Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt References
Names and Places on this Page
Dr PoreJohn HoptonSimon Brigges
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Dr Pore

[He may have been Richard Porte, BD Oxford (1530); vicar of Ashton Keynes, Wilts (1547). (Venn)]

Richard Crashfield was again examined by Dunning and Brydges, at which time Dr Pore joined in the examination. 1563, p. 1617, 1570, p. 2205, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2011.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Hopton

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Norwich (1554 - 1558) [DNB]

John Hopton was created bishop of Norwich (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton to be made to recant or to be tried for heresy (1583, p. 1577).

Hopton was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton, either to be forced to recant, or to be tried for heresy. 1583, p. 1577.

James Abbes was caught and appeared before Dr Hopton. He recanted but when the bishop gave him 40 or 20 pence [Foxe is not sure] he recanted. He was burned in Bury on 2 August 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1864-65, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1683.

Robert Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

William Allen was examined and condemned by the bishop of Norwich. 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Roger Coo was examined by the bishop of Norwich, 12 August, 1555. 1563, pp. 1272-73, 1570, pp. 1883-84, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole were condemned by John Hopton and Dunning and handed over to Sir John Silliard, high sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Roger Bernard was examined and condemned by Hopton. Adam Foster was sent to the Eye prison and then to Norwich to be examined and then condemned by Hopton. 1563, pp. 1527-28, 1570, pp. 2098-99, 1576, pp. 1810-11, 1583, p. 1917.

The second, third and fourth examinations of John Fortune were conducted by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

Peter and Anne Moone were presented before Hopton (bishop of Norwich) and Dunning (chancellor) during their visitation of Ipswich in 1556. Three articles were presented against Peter Moone and his answers given. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

Simon Miller was imprisoned in the bishop's house. He was condemned by Hopton and his chancellor, Michael Dunning. 1563, pp. 1602-03, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

The second examination of Thomas Spurdance was by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2221-22, 1576, pp. 1917-18, 1583, pp. 2024-25.

John Fortune's second and third examinations were conducted by the bishop of Norwich, who condemned him. 1563, pp. 1636-38.

James Ashley was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Carman was examined and condemned by Hopton.1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

John Cooke was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Berry sent Thomas Hudson before Hopton. 1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

Alexander Lane was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Robert Miles was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W. Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

Thomas Rose's last appearance was before Woodhouse and Hopton. 1570, p. 1979, 1576, pp. 1980-81, 1583, pp. 2085-86.

After being questioned by Sir John Tyrrel, William Seaman was sent before Bishop Hopton who then condemned him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

John Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

John Hopton died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

[1563, p. 1707, correctly states that Hopton died before Queen Mary. He died in August 1558.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Simon Brigges

BA Cambridge (1534), DD (1547). One of the founding fellows of Trinity College in 1546. (Venn)

Richard Crashfield was examined by Dr Brigges. 1563, p. 1616, 1570, pp. 2204-05, 1576, pp. 1902-03., 1583, pp. 2010-11.

Crashfield was again examined by Dunning and Brigges, at which time he was asked to speak with Dr Pore. 1563, p. 1617, 1570, p. 2205, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2011.

On 23 July 1557 Cicely Ormes was called before Dunning and Brigges, at which time she was condemned. 1563, p. 1618, 1570, p. 2219, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2023.

2035 [2011]

Queene Mary. The examination and condemnation of Crashfield Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. August.these your wordes? Whereto I aunswered, Yes.

Then sayd he: how say you, can you not finde in your hart, when you come to the Church, MarginaliaWorshiping of kneele downe before the Roode, and make your prayer?

I aunswered and sayd, No: rehearsing the commaundement of God forbidding the same.

He sayd: haue you not read or heard, that God commaunded an Image to be made?

I answered, what Image?

He sayd, the brasen serpent.

I sayd, Yes, I haue heard it read, how that God dyd commaunde it to bee made, and lykewise to bee broken downe.

