Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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NGR: TQ 495 203

A parish in the hundred of Loxfield-Dorset, rape of Pevensey, county of Sussex. 1.5 miles south-east from Uckfield. The living is a discharged vicarage in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2017 [1993]

Queene Mary. The examinations and aunsweres of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Iune-Wood. Syr, the trueth is, I was in neuer a house or Tauerne, whiles I was abroad, but in the bishops house, as my keeper can, & will (I am sure) testify: nor I neuer talked with any man in the streetes as I came, but with my keeper, sauing one man in deede, of the Parishe of Framfield in Sussex, where M. Iames Gage dwelleth. His name is Rob. Smith, being one of my most enemies: who stood in a waine as we came by, and was vnlading of Cheese (me thought) but a litle way from the Marshalsee. In deede I bade him God speede, and asked him howe he did: and he sayd, well, he thanked me: and he asked me how I did, and I sayd, well, I prayse God: & that was all the talke that we had: & these wordes were spoken as I came by him. I promise you sir, I stoode not still while I spake thē, as my keeper can tell: and I thinke these words were no seditious wordes, but might be spoken well enough (I thinke) or els it were very strayt.

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Marshall. Then it is to bee thought, that that man reported otherwise then it was. I am gladde it is as you say. MarginaliaWoodman warned to appeare.Well make you ready, for you must go forth straight way, where you shall be examined of that and of other thinges, where you shal aunswere for your selfe. Go make hast: for I will tary till you be ready.

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MarginaliaWoodman taketh his leaue of his fellowes.Wood. So I departed from him, & went to my prison felowes, & took my leaue of them desiring thē to pray for me, for I thought verely to come no more to them. For I supposed I should haue gone before the Counsell, because the Marshall sayd he would tary for me himselfe: and especially because he sayd it was reported that I had spoken seditious words, it made me to think it is possible that there may be some false things imagined vpon me, to bring me to my end. I remembred that Christ sayd: The seruant is not aboue his Lord. Seyng the Iewes brought false witnes agaynst Christ, I thought they would do much more, or at the least doe so to me, if God would suffer thē: which made me cast the worste. But I was and am sure (I prayse my Lorde God) that all the world is not able to accuse me iustly of any such thing. Which thing considered, made me mery and ioyfull: and I was surely certified that they coulde do no more against me, then God would geue them leaue: And so I bad my prison fellowes farewell, and went into the Porters Lodge to the Marshall, and he deliuered me to one of his owne men, and to one of my Lord Mountagues men, and bade me go with them: MarginaliaWoodman deliuered to one of the Lord Mountagues men. and they caryed me to my Lord Mountagues place in Southwarke not farre from S. Mary Oueries, and brought me into a chamber in my Lord Mountagues house: and there was one Doc. Langdale, chapleine to my Lord. My keepers sayd to the Doctor, this is the man that we went for.

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Lang. Is your name Woodman?

Wood. Yea forsooth, that is my name.

Lang. Then hee beganne with a greate Circumstaunce, and sayd: I am sory for you, that you will not be ruled, but stand so much in your owne conceite, displeasing your father and other, iudging that all the Realme doth euil, saue a few that doe as you do: with many such wordes, whiche be too long to rehearse: but I will declare the substaunce of them.

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MarginaliaReligion esteemed by auncitors & Grandfathers, and by place.Lang. What think you of them that died long agone, your Graundfather, with theyr fathers before them? You iudge them to be damned, & all other that vse the same that they did, throughout all Christendome, vnlesse it be in Germany and here in England a few yeares, and in Denmark: & yet are they returned againe. Thus we are sure this is the truth, and I would you should do well. Your father is an honest man and one of my parish, and hath wept to me diuers times, because you would not be ruled: and he loueth you well, & so doth all the country, both rich and poore, if it were not for those euill opiniōs that you hold with many such like tales of Robin Hood.

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Wood. I pray you geue me leaue to speake a fewe wordes to you.

Lang. Yes, say your mind.

Wood. You haue told a great tale and a long, as it were agaynst me (as you thinke) saying, I hold this and that: I iudge my Father and my Graundfather, and almost al the world, without it be a few that be of our sect. But I iudge no manne. But the xij. of Iohn declareth, who it is that iudgeth, and shall iudge in the last day. The father shal not beare the sonnes offences, nor the sonne the fathers offences: but that soule that sinneth shall dye, as sayth the Prophet. And agayne, MarginaliaMultitude not to be followed in doing euill. To doe as most men doe and to doe as a man ought to doe, are two things.we may not folow a multitude to do euill, as sayth the Prophet: For the most goe the wrong way. And Christ sayth in the xij. of Luke, that his flock is a litle flock. Here be places enough to discharge me, although I do not as the most doe. But can any man say, that I do not as I ought to do? where be my accusers?

