Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Agnes Foreman

Agnes Foreman was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield on 12 September 1556. 1563, p. 1547, 1570, p. 2140, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1954.

 
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Anselm Sele

Priest. Of unknown parish.

Anselm Sele was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Anthony Afterwhittle

Anthony Afterwhittle was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Anthony Jones

Anthony Jones was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

[Alias Pulton.]

 
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Cicely Preston

Cicely Preston was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Edmund Crokel

Priest.

Edmund Crokel was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Eustache Bysacre

Bysacre was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Francis Ward

Of Lichfield.

Francis Ward was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Henry Birdlim

Henry Birdlim was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Henry Tecka

Priest.

Henry Tecka was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Hugh Lynacres

Son of Thomas Lynacres.

Hugh Lynacres was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Hugh Moore

Shoemaker. Of Lichfield.

Hugh Moore was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Isabel Parker

Isabel Parker was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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J. Edge

Edge accused and gave witness against John Waterhouse. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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John Adale

Of Lichfield.

John Adale was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Avines

Of Lichfield.

John Avines was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Borsley, the younger

Of Lichfield.

John Borsley the younger was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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John Feckenham

(1518? - 1585)

Dean of St Paul's. Last abbot of Westminster. [DNB]

Feckenham was made dean of St Paul's on Midsummer's Day, 1554. 1563, p. 1151; 1570, pp. 1636 and 1760; 1576, pp. 1396 and 1551 [recte 1503]; 1583, pp. 1467 and 1587

He conversed with Thomas Hawkes in June 1554 trying to persuade him to recant. 1563, pp. 1153-54; 1570, p. 1762; 1576, p. 1505; 1583, pp. 1588-89

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference was made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

Feckenham traveled to Colchester with Bishop Bonner to try to win Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed back to catholicism. 1563, p. 1104; 1570, p. 1716; 1576, p. 1465; 1583, p. 1539.

He tried to persuade Hooper to recant after he was condemned on 29 January 1555. The effort was unsuccessful but false rumors spread that Hooper had recanted. 1563, p. 1057; 1570, p. 1680; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, p. 1507.

Feckenham was one of those who presided over an examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

He was one of those who examined first Thomas Causton, and then Thomas Higbed, in Bonner's palace on 8 March 1555. 1563, p. 1105; 1570, p. 1718; 1576, p. 1466; 1583, p. 1540.

He wrote a ballad, Caveat emptor , on the subject of the restoration of monastic lands. 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1497; 1583, p. 1559.

Feckenham received a letter from William Paulet. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He discussed eucharistic doctrine with Bartlett Green. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

Feckenham claimed that Green was converted by Peter Martyr's lectures and that Zwingli, Luther, Oecolampadius and Carolostadius could never agree doctrine. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26,, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

[In a letter that was never delivered] Bartlett Green told John Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

A letter by the thirteen prisoners reproaching Feckenham for his slander dated Feckenham's sermon as 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

Feckenham spoke up in defence of John Cheke. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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John Frankling

John Frankling was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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John Leach

John Leach was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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John Richardson

John Richardson was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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John Robinson

Of Lichfield.

John Robinson was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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John Stamford

Shoemaker. Of Lichfield.

John Stamford was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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John Stokes

(d. 1568)

One of the original fellows of Trinity (1546), Cambridge University chaplain (1556 - 1568), president of Queens' (1560 - 1568), vice-chancellor (1565 - 1566), archdeacon of York (1560 - 1568), DD (1564) (Venn)

John Stokes made an oration at Cambridge in the name of all the scholars on 11 January 1557. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, pp. 2143-44, 1576, pp. 1863-64, 1583, pp. 1957-58.

 
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John Waterhouse

Of Lichfield.

John Waterhouse was examined and forced by Draycot and Bayne to do penance. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Witnesses against John Waterhouse were Richard Caerbanke, J.Edge, William Smith, and Robert Cooke. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Joyce Lewes

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Gentlewoman. Widow of one Appleby and then wife of Thomas Lewes. Of Lichfield.

