Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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2014 [1990]

Queene Mary. The examination and aunsweres of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Iune.approue seuen by Gods word, when I came before you again, I must needes graunt thē. And you said, if you could not proue them by Gods word, I should not beleue thē: & now I am come to see how well you can proue thē. Herewith he was moued and all his Chapleines.

Chich. By GOD and my troth, I weene he thinketh I can not proue them. How say you to the sacrament of Matrimony¿

Wood. Why, my Lorde, Saynt Paule sayeth to Timothy: A bishop should be faultles: MarginaliaD. Christopherson B. of Chichester reproued for swearing.and you vse much swearing, which is a great fault in a Byshop, of all other, that should be an example to the flocke. Then he and his Prelates were in a great rage wt me, because I reproued hym for his swearing.

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Chich. What, I perceiue this man is worse then he was the last day: what, he taketh vpō him to teach me to speak, as though I could not tell what I had to do.

Priest. So me thinketh, my Lorde, he is a stout fellowe in deed, as we haue seene.

Wood. Yea, I am stout, because I do that I am commaūded. MarginaliaSwearing not to be borne withI dare not for my life holde my peace, for I shoulde beare your sinne, the which I will not doe for none of you all, I tell you playnely.

Chich. Where finde you that you are commaunded to reproue me?

Wood. If thou see thy Brother sinne, reproue hym: if hee repent, thou hast won thy Brother. But you repent it not, me thinketh, but rather goe about to mainteine the same. Christ sayth: He that breaketh one of the least of my commaundementes, and teacheth men so, shall be called least in the kingdome of heauen: and you goe about to teach men so, as farre as I see.

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Priest. Why my Lord, this man is past cure. I see no hope in him.

Chich. No, so me thinketh. I will neuer talke wyth hym more, MarginaliaChristopherson because he was reproued for swearing geueth him ouer to D. Story.Go cal M. Story: let him do with him what he wil. He hath bene with his felowes in the Marshalsea, & now he is worse then he was before. I had some hope in him þe other day, but now I see none.

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Wood. No, I prayse God, my fayth hangeth vpon no mē, but vpon God.

Priest. Nay, my Lord, I think he is not the worse for thē: but I feare me they be the worse for him. I know this mā of old, before mine old Lord.

Wood. Well my Lord, looke well to it: will yon deliuer me to other men, to shed my bloud, and so think to wash your hands of me, as Pilate did by Christ? Nay you can not be so discharged.

Chichest. I haue nothing to doe with you: but of my gentlenes I haue sent for you, because you said, you would declare you mind in any particular matter that I would demaund of you.

Wood. Why, I doe not deny but I will doe so, if you doe demaūd it of me. But you go about to deliuer me to other to kill me? and I know that there is none that hath to do with me but you.

MarginaliaChristopherson not yet consecrated, refuseth to take the examination of Woodman.Chich. I am not consecrated yet: wherfore my Lord Cardinal may examine you, and condemne you, or my Lord of London, for you are now in his Dioces.

Wood. Yea my Lord, is the matter euen so? Then I perceiue wherabout you go. Nay, I will talke no more wyth you then, if you be at that poynt. Aske me what you will: but I will shew you nothing of my mind. I promise you, I will not aunswere in particuler matters, and so you to accuse me to other, and they to kill me.

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Chich. I goe not about to kill you, but woulde be glad to heare your minde in the sacramēts, that if you vnderstand them not aright, I would be glad with al my hart to shew you my mind how I vnderstand them. For I would you should do as well as mine owne selfe.

Wood. If you woulde talke with me to doe me good, I would be content to heare you, and shew you my mind: otherwise I would be loth.

Chich. Nay, I will promise you, if I can do you no good, I will do you no harme: for if I meant to doe you harme, I could lay your owne hande writing against you, but I will not: wherefore be in no doubt of me. MarginaliaWhether Matrimony be a Sacrament.How say you to þe sacrament of Matrimony? Is it a sacrament or no? How thinke you by it?

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Wood. I thinke it is a holy institution ordeined of God in Paradise, and so to continue to the worldes end.

Chich. Lo, now you shall see how you be deceiued in that, as you be in all the rest. Come hither. You can read Latin I am iure.

Wood. Yea, I can read latin, but I vnderstand very litle.

Chich. Come to me, you shall see that Paule calleth it a holy Sacrament. For these be the wordes: MarginaliaEphe. 5.For this cause shall a man leaue father and mother, and shall be ioyned to his wife: and

two shall be made one flesh: This is a great Sacrament.

Wood I remember such a saying: but S. Paule calleth it not a sacrament. but he sayth: MarginaliaS. Paules words be these: This mistery is greate. &c.It is a great mystery.

