Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt References
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Francis Talbot

(1500 - 1560)

5th earl of Shrewsbury (DNB)

Francis Talbot accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

He bore the cap of maintenance before Queen Mary at the opening of parliament on 12 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

On 15 December 1557 a letter was sent by the archbishop of York, the earl of Shrewsbury, Edward Hastings, Anthony Montague, John Bourne and Henry Jernegam (members of the privy council) to Bishop Bonner along with the examinations of John Rough. They sent Rough to Newgate. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2226, 1576, pp. 1921-22., 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

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Francis Talbot was humble before Elizabeth at Hampton court after her release from the Tower. 1563, p. 1715, 1570, p. 2294, 1576, p. 1986, 1583, p. 2291.

[Foxe refers to him as Shrewsbury.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Ralph Chamberlaine

(by 1523 - 1570 or later)

Of Shirburn, Oxfordshire. Servant of Lord John Russell in 1541; gentleman porter, the Tower of London from 1553; Esquire of the Body (1553); lieutenant. Of Calais castle (1554 - 1558); bailiff of the lordship of Leominster, Herefordshire from 1559. (Bindoff)

Chamberlaine guarded Elizabeth on her removal to Rycot, Oxfordshire. 1563, p. 1715, 1570, p. 2294, 1576, p. 1986, 1583, p. 2291.

[Chamberlain's father and eldest brother, Leonard, were lieutenants of Woodstock and the latter was presumably responsible for the revival of parliamentary representation there. (Bindoff)]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir William Petre

(1505? - 1572)

Mary's principal secretary until 1557 (DNB).

Sir William Petre was one of the signatories of a letter from the privy council to Princess Mary, dated 9 July 1553, declaring that she was illegitimate and that Lady Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1658; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

He was present at Gardiner's sermon, 30 September 1554. Foxe spells his name 'Peter', (1570, p. 1644; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1473).

On 28 March 1555, Mary announced to Petre and three other privy councillors that she was restoring the monastic lands in the crown's possession to the church (1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1476; 1583, p. 1559).

William Peter was one of the privy councillors who signed a letter to Bishop Bonner, dated 28 April 1555, ordering the bishop to proceed posthumously against John Tooley in ecclesiastical court. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

A declaration was made at Paul's Cross by William Chedsey at Bonner's commandment. He mentioned two letters: one from the queen and another from the privy council. The council letter was about procession and prayer at the agreement of peace between England and France. The signatories were: Francis Shrewsbury, Penbroke, Thomas Cheyny, William Peter, Thomas Wharton and Richard Southwell. Foxe suggests that he had seen the letter. 1563, p. 1217.

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Sir William Petre was humble before Elizabeth at Hampton court. 1563, p. 1715, 1570, p. 2294, 1576, p. 1986, 1583, p. 2291.

[Also referred to as 'Secretary Peter']

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Susan Clarenceux

Neé White. Known by the title of her second husband, Thomas Tongue, Clarenceux King of Arms

(d. 1536).

Susan Clarenceux brought Elizabeth to see Mary in her bedchamber. 1570, p. 2295, 1576, p. 1987, 1583, p. 2291.

Elizabeth told Sir Rhys Maxwell and 'Mistress Clarencius' of her feelings about the death of her sister Mary. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2294.

[Foxe refers to her as Mistress Clarencius.]

[C. S. Knighton, Calendar of State Papers Domestic, Mary I (London, 1998), p. 156, n. 9]. Mistress of the robes and close confidant to Mary. [See David Loades, The Tudor Court, (Bangor, 1993), p. 56.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close


English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Ricot, Ricotte, Rycotte
NGR: SP 667 047

A chapelry in the parish of Great Haseley, hundred of Ewelme, county of Oxford. 2.5 miles west by south from Thame

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2120 [2096]

Quene Mary. Gods prouidence in preseruing Lady Elizabeth in Queene Maries tyme.

