Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Alice Mount

(1516 - 1557)

Wife of William Mount. Invalid. Martyr. Of Great Bentley.

Alice Mount asked that her daughter, Rose, fetch a drink for her. On her way back through the house Tyrrel stopped Rose and advised her to encourage her parents to become better catholics. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

She was condemned. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

She was burned in the castle yard in Colchester 2 August 1557. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

John Roth's letter to certain brethren condemned in Colchester mentions the Mounts. 1563, p. 1631, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1912, 1583, p. 2020.

 
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Richard Roth

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of Essex.

When charged with reading to the people in the woods John Allerton said that he had not done so, save once, when he was in the company of George Eagles and Richard Roth, when Roth desired him to read something he had upon him. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

Richard Roth was examined by Bonner on 4 July 1557. 1570, pp. 2214-15, 1576, pp. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

He was examined again on 9 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

Articles were brought against him on 10 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

He wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

Roth was questioned by Bonner and answered. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

Allerton stated that he left some of his writings in the prison for Roth to read. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

John Allerton stated that Roth had made his nose bleed, so that he might have something to write with. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Roth was burned at Islington on 17 September 1557. 1570, p. 2013, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2018.

John Allerton wrote a letter to Richard Roth. 1563, p. 1628, 1570, p. 2213, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2017.

Roth wrote a letter to certain brethren condemned in Colchester. 1563, p. 1631, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1912, 1583, p. 2020.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Rose Allin

(1537? - 1557)

Martyr. Daughter of William and Alice Mount. Spinster. Of Great Bentley, Essex.

Allin was one of 18 men and 4 women indicted for heresy in Colchester.1563, p. 1566 [recte 1578].

Rose Allin was charged with heresy and delivered to John Kingston and then to Bonner. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Alice Mount asked that her daughter, Rose, fetch a drink for her. On her way back through the house Edmund Tyrrel stopped Rose and advised her to encourage her parents to become better catholics. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Rose Allin challenged Edmund Tyrrel over his accusations of heresy. for which he took her candle from her and burned the back of her hand until the sinews cracked. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

William Candler, of Great Bentley, witnessed the burning of Rose Allin's hand. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Rose Allin told Mistress Bright of Romford and her maid, Ann Starkey, of the burning of her hand. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Mistress Bright tended Rose Allin's wound in her house in Romford, when she and other prisoners stayed in Bright's house on the way to London. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Edmund Tyrrel called Rose Allin a whore on several occasions while he burned her hand and became frustrated when she would not cry. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Rose Allin told Edmund Tyrrel that the Lord might give him repentance, if it were his will. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Edmund Tyrrel found John Thurston and Margaret, his wife, at William Mount's house and so sent them to prison at Colchester castle, along with the Mounts and their daughter. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

In prison, Rose Allin told a friend that she could have smashed Edmund Tyrrel in the face with a pot she held in her free hand whilst he was burning her other hand, but she was glad she had not. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Rose Allin told friends in prison that the longer her hand was burned, the less painful it became. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

She was burned in the castle yard in Colchester 2 August 1557. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

[No relation to Edmund Allin or his wife.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Mount

Martyr. Husbandman. Of Great Bentley.

William Mount was imprisoned for his beliefs and sent from Colchester to London by the earl of Oxford, Lord Darcy of Chiche, Edmund Tyrrel of St Osyth's and others. He was later released. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2199, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

On 7 March 1557 at two o'clock in the morning, Edmund Tyrrel took William Simuel, the bailiff of Colchester, and two constables of Great Bentley, John Baker and William Harris, to the house of William Mount and his family in order to arrest them. 1563, p. 1606, 1570, p. 2199, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2006.

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He was condemned. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

He was burned in the castle yard in Colchester on 2 August 1557. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

John Roth's letter to certain brethren condemned in Colchester mentions the Mounts. 1563, p. 1631, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1912, 1583, p. 2020.

