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1351 [1327]

King Edward 6. The 6. Session agaynst Boner. Boners appeale with certaine letters of his.

MarginaliaAnno 1550.sayd Colleagues, both haue in myne absence, beyng let with iust causes of impediment, which accordyng to the lawes of this realme I haue fully alledged, and very sufficiently and iustly prooued, accordyng to the order of the Kinges Ecclesiasticall lawes iniuriously, and much to the hinderaunce of my name, person, tytle, dignitie, and state, and also otherwyse, specially in my presence, agaynst all lawes, good order, and reason, without good cause or groūd attempted and done many thinges against me, especially touching myne imprisonment, sending me to strait ward, and yet commaunding me to make answer, as appeareth in your vnlawfull actes.

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I for these causes, and also for that ye my sayde Lorde and your sayde Colleagues proceedyng with Sir Thomas Smith Knight, whom vpon iust and lawfull causes I haue refused, recused and declined, and fauoured, ye haue maintayned, supported, and borne, in hys vnlawfull and euill doings, do also refuse, recuse and declyne you my sayd Lorde, wyth the rest of your sayde Colleagues, agreeyng and ioynyng wyth you, and doe accept agaynst your proceedyngs, doynges, and iurisdiction as suspect, and thereby vnmeete personnes to proceede herein agaynst me.

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And further do alledge, that hauyng bene prouoked to the Kings most excellent Maiestie, as appeareth by the tenor of my prouocation, remainyng in your actes, wherein I doe protest, that I intend to adheare and cleaue vnto, submitting my selfe vnto the tuition, protection, and defence of hys sayd Maiestie in this behalfe, ye in any wyse ought not (if ye regard the person and authoritie of hys graces royall power, as ye ought to doe) to proceede here in agaynst me, especially for the honour and reuerence, ye ought to haue vnto hys Maiestie in this behalfe. And because it appeareth that ye doe not duely and circumspectly consider the same, as ye ought to do, but more and more do grieue me, that not considered, I both here to all purposes repeat my former recusation, prouocation, and all other remedies that heretofore I haue vsed and mentioned in your sayd actes.

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And also do by these presentes, refuse, recuse, and decline you my sayd Lord, and your sayd Colleagues, and your iurisdiction vpon causes aforesayd, offering my selfe prompt and ready to prooue all the same, afore an arbiter and arbitors, accordyng to the tenure and forme of the law herein to be chosen, requiryng you all, for that honour and reuerence ye ought to beare to our sayd soueraigne Lorde, and his lawes allowed and approoued in this behalfe, that ye doe not attempt or doe, ne yet suffer to be attempted or done, any thyngs in any wyse against me, or vnto my preiudice, but suffer me to vse and enioy the benefit of my said former, and this recusation, prouocation, allegation, and other lawfull remedies mentioned in your sayd acts. And in case ye doe de facto, where ye ought not to deiure, attempt or suffer any thynges to be attempted or done agaynst me in any wyse herein, I protest herewith, and hereby of my great griefe and hurt in that behalfe, & that not onely I doe intend to appeale from you, but also accordyng to the kynges Ecclesiasticall lawes to accuse and complayne vpon you, as iustly and truly I both may and ought to doe.

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Notwithstandyng these recusations and former appellation, the Archbishop with the rest tolde hym playne that they would be styll hys Iudges, and proceed agaynst hym accordyng to the Kings Commission, vntil they dyd receiue a Supersedeas, which if he did obtayne, they would gladly obey.

MarginaliaAn other appellation of Boner to the king.Then the Bish. seyng that they would still proceede agaynst hym, did there likewise intimate an other appellation vnto the Kings Maiestie, expressing therein in effect, no other matter, but such as is already alleaged in the two former recusations and appeale: sauyng that he requireth, that letters dimissories or appellatories might be geuen him accordyng to law, and that for his better safegarde he did submit himselfe vnder the protection of the kyng.

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The Commissioners for all this, stucke stil vnto theyr Commission, and would not in any case deferre, but vrged him straitly to make a more full aunswer to his Articles, then he had done.

MarginaliaBoner standing vpon his recusations and appellations denyeth to make answer.To whom the Bishop sayd, that he would stand vnto his recusations and appellations before made, and would not make other aunswer.

Then the Delegates demaunded of him what cause he had to alledge why he ought not to de declared pro confesso, vpon the Articles wherunto he had not fully answered: the B. still answering (as before) that he would adhere vnto his appellation and recusation.