Joyce Lewes was more concerned with her appearance than with religion in her early years. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2012.

She originally attended mass during Mary's reign, but then became troubled in her conscience when she heard of the death of Laurence Saunders. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2012.

Lewes lived close to John Glover and would often visit him to discuss why the mass was heretical. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2012.

John Glover instructed Joyce Lewes against catholicism. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes' husband became furious with her and forced her to attend church, where she turned her back when the holy water was cast. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

A citation was delivered to her husband who furiously insisted that the summoner return it, lest he would force him to eat it, which he forced him to do at dagger-point. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes and her husband were commanded to appear before the bishop. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Although her husband submitted, Joyce Lewes refused. The bishop gave her one month's respite and returned her to her husband, who was bound to the sum of £100 to return her to submit at the end of one month. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

When Joyce Lewes returned home, she began to pray and then went to visit John Glover, who instructed her. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

John Glover and others pleaded with Joyce Lewes' husband not to send her to the bishop and so forfeit the money but he refused. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes proved strong when examined and was thrown into prison. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

After she was condemned, Joyce Lewes remained in prison for a further twelve months, as the sheriff held off her execution. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

A writ was sent for from London ordering her death. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

On the eve of her death two priests of Lichfield came and met with Lewes at the under-sheriff's house, having sent word by the sheriff that they were coming to hear her confession. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, pp. 2012-13.

Joyce Lewes was examined by Draycot and Bayne in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in October 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Foxe recounts Lewes' actions the night before her death. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

The sheriff came to tell Lewes that she but one hour to live. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes was led through the town to her execution by a number of billmen, led by her friends, Michael Reniger and Augustine Bernher, to the place of execution. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Lewes became weak on the long journey to her execution, as she had spent so long inside the prison. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

A messenger was sent to the sheriff's house for food and drink for Lewes, as she was so weak. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

As Lewes took a drink, she said that she drank to all those who loved the gospel and desired the abolition of papistry. Several of the town's women drank from the same cup and were later forced to do penance. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Lewes died quickly at the stake, as the under-sheriff had, at the request of her friends, ensured that she would be dispatched quickly, probably through the use of gunpowder. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

 
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Julius Dudley

Julius Dudley was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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King Philip II of Spain

(1527 - 1598) (regnabat 1555 - 1598) [Hillerbrand, Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation,; Henry Kamen, Philip II (1997)]

John Cheke had safe passage from King Philip, with Lord Paget and Sir John Mas securing their safety. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Leonard West

Of Whiteacre.

Leonard West was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Margery Kirry

Margery Kirry was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Martin Newman

Martin Newman was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Nicholas Carre

(d. 1568)

One of the original founding fellows of Trinity College, Regius Professor of Greek (1547), MD (1558). (Venn)

Nicholas Carre wrote a letter to John Cheke about Martin Bucer which was then passed on to Peter Martyr. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1957.

Scot spoke with Nicholas Carre, as a former pupil of Bucer, about the heresies of Bucer. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1957.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside DrsYoung, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1958.

[Back to Top]

Carre denounced Scot's opinion of Bucer and sent Scot into a rage. Scot berated Carre for his words at Bucer's burial. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1957.

 
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Nicholas Cartwright

D.D. 1536 (Oxford) (See Emden, Fines)

During Latimer's disputation at Oxford in April 1554, he urged Latimer to convert back to catholicism as he had done (1563, pp. 935, 978 and 983-85; 1570, pp. 1622 and 1626; 1576, pp. 1384 and 1387; 1583, pp. 1454 and 1458).

[NB: Cartwright had supported Peter Martyr in his debate with Chedsey at Oxford on 29 May 1549. His presence in the Oxford disputations of 1554 was a deliberately symbolic action by the Marian authorities. His recantation is BL, Harley MS 421. fol. 88r.]

