Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Henry Cole

(1500? - 1580)

LL.D. (1556 - 1557) Archdeacon of Ely (1553). Provost of Eton (1554). Dean of St Paul's (1556). Vicar general to Cardinal Pole. Judge of the archiepiscopal court. Dean of the Arches (1557). (DNB)

Henry Cole was one of the catholic disputants in the Oxford disputations of 1554. During the debates, Cole had short acrimonious exchanges with Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer (1563, pp. 932, 938, 944-46, 951, 955, 969 and 972; 1570, pp. 1591, 1593, 1581[recte 1597]-99, 1602 and 1605-6; 1576, pp. 1358-59, 1362-64, 1367 and 1371; 1583, pp. 1428, 1430, 1433-35, 1438 and 1440-41).

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Later in the disputation, he interrupted the debate and called Latimer a liar (1563, p. 984; 1570, p. 1627; 1576, p 1388; and 1583, p. 1458).

Cole was secretly asked to prepare a funeral sermon for Cranmer. 1563, p. 1498, 1570, p. 2063, 1576, p. 1780, 1583, p. 1885.

Cole preached a sermon prior to the martyrdom of Cranmer. 1563, p. 1498, 1570, p. 2065, 1576, p. 1781, 1583, pp. 1885-86.

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. Members of the commission were Cuthbert Scott, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

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Henry Cole was chosen by Pole to be a persecutor of the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1537, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

Cole was sent to King's College, Cambridge, to examine certain scholars on 9 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2143, 1576, p. 1863, 1583, p. 1956.

He was awarded a doctorate at Cambridge. 1570, p. 2150, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1963.

William Holcot was charged with treason by Cole and Geffre for supporting Cranmer. 1583, p. 2135.

Cole was one of those holding a commission from Cardinal Pole to disinter Peter Martyr's wife and burn her bones. 1563, p. 1558, 1570, p. 2152, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

He was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Bonner sent Thomas Hinshaw before John Harpsfield and Henry Cole. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Elizabeth Young's eighth examination was before Bonner, the dean of St Paul's and Story. 1570, pp. 2273-74, 1576, pp. 1962-63, 1583, pp. 2069-70.

Her ninth examination took place before the dean. 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

Cole was committed to the Fleet after the death of Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

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Nicholas Morton

(fl. 1557 - 1586)

DD (1559). Papal agent. Original founder member of Trinity College, Cambridge. Appointed by Pole as one of six preachers at Canterbury Cathedral. Withdrew to Rome after the accession of Elizabeth where he was created DD. Returned to England briefly to encourage recusant priests with news of the forthcoming bill of excommunication against Elizabeth. (DNB)

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John Allerton's first examination was before Bonner, Morton and Tye on 8 April 1557. Allerton wrote an account of it in his own blood. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, pp. 2208-11, 1576, pp. 1905-08, 1583, pp. 2014-16.

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Thomas Tye

Minister of Great Bentley, Essex.

Allerton was apprehended by Thomas Tye and sent before Bonner for further examination. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2208, 1576, p. 1905, 1583, p. 2013.

John Allerton's first examination was before Bonner, Morton and Tye on 8 April 1557. Allerton wrote an account of it in his own blood. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, pp. 2208-11, 1576, pp. 1905-08, 1583, pp. 2014-16.

Information against Ralph Allerton was provided by Thomas Tye, John Painter, William Harris, John Barker, John Carter, Thomas Candler, Jeffrey Bestwood, John Richard, and Richard Mere, all of Great Bentley. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Allerton had been said by Tye to have schooled Lawrence Edwards over the baptism of his child. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

Tye persecuted the parish of Great Bentley. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

He was one of the cosignatories of a supplication against William Mount, his wife and their daughter, Rose, to Lord Darcy of Chiche, who then delivered the supplication to John Kingston. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

For the first 12 months of Mary's reign, Tye did not attend church; instead he met with other godly men who also absented themselves from church. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Tye knew of those not attending church and where they met, and wrote secretly to Bonner about who there were. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Tye wrote to Bonner exposing William Mount, Alice Mount (his wife) and Rose Allin (his daughter) for not going to church. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Tye told Bonner that John Love of Colchester had been twice indicted of heresy, that he and his wife and household had fled when his goods were seized, but that he had now returned home. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Tye wrote to Bonner again stating that he had heard Feckenham preach at Paul's Cross and then left London for Much Wakering. 1563, p. , 1570, p. , 1576, p. , 1583, p. .

