Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Henry Radcliffe

(1506? - 1557)

2nd earl of Sussex [DNB, sub 'Radcliffe, Robert']

Henry Radcliffe accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Henry Radcliffe visited Elizabeth when she was imprisoned in the Tower 1563, p. 1712, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2092.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir James Croft

(d. 1591) (DNB)

Sent to the Tower on 21 February 1554 (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1397; and 1583, p. 1467).

Brought to the Guildhall on 17 April 1554 (1570, p. 1639; 1576, p. 1399; and 1583, p. 1469).

Arraigned and convicted of treason at the Guildhall on 28 April 1554 (1570, p. 1639; 1576, p. 1399; and 1583, p. 1469).

Released from the Tower on 18 January 1555 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; and 1583, p. 1482).

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir John Brydges

1st Baron Chandos (1490? - 1556)

Lieutenant of the Tower (1553 - 1554) [DNB]

Brydges asked Lady Jane Grey to write some verses in a book when he attended her on the scaffold. Rerum, p. 238. [This story was never reprinted by Foxe in any edition of the A & M, although there is some evidence that it is accurate - see J. G. Nichols, (ed.), The Chronicle of Queen Jane and of two years of Queen Mary (London, 1850) Camden Society, original series 48, pp. 57-58.]

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Lady Jane Grey handed him her book at her execution (1563, p. 919; 1570, p. 1584; 1576, p 1352; 1583, p. 1422). In this passage Brydges is referred to as 'Bruges' in each edition.

At the Star Chamber trial of one Cut, who was tried for saying that at his execution Sir Thomas Wyatt had, at his execution, cleared Elizabeth and Edward Courtenay of complicity in his rebellion, Brydges swore that Wyatt had begged Courtenay to confess his guilt when they met - with Brydges present - on the day of Wyatt's execution (1570, p. 1588; 1576, p 1355; 1583, p. 1425).

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Sir John Brydges was one of the examiners of John Rogers on 22 January 1555. 1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59; 1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86.

He was one of the commissioners charged with carrying out John Hooper's execution. 1563, pp. 1058 and 1060; 1570, pp. 1681 and 1682; 1576, pp. 1435 and 1436; 1583, pp. 1508 and 1509.

Brydges ordered that Hooper be executed quickly and also ordered his son Edmund to see that Hooperwas only allowed to say a prayer at the stake. 1563, p. 1061; 1570, p. 1683; 1576, p. 1436; 1583, p. 1510.

Philpot's sixth examination was before the Lord Chamberlain to Queen Mary, Viscount Hereford, Lord Rich, Lord St John, Lord Windsor, Lord Shandoys, Sir John Bridges, Chadsey and Bonner. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Lord Williams, Lord Chandos, Sir Thomas Bridges and Sir John Browne arrived in Oxford, prior to Cranmer's martyrdom. 1563, p. 1498, 1570, p. 2063, 1576, p. 1780, 1583, p. 1885.

Sir John is probably the 'Bridges' whose cattle John Maundrel tended during Mary's reign. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Chandos interrogated a young boy who was believed to be carrying messages between Elizabeth and Edward Courtenay during their imprisonment in the Tower. He ordered the boy not to see Elizabeth. 1563, p. 1713.

William Hastlen was charged with heresy by Sir John Brydges and sent to Sir Leonard Beckwith to be examined. 1583, p. 2137.

Hastlen was sent to Sir John Brydges' house to write answers to the articles against him and then sent to the Marshalsea, under the watch of Master Waghan, the jailor. 1583, p. 2137.

[At times Foxe refers to him variously as 'Lord Shandois', 'Chandos' or 'Shandoys']

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Peter Carew

(1514 - 1575)

Of Mohun's Ottery, Devon. MP for Tavistock (1545), Dartmouth (1547), Devon (1553), Exeter (1563). Soldier. Son of Sir Edmund Carew. Leader of the conspiracy in Devon in January 1554, after which he fled to France. (DNB) [See Bindoff, Commons; Hasler, Commons; DNB]

Sir Peter Carew rebelled against Mary, was proclaimed a traitor and fled into France; all in early 1554. 1563, pp. 916-17; 1570, pp. 1579-80; 1576, pp. 1347-48; and 1583, p. 1418.