Then D. Brigges sayd: Wherfore did God command the Seraphins and Cherubins to be made?

I sayd, I could not tell: I would fayne learne.

Then sayd the Chauncellor: But how say you to this? can you finde in your hart to fall downe before the picture of Christ, which is the Roode?

I sayd, No, I feare the curse of God: for it is wrytten that God curseth the handes that make them, yea, and the handes that make the tooles wherewith they are carued.

Then D. Brigges raged, and sayd: List nowe what a peece of scripture he hath here gotten to serue hys purpose for he will not allow but where he listeth.

Then sayd the Chauncellor: MarginaliaConfessiion to the Priest.How say you to Confession to the priest? when were you confessed?

I sayd, I confesse my selfe dayly vnto the eternal God whom I most greuously offend.

Then the Chauncellor sayd: You do not then take confession to the priest to be good?

I aunswered, No, but rather wicked.

Then the Chauncellor sayd, How say you by yonder geare, yonder singing, and yonder MarginaliaPlaying on the Organes.playing at þe Organs? is it not good and godly?

I sayd, I could perceaue no godlines in it.

Then he sayde: why, is it not written in the Psalmes: that we should prayse God with hymmes and spirituall songes?

I sayd, Yes, spirituall songes must be had: but yonder is of the flesh: & of the spirite of error. For to you it is pleasaunt and glorious, but to þe Lord it is bitter and odious.

Then sayd the Chauncellor: why, is it not written:

MarginaliaEsay. 56.My house is an house of prayer?

I sayd, Yes. It is written also: MarginaliaLuke. 19.That you haue made my house of prayer a denne of theeues.

With that, the Chancellor looked, and sayd: Haue we?

I aunswered and sayde, Christ sayde so. Then was I commaunded to ward.

MarginaliaAn other examination of Richard Crashfield.The thursday next following, was D. Brigges sent to me for to examine me of my fayth. And he sayd: Countreyman, my Lord Bishop (for loue he would haue you saued) hath sent me vnto you, because to morow is your day appointed: therfore my Lord hath thought it meete, that you should declare vnto me your fayth: For to morow my lord will not haue much adoe with you.

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I aunswered & said: Hath my Lord sent you? It is not you to whom I am disposed to shew my minde.

Then he sayd to me: I pray you shew me your minde concerning the sacrament of the altar.

I aunswered: Are you ignoraunt what I haue sayd?

He said, No: for it was wel writtē. Except you beleue, sayth he, as the Church hath taught, you are damned both body and soule.

I answered and sayd: Iudge not, least yee bee iudged: condemne not, least ye be condemned.

And he sayd: Loe: we shall haue a traytour as well as an hereticke: for hee will disallowe the kinges iudgement.

I sayd, No: I do not disallow the kinges iudgement but yours I do disallowe. For I praye you tell me, howe came you by this iudgement?

He answered and sayd: By the Church: for the Church hath power to saue and condemne, for if you bee condemned by the church, be ye sure, that you be damned both body and soule.

Then I aunswered: If you haue this power, I am sore deceiued. For I beleue that Christ shall be our Iudge. MarginaliaThe Popes Church taketh Christes office out of his hand.But now I perceiue you will do much for him, that you will not put him to the payne.

Then he sayd: stand nearer countryman: why stand ye so farre off?

I sayd, I am neare enough, and a little to neare.

Then he sayd: Did not Christ say: Is not my flesh meate and my bloud drinke in deede?

I sayd: To whome spake Christ those wordes?

He sayd: To his Disciples.

I (intending to rehearse the texte) sayde: whereat did Christes disciples murmure inwardly?

He sayd: No, they did not murmure, but they were the Infidels (saith he:) for the Disciples were satisfied wt those wordes.

I sayd: Did not Christ say thus, as hee taught at Capernaum? whereas his Disciples murmured, saying: This is an hard saying. Who can abide the hearyng of it? Iesus perceiuing their thoughtes: sayd: Doth this offend you?