Wherupon the Archb. with consent of the rest, seeynghis pertinacie, MarginaliaBoner declared Cōtumax & pro confesso, that is gilty.pronounced hym Contumax, and in payne thereof declared him pro confesso, vpō all the articles which he had not aunswered.

This done, Maister Secretary Smith shewed foorth a Letter, which the Byshoppe of London had before that tyme sente vnto the Lorde Mayor and the Alderman of the Citie of London, the tenour whereof ensueth as followeth.

¶ To the ryght honourable and my very good Lorde, the Mayor of London, with all his worshipfull brethren, my very deare and worshipfull friends, with speede.

MarginaliaBoners letter to the Lord Maior and Aldermen of Lōdon.RIght honourable, with my very humble recommendations, where I haue perceyued of late and heard with myne eares, what vyle beastes and heretickes haue preached vnto you, or rather lyke themselues prated and rayled agaynst the most blessed Sacrament of the aultare, denying the veritie and presence of Christes true bodye and bloude to be there, geuyng you and the people libertie to beleeue what ye lyst, teachyng you detestably that fayth in this behalfe, must not bee coacted, but euerye man to beleeue as he will, by reason whereof, least my presence and silence myght vnto some haue bene seene to haue allowed their hereticall doctrine, and geuyng credite vnto them, betraying my flocke of the Catholicke sorte, MarginaliaBoner would not tarye M. Hoopers knowe I departed yesterday from the hereticke praters vncharitable charitie, and so could haue wished that you and all other that bee Catholicke, should haue done, leauyng those there with hym that be alreadye cast away, and will not be recouered. For your tarying with him still, shall not onely hurt your selfe in receauyng hys poysoned doctrine, but also shall geue a visage that their doctrine is tollerable, by reason that ye are contented to heare it, and say nothing agaynst it. And because I cannot tell when I shall speake with you to aduertise you hereof, therefore I thought good for myne owne discharge and yours, thus muche to wryte vnto you, requiryng and praying you agayne and agayne, in Gods behalfe, for myne owne discharge, that ye suffer not your selues to bee abused with suche naughtie Preachers and teachers, in hearyng theyr euill doctrine that ye shall perceyue them to goe about to sowe. And thus our blessed Lord long and well perserue you all with this noble Citie, in all good rest, godlinesse, & prosperitie. Written in hast this Monday mornyng, the xvi. of September. 1549.

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Your faythfull Beades man and poore
Bishop Edmund Boner.

This Letter beyng read, the Secretary demanded of hym whether he wrote it not. To whome he would not otherwyse aunswere, but that he would still adhere and stand vnto hys former recusations and appeales. MarginaliaBoner differred till the next Fryday, and from that till tewsday after.Whiche the commissioners seyng, determined to continue this case in state as it was vntill Friday then next followyng, betwene the houres of viij. and ix. of the clocke before noone, assignyng the bishop to be there at the same time and place then to heare a finall decree of this matter, he still protestyng as before.

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¶ The seuenth Session or appearaunce of Boner vppon Tewsday the first of October, before the Kynges Commissioners at Lambeth.

MarginaliaThe 7. Session or appeara unce of Boner.VPpon Friday the Commissioners for diuers vrgent causes lettyng them, dyd not sit in Commission accordyng to their appoyntment, but deferred it vntill Tewsday the first of October then next followyng. Vpon which day the Bishop appearyng before them, the Archbishoppe declared vnto hym, that although as vppon Friday laste, they had appointed to pronounce their finall Decree and Sentence in this matter, yet forasmuch as they thought that that Sentence (although they had iust cause to geue it) should haue bene very sore agaynst hym, they had not onely deferred the same vntill this day, but mindyng to be more friendly to hym then he was to hymselfe, MarginaliaThe frendly wordes of the Commissioners to Boner. and to vse more easie and gentle reformation towardes hym, had also made such sute and meanes for hym, that although hee had grieuously offended the Kinges Maiestie, and verye disobediently behaued himselfe, yet if he would in þe meane while haue acknowledged his fault, and haue bene contented to make some part of amends in submittyng hymselfe accordyng to hys bounden duety, he should haue foūd much fauour: so the Sentence should not haue bene so sore and extreme against him, as it was like now to bee: for which they were very sory, especially to see the continuāce of such stubburn disobedience, wherby they were thē more

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