Carew travelled with John Cheke and was taken en route between Brussels and Antwerp. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Elizabeth was charged with conspiring with Carew. 1563, p. 1712, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

[NB: Peter Carew is the nephew of Gawain Carew.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Castle Donington
Dunnington Castel, Dunnington Castle, Dunnyngton Castle
NGR: SK 446 273

A parish in the western division of the hundred of Goscote, county of Leicester. 9.5 miles north-east from Ashby-de-la-Zouche. The living is a discharged vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Leicester, diocese of Lincoln

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2116 [2092]

Quene Mary. Gods prouidence in deliuering Lady Elizabeth in Queene Maries tyme.

MarginaliaAnno 1558.The Friday before Palme sonday, the B. of Winchester, with xix. other of the Counsaile (who shall bee here nameless) came vnto her grace from the Queenes Maiestie, and MarginaliaLady Elizabeth charged with Syr Thomas Wyats conspiracye.burdened her with Wiates conspiracie: which she vtterly denied, affirmyng that she was altogether giltlesse therin. They beyng not contented with this, MarginaliaLady Elizabeth charged with the busines of Peter Carew.charged her grace with busines made by sir Peter Carew, and the rest of the Gentlemen of the West country: which also she vtterly denying, cleared her innocencie therein.

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MarginaliaLady Elizabeth threatned to goe to the Tower.In conclusion, after long debating of matters, they declared vnto her, that it was the Queenes will & pleasure that she should go vnto the tower, while the matter were further tried and examined.

MarginaliaLady Elizabeth purgeth her selfe to the Lordes.Whereat shee beyng agaste, said, that shee trusted the Queenes Maiestie would bee more gracious Lady vnto her, and that her highnesse would not otherwise conceyue of her, but that she was a true woman: declaring furthermore to the Lordes, that she was innocent in all those maters wherein they had burdened her, & desired them therefore to be a further meane to the Queen her sister, that she beyng a true woman in thought, word, and deed towards her Maiesty, might not be committed to so notorious and dolefull a place, protesting that she would request no mercy at her hand, if she should bee prooued to haue consented vnto any suche kynde of matter as they layed vnto her charge: and therfore in fine desired their Lordshippes to thinke of her what she was, and that she might not so extremely be delt withall for her truth.

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Wherunto the Lords answered againe, that there was no remedy, for that the Queenes Maiestie was fully determined that she should go vnto the Tower. Wherewith the Lords departed, with their caps hangyng ouer theyr eyes. But not long after, within the space of an houre or little more, came foure of the foresaid Lordes of the counsaile, which were the Lord Treasurer, the B. of Winchester, the lord Steward, the Erle of Sussex, with the gard, who wardyng the nexte chamber to her, MarginaliaLady Elizabethes seruauntes remoued from her.secluded all her Gentlemen and Yeomen, Ladies and Gentlewomen, sauyng that for one Gentleman Vsher, three Gentlewomē, and two Groomes of her Chamber, MarginaliaThe Queenes men, and wayting women attendant vpon Lady Elizabeth.were appoynted in their roomes three other men of the Queenes, & three waiting women to geue attendance vpon her, þt none shoulde haue accesse to her grace.

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At which tyme there were an hundreth of Northren souldiours in white cotes, watching and warding about the gardens all that night, a great fire beyng made in the midst of the hall, and two certaine Lordes watching there also with their band and company.