On the third Sunday after Trinity 1557, Tye preached at Much Wakering. 1563, p. 1605.

On the fourth Sunday after Trinity 1557, Tye preached at Harwich and reconciled twelve people back into catholicism. 1563, p. 1605.

On the fifth, sixth and ninth Sundays after Trinity 1557, Tye preached at Wakering Magna. 1563, p. 1605.

On the seventh Sunday after Trinity, Tye preached at Langenho. 1563, p. 1605.

On the eighth Sunday after Trinity, Tye preached at Peldone. 1563, p. 1605.

On the tenth Sunday after Trinity, Tye was taken ill and unable to preach. 1563, p. 1605.

On the eleventh Sunday after Trinity, Tye preached at Great Bentley. 1563, p. 1605.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Mount

Martyr. Husbandman. Of Great Bentley.

William Mount was imprisoned for his beliefs and sent from Colchester to London by the earl of Oxford, Lord Darcy of Chiche, Edmund Tyrrel of St Osyth's and others. He was later released. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2199, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

On 7 March 1557 at two o'clock in the morning, Edmund Tyrrel took William Simuel, the bailiff of Colchester, and two constables of Great Bentley, John Baker and William Harris, to the house of William Mount and his family in order to arrest them. 1563, p. 1606, 1570, p. 2199, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2006.

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He was condemned. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

He was burned in the castle yard in Colchester on 2 August 1557. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

John Roth's letter to certain brethren condemned in Colchester mentions the Mounts. 1563, p. 1631, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1912, 1583, p. 2020.

2038 [2014]

Quene Mary. The examination of Rafe Allerton Martyr, with his answer to the same.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Septem.most holy name and glorious gospel. Wherefore at þe procurement of one MarginaliaThomas Tye Priest, persecutour and Promotour.Thomas Tie priest: sometime an earnest professor of Christ, but now a fierce persecutour of þe same, (as appeareth more at large before in the history of William Munt and his wife, page 1979) he was againe apprehended, and sent vp againe vnto Boner, before whome he was the 8. day of Aprill, and sondry other times else examined. The report of which examination, wrytten by his owne hand with bloud for lacke of other incke, heereafter followeth.

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The examination of Rafe Allerton at his seconde apprehension, appearing before the Bishop of London at Fulham, the 8. day of Aprill. An. 1557. wrytten by him selfe, wyth his owne bloud.

MarginaliaThe examination of Rafe Allerton.BOner. Ah syrrha, howe chaunceth it that you are come hether againe on this fashion? I dare say thou art accused wrongfully.

Rafe. Yea my Lord, so I am. For if I were guilty of such things as I am accused off, then I would be very sorie.

Boner. By sainct Marie that is not wel done. But let me heare: Art thou an honest man? for if I can proue no heresie by thee, then shall thine accusers doe thee no harme at all. Goe too, lette me heare thee: For I did not beleeue the tale to be true.

Rafe. My Lorde, who doeth accuse me? I pray you let me know, and what is mine accusation, that I may answere thereunto.

Boner. Ah, wilt thou so? Before God, if thou hast not dissembled, then thou needest not to be afraide, nor ashamed to aunswer for thy selfe. But tell me in faith, hast thou not dissembled.

Rafe. If I cannot haue mine accusers to accuse me before you, my conscience doth constrain me to accuse my self before you: For I confesse that I haue grieuously offended God in my dissimulatiō at my last being before your lordship, for the which I am right sorrie, as God knoweth.

