Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Augustine Bernher

(d. 1567)

Clerk and servant of Latimer. Of Swiss or Belgian origin. [DNB]

When Hugh Latimer was committed to the Tower on 13 September 1553, 'his servant Austen' was allowed to attend him (1583, p. 1410) ('one Anstey, his servant' in APC IV, p. 346).

Augustine Bernher received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, p. 1837, 1576, p. 1572, 1583, p. 1654.

He received a letter from Nicholas Ridley. 1570, p. 1902, 1576, p. 1630, 1583, p. 1730.

He was a friend of Robert Glover. Information about Robert Glover's death was given to Foxe by Bernher. 1570, p. 1890, 1576, p. 1619, 1583, p. 1713.

John Careless wrote a letter to Augustine Bernher. 1570, pp. 2109-10, 1576, pp. 1820-21.1583, pp. 1927-28.

John Careless wrote another letter to A.B. [Augustine Bernher] 1570, pp. 2115-16, 1576, pp. 1838-39, 1583, pp. 1932-33.

Bernher was de facto leader of the clandestine London congregation late in Mary's reign. 1570, p. 2277, 1576, p. 1966, 1583, p. 2074.

[See Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), pp. 129-56.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
James Austoo

(d. 1557)

Of unknown occupation. Of London.

James Austoo appeared before Bonner 16 July 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, pp. 2208, 2214, 1576, pp. 1905, 1910, 1583, pp. 2013, 2019.

He was condemned 10 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2214, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2019.

Austoo was burned at Islington on 17 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2013, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2018.

[Husband of Margery Austoo.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Lord Thomas Darcy of Chiche

(1506 - 1558)

MP for Essex (1539, 1545, 1547), JP for Essex (1538 - 1558). Keeper of Colchester Castle (1541 - 1553), gentleman of the privy chamber (by 1544). Steward, Bury St Edmunds (1547 - 1553). Privy councillor; Lord Chamberlain (1551 - 1553) (Bindoff)

Sir Thomas Darcy was one of the signatories of a letter from the privy council to Princess Mary, dated 9 July 1553, declaring that she was illegitimate and that Lady Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

After examination by Lord Darcy of Chiche, Ralph Allerton was sent to Bonner, who forced him to recant at Paul's Cross. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2208, 1576, p. 1905, 1583, p. 2013.

Allerton wrote a letter to Lord Darcy of Chiche. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton was apprehended, examined before Lord Darcy of Chiche, and condemned over a year before his death. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

A supplication against William Mount, his wife and their daughter, Rose, was given to Lord Darcy of Chiche, who then delivered the supplication to John Kingston. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Lord Darcy of Chiche said to John Kingston and William Bendelows that the prisoners they held in Canterbury should remain where they were until sent for by Bonner. 1563, p. 1565, 1570, p. 2157, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly marked as 1971].

On 29 August 1557 an indenture was made between several lords and justices and John Kingston concerning the delivery of 22 prisoners from Colchester. Lord Darcy of Chiche was one of the persecutors named in the indenture. 1563, p. 1565, 1570, p. 2157, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly marked as 1971].

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John Kingston wrote a letter to Bonner on 30 August 1557 naming Lord Darcy of Chiche as one of the commissioners who had used their commission to seize lands and goods of protestant fugitives. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

 
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Margery Austoo

(d. 1557)

Wife of the martyr James Austoo. Of London.

Margery Austoo appeared before Bonner 16 July 1557. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2020.

Foxe states that someone entered the place in which Austoo was being held late at night and pulled a knife on her. She saw her attacker and cried to God for help. The person fled without actually attacking her. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2214, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2019.

She was condemned 10 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2214, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2019.

Margery Austoo was burned at Islington on 17 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2214, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2019.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Michael Reniger

Of Manchester.

Joyce Lewes was accompanied through the town by a number of billmen, and led by her friends, Michael Reniger and Augustine Bernher, to the place of her execution. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Nicholas Bird

Sheriff. Of Lichfield.

Nicholas Bird was arrested for drinking from the same cup as Joyce Lewes at Lewes' martyrdom. 1563, p. 1636, 1570, p. 2221, 1576, p. 1917, 1583, p. 2024.

[Not apparently related to the Birds of Norwich or Dedham.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Ralph Allerton

(d. 1557)

Layman. Martyr. Of Great Bentley, Essex.

Allerton used to pray and read the New Testament to parishioners of Bentley. He was told to quit these actions as he was not a priest. He was later attacked for reading in the parish of Weeley. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2208, 1576, p. 1905, 1583, p. 2013.

Allerton hid himself in barns and woods, away from his home, to avoid apprehension. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2208, 1576, p. 1905, 1583, p. 2013.