Chich. Where sayth he so?

Wood. I am not sure in what Texte it is, but I am sure these be S. Paules wordes, and that he calleth it not a sacrament in all his writinges.

Chichest. What, the last daye ye were full of Scriptures: here it is written and there it is written. What, wee can rehearse the Scriptures, as well as you. Wherefore, if we be sure it bee written, it is no greate matter for the place. Come hither, I will shew you the place, I thinke, that you meane.

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Wood. I looked, and it was writtē Sacramentum. MarginaliaIn the Greeke text S. Paule calleth it misterium. I know it is a great mistery in the English translation.

Chich. I permit it be a mistery. What is a mistery?

MarginaliaWhat is a mistery, and what difference there is betweene a mistery and a Sacrament.Wood. A mystery is (I take it) vnseene: for he sayth, he speaketh betwixt Christ & the congregation. So the great mystery that he speaketh of, I take to be the fayth of them that be maried, which is hid in christ, the which we see not, but Christe. But the deede which is in the congregation, which is the outward mariage we see, but the inward mariage of þe hart we see not. Wherefore Paul calleth it a mystery. And therfore, if it be a sacramēt, it is inuisible to vs: It is not seene, as other sacraments be.

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Chichest. Nay, I tell you it is a visible Sacrament, seene as the other be: for is not the mariage seen? is not the man and woman seene?

Wood. My Lord, I pray you what is a sacrament?

Chich. It is the signe of a holy thing.

Wood. Me thinkes you haue certified mee verye well. There neede not be a signe of a holy thing, where the holy thing is it selfe. Then hys Chapleynes woulde haue interrupted me, but I desired my Lorde I might say out my minde in the matter. So with much adoe he bade me saye what I could.

MarginaliaArgument.
A thing signified, & a thing signifying can not bee at one tyme in respecte of it selfe, in one subiecte.
Matrimony is a holy thing it selfe signified.
Ergo, Matrimony cannot be a Sacrament signifying a holy thing.
There neede not to be a signe of a thing, where the thing is it self. Matrimony is a holy thing it selfe and is ended outwardly, and neede no more signes but themselues: Wherefore it canne not be a Sacrament as other bee.

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Chich. Loe, how much you speake agaynste your selfe. And as for an example? MarginaliaThe hose in a hosiers stalle, may be a signe, signifying moe hose to be within: but it is noe signifying signe of it selfe. Neyther againe is euery signe of an other thing to be called a Sacrament.I come by a Hosier, and there hangeth a payre of Hose, the which be Hose, and be a signe of hose that be to sell within.

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Priest. How say you to this? Now my Lord hath hit you home in deed.

Wood. He hath hit me perillously, I tell you with sophistry to blinde mine eyes withall. I maruell you be not all ashamed of it. I can answere that, to all your shames, if I might be iustly heard, I tell you playnely.

Priest. What, you be angry me thinkes.

Wood. I am not angrye, but I am earnest, I tell you, to see your blindnes and folly. I talked of the Scriptures that be written, and it is Gods worde, to prooue my matter true by, MarginaliaChichester proueth Matrimony to be a Sacramēt by a payre of hose.and you wil proue your matter true by a paire of hose. And as well can you proue it by that, as by Gods word.

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Priest Why, is there nothing true, but that is written in the Bible?

Wood. S. Paule saith to the Galathians the first chapter: If an Aungell come from heauen, and preach any other doctrine then may be proued by Gods word, hold him accursed: & so doe I, I tell you playnely.

Priest. Here is a Testament in my hand: if I hurle him in the fire and burne him, haue I burned gods word, or not? I will buy a new for xvj. pence.

MarginaliaLetters written in the booke speaking properly, be one thing: the testament & worde of God is an other thing. And yet by vse of speach, the booke of the testament is called the testament, as bread, and wine be called the body & bloud of the Lord.Wood. I saye, you haue burned Gods worde, and I beleue, he that will burne a testament willingly, would burn God him selfe, if he were here, if he could: for he and hys word are all one.

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Then they made a great laughing at it,

Wood. Laugh on (quoth I) Your laughing will be turned to weeping, and all such ioy will be turned to mourning. if you repent it not with speed.

Chich. Then the bishop begon to helpe to cloake the Priestes folly, saying: why, if my Counting house were full of bookes, and if my house should be on fire by chaūce, and so be burned, were Gods word burned?

Wood. No, my Lord, because they were burned against your will: but yet if you shoulde burne them willingly, or think it well, & not being sory for it, you burn Gods word as well as he. For he that is not sory for a shrewd turne, doth allow it to be good.

Chich.
PPPPp.j.
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