Vpon Saterday followyng,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 608, middle

"Being Palme-Sonday Even, ii certain Lords of the councell (whose names here also we do omitte"): Edit. 1563, p. 1712. And for "better and more comfortable," five lines lower, we there read "more joyouse and better."

two Lordes of the counsaile (the one was the Erle of Sussex, the other shall bee namelesse) 
Commentary  *  Close

This was William Paulet, the Marquis of Winchester (see J. G. Nichols (ed.), The Chronicle of Queen Jane and of Queeen Mary, Camden Society, Original Series 48 [1850], p. 70). William Paulet was still alive when Foxe printed this narrative.

came and certified her grace, that forthwith she must go vnto the tower, the barge beyng prepared for her, and the tide now redy, which tarieth for no body. In heauy moode her grace requested the Lords that she might tary another tide, trusting that the next would be better and more comfortable. But one of the Lords replied, that neither tide nor tyme was to be delayed.

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MarginaliaThe hard dealing of a certayne Lord with the Lady Elizabeth.And when her grace requested him that she myght bee suffred to write to the Queenes Maiestie, he aunswered, that he durst not permitte that, addyng that in his iudgemente it woulde rather hurte, then profite her grace in so doyng.

MarginaliaThe Earle of Sussex gentle to the Lady Elizabeth. Lady Elizabeth writeth to the Queene but it would not serue.But the other Lorde, more curteous and fauourable, (who was the Erle of Sussex) kneelyng downe, told her grace that she should haue libertie to write, and as he was a true man, he would deliuer it to the Queenes highnesse, and bring an answer of the same, what soeuer came thereof. Wherupon she wrote, albeit she could in no case be suffered to speake with the Queene to her great discomfort, beyng no offender against the Queenes Maiestie.

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And thys the tyde and tyme passed away for that season, they priuily appointing all things redy that she shuld go the next tyde which fell about midnight: but for feare she should be taken by the way, they durst not. So they stayed till the next day, beyng Palme Sonday, when about ix. of the clocke these two returned agayne, declaring that it was tyme for her grace to depart. She answering, if there be no remedy, I must be contented, willyng the Lordes to go on before. Beyng come forth into the gardē, she did cast her eyes toward the window, thinkyng to haue seene the Queene, which she could not. Whereat she sayd, she meruailed much what the nobilitie of the realme ment, which in that sort would suffer her to bee ledde into captiuitie, the Lord knew whether, for she did not. In the meane tyme commandement was geuen in all London, that euery one should keepe the Church and carye their Palmes, while in the meane season she might be conueied without all recourse of people into the Tower.

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MarginaliaLady Elizabeth sent to the Tower.After all this, she tooke her Barge with the two foresayd Lordes, three of the Queenes Gentlewomen, and three of her owne, her Gentleman Vsher, and two of her Groomes, lying and houeryng vpon the water a certaine space, for that they could not shoote the bridge, the Barge men beyng very vnwilling to shoote the same so soone as they bid, because of the danger thereof: for the sterne of the boate, stroke vpon the ground, the fall was so big, and the water was so shallowe, that the boate beyng vnder the bridge, there stayed agayne a while. At 

Commentary  *  Close

This anecdote appears as a note in Foxe's handwriting in Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 419, fo. 137v. This anecdote was first printed in the 1570 edition.

landing, she first stayed, and denied to land at those staires where all traitors and offenders customably vsed to land, neyther well could she, vnlesse she should go ouer her shoe. The Lords were gone out of the boat before, and asked why she came not. One of the Lordes went back againe to her, & broght word she would not come.

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Then sayd one of the Lords which shall be nameles, 

Commentary  *  Close

This was William Paulet, the Marquis of Winchester (see J. G. Nichols (ed.), The Chronicle of Queen Jane and of Queeen Mary, Camden Society, Original Series 48 [1850], p. 70). William Paulet was still alive when Foxe printed this narrative.

that she should not chuse: and because it did then raine, he offred to her his cloke, which she (puttyng it backe wyth her hand with a good dash) refused. So she comming out, hauing one foote vppon the staire, saide: MarginaliaThe wordes of Lady Elizabeth entring the Tower.Here landeth as true a subiect beyng prisoner, as euer lāded at these stairs: And before thee O God I speake it, hauyng none other friends but thee alone.