Nicholas Cartwright was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Peter Martyr Vermigli

(1500 - 1562) [DNB; Hillerbrand, Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation]

About 5 September 1553 Peter Martyr arrived in London from Oxford (where he had been held under arrest) and met with Cranmer to discuss their participating in a disputation to defend the Book of Common Prayer at Oxford. But Cranmer was arrested and Martyr deported (1563, p. 905; 1570, p. 1571; 1576, p. 1339; 1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]).

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Peter Martyr was permitted to leave the realm and returned to Strasburg (1570, p. 1579; 1576, p. 1347; 1583, p. 1418).

On 14 February 1555 at 3 o'clock Dr Harding went to see John Bradford in prison and talked of his fear for Bradford's soul after excommunication, and said that he himself had spoken against Peter Martir, Martin Bucer, Luther and others for their beliefs. 1563, p. 1200, 1570, pp. 1790-91, 1576, p. 1529, 1583, pp. 1612-13 .

[Back to Top]

Foxe states that he omitted the talk Bradford and Pendleton had of 'my lord of Canterbury, of Peter Martirs boke, of Pendleto[n]s letter laid to Bradford', a discussion held on 28 March 1555. 1563, p. 1214, 1570, p. 1804, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

Ridley was converted through reading Bertram's book of the sacrament, and confirmed in his beliefs through conference with Cranmer and Peter Martyr. 1570, p. 1895 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Bartlet Green was converted through attending Peter Martyr's lectures at Oxford. 1563, p. 1458, 1570, p. 2021, 1576, p. 1742, 1583, p. 1850.

Peter Martyr wrote a book against Gardiner's Marcus Anthonius Constantius. 1570, p. 2045, 1576, p. 1764, 1583, p. 1870.

Julins Palmer borrowed Peter Martyr's Commentaries on I Corinthians, which helped to convert him. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841 [recte 1829], 1583, p. 1935.

Foxe states that those who were blinded with ignorance or malice thought Peter Martyr not a learned man. 1563, p. 1474 [recte 1472].

[Also referred to as 'Peter Martyr']

Nicholas Carre wrote a letter to John Cheke about Martin Bucer, which was then passed on to Peter Martyr. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1957.

 
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Richard Baily

Of Whiteacre.

Richard Baily was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Richard Caterbanke

Caterbanke accused and gave testimony against John Waterhouse. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Richard Foxal

Of Lichfield.

Richard Foxal was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Richard Jurdian

Priest.

Richard Jurdian was examined and deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Richard Kempe

Richard Kempe was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Richard Slavy

Married priest. Of unknown parish.

Richard Slavy was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Richard Weaver

Of Lichfield.

Richard Weaver was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Richard Woodburne

Of Lichfield.

Richard Woodburne was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Robert Aston

Priest.

Robert Aston was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Robert Bissel

Of Whiteacre.

Robert Bissel was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Robert Cooke

Robert Cooke accused and gave testimony against John Waterhouse. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Robert Katrenes

Of Lichfield.

Robert Katrenes was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield on September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Robert Mossey

Robert Mossey was examined and deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Sir John Cheke

(1514 - 1557)

Tutor to Edward VI, privy councillor under Edward VI. [DNB]

Sir John Cheke was a signatory to a letter from the privy council to Princess Mary, dated 9 July 1553, declaring that she was illegitimate and that Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1567; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

Cheke was placed in the Tower on 28 July 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

Actions were taken by Stephen Gardiner against Cheke. 1563, p. 1382, 1570, p. 1951, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1785.

When Cheke was in Germany he was greatly esteemed by the Germans. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

He travelled with Sir Peter Carew from High Germany to Brussels, having checked his route by the stars. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

He was famous for his knowledge of astronomy. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Cheke had safe passage from King Philip, with Lord Paget and Sir John Mas securing their safety. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

He arrived in Brussels to see the queen's ambassadors. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Having seen Paget safely off to England, Carew and Cheke were taken en route between Brussels and Antwerp. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Cheke was shipped to the Tower of London in dreadful conditions. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Feckenham spoke up in defence of Cheke. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Cheke recanted but was so remorseful that he became sick and died. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Nicholas Carre wrote a letter to John Cheke about Martin Bucer which was then passed on to Peter Martyr. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2143, 1576, p. 1863, 1583, p. 1957.