After examination by Lord Darcy of Chiche, Allerton was sent to Bonner, who forced him to recant at Paul's Cross. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2208, 1576, p. 1905, 1583, p. 2013.

Allerton was apprehended by Thomas Tye and sent before Bonner for further examination. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2208, 1576, p. 1905, 1583, p. 2013.

Ralph Allerton's first examination before Bonner, Morton and Tye was on 8 April 1557. Allerton wrote an account of it in his own blood. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2208-10, 1576, p. 1905-07, 1583, p. 2014-15.

He was examined again on 24 April before Bonner, Lord North, Dr Story and others. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2210-11, 1576, p. 1907-08, 1583, p. 2015-16.

Allerton was examined again on 15 May 1557 and articles were given against him. 1563, pp. 1625-26.

He was examined on 19 May before the bishop of Rochester, Chichester and others. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton was examined again on 4 July, on 7 July by Darbyshire, and on 10 September. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Information against Ralph Allerton was provided by Thomas Tye, John Painter, William Harris, John Barker, John Carter, Thomas Candler, Jeffrey Bestwood, John Richard, and Richard Mere, all of Great Bentley. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton had been said by Tye to have schooled Lawrence Edwards over the baptism of his child. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

Ralph Allerton wrote a letter to Lord Darcy of Chiche. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

When charged with reading to the people in the woods Ralph Allerton said that he had not done so, save once, when he was in the company of George Eagles and Richard Roth, when Roth desired him to read something he had upon him. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton was apprehended, examined before Lord Darcy of Chiche, and condemned over a year before his death. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton's answers to the articles against him. 1563, pp. 1628-29, 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton stated that Roth had made his nose bleed, so that he might have something to write with. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton insisted that Agnes Silverside was not a heretic. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton stated that he had left some of his writings in the prison for Roth to read. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Objections ministered to Ralph Allerton. 1570, p. 2013, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, pp. 2017-18.

Allerton was burned at Islington on 17 September 1557. 1570, p. 2013, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2018.

Ralph Allerton's letter to Agnes Smith (alias Silverside). 1563, pp. 1627-28, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2017.

Ralph Allerton's letter to Richard Roth. 1563, p. 1628, 1570, p. 2213, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2017.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Richard Roth

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of Essex.

When charged with reading to the people in the woods John Allerton said that he had not done so, save once, when he was in the company of George Eagles and Richard Roth, when Roth desired him to read something he had upon him. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

Richard Roth was examined by Bonner on 4 July 1557. 1570, pp. 2214-15, 1576, pp. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

He was examined again on 9 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

Articles were brought against him on 10 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

He wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

Roth was questioned by Bonner and answered. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

Allerton stated that he left some of his writings in the prison for Roth to read. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

John Allerton stated that Roth had made his nose bleed, so that he might have something to write with. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Roth was burned at Islington on 17 September 1557. 1570, p. 2013, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2018.

John Allerton wrote a letter to Richard Roth. 1563, p. 1628, 1570, p. 2213, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2017.

Roth wrote a letter to certain brethren condemned in Colchester. 1563, p. 1631, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1912, 1583, p. 2020.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Bentley
Bentley
NGR: TM 119 381

A parish in the hundred of Samford, county of Sussex. 6.25 miles south-west from Ipswich. The living is a discharged vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, diocese of Norwich

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Islington
Iselington, Islington, Islyngton
NGR: TQ 305 850

A parish in the Finsbury division of the hundred of Ossulstone, county of Middlesex. 2 miles north by west from London. The living is a vicarage in the jurisdiction of the Commissary of London, concurrently with the Consistorial Court of the Bishop.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Welley
Welley
NGR:

Unidentified

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2037 [2013]

Q. M. The Martyrdome of Ioyce Lewes. The story of Rafe Allerton, James Awstoo, Margery Awstoo and others.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. September.Sheriffe, that they were come to heare her confession: for they would be sory shee shoulde dye without it. She sente them word agayne, MarginaliaMistres Lewes. refuseth to be confessed of the Priestes.shee had made her confession to Christ her sauiour, at whose hands she was sure to haue forgeuenes of her sinnes: As concerning the cause for the whiche she should dye, she had no cause to confesse that, but rather geue vnto God most humble prayse that he did make her worthy to suffer deathe for his worde: And as concerning that absolution that they were able to geue vnto her, being authorised by þe pope, she did defie the same, euen from the bottome of her hart. The which thing when the priests heard, they said to the Sheriffe: Well, to morow her stoutnes will be proued and tryed. For although perhaps shee hath now some friendes that whisper her in the eares, to morow will we see who dare be so hardy as to come neare her: and so they went theyr wayes with anger, that theyr confession and absolution was nought set by.