2043 [2019]

Queene Mary. A letter of Rich. Rothe. His condemnation and Martyrdome.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. September.Shee answered that shee beleeued, that the same was not according to Gods word, but false and corrupted, and that they which did goe thereunto, did it more for feare of the law, then otherwise.

Then hee againe asked her if shee woulde goe to the Churche and heare Masse, and pray for the prosperous estate of the king, being then abroad in his affaires.

Whereunto she said that she defied the Masse with all her heart, and that she would not come into any Churche wherein were Idols.

After this the Bish. obiected vnto them certaine articles, to the number of 18. The tenor whereof (because they touch only such common & trifling matters as are already mentioned in diuers & sondry places before) I do here for breuitie sake omit and passe ouer: geuing you yet this much to vnderstand, that in the matters of faith, they were as soūd, and answered as truly (God be therfore praised) as euer any did, especially the woman, to whom the Lord had geuen the greater knowledge and more feruentnes of spirit. Notwithstanding, according to þe measure of grace that God gaue them, they both stood most firmly vnto the truthe. And therefore to conclude, the 10. day of Sept. they were (with Rafe Allerton, of whō ye haue heard) brought againe before the bishop within his chappell at Fulham, where he speaking vnto them, said first on this wise: Austoo, doest thou knowe where thou art nowe, and in what place, and before whom, and what thou hast to doe?

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Yea (quoth Austoo) I knowe where I am: For I am in an idols temple.

After which wordes their articles being againe red, & their constancie in faith perceiued, Boner pronounced against either of them seuerally the sentence of cōdemnation, and deliuering them vnto the sheriff there present, did rid his hands (as he thought) of them: but the Lorde in the ende will iudge that: to whome I referre his cause.

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MarginaliaMargery Austoo terrified in prison.It so happened vpon a night, 

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These rather dubious anecdotes of alleged attempte to intimidate Margery Austoo were added in the 1570 edition.

that as this Margerie Austoo was in þe bishops prisone (which prison I suppose was his dogge kennel, for it was, as is reported, vnder a paire of staires) by þe bishops procurement there was sent a stoute champion (as appeared) about 12. of the clocke at nighte, who suddenly opened the doore, and with a knife drawen or ready prepared, fell vppon her, to the intent to haue cut her throte. Which she by reason of the clearnes of the Moone perceiuing, and calling to God for helpe, he (but who it was she knewe not) geuing a grunt, and fearing (belike) to commit so cruel a dede, departed his waies without any more hurt doing.

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The next night following, they caused a great rumbeling to be made ouer her head, which semed to her to haue bene some great thūder, which they did for to haue feared her out of her wittes, but yet thanks be to God, they missed of their purpose.

Richard Roth.
MarginaliaExamination of Richard Roth.

IN the godly felowshipof the forenamed three Martyrs, was also this Rich. Roth, as is alreadye specified. Who being apprehended and brought vp vnto the bish. of London, was by him examined þe 4. day of Iuly: at what time the bish. did earnestly trauel to induce him to beleeue that there were 7. sacraments in Christes churche, and that in the sacrament of the altar (after the words of consecration duely spoken) there remained þe very substance of Christes body and bloud and none other. Wherunto, (at þt present) he made only this aunsweare: that if the scriptures did so teach him, and that he might be by the same so perswaded, he would so beleue, otherwise not. But at another examination (which was the 9. day of Sept.) he declared plainly, that in the said sacramēt of the altar (as it was then vsed) there was not the very body and bloud of Christ, but that it was a dead God, and that the Masse was detestable and contrary to Gods holy woorde and will, from the which faith and opinion he would not goe or decline.

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The next daye being the 10. day of the same moneth of September, the Bishop at his house at Fulham (by waye of an article) laid and obiected against him: that he was a comforter and boldener of hereticks, and therefore hadde wrytten a letter to that effect vnto certaine that were burned at Colchester: the copie whereof ensueth.