[Also referred to as 'Sir John Cheeke']

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Peter Carew

(1514 - 1575)

Of Mohun's Ottery, Devon. MP for Tavistock (1545), Dartmouth (1547), Devon (1553), Exeter (1563). Soldier. Son of Sir Edmund Carew. Leader of the conspiracy in Devon in January 1554, after which he fled to France. (DNB) [See Bindoff, Commons; Hasler, Commons; DNB]

Sir Peter Carew rebelled against Mary, was proclaimed a traitor and fled into France; all in early 1554. 1563, pp. 916-17; 1570, pp. 1579-80; 1576, pp. 1347-48; and 1583, p. 1418.

Carew travelled with John Cheke and was taken en route between Brussels and Antwerp. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Elizabeth was charged with conspiring with Carew. 1563, p. 1712, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

[NB: Peter Carew is the nephew of Gawain Carew.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Thomas Smith

(1513 - 1577)

Author of De republica Anglorum (DNB)

Cited to appear before the Queen's Commissioners on 27 August 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

Author of a prayer for the health of Queen Mary and her conceived child printed by Foxe (1563, pp. 1016-17; 1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1410; 1583, p. 1481). [NB: Smith is only identified as the author in the 1563 edition].

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir William Paget

(by 1506 - 1563 )

Lord Paget of Beaudesert (1549). Lord Privy Seal (1556 - 1558). MP (unknown constituency - 1529), Middlesex (1545), Staffordshire (1547). Secretary to Jane Seymour and Anne of Cleves (1537 and 1540). High Steward of Cambridge University (1547 - 1553). [Bindoff; DNB]

William Paget accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

He signed a royal dispensation of 5 August 1550 which permitted Hooper to be consecrated without having to wear vestments (1563, p. 1050; 1570, p. 1676; 1576, p. 1403 [recte 1430]; 1583, p. 1504).

On 7 November 1554, he was sent as an ambassador 'I know not whither, but it was thought to be to escort Pole to England', (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p. 1403; 1583, pp. 1473-74).

He was one of John Roger's examiners on 22 January 1555 (1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59;1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86).

Lord Paget delivered Stephen Gardiner to Bonner. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

Cheke had safe passage from King Philip, with Lord Paget and Sir John Mas securing their safety. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Having seen Paget safely off to England, Carew and Cheke were taken en route between Brussels and Antwerp. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

John Mason warned Richard Bertie and his wife Katherine that Lord Paget was on his way under a false pretence and that the duke of Brunswick was nearby in the service of the house of Austria against the French king. 1570, p. 2285, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Arch

Of Lichfield.

Thomas Arch was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Lynacres

Father of Hugh Lynacres.

Thomas Lynacres was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Norris

Of Lichfield.

Thomas Norris was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Saulter

Thomas Saulter was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Steilbe

Thomas Steilbe was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Stiffe

Of Lichfield.

Thomas Stiffe was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield on September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Underdowne

Of Lichfield.

Thomas Underdowne was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Whitehead

Thomas Whitehead was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Wilson

Thomas Wilson was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Tomas Arnal

Shoemaker. Of Lichfield.

Tomas Arnal was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Enderby

William Enderby was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Kaime

Of Lichfield.

