Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Brighthampsted [Brighthelmstone, Brighton]
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Brighthampsted [Brighthelmstone, Brighton]
NGR:TQ 314 066

A parish in the hundred of Whalesbone, rape of Lewes, county of Sussex. 30 miles east from Chichester. The living is a vicarage, with the rectory of West Blatchington annexed, in the Archdeaconry of Lewes and Diocese of Chichester.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2001 [1977]

Queene Mary. The examinations and aunsweres of Stephen Gratwicke Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. February.uers times before me. And then I aunswered and sayd.

Gratw My Lorde, I am not of his Dioces, not by fiue miles: for his Dioces reacheth on that parties but to the Cliffes of Lewes, & I dwelled at Bright Hempson, fiue miles beyond, in the Dioces of the Bishop of Chichester, and therefore I am not of his Dioces.

Then the the Bishop of Winchester, the B. of Rochester, and the Archdeacon of Canterbury, cast their heades together, & laughed: and thē they sayd my Ordinary wold be here by and by, MarginaliaThe Byshops counterfayte a false Ordinary against Stephen Gratwicke.& so they sent forth for a counterfayte in steede of mine Ordinary and then I saw them laugh, and I spake vnto them, and sayd:

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Grat. Why do ye laugh? are ye confederate together for my bloud, and therein triumph? MarginaliaSee what care these men haue of poore mens haue more cause to looke waightely vpon the matter: For I stand here before you vpon life and death. But you declare your selues what you are, for you are lapped in Lambes apparell, but I would to God ye had coates according to your assemblye here, which is scarlet gownes, for I do here perceiue you are bent to haue my bloud.

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MarginaliaHere commeth in the vice in the play.And then came rushing in their counterfayted Bishop who was the hyred seruaunt to deliuer me into the hands of þe high Priest: & the Bishop hearyng him come, wt haste enquired of his man, who was there, and he sayd, my lord of Chichester. Then the Bish. with hast rose vp and sayd.

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Wint. Ye are most hartily welcome, and required him to sit downe: and then sayd the Bishop of Winchester to me: Loe here is your Ordinary. What haue you nowe to saye vnto him?

Grat. I haue nothing to say vnto him. If he haue nothing to say vnto me. I pray you let me depart. Then aunswered my Counterfeyt Ordinary, and sayd.

Counterf. Here you stand before my Lords and me in triall of your fayth, and if you bring the trueth, wee shall by compulsion geue place vnto you, as it is to be proued by þe word, and your doctrine to be heard and placed for a truth.

Grat. Then I demaunded of him whether hee meant by authoritie, or by the iudgement of the spirite of GOD in his members.

And he aunswered me, by authoritie as well as by the spirite.

Grat. Then I sayd: Nowe will I turne your own Argument vpon you: MarginaliaChrist bringing the truth could not be heard of the Scribes and Phariseys.for Christ came before the high priests Scribes and Phariseis, bringing the truth with him, beyng the very truth hymselfe, which truth cannot lye, yet both he and his truth was condemned, and took no place with them. And also the Apostles, and all the Martyrs þt dyed since Christ: therefore I turne your owne argument vpon you, aunswere it if you can.

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Counterf. Then he with a great hast of coller, sayd vnto þe Bishop of Winchester: obiect some Articles agaynst hym, for he is obstinate, and would fayne get out of our handes therefore holde him to some particular: so that other aunswere could I not haue of his argument.

Wint. Then the Bishop of Winchester began to reade hys MarginaliaObiections of the Bishops owne making.obiections of his owne making agaynst me, and bad me aunswere vnto them. And I sayd:

Grat. No, except you would set the law apart, because I see you are mindfull of my bloud.

Wint. Now you may see hee will not aunswere to these, but as he hath aforesayd. Then spake the Counterfeit Ordinary agayne, and sayd:

Counterf. My Lord, aske him what he sayth to the Sacrament of the aultar. Then the Byshop asked me, as my Counterfeit Ordinary required him.

MarginaliaSacrament of the Lordes Supper.Grat. My Lord, I doe beleue that in the sacrament of the Supper of the Lord truely ministred in both kinds according to the institution of Christ, vnto the worthy receauer, he eateth mistically by fayth the body and bloud of Chryst. Then I asked him if it were not the truth. And hee sayde yes. Then sayd I, beare witnesse of the truth.

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Winchester. Then the Bishop of Winchester, whose head being subtilest to gather vpon my wordes, sayd: My Lord see you not how he creepeth away with his heresies, and couereth them priuely? Note how hee here seperateth the MarginaliaThe Sacrament of the Aultar no Sacrament.Sacrament of the aulter, from the supper of þe Lord meaning it not to be þe true sacrament, & also how he condemneth our ministration in one kinde, and alloweth that MarginaliaThe wicked eate not the body of the Lord.the vnworthy receauer doth not eate and drinke the body and bloud of Christ: which be sore matters truely wayed, being couered very craftely with his subtill shiftes of sophistry, but he shall aunswere directly or euer he depart.

