am sure, will you take it vpon you.

MarginaliaSecretary Smyth.No Sir, sayd agayne the Secretary, but we will make you know who it is: and with that the Commissioners commanded the bishop and all the rest to depart the chamber vntill they called for him agayne.

Now, in the meane whyle that the Commissioners were in consultation, the Bishop with Gilbert Bourne his chapleine, Rob. Warnington his Commissary, & Rob. Iohnson his Register were tarying in a quadrant voyde place before the dore of the same chamber. MarginaliaBoners talke to his Chapleins in the quadrant place before the chamber of presence at Lambeth. Where the Bishop leanyng on a cupboord, and seyng his Chapleins very sad, sayd vnto them in effect as followeth. Syrs, what meane you? Why shew you your selues to be so sad & heauy in mynde, as appeareth to me by your outward gestures and countenaunces? I would wish you, and I require you to be as mery as I am (laying therewith hys band vpon hys brest) for afore God I am not sad nor heauy, but mery and of good comfort, and am right glad & ioyfull of this my trouble, which is for gods cause, and it greueth me nothyng at all.

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But the great matter that grieueth me, & pierceth my hart, is for that this Hooper and such other vile heretikes and beastes be suffered and licenced to preache at Paules crosse, & in other places within my Diocesse & Cure, most detestably preaching and railing at the blessed Sacrament of the aultar, & denying the veritie and presence of Christs true body and bloud to be there, & so infecteth and betrayeth my flocke. But I say it is there in very deede, & in that opinion I will lyue and dye, and am ready to suffer death for the same. Wherfore ye being christen men, I do require you, and also charge and commaunde you in the name of God and on his behalfe, as ye wyll aunswere hym for the contrary, that ye goe to the Mayor of London aud to hys brethren the Aldermen, praying and also requiryng them MarginaliaHere Boners obedient hart bursteth out.earnestly in Gods name and myne, MarginaliaBoners popishe message and charge to the L. Maior & Aldermen.and for myne owne discharge on that behalfe, that from hencefoorth, when any such detestable and abhominable preachers (and especially those which hold opinion against the blessed Sacrament of the aultar) do come to preach vnto them, they forth with depart out of their presence and doe not heare them, least that they taryeng with such Preachers, should not onely hurt themselues in receiuyng theyr poysoned doctrine, but also geue a visage to the incouragemēt of others, which thereby mought take an occasion to thinke and beleeue that theyr erroneous and damnable doctrine is true and good: and this eftsoones I require and commaunde you to doe.

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MarginaliaBoners tryfling charge to two of the Archbishops gentlemen.And then turnyng hymselfe about and beholdyng two of the Archbishops Gentlemen, which in the same place kept the Chamber dore where the Commissioners were in consultation, and perceiuing that they had heard all his talke, he spake vnto them also and sayd: And Syrs, ye be my Lorde of Caunterburies Gentlemen, I knowe ye very well: and therefore I also require and charge you in Gods behalfe, and in hys name, that ye doe the lyke for your partes in places where ye shall chaunce to see and heare such corrupt and erroneous Preachers, and also aduertise my Lord your maister of the same, and of these my sayinges that I haue nowe spoken here before you, as ye are Christian men, and shall aunswere before God for the contrary.

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With this the Commissioners called for the Bishop agayne. Who did read vnto them an instrument conteining a prouocation to the king, which he made in manner and forme here followyng.

The first appellation intimated by Edmund Boner Bishop of London.

MarginaliaBoner appealeth to the king because he could not to the pope.IN the name of God, Amen. It shall appeare to all men by this publike instrument, that the yeare of our Lord, 1549. the xx. day of September, the third yeare of the raigne of our most high and renowmed Prince Edward the sixt by the grace of GOD King of England, Fraunce and Ireland, defender of the fayth, and in earth the supreme head of the Church of England and Ireland, in a chamber with the Pallace of the sayde Bishop situated in London, and in the presence of me the Notary publicke, and of the witnesses hereafter named, the foresayd Bishop did personally appeare, and there did shew forth in writing a certaine Protestation and Appellation, the tenor wherof ensueth.

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In the name of God. Amen. I Edmund Bishop of London, say, alleadge, and propound before you beyng a publike Notary, and these credible witnesses here present, that although I the foresayd Edmund haue attayned the Bishoprike aforesayd by the beneuolence of the famous Prince of memory King Henry the eight, and was lawfully elected and translated to the same, wyth his rites and appurtenaunces, haue of long time possessed peaceably and quietly the same, and presently doe possesse, beyng taken as Bishop and lawfull possessour of the sayd bishopricke, and am lawfully called, taken, and reputed, notoriously and publikely: and moreouer doe keepe residence and hospitalitie on the same, accordyng to the order, state, person and dignitie, and as the reuenewes of the same would permit, and haue exercised and done all thynges appertainyng to my pastorall office as the lawes doe require, as hereafter I trust by Gods grace to doe and obserue, a man of good name and fame, neyther suspended, excommunicate nor interdicted, neyther conuict of any notable crime or fact, alwayes obeying readily the commaundement of the Church, and other my superiours in all lawfull causes, neuerthelesse fearing vpon certayne probable causes, lykely coniectures, threatnyngs and assertions of certayne iniurious men my enemies, or at the least, such as little fauour me, that great dammage may come to me hereafter about the premisses or part of them: and least any man by any authoritie, commaundement, denunciation, inquisition, office, or at the request of any person, or persons, may attempt preiudice, or hurt to me or my said dignitie, either by my excommunication, interdiction, sequestration, spoyling, vexing, and perturbvng by any maner of meanes: doe appeale to the most hygh and mighty Prince our soueraigne Lord Edw. the 6. by the grace of God king of England, France &c. & in these my writings do prouoke & appeale to his regal maiesty. I do also require the Apostles MarginaliaApostles is a terme of Canon law & signifieth as much as letters reuerential, or dimissories. so much as in this case they are to be required the first, secōd, & third tyme, earnestly, more earnestly, and most earnestly of all, that there may be geuen to me the protection, tuition, and defence of my foresayd most dreade soueraigne Lord, for the safegard of me, my dignitie, title, and possession in the premisses, and to all that will cleaue to me in this behalfe, I doe also protest that I will be contented to correct, reforme, and amend this my present protestation, and to the same to adde, to take away, and to bryng the same into the best forme and state that may be deuised, by the counsaile of learned men, or as the case shall require, and the same to intimate accordyng

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