Boner. Wherein I pray thee, diddest thou dissemble, when thou wast before me?

Rafe. Forsooth my Lord, if your lordsh. remēber, I did set my hand vnto a certain writing, the contents wherof (as I remember) were, þt I did beleue in all things as the catholike churche teacheth. &c. In þe which I did not disclose my minde, but shamefully dissembled, because I made no difference betwene the true church and the vntrue church.

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Bon. Nay, but I pray thee let me heare more of this gear. For I fear me þu wilt smel of an hereticke anone. Which is the true church, as thou saiest? Dost thou not call the heretikes church þe true church, or þe catholike church of Christ? Now which of these 2. are the true church, saiest thou? Go too: for in faith I will know of thee ere I leaue thee.

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Rafe. As concerning the church of heretikes, I vtterly abhorre þe same, as detestable and abhominable before God, with all their enormities and heresies: and the church catholicke is it that I onely embrace, whose doctrine is sincere, pure and true.

Boner. By s. Augustine, but that is wel said of thee. For by God almighty, if thou haddest allowed the church of heretikes, I would haue burned thee with fire for thy labour.

Morton. Then said one Morton a Priest: My Lorde, you know not yet what church it is that he calleth catholicke. I warrant you he meaneth naughtely enough.

Boner. Thinke you so? Now by our blessed Lady, if it be so, he might haue deceiued me. How say you syrrha, which is the catholicke church.

Rafe. Euen that which hath receiued the wholsome sound, spoken of Esay, Dauid, Malachie, and Paule, with many other moe. The which sounde, as it is wrytten, hath gone throughout all the earthe in euery place, & vnto the endes of the worlde.

Boner. Yea, thou sayest true before God. For this is the sound that hath gone throughout all Christendom, and he that beleeueth not the sound of the holy church, as S. Cyprian saith, doth erre. For he saieth, that whosoeuer is out of the Churche, is like vnto them that were out of Noes ship when the flud came vpon al the wole world: so that the Arke of Noe is likened vnto the church: and therefore thou hast wel said in thy confession. For the churche is not alone in Germanie, nor was here in England in the time of the late schismes, as the heretikes doe affirme. For if the church should be there alone, then were Christe a lier. For he promised that the holy Ghost should come to vs, leade vs into all truth, yea, and remaine with vs vnto the ende of the world. So now if we wil take Christ for a true sayer, then must we needes affirme, that the waye whyche is taught in Fraunce, Spaine, Italie, Flanders, Denmark, Scotland, and all Christendome ouer, must needes be the

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true catholicke church.

Rafe. My Lord, if you remember, I spake of al the world, as it is wrytten, and not of all Christendome only, as me thinke your Lordship taketh it, the whiche kinde of speaking you doe not finde in al the Bible. For sure I am that the Gospel hath bene both preached and persecuted in all lands: First in Iewrie by the Scribes and Phariseis, and since that time by Nero, Dioclesian and such like, & nowe here in these our daies by, MarginaliaHe meaneth belyke Boner and his fellowes. your Lordship knoweth whō. For truth it is that the church which you call Catholicke, is none otherwise Catholike then was figured in Caine, obserued of Ieroboam, Ahab, Iezabell, Nabuchadonozor, Antiochus, Herode, wyth innumerable more of the like: and as both Daniell and Esdras maketh mention of these last daies by a plaine prophecie, and now fulfilled as appeareth, and affirmed by our Sauiour Christe, and hys Apostles, saying: There shall come greeuous wolues to deuour the flocke.

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Boner. Nowe, by the blessed Sacrament of the Aultar, M. Morton, he is the rankest hereticke that euer came before me. How say you? haue you heard the like.