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Grat. My Lord, this is but your gathering of my wordes for you before confessed the same sayinges to be the truth, & this you catch at me, and fayne woulde haue a vauntage for my bloud: but seeing you iudge me not to meane þe sacramēt, of þe aultar, nowe come to þt probatiō of þe same sacrament, and proue it to be the true sacrament, and I am

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with you: or els if you can proue your Church to be þe true Church, I am also with you.

But then he called to memory the last probation of the Churche and sacramentes, howe hee before was driuen to forsake the scriptures, and to shew me by good reason how they might minister the sacrament in one kinde: & his reason was this: MarginaliaThe Bishop of Winchesters reason to proue the Sacrament in one kind.Like as a man or woman dyeth on a sodayn and so when we haue geuen him the body of Christ, in the meane time the partie dyeth, and so he eateth the bodye of Christ, & not drinketh his bloud. And this was his simple shift in the prouing of their Sacramentes: so that he was now halfe abashed to begin that matter agayne.

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But yet a little subtile shift he brought in, and sayd.

Winc. What sayest thou by the administration of þe priests euery day for them selues, and they minister in bothe kindes?

To that I aunswered, you haue two administrations for I am sure at Easter you minister but in one kinde, and therfore it is not according to the institution of Christ, but after your owne imaginations.

Winc. Why, then what sayest thou to these wordes: Take, eate this is my body. These are the wordes of Christe. Wilt thou deny them?

Grat. My Lord, they are the words of scripture, I affirme them, and not deny them.

Rochest. Why, then thou doest confesse in the sacrament of the aulter to be a reall presence, the selfe same body þt was borne of the Virgine Mary, and is ascended vp into heauen.

Grat. My Lord, what do you now meane? do you not also meane a visible body? for it cannot be, but of necessitie, if it be a reall presence, and a materiall body, it must be a visible body also.

Winc. Nay, I say vnto thee, it is a reall presence, and a materiall body, and an inuisible body to.

MarginaliaThe Catholickes make a Phantasticall body in the Sacrament.Grat. My Lord, then it must needes be a phantastical body, for if it shoulde bee materiall and inuisible as you affirme, then it must needes be a phantasticall body, for it is aparaunt that Christes humayne body was visible, and seene.

Winc. Then the Bishop brake out and said, when diddest thou see him? I pray thee tell me.

Grat. To that I aunswered and sayd: a simple argument it is. Because our corporall eyes cannot comprehend christ doth that proue or follow, that he is inuisible, because wee cannot see him?

Winc. And with that the Bishop began to waxe weary of his argument, and remoued his talke to Iudas in eatyng þe sacrament, & said: he eat him wholy, as the Apostles did.

Grat. And then I asked him, if he meant Christes flesh and bloud the which he speaketh of in the 6. of Iohn, and saith: he that eateth my flesh and drinketh my bloud, hath eternall lyfe in me.

Winc. To that he aunswered, and sayd, yea.

MarginaliaIf the wicked do eate the body of Christ, they must needes be saued: And if Infantes eate him not, they must be condemned by the Popes doctrine.Grat. Then sayd I, of necessitie Iudas must needes be saued, because hee eate the fleshe, and dranke the bloude of Christ as you haue affirmed, and also all the vngodly that dye without repentance, because they haue eaten your sacrament, which you say is the flesh & bloud of Christ: therfore of necessitie they shall receiue the benefite thereof, þt is, eternall life. Which is a great absurditie to graunt, & then of necessitie, it must follow, that all that eate not, & drynke not of your sacrament, shall finally pearish and bee damned: for Christ sayth, except you eate my fleshe and drinke my bloud, you can haue no life in me. And you haue afore sayd, þt your sacrament, which you say is the same flesh & bloud that Christ speaketh of, and here I proue, that all children then, that dye vnder age to receaue the sacrament, by your owne argument, they must be damned, whiche is horrible blasphemy to speake. Nowe here I turne your owne argument vpon you, aunswere it if you can.

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Winc. My Lord, do you not see what deceitful arguments he bringeth in here agaynst vs, mingled with sophistry, & keepeth himselfe in vauntage, so that we can get no holde vpon him. But I say vnto thee, thou peruerse hereticke, I see now, thou art a peruerse fellowe. I had a better opinion of thee, but now I see we lose our time about thee, yet I aunswere thee, S. Paule doth open the sixte of Iohn, playne, if thou wilt see, for he sayth: they eate Christes body and drinke his bloud vnworthely, and that was the cause of their damnation.

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MarginaliaFalsehoode in alleaging the Scriptures. MarginaliaThe Byshops fayled of their purpose, and in a rage.Grat. My Lord, take heede ye doe not adde vnto the texte for he that addeth vnto the text, is accursed of God, and I am sure here you haue brought more then Paule hath spoken, for he sayth not, because they haue eaten his body and dronke his bloud vnworthily, but S. Paule sayth: Who so euer shall eate of this bread, and drinke of the Cuppe vnworthely, shall be giltie of the body and bloud of Christ.

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