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To whom the same Lord aunswered againe, that if it were so, it was the better for her. At her lāding there was a great multitude of their seruantes & Warders standyng in their order, What needed all this said she, It is the vse (sayd some) so to be when any prisoner came thether. And if it be (quoth she) for my cause, I beseeche you that they may be dismissed, Whereat the poore men kneeled downe, and with one voyce desired GOD to preserue her grace, who the next day were released of their cold coates.

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After this passing a little further, she sate downe vpon a cold stone & there rested her selfe. To whome the Lieuetanant then beyng, said: Madame, you were best to come out of the raine, for you sit vnwholsomly. She then replieng, answered againe: better sitting here then in a worse place: for God knoweth, I know not whether you wyll bring me. With that her Gentleman Vsher wept: she demaunding of hym what he ment so vncomfortably to vse her, sayng she toke him to be her comforter, and not to dismay her, especially for that she knew her truth to be such, that no man should haue cause to weepe for her. But forth she went into the prison.

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The dores were locked and bolted vpon her: whiche did not a little discomfort and dismay her grace. At what time she called to her Gentlewomā for her booke, MarginaliaThe Christian prayer of Lady Elizabeth.desiring God not to suffer her to build her foundation vppon the sandes but vpon the rocke, wherby all blasts of blustering weather shuld haue no power agaynst her. The dores being thus locked, & she close shut vp, the Lordes had great cōference howe to keepe warde and watch, euery man declaring his opinion in that behalfe, agreeing straightly and circumspectly, to keepe her.

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Then one of them, whiche was the Lorde of Sussex swearing, sayd: MarginaliaThe Lord of Sussex speaketh for Lady Lordes, let vs take heede, and doe no more then our commission will beare vs, what soeuer shal happē hereafter. And further, let vs consider that she was the king, our Maistres daughter, and therfore let vs vse such dealing, that we may aunswere vnto it hereafter, if it shall so happen, for iust dealing (quoth he) is alwayes answerable: Whereunto the other Lords agreed that it was well sayde of him, and thereupon departed. Being in the Tower, 

Commentary  *  Close

This anecdote appears as a note in Foxe's handwriting in Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 419, fo. 137v. This anecdote first appeared in the 1570 edition.

within two daies commaundement was that she should haue Masse within her house. One M. Yong was then her Chapleyne: and because there was none of her men so well learned to helpe the priest to say masse, þe masse stayed for that day.

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The next day two of her Yeomen, who had gone long to schoole before and were learned, had two Abcies prouided  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 610, line 12

Two alphabets: see Halliwell's Dict. of Archaic Words.

and deliuered them, so that vppon the Abcies they should helpe the Priest. One of the sayd Yeomen, holdyng the Abcie in his hand, pretending ignoraunce at Kirie eleyson, set the priest, making as though he could aunswere that no farther.

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It would make a pittiful and strange story, here by the way to touche and recite what examinations and rackinges of poore men there were to finde out that knife that should cut her throat: what gaping among my Lords of the clergy, to see the day wherein they might wash their goodly white rochetes in her innocent bloud, MarginaliaThe Bishop of Winchester enemye to Lady Elizabeth.but especially the Bysh. of Winchester Steuen Gardiner, 

Commentary  *  Close

This passage is reprinted from John Aylmer, An harborow for faithfull and trewe subiectes (London: 1559), STC 1005, sigs. N3v-N4r, except that Foxe added the phrase blaming Stephen Gardiner.

then L. Chauncellour, ruler of the rost, who then within fiue days after came vnto her, with diuers other of the counsell, and examined her of the talke that was at Ashridge, betwixt her and sir Iames Acroft, concerning her remouing from thence to Dunnington Castle, requiring her to declare

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