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All that night she was wonderfully chearefull & mery with a certaine grauitie, in so much that the maiestie of the spirit of God did manifestly appeare in her, who did expel the feare of deathe out of her heart, spending the tyme in prayer, reading, & talking with them that were purposely come vnto her for to comfort her with the word of God.

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MarginaliaTemptations of Mistres Lewes before her death and Martyrdome.About three of the clocke in the morning, Satan (who neuer sleepeth especially when death is at hand) began to stirre himselfe busily, shooting at her that fierye darte the whiche he is wont to doe agaynst all that are at defiaunce with him, questioning with her, how shee coulde tell that she was chosen to eternal life, and that Christ dyed for her. I graunt that he dyed, but that he dyed for thee howe canst thou tell? with this suggestion when shee was troubled, they that were about her, did councell her to follow the example of Paule, Galathians, 2. where he sayeth: Which hath loued me, and geuen hymselfe for me. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Vulgate, Gal. ii. 20

Translated into English - no Latin text

Also, that her vocation and calling to the knowledge of Gods word, was a manifest token of Gods loue towards her, especially that same holy spirite of God working in her hart that loue and desire towardes God to please him, and to bee iustified by him through Christ &c. MarginaliaIoyce Lewes comforted in her temptations.By these and like perswasions & especially by the comfortable promises of Christ, brought out of the scripture, Satan was put to flight, and she conforted in Christ.

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About eight of the clocke, maister Sheriffe came to her into her chamber, saying these wordes: Maistres Lewes, I am come to bring you tidings of the Queenes pleasure the whiche is, that you shall liue no longer but one houre in this world: therefore prepare your selfe therunto: it stādeth you in hand. At which wordes being so grosely vttered and so sodaynly by such an officer as he was, she was somewhat abashed. Wherefore one of her friendes and acquayntaunce standing by, sayde these words: Maistresse Lewes, you haue great cause to prayse GOD, who wyll vouchsafe so speedily to take you out of this worlde, and make you worthy to be a witnesse to his truth, & to beare record vnto Christ that he is the onely sauiour.

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After the which words spoken thus, she sayde: maister Sheriffe, your message is welcome to me, and I thanke my God that he will make me worthye to aduenture my life in his quarrell. And thus maister Sheriffe departed: and within the space of one houre, he came agayne, cum gladiis et fustibus: 

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Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

cum gladiis et fustibus

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

with swords and clubs

and when he came vp into the chamber, one of her friendes desired him to geue him leaue to goe with her to the stake, & to comfort her, the whiche the Sheriffe graunted at that time, but afterwardes he was sore troubled for the same when she was dead.

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MarginaliaIoyce Lewes brought to the place of Martyrdome.Nowe when shee was brought throughe the towne with a number of bill menne, a great multitude of people being present, she being led by two of her frends (whiche were M. Michaell Reniger and M. Augustine Bernher) 

Commentary  *  Close

Only Reniger is mentioned by name in the 1563 edition; later editions also name Bernher. Augustine Bernher was a friend of the Glovers (Mary Glover was the niece of Hugh Latimer, Bernher's friend and employer) and they were, as this account shows, spiritual mentors of Lewes. His presence at her execution is not surprising. Reniger's presence is interesting, as he had gone into exile in Germany and Switzerland (Garrett, Marian Exiles). Although Garrett does not comment on it, Reniger had obviously returned from exile before the end of Mary's reign.

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she was brought to the place of execution: and because the place was farre off, and the throng of the people great, and she not acquaynted with the fresh ayre (being so long in prison) one of her frendes sent a messenger to the Sheriffes house for some drinke: and after she had prayed three seuerall times, MarginaliaHer prayers.in the whiche prayer she desired God most instantly to abolish the idolatrous Masse, and to delyuer this realme from Papistry (at the end of the whiche prayers the most parte of the people cryed Amen, yea, euen the Sheriffe that stoode harde by her, readye to cast her in the fire for not allowing the Masse, at this her prayers sayde with the rest of the people, Amen) when she had thus prayed, she tooke the cup into her handes saying: I drynke to all them that vnfaynedly loue the Gospell of Iesus Christ and wish for the abolishment of Papistry. When she had dronken, they that were her frends dranke also. After that a great number, specially the women of the towne dyd drynke with her: MarginaliaWomen put to pennaunce, for pledging Ioyce lewes.which afterward were put to open pe-

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naunce in the Churche by the cruel Papistes, for drinking with her.