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Lang. What, you be full of scripture me thinke, and call for

your accusers, as though you were afrayde to vtter your mind to me. But I woulde haue you not to be afrayde to talk with me: For I meane no more hurt to you then I do to my selfe, I take God to my record.

Wood. I cannot tell. MarginaliaHard trusting any man in this world.It is hard trusting of fayre wordes, when a man cannot trust his father nor brother, nor other that haue bene his familiar frendes, but they deceiue him. A man may lawfully follow the example of Christ towardes them that he neuer saw before, saying: Be as wise as Serpentes, and as innocent as doues. Beware of men, for they goe about to betray you. And it maketh me suspect you much, MarginaliaWoodman blamed for aunswering with Scriptures.because you blame me for answering with the scriptures. It maketh me to doubt that you would take vauntage of me, if I should speake mine owne wordes. Wherefore I will take as good heede as I can, because I haue bene deceiued already by them I trusted most. Wherefore blame me not though I aunswere circumspectly. It shall not be sayd, by Gods helpe, that I will run wilfully into mine enemyes handes, and yet, I prayse God, my life is not deare to my selfe, but it is deare with God: Wherfore I will do the vttermost that I can to keepe it.

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MarginaliaD. Langdales talke with Richard Woodman, vpon what occasion, & by whose procurement.Lang. You be afrayd where no feare is, for I was desired of Mayster Sheriffe and his brother, and of other of your frendes, to talke with you, and they told me thot you were desirous to talke with me, and now ye make the matter as though you had nothing to doe with me, & as though you were sent to prison for nothing: for you call for your accusers, as though there were no man to accuse you. But if there were no man to accuse you, MarginaliaWoodman charged with his owne hand writing.your own hand writing did accuse you enough, that you set vpon the Church doore (if you be remembred) and other letters that you let fall abroad, some at one place, and some at an other. Wherefore you need not to cal for your accusers. Your own hand wil accuse you enough, I warrant you: it is kept safe enough. I would not for two hundred pounde there were so much agaynst me.

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Wood. I will not deny mine owne hand, by Gods helpe. For it cannot be lightly counterfayted. I doe not deny but I wrote a letter to the priest and other of the parish, declaring to them theyr folly and presumption, to come into my house without my loue or leaue and fet out my childe, and vse it at their pleasure. Which moued me to write my mind to them: MarginaliaRichard Woodmans writing set vpon the Church dore vpon what occasion.and because I coulde not tell how to conuey it to them, I set it on the Church doore. Which letter my Lorde of Chichester hath: for he shewed it me whē I was before him: wherin is conteined nothing but the very scriptures, to theyr reproch. Let it be layde before me when you or hee will: I will answere to it by the helpe of God, to all theyr shames that I wrote it to. And as for any other letters, I wrote none, as you say I did, neither had I wrote that, if they had done like honest neighbours. Wherfore if they be offended with me, for that I wil aunswere thē with Christes wordes, in the 18. of Math. woe vnto themselues, because they gaue me the occasion.

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And whereas you sayd, I was desirous to speak with you, and that Maister Sheriffe and his brother, and other of my frendes willed me to talke with you, and that I fare nowe as though I had nothing to doe with you, and as though I were sent to prison for nothing: the truth is, I know no more wherefore I am sent to prison, thē the least child in this towne knoweth. And as for me, I desired not M. Sheriffe to speake with you: but in deede MarginaliaWoodman required of M. Sheriffe and other his frendes, to talke with D. Langdale.he desired me that I would speake with you, & to vtter my fayth to you. For he supposed that I did not beleeue well: & he reported you to bee learned. But I refused to talke with you at the first. For I remēbred not that you were MarginaliaD Langdale Parson of Buxsteede, where Woodmans father dwelt.the parsō of Buxted: wherfore I sayd to him, I would not vtter my faith to any but to the bishop. I sayd, he is mine Ordinary: wherfore I appeale vnto him. I am commaunded by S. Peter in the first Epistle the thyrd chap. to render account of my hope that I haue in god, to him that hath authority: wherfore I will talke with none in that matter, but with hym. Wherefore send me to him, if you will, or els there shall no man know my fayth, I tell you playnely.

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These wordes then made the Sheriffe angry, and he went his way: and when he was gone from me, I remēbred that it was you that he would haue me to talke with, and then I remembred that I had made a promise to my father, and goodman Day of Vcfield, MarginaliaWoodmans friendes desirous to heare him and D. Langdale talke together. not past a fourtnight before I was taken, that when so euer you came into the country, I would speak with you by Gods helpe, because they praysed you so muche, that yee were learned, and they would fayne heare vs talke.

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So al these thinges called to remēbrance, I desired my keeper, which was the Sheriffes man to shew his maister that I would fayne speake with him: for I had remēbred things that were not in my mind before, when I spake to him. So he went to his maister, & shewed him the matter,

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