Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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Christopher Parker

Christopher Parker persecuted Richard Woodman. 1563, p. 1730, 1576, p. 2002, 1583, p. 2113.

Parker bound his own hands and cast himself into a pond and drowned at Herstonceaux, Sussex on 8 September 1575. 1563, p. 1730, 1576, p. 2002, 1583, p. 2113.

[Alias Parker the Wild.]

 
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George Beching

Brother-in-law of Richard Woodman.

Richard Woodman's brother-in-law George Beching was worried that Woodman might have thought that he had betrayed him, but Woodman told him that he did not suspect him. 1570, p. 2171, 1576, p. 1875, 1583, p. 1984.

 
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John Fauconer

John Fauconer berated Richard Woodman, saying that he was no angel (an accusation had been made by parishioners that he had said he was an angel). 1570, p. 2171, 1576, p. 1875, 1583, p. 1984.

 
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William Cooke

DD (1537). Fellow of All Souls (1527 - 1535) (Foster). Prebend of Kilsby (Lincoln) (1554 - 1559). Deprived after September 1559 (Fasti).

William Cooke was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

A letter was sent by the commissioners to Bonner requesting examination of the accused members of the London sacramentaries. The letter was dated 2 July 1555 and signed by Nicholas Hare, William Roper, Richard Rede, and William Cooke. 1563, p. 1250, 1570, p. 1868, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1689.

Philpot's second examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story and Cook and the scribe on 24 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

Dr Cook took part in the examination of William Tyms, Robert Drakes, Thomas Spurge, Richard Spurge, John Cavel and George Ambrose. 1570, pp. 2076-77, 1576, p. 1791, 1583, pp. 1896-97.

John Jackson was examined by Dr Cook 11 March 1556. Foxe records his questions and answers. 1563, pp. 1611-12, 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1950.

Thomas Moore denied transubstantiation when examined by Dr Cook and so was condemned. 1570, p. 2134, 1576, pp. 1855-56, 1583, p. 1949.

Richard Woodman's first examination before Christopherson, Story, Cooke and others took place on 14 April 1557. 1563, pp. 1573-79, 1570, p. 2174-78, 1576, pp. 1877-81, 1583, pp. 1986-89.

Elizabeth Young's fourth examination was before Bonner, Roger Cholmley, Cooke, Dr Roper of Kent, and Dr Martin. 1570, pp. 2270-71, 1576, pp. 1959-60, 1583, pp. 2066-67.

Alexander Wimshurst was carried before Story and Cook who asked him where his whore was. Wimshurst defended his wife's honour and her whereabouts. 1570, p. 2276, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 2072.

 
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Firle
Firle
NGR: TQ 471 071

A parish in the hundred of Totnore, rape of Pevensey, county of Sussex. 4.75 miles south-east by east from Lewes. The living is a vicarage, united with that of Beddingham, in the Archdeaconry of Lewes, diocese of Chichester

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Lawse
Lause, Lawse
NGR:

Unidentified

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2010 [1986]

Queene Mary. The apprehension, examination and answers of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Iune.Which woordes made me looke backe, and there was neuer a one nigh me by a 100. fote: and that was but one, for all the rest were a great way behinde. And I tourned about hastily to goe my way, and stepped vppon a sharpe Sinder with one foote, & sauing of it, I stepped in a great miery hole, and fell downe withall, and ere euer I coulde arise and get away, he was come in with mee. His name is MarginaliaParker in Sussex a bloudy persecutor of Woodman.Parker the wilde, as he is counted in all Sussex. But if I had had on my shooes, they had bene like to haue gone away arrandlesse, if there had beene 500. more, if I hadde caught the plaine grounde once, to the which I had not a stones cast: But it was not Gods will: for if it hadde, I shoulde haue scaped from them all, if there had bene tenne thousand of them.