Then he raged and sayd: Oh, thou wrastest the text for thine owne purpose. For the disciples did neuer murmure but the vnbeleuers, as thou art.

I sayd: Yes, but I perceiue you know not the text.

Then sayd he with much raging, MarginaliaNote here the ignorance of these Catholicke men, in the Scriptures.I will laye my head thereon, it is not so.

Then sayd I: I haue done with you.

Then sayd he: What shall I tell my Lord of you?

If you haue nothing to tell him, youre errand shalbe the sooner done, sayd I. And so we departed.

MarginaliaAn other examinatiō of Richard Crashfield.Then on Friday I was brought forth to receiue iudgement. Then the Chauncellor said vnto me: Are you a new man, or are you not?

I aunswered and sayd: I trust I am a new man born of God.

God geue grace you be so, sayd he. So he rehearsed all my examination, & sayd: How say you, are not these your wordes?

I sayd, Yes: I will not deny them.

Then he sayd to Doctour Pore, standing by: I praye you talke with him. Then he alledging to me many fayre flattering wordes, sayd: Take, eate, this is my body. How say you to this? Do you not beleue that it is Christes bodye? speake.

I sayd: Haue you not my minde? Why do you trouble me?

He sayd: What did Christ geue you? was it breade, or was it not?

I sayd: Christ tooke bread and gaue thanks, and gaue it, and they tooke bread, and did eate. And Saincte Paule maketh it more manifest, where he sayth: So oft as yee shall eate of this bread, and drinke of this cuppe, yee shall shew forth the Lordes death vntill hee come. Marginalia1. Cor. 10. Saincte Paule sayth not here, as you say: for he sayth: So ofte as you shall eate of thys bread. He doth not saye, body. So they intendinge that I should go no further in the text, sayd: Tush, you goe about the bush. Aunswere me to the first question. Let vs make an end of that.

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What say you to the bread that Christe gaue? Let mee haue your mind in that.

I aunswered: I haue sayd my mind in it.

Then the Chancellor sayde: No, wee will haue youre mind in that.

I aunswered: I haue sayd my minde in it.

Then the Chancellor: No, we will haue your mynde more playnly: For wee intend not to haue many wordes with you.

I said: My faith is fully grounded and stablished, that Christ Iesus the Easter Lamb hath offered his blessed body a sacrifice to God the father, the price of my redemptiō. For by that onely sacrifice are all faythfull sanctified, & he is our onely aduocate and mediatour, and hee hath made perfect our redemption. This hath hee done alone, wythout any of your dayly oblations.

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Then Doctour Brigges starte vp  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 400, line 17

Chaucer has - "He starte him up out of the bushis thik." Knight's Tale, 1581.

and sayd: Truthe, your wordes are true in deede. You take well the litterall sense: but this you must vnderstand, that like as you sayd that Christ offered his body vpon the Crosse, whiche was a bloudy sacrifice, and a visible sacrifice: so likewise wee dayly offer the selfe same body that was offered vppon the crosse, MarginaliaVnbloudy Sacrifice of the Masse.but not bloudy and visible, but inuisible, vnto God the father.

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Doe you offer Christes body, I sayd? Why then chrystes sacrifice was not perfect. But Christ is true, when all men shalbe lyers.

Then he sayd: Thou shalt not feare him that hath power to kill the body: but thou shalt feare hym that hathe power to kill both body and soule.

I aunswered & sayd: It is not so. But the text is thus: Thou shalt not feare them that haue power to kill the body, and then haue done what they can. But thou shalt feare him that hath power to kill both body and soule, and cast them both into hel fire, and not them.

He aunswered and sayd: Yes, for it is the Church.

I aunswered and sayd: Why, Christ sayth: I geue my lyfe for the redemption of the worlde. No manne taketh my lyfe from me (saythe hee) but I geue it of myne owne power, and so I haue power to take it agayne. Therefore Christ þe sonne of god did offer his blessed body once for al.

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