MarginaliaAnno 1558.Whereuppon it followed, that all that deuise was disappoynted, and Winchesters deuelish plat forme, which hee sayd he had cast through the Lordes great goodnesse, came to no effecte. 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 619, fn 1

Of Gardiner it is reported, that in his often discoursing about punishing heretics (as he called them), he would say, "We strip the leaves and lop the bows; but unless we strike at the root, that hope of heretics (meaning the lady Elizabeth), we do nothing." See "The History of the Life, Bloody Reign, and Death of Queen Mary." Lond. 1682. - ED.

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Where moreouer is to be noted, that during the prysonment of this Ladye and Princesse, one M. Edmunde Tremaine was on the Racke, and maister Smithwike, & diuers other in the Tower were examined, and diuers offers made to them to accuse the giltlesse Ladie, being in her captiuitie. Howbeit al that notwithstanding, no matter could be prooued by all examinations, as shee the same time lying at Woodstocke, had certaine intelligence by the meanes of one Iohn Gaier: who vnder a colourable pretence of a letter to mistres Cleue from her father, was let in, and so gaue them secretely to vnderstande of all thys matter. Whereupon the Lady Elizabeth at her departing out from Woodstocke, wrote these Verses with her Diamond in a glasse windowe.

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MarginaliaVerses written by Lady Elizabeth in the glasse Window.Much suspected by me:
Nothing prooued can be.

Quoth Elizabeth prisoner.

And thus much touching the troubles of Lady Elizabeth at Woodstocke. Whereunto this is more to be added, that during the same time, the Lorde of Tame had laboured to the Queene, and became surety for her, to haue her from Woodstocke to his house, and had obtained graunte thereof. Whereupon preparation was made accordingly, and all things ready in expectation of her comming. MarginaliaLady Elizabeth not suffered to come to the Lord of Tames house.But through the procurement either of M. Benifield, or by the doing of Winchester her mortall enemie, letters came ouer night to the contrary: wherby her iourney was stopped.

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Thus this woorthy Ladie oppressed wyth continuall sorrowe, coulde not be permitted to haue recourse to any frendes she had, but still in the hands of her enemies was left desolate, and vtterly destitute of all that might refresh a doulefull heart, fraughte full of terrour and thraldome. MarginaliaLady Elizabeth wisheth her selfe to be a milkemayde.Whereupon no maruell, if she hearing vpon a time out of her garden at Woodstocke, a certaine milkemaide singing pleasantly, wished her selfe to be a milkemaid as she was, saying that her case was better, and life more merier then was hers, in that state as shee was.

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MarginaliaLady Elizabeth remoued from Woodstocke to Hampton Courte.Now after these things thus declared, to procede further there where we left before, Syr Henry Benifield and hys souldiours, wyth the Lorde of Tame, and Syr Rafe Chamberlaine, garding and waiting vpon her, the firste night from Woodstock she came to Ricot.  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 619, fn 2

This was to the lord of Tame's house. - ED.

In which iourney such a mighty wind did blow, that her seruants were faine to holde downe her cloathes about her: In so much that her hoode was twise or thrise blowen from her head. Whereupon shee desirous to retourne to a certaine Gentlemans house there neare, coulde not be suffered by Syr Henry Benifield so to doe, but was constrained vnder an hedge to trimme her head aswell as she could.

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After thys, the next nighte they iourneyed to M. Dormers,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 620, fn 1

At Winge in Buckinghamshire. - ED.

and so to Colbroke, where shee lay all that nyghte at the George: and by the way cōming to Colbroke, certaine of her graces Gentlemen and Yeomen mette her, to the noumber of three score, muche to all theyr comfortes, which had not seene her grace of long season before, notwythstandinge they were commaunded in the Queenes name immediately to depart the towne, to both their, and her graces no little heauinesse, who coulde not be suffered once to speake with them. So that night al her men were taken from her, sauing her Gentleman vsher, three Gentlewomen, two Gromes, and one of her Wardrope, the souldiours watching and warding aboute the