Morton. I thought what he was my Lord, at the first, I. 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 407, middle

There should be a (.) after "I," not a (-), as if the sentence were open. From Nares and Halliwell it seems, that the repetition of the pronoun in this way was common among the dramatists. In prose, Sir Thomas More has it: "For I eat flesh all this Lent, myself I." (Dialogue on Tribulation, p. 126, edit. 1847.)

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Boner Now by all Halowes thou shalt be brent with fire for thy lying, thou horeson verlette and prickelouse thou. Dost thou finde a prophecie in Dan. of vs: nay you knaue it is of you that he speaketh off, and of your false pretensed holinesse. Go too, lette me heare what is the saying of Esdras, and take heede ye make not a lie, I aduise you.

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Rafe. The saying of Esdras is this: Marginalia4. Esdr. 16.the heat of a great multitude is kindled ouer you, and they shall take away certaine of you, and feede the Idols with you, and hee that consenteth vnto them, shall be had in derision, laughed to scorne, and troden vnder foote: yea they shall be like mad men, for they shall spare no man: they shall spoile and wast such as feare the Lord &c.

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Boner. And haue you taken thys thinge to make youre market good? Ah syrrha, wilt thou so? by my Faith a pretie instruction, and a necessary thing to be taught among the people. By my trouth I thinke there be no more of thys opinion. I pray thee tell me? Is there any that vnderstādeth this scripture on this fashion? Before God, I thinke there be none in all England, but thou.

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Rafe. Yes my Lord, MarginaliaThree sortes of religion in England.there are in England three religions.

Boner. Saist thou so? which be those three?

Rafe. The first is that whiche you holde: the seconde is cleane contrary to the same: and the thirde is an Neuter, being indifferent, that is to say, obseruing all things that are commaunded, outwardly, as though he were of your part, his heart being set wholy against the same.

Boner. And of these three which art thou? for nowe thou must needes be of one of them.

Rafe. Yea my Lord, I am one of them: and that which I am of, is euen that which is contrary to that which you teach to be beleeued vnder paine of death.

Boner. Ah syr, you were here with me at Fulham, and had good cheare, yea and mony in your purse when you went away, and by my faith I had a fauour vnto thee, but now I see thou wilt be a naughtie knaue. Why, wilt thou take vpon thee to read the Scripture, and canst not vnderstād neuer a woorde? For thou hast brought a text of scripture, the which maketh cleane against thee. For Esdras speaketh of þe multitude of you heretickes, declaring your hate against the catholicke Churche, making the simple or idle people that beleeue that all is idolatrie that we do, and so intise them away vntill you haue ouercome them.

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Rafe. Nay not so my Lord. For he maketh it more plaine, and sayth on this wise: MarginaliaThe place of Esdras explaned.They shall take away their goodes, and put them oute of their houses, and then shall it be knowen who are my chosen (sayth the Lord) for they shal be tried, as the siluer or gold is in the fire. And we see it so come to passe, euen as he hath sayd. For who is not now driuen from house & home, yea and his goodes taken vp for other menne that neuer swette for them, if hee doe not obserue as you command and set foorth? Or els, if he be taken, then must he either deny the truth, as I did, in dissembling, or els he shal be sure to be tried, as Esdras sayeth, euen as the golde is tried in the fire. Whereby all the worlde may knowe that you are the bloudy church, figured in Caine the tyraunte, neither yet are ye able to auoide it.

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Morton. I promise you my Lorde, I like hym better nowe then euer I did, when he was heere before you the other time. For then hee did but dissemble, as I perceiued well inough: but nowe me thinke he speaketh plainly.

Bon Mary syr, as you say in dede, he is plaine. For he is a plaine heretike and shalbe burned. Haue þe knaue away. Let him be caried to little ease at London, vntil I come.

Rafe. And so was I caried to London vnto Little ease, 

Commentary  *  Close

A notorious dungeon in the Tower of London, so called because it was too small for the prisoner to stand, or to lie full length.

and there remained that nighte, and on the next morrowe I appeared before him againe, the Deane of Paules and

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