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MarginaliaWoodman taken of his enemyes.Then they tooke me and led me home again to put on my shooes and suche geare as I had neede off. Then sayde MarginaliaIohn Fauconer a blasphemous persecutor.Iohn Fauconer: Nowe your maister hath deceiued you. You sayd, you were an Angel, and if you had bene an Angell, whye did you not flee away from vs? Then sayde I, what be they that euer heard me say that I was an Aungel? It is not the first lie by a thousande þe they haue made of mee. Angels were neuer begotten of men, nor borne of women: but if they had saide, that they had heard me saye, that I doe trust I am a Saint, they hadde not said amisse. What, do you thinke to be a Saint? Yea that I do, MarginaliaEuery true Christian man is a Sainct in Gods sight.and am already in Gods sight, I trust in God: for he that is not a Saint in Gods sight already, is a deuil. Therefore he that thinketh scorne to be a Saint, let him be a deuil. And with þt woord they had brought me to mine owne doore: where met wt me my father, and willed me to remember my self.

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To whom I answeared: I praise God, I am wel remembred wherabout I go. This way was appoynted of God for me to be deliuered into the handes of mine ennemies, but woe vnto him by whom I am betraied. It had bene good for that man, that he had neuer ben borne, if he repent not with speede. The Scriptures are nowe fulfilled on me: MarginaliaWoodman betrayed eyther by his owne father or by his owne brother.For the father shall be against the sonne, and the brother shall deliuer the brother to death, as it is this daye come to passe. Then sayd one: He doth accuse his Father: a good childe in deede. I accuse him not, but say my minde: for there was no man knewe me at home, but my father, my brother, and one more, the which I dare saye, woulde not hurt me for all the good in this towne.

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There was one MarginaliaGeorge Beching brother in lawe to Woodman.George Bechinge that marryed one of my sisters, & he thoughte that I had meant him, that he had betraied me: and he said: Brother, I would you shuld not thinke that I was the cause of your taking. To whō I answered, that I ment him not: I meant one that was nearer of my bloud then he was. Then said one of Lause, that had bene a gospeller, & stood from them, when I was brought to a sessions to Lause, and he said, I thought you would haue ben an honest man when you were at Lause, and I offered Hussey the sheriffe to be bound for you, that you shuld go home to your wife, and come to him againe. Then I remembred what he was, and saide: MarginaliaA Pewterer of Lawse, a turne coate.Be you the Peauterer? And he saide, Yea. Then saide I: It is happened to you according to the true Prouerbe, as sayeth S. Peter: The dogge is tourned to his vomit againe, and the sowe that is washed, to wallow in the mire, and the ende of all suche will be worse then the beginning. Then his mouth was stopped so, that he had nothing to say.

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All this while I stoode at my doore without: for they would not let me goe in. So I put on my shooes and my cloathes, and then they putte on an harnesse aboute mine armes made of a dogs slip, MarginaliaWoodman reioyseth to be bounde for the name of Christ.which reioyced my heart, that I was counted woorthy to be boūd for the name of God. MarginaliaWoodman taketh his leaue of his wyfe and children.So I tooke my leaue of my wife and children, my father & other of my friendes, neuer thinking to see them more in this world. For it was so thought of all the country, that I should not liue 6. daies after my taking: for they had so reported. But yet I knew it was not as they would, vnlesse God wold graunt it. I know what God can do: but what he wil do, I know not: but I am sure he wil worke al things for the best, for them that loue and feare him. So we dranke and went our way, and came to MarginaliaThe name of this place so farre as we could gather by the copy was Firle.Firle about 3. of the clocke. And thus much touching the causes & effecte of the troubles of Rich. Woodman. Nowe let vs see his examinations, which follow in this order.

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The first examination of Rich. Woodman, before Doctor Christopherson Bishop of Chichester, Doctor Story, Doctor Cooke, and other.

FIrst you shal vnderstād, that I was sent from the sheriffes to London, the 12. day of Aprill, in the yere of our Lord. 1557. and afterwarde vppon the 14. daye of the same moneth I was brought before the Bishop of Chichester, 

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At this point, Christopherson had been appointed bishop of Chichester but his appointment had not been confirmed by the pope and he had not been consecrated. This created legal problems for the prosecution of Woodman.

and doctor Story, and doctor Cooke. So the sheriffs man

deliuered my warrant and me to the bishop. MarginaliaRichard Woodman brought before the B. of Chichester., D. Story, and D. Cooke. Then the bishop asked me what my name was. My name (quoth I) is Richard Woodman.