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A letter wrytten by Rich. Roth, vnto certaine brethren and sisters in Christ, condemned at Colchester, and ready to be burned for the testimonie of the truth. 
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This letter was printed in all editions of the Acts and Monuments and also in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 680-81.

MarginaliaA letter of Richard Roth.O Deare brethren and sisters, how much haue you to reioyce in God, that he hath geuen you such faith to ouercome thys bloud thirsty tyrants thus far: and no doubt he that hathe begon

that good worke in you, wil fulfil it vnto the end. O dear hearts in Christ, what a crowne of glory shall ye receiue with Christe in the kingdom of God? Oh that it had bene the good will of God, that I had ben ready to haue gon with you. For I lie in my lords little ease in the day, and in the night I lie in the Colehouse, frō Rafe Allerton, or any other: and we loke euery day whē we shall be condemned For he said that I shoulde be burned wythin ten daies before Easter: but I lie still at the pooles brinke, and euery man goeth in before mee: but we abide paciently the lordes laisure, with many bandes, in fetters and stockes: by the whiche we haue receiued great ioy in God. And nowe fare you well deare brethren and sisters, in this worlde: but I trust to see you in the heauens face to face.

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Oh brother Munt, with your wife and my deare sister Rose, how blessed are you in the Lord, that God hath found you worthy to suffer for his sake: with all the rest of my deare brethren & sisters knowen & vnknowen. O be ioyful euen vnto death. Feare it not, saith Christ: for I haue ouercome death, saith he. Oh deare hearts, seeing that Iesus Christ will be our helpe, oh tary you the Lordes laisure. Be strong, let your hearts be of good comfort, & wait you stil for the Lord. He is at hand. Yea the angel of the lord pitcheth his tent rounde about them that feare him, and deliuereth them which way he seeth best. For our liues are in the lords hands: and they can doe nothing vnto vs before God suffer thē. Therefore geue all thankes to God.

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Oh deare hearts, you shall be clothed with long white garments vpon the mount Sion, with the multitude of Saintes, and with Iesus Christ our Sauiour, which will neuer forsake vs. Oh blessed virgins, ye haue plaied the wise virgines part, in that you haue taken oyle in your lamps, that ye may go in with the bride grom when he commeth into the euerlasting ioy wyth hym. But as for the folish they shalbe shut out, because they made not thēselues ready to suffer with Christe, neither goe about to take vp his crosse. O deare hearts, howe precious shall your death be in the sight of the Lord? for deare is the death of his saintes. O fare you well, and pray. The grace of our Lorde Iesus Christ be wyth you all, Amen, Amen. Pray, pray, pray.

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By me Rich. Roth, wrytten with
mine bloud.

This letter he confessed in dede (vpon the sayd examination) to haue wrytten with his bloude, & that he meant to haue sent the same vnto suche as were condempned at Colchester for the gospel of Iesus Christ, and were afterwardes burned there, as ye haue already heard.

The bish. then farther asked him, what he thought hys prison fellow Rafe Allerton to be?

He aunsweared MarginaliaThe testimony of Rich. Roth of Rafe Allerton.that he thought hym to be one of the elect children of God: and that if at any time heereafter he happened to be put to death for his faith and religion, hee thought he shoulde die a true Martyr. And moreouer finding him selfe agreued with the Bishoppes priuie and secrete condēning of Gods people, he said vnto him in this sort: My Lord, because the people should not see & behold your doings, ye cause me and others to be brought to our examinatiōs by night, being afraid (belike) to do it by day.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Rafe Allerton, Iames Austoo, Margery Austoo, Richard Roth at Islington. Anno. 1557. September. 17.Foure Martyrs burned at Islington.
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Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
This woodcut (Type 1), with its correct representation of three men and one woman praying and signalling with raised hands, was for martyrs who ended their lives 'most joyfully'. Its single subsequent reuse was inappropriately for four men burned two years later at 'S. Edmunds Bury' (Bury St Edmunds).

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