William Kaime was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield on September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Marler

William Marler was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Mosley

William Mosley was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Shene

William Shene was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Smith

William Smith testified against John Waterhouse. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Taylor

(fl. 1544 - 1559)

Lady Margaret Preacher (1554), master of Christ's College (1556 - 1559), prebend of York (1558), prebend of Southall (1559) (Venn)

Scot called Taylor before him at Peterhouse on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

Taylor was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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[Deprived of his preferments in 1559 and fled England to go into exile.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Whiteacre [Over Whiteacre]
NGR: SP 254 910

A parish in the Atherstone division of the hundred of Hemlingford, county of Warwick. 3.5 miles east-north-east from Coleshill. The living is a perpetual curacy in the Archdeaconry of Coventry, diocese of Coventry and Lichfield.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1979 [1957]

Queene Mary. Persecution in Lichfield and Couentrye. The story of M. Cheeke.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Ianuary.it may appeare what a number there is in the countrys of England abroade, which in theyr hearts haue a misliking of the Popes Romish lawes and religion, if for fear they durst vtter theyr mindes, I thought to make a rehearsall of theyr names which in the foresayde Diocesse of Couentrie and Lichfielde, were taken in suspicion and examined for theyr Religion.

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And first amongst them that were detected and inioyned to the popish penance, that is, to beare a fagot, candel, and beades about in procession, were MarginaliaThe names of them that bare fagottes in the Dioces of Lichfield and Couentrye.Agnes Forman, 

Commentary  *  Close

Was she a relative of the martyr John Foreman?.

detected, examined, and by witnesse conuicted and bare a fagot the 12. of Septemb. Likewise Margery Kirry, Thomas Norreis, Thomas Stiffe, William Kayme, Robert Katrenes, Thomas Smith, Iohn Borsley the younger. Item Iohn Waterhouse, against whom came in witnesse and accusers, Richarde Caterbanke, I. Edge, William Smith, Robert Cooke, laying against him for seldome cōming to the Churche, for geuing no reuerence at the leuation of the Sacrament, but looking vpon his booke, for not kissing þe paxe. &c.  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 256, line 7

At a certain period during the solemnization of Mass, a tablet, or small square board (occasionally perhaps constructed in a folding fashion) was exhibited to the communicants, who one after another imprinted upon it the kiss of peace, "hincque dicta la pax." It was more or less ornamented according to the status of the house to which it belonged, or the ingenuity of its monks. It is called by the various names of Pax, Paxbred, and Deosculatorium. (Raine's "St. Cuthbert," p. 129.)

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Robert Bissel, 
Commentary  *  Close

The abjuration of Robert Byssel, M. A., of Birmingham, of his heretical opinions, especially his denial of the Real Presence survives in Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 83r.

Leonard West,  
Commentary  *  Close

The abjuration of Leonard West, parson of Little Packington, for his heresies, especially describing the mass as abominable, survives among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 84r.

Richard Baily  
Commentary  *  Close

Articles objected against Richard Bayly of Whitacre, including his denial of the Real Presence and his denial of the power of the priest to absolve sin, survives among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley 421, fo. 87r-v.

of the parish of Whiteacre.

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These were
depriued.

Nicholas Cartwright, 
Commentary  *  Close

The abjuration of Nicholas Cartwright, D. D., vicar of Nuncton, of his heretical opinions, including denial of the Real Presence, survives in Foxe's papers: BL, Harley 421, fo. 88r.

Doctor.
Richard Iurdian, 
Commentary  *  Close

A denunciation of Richard Jurdane, priest, for various heretical opinions, including his statements that the mass was an abomination and a denial of the Real Presence, survives among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 90r. Jurdane's abjuration of these opinions is BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 91r.

Priest.
Edmund Crokel, 
Commentary  *  Close

Articles against Crokel as a married priest survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r.

Priest.
Thomas Whitehead, Priest.
William Taylour, Priest.
Anselme Sele, Priest.
Richard Slauie, 
Commentary  *  Close

Articles against Henry (not Richard) Slavy as a married priest survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r.

Priest maryed.
Edward Hawes, 
Commentary  *  Close

Articles against Edward Hawkes as a married priest survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r.

Priest maried.
Robert Aston, 
Commentary  *  Close

Articles against Robert Aston as a married priest survive among Foxe'spapers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r.