Chichester. I am sory for you, and so are all the worshipfull men of your Countrey. For it hath bene reported to me, that you haue bene a man of good estimation in all the Countrey, amongest the poore and riche, till nowe of late. Wherefore looke wel vpon your selfe, your wife, and children, your Father, and other of your frends, and be ruled. Thinke not your selfe wiser then all the Realme. Be enfourmed, and you shal haue theyr fauors all, as muche as euer you had.

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Wood. You haue charged me with many things, wherin I haue neuer offended, and if you will geue mee leaue, I will shewe you.

Chichester. Yes, I pray you, say your minde.

Wood. If it please you, you haue charged me as thoughe I made my selfe wiser then all the Realme: God doeth knowe, I stande to learne of euerye man that will or can teache me the truthe. And where as you say, I haue beene wel estemed both of the poore and riche, God doth know, I knowe not that I haue geuen any iust offence, either to rich or poore. And as for my wife and children. MarginaliaRichard Woodman preferreth the kingdome of Christ, before lyfe, or wyfe, & all worldly respectes.God doeth know how I loue them in him, and my life also. My life, my wife, and my children are all in Gods handes, and I haue them all as I had them not, I trust, according to S. Paules woords. But if I had x.M. pound of gold, I had rather forgoe it all, then them, if I might be in choice, and not displease God.

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Chichest. The sheriffe tooke paine to come to me of loue, he sayd which he bare to you, as to himselfe: and sayd, you were desirous to speake with me.

Wood MarginaliaWoodman appealed to his Ordynary.I thought it mete to appeale to my Ordinarie. For they goe about to shed my bloud vnrighteously. For they haue laid many vniust things to my charge. Wherefore I thoughte it meete to appeale to you, that if you can finde any fault in me, meete to be reformed by Gods woorde, I stād to be reformed: and likewise, if my bloud shalbe shed vnrighteously, that it mighte be required at your handes, because you haue taken vppon you to be the Phisition of our countrey.

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Story. Is not this a peruerse felow, to lay to your charge, that his bloude shalbe required at your hands? Thinkest thou that thou shalt be put to death vniustly, þt thy bloude should be required? No, if he should condemne a hundred such heretickes as thou art, MarginaliaD. Story a great spiller of bloud by his owne confession.I helped to ridde a good sort of you. And I promise thee I will helpe to ridde thee too, the best that I can.

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Wood. Then I would haue answeared him, but the Bishop desired vs both to geue him place.

Chichest. Well, neighbour Woodman: I call you neyghbour, because you be one of my Diocesse: and you are sent to me that I should geue you spirituall counsell: for I am your spiritual Pastour. Therefore heare what I shall say to you.

Wood. First I desire you to heare me a few woordes. You haue said, you wil geue me spiritual counsell. Be you sure that you haue the spirite of God?

Chichest. MarginaliaThe Papistes in doubte whether they haue the spirite of God.No, I am not sure of that?

Wood. No, be you not sure of that?

Chich. So by S. Mary, I dare not be so bold to say so: I doubt of that.

Wood. Then you be like the waues of the sea, as saith S. Iames, that be tossed about with the wind, and be vnstable in all your wayes, and can looke for no good thyng at the Lordes hand: Yea, yee are neither hote nor colde, and therefore God will spew you out of his mouth, as sayeth S. Iohn. Then they were in a great furie, especially doc. Storie, saying:

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MarginaliaD. Story in a fury.Storie. What a peruerse fellow is this? he hath the Deuil within him, and is madde. Hee is woorse then the Deuill. Nowe I perceiue that it is true that is reported by thee, and it is the pride of all suche heretickes, to boaste themselues.

Chich. Yea surely, hee is sent to mee to learne, and taketh it vpon him to teache me.

Wood. I seeing their blindnesse and blasphemie, it made my heart melt, and mine eies gush oute with teares, saying: The Iewes saide to Christ, he hadde the Deuill, and was madde, as you haue said heere by me. But I knowe, the seruant is not aboue his maister. And God forbid that I should learne of him that confesseth that he hath not the Spirite of God. MarginaliaHe is no true Christian that hath not the spirite of God.

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Chich. Why, doe you thinke that you haue the Spirite of God?

Wood. I beleeue verely that I haue the spirite of God.

Chich. You boast more then euer Paul did, or any of the apostles, the which is great presumption.

Wood.
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