When she was tyed to the stake with the chayne, shee shewed such a cheerefulnes, that it passed mans reason, beyng so well coloured in her face, and being so patient, that the most part of them that had honest hartes did lament, and euen with teares bewayle the tyranny of þe Papistes. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Mistres Ioyce Lewes.When the fire was sette vppon her, she neither struggled nor sturred, hut onely lifted vp her handes towardes heauen, being dead very speedely: for the vnder Sheriffes at the request of her friendes had prouided such stuffe, by the whiche shee was sodenly dispatched out of this miserable worlde.

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This amongest other thinges may not be forgotten, that the Papistes had appoynted some to rayle vppon her openly, and to reuile her, both as shee went to the place of Execution, and also when she came to the stake. Amongest others there was an olde Prieste, whiche hadd a payre of writing tables to note bothe the names of the women that dranke of her cuppe (as before you heard) and also described her friendes by their apparell: for presentlye hee could not learne their names, and afterwardes enquyred for their names, and so immediately after processe was sente out for them, bothe to Couentrye and other places: 

Commentary  *  Close

See 1563, p. 1683; 1570, p. 2220; 1576, p. 1815 and 1583, pp. 2023-24.

but God, whose prouidence sleepeth not, did defende them from the handes of these cruell tyrauntes. Vnto þe whiche God, with the sonne and the holy Ghost bee honour and glory for euer, Amen.

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The Martyrdome of Rafe Allerton, Iames Austo, Margery Awstoo, and Richard Roth burned at Islington. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdom of Ralph Allerton and Others

Apart from a brief section, added in 1570, describing alleged attempts to intimidate Margery Austoo, this entire account first appeared in the 1563 edition. It is based partly on official documents - the articles and answers of Ralph Allerton - partly on the testimony of informants and largely on the writings of Allerton and Roth. Apart from the anecdotes added in 1570, this account remained unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaSeptember 17. The story of Rafe Allerton.IN searching out the certayne number of the faythfull Martyrs of God þt suffered within the tyme & raygne of Queene Mary: I finde that about the 17. day of September, wer burned at Islingtō, nigh vnto London, these 4. constant professours of christ, Rafe Allerton, Iames Awstoo, Margery Austoo, his wife, and Richard Roth. Amongest the which: it first appeareth that this Rafe Allerton was more then a yeare before his condemnation, apprehended and brought before the Lorde Darcy of Chich. and was there accused, aswell for that he woulde not consent and come vnto the idolatrye and superstition whiche then was vsed, as also that he had by preaching entised others to do the like.

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Being then hereupon examined, he confessed that hee comming into hys parishe Churche of Bentley, and seing the people sitting there, either gasing about, or els talking together, exhorted them that they would fall vnto prayer and meditation of Gods most holy worde, and not sit styll idlely. Whereunto they willingly consented. Then after prayer ended, he read vnto them a chapiter of the New testament, and so departed.

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In which exercise he continued vntill Candlemas, & then being enformed that he might not so doe by the lawe (for that he was no priest or minister) he lefte of and kepte himselfe close in his house vntill Easter then nexte after. At what time, certayne sworne men for the inquiry of such matters, MarginaliaRafe Allertō attached.came vnto hys house and attached him for reading in the Parish of Welley.

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But when they vnderstood that he had red but once, & that it was of obedience (whereunto hee earnestly moued the people) they let hym for that tyme depart. Notwythstanding for feare of their cruelty hee was not longe after constrayned to forsake his owne house, and keepe himselfe in woodes, barnes, and other solitary places, vntill þe time of his apprehension.

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After this examination, the Lord Darcy sent him vp to the Counsell: but they (not minding to trouble them selues with him) sent him vnto Boner. 

Commentary  *  Close

The privy council's letter of 17 November 1557, sending Allerton to Bonner is APC VI, pp. 18-19. There is a copy of this letter in Foxe's papers: BL, MS Harley 419, fo. 134r.

Who by threateninges and other subtill meanes, so abused the simple and fearfull hart of thys man (as yet not throughly stayed vpon the ayd and helpe of God) that within shorte tyme hee won him vnto his most wicked will, and made him opēly at Paules crosse to reuoke and recante his former profession, and thereupon set him at libertie of body. Whiche yet brought such a bondage and terrour of soule and conscience, and so cast him downe, that except the Lord (whose mercies are immeasurable) had supported and lifted hym vp agayne, he had perished for euer.

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But the Lord, who neuer suffereth his elect Children vtterly to fall, castinge his pittifull eyes vppon this loste sheepe, with his mercifull and fatherly chastisment, dyd (wt Peter) rayse hym vp agayne, geuing vnto him not only harty and vnfayned repentaunce, but also a moste constant boldnes to professe agayne (euen vnto the death) hys

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