Priest depriued.
Henry Tecka, 
Commentary  *  Close

Articles against Henry Checke as a married priest survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r. Tecka looks like a mistake due to someone's faulty paleography when the Acts and Monuments was being printed.

Priest depriued.
Rob. Mossey, priest maried & depriued.

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Beside these were diuers other, which in like sort were detected, accused, and examined, although they bare no fagot, but were dimissed, MarginaliaThe names of them which were troubled there, and bare no fagottes.as Richard Kempe, Iohn Frankling, William Marler, Ielius Dudley, Eustache Bysacre, William Shene, Antonie Afterwittel, Tho. Steilbe, Henry Birdlim, William Mosley, Iohn Leeche, Iohn Richardson, Anthony Iones, alias Pulton, Thom. Wilson, Thomas Lynacres, and Hugh Lynacres hys sonne, Isabel Parker, Martine Newman, William Enderby, Cicely Preston,Thomas Saulter, Ihon Stamford shomaker, Richard Woodburne, Thomas Arnall Shoomaker, Iohn Robinson, Hugh More Shoomaker, Iohn Adale, Thomas Arche, Fraunces Warde, Iohn Auines, Richard Foxal, Thomas Vnderdoune, Rich. Weauer.

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The next moneth following, being October, came vnder examination MarginaliaIoice Lewes Martyr, read hereafter.Ioyce Lewes gentlewoman, of whome we deferre to speake vntil the next yeare, at what time she was burned?

These forenamed persones with many moe folowing in the next yeare after, although they did subscribe and relent through feare of death: yet for thys cause I doe heere recite them, that by them it myght appeare, what a number there were, not onely in the countrey of Lichfield, but also in other parties  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 256, line 15 from the bottom

"I and other have sent to yowe a generall letter of our proceedinges in these partyes." (Letters on Suppression of the Monasteries, p. 182.)

in heart set against the Popes procedings, if that feare rather then conscience had not compelled them to the contrary. 
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 256, line 13 from the bottom

The first Edition goes on: "Moreover this present yeare, to wytte anno 1556, was burned at Chester one Hoke, a true martyr of the Lord." (p. *1548.)

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The conclusion of this XI. Booke, with a briefe storie of Syr Iohn Cheeke. &c. 
Commentary  *  Close
Sir John Cheke

This account first appears in the 1570 edition and was reprinted without change in subsequent editions. It was a difficult account for Foxe to write. On the one hand, Cheke had played a crucial role in the Edwardian reformation at Cambridge and he was a close friend and associate of Foxe's patron William Cecil. (See Stephen Alford, Kingship and Politics in the Reign of Edward VI [Cambridge: 2002}, pp. 126-28, 142-43 and 145). On the other hand, Cheke's recantation wasa major embarrassment for English protestants and encouraged other protestants to recant (Cal. State Papers Venetian, VI, p. 690). The incident was too well-known forFoxe to ignore but he treated it tactfully and relatively briefly. Furthermore, although copies of Cheke's recantation and of Feckenham's oration at the recantation survive among Foxe's papers (Inner Temple Library, Petyt MS 538/47, fos. 390r-391v); Foxe never printed them.

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Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 256, fn 3

See his story more fully given in Strype; Memorials under Mary, chap. 39. - ED.

MarginaliaThe conclusion of the 11. booke.ANd thus haue yee the whole persecution of thys yere declared, which was the yeare of our Lord 1556. and the fourth of Quene Maries raigne, with the names and causes of all them which suffered Martyrdome within the compasse of the sayd yeare: the number of all which slayne & Martyred in diuers place of England at sundry times

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Marginalia84. Martyrs and aboue in this yeare 1556. put to death in this realme.this yere came to aboue 84. persons, whereof many were women, wiues, widowes, and maidens: besides them which otherwise by secreate practise were made awaye, or driuen out of goodes and houses, or out of the Realme, or els within the realme, were put to penaunce, and coacted by forceable violence to recante, saue onely that I haue omitted the story of Sir Iohn Cheeke, Knight, and scholemaster sometimes to king Edwarde. The worthinesse of which man deserueth much to be sayd: but his fall woulde rather be couered in silence and obliuion. Onely to note a woorde or two of a few things to the present storye moste principally appertaining, it shall suffice.

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MarginaliaA briefe declaration of M. Cheekes recantation.First M. Cheeke being in the countrey of Germanie, out of all danger of persecution, wt many moe of his owne countreymen and acquaintance, was not onely in safetie, but also with reputation accordingly esteemed among the Germaines, and also well placed in the Citie of Strausbourgh. Where if he had contented himself to haue remained, rather geuing place to time, then to presume vppon aduentures, peraduenture it had bene better wyth hym. But what fatall instigatiō wrought in his mynd, I know not. In the ende so it fell, that he woulde needes take hys iourney with Sir Peter Carew, from hie Germanie vnto Bruxels, and that (as I haue credibly hearde of them which knew somwhat, MarginaliaAstrologye.not without the forecasting of his aduentured iourney by the constellation of starres, & disposition of the heauens aboue. For as he was a man famously expert, and trauailed in the knowledge of sundrye artes and sciences: so was he a little too much addicted to the curious practising of this Starre diuinitie, which we all Astrologie. But how soeuer it was, or what soeuer it was that the starres did promise him, truth was, that mē heere in earth kept litle promise with him. For hauing (as it is sayde) king Phillips safeconduct to passe and repasse, and that by the meanes (as I find) of the Lord Paget, and Sir Iohn Mas. pledging for his safegarde king Phillips fidelitie, he came to Bruxels to see the Quenes Ambassadors, and hauing brought the lord Paget on his way toward England, in the retourne betweene Bruxels & Anwarpe, MarginaliaM. Cheeke, and Sir Peter Carew apprehended in their iourney to Antwarpe.was taken with sir Peter Carewe by the Prouest Marshal, spoiled of their horses, and clapped into a carte, theyr legges, armes, and bodies tied wyth halters to the body of the carte, and so shipped, being blindfielde vnder the hatches, and so brought to the tower of London. 

Commentary  *  Close

For a discussion of Cheke's arrest and the legal issues involved see D. M. Loades, 'The Press under the Early Tudors,' Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 4 (1964), 40-41.

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Thus the good man being intrapped, & in the handes now of his enemies, had but one of these 2. wayes to take either to chaunge his religion, or to chaunge his life. Other remedy with those holy catholikes there was none. Neither could his conscience excuse him, nor truth defend him, nor learning helpe him.

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Albeit M. Fecknam, whether by the Queene suborned, or vppon his owne deuotion and frendship towarde his olde acquaintance, MarginaliaM. Fecknam speaketh for M. Cheeke.tooke vpon him the defence & commendation of M. Cheeke, speaking in his behalfe: yet no mercy coulde be had with the Queene, but he must needes recant, and so did he. The copie of whose recantation prescribed vnto him, because it is knowen, and in the handes of diuers, it needeth not heere to be expressed. 

Commentary  *  Close

It is rather surprising that Cheke's recantation was never printed as Northumberland's had been; this comment suggests that manuscript copies were circulated.

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Then after his recantation, he was throughe the craftie handling of the Catholickes, allured firste to dine and companie with them, at lengthe drawen vnwares to sitte in place, where the poore Martyrs were broughte before Boner and other Bishops to be condempned, 

Commentary  *  Close

Cheeke was condemned on 4 October 1556.

MarginaliaThe death and repentaunce of Syr Iohn Cheeke.the remorse whereof so mightely wroughte in hys heart, that not long after he left thys mortall life. Whose fall although it was full of infirmitie, yet his rising againe by repentaunce was great, and hys ende comfortable, 
Commentary  *  Close

Cheke died on 13 September 1557.

the Lorde bee praysed.

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The ende of the XI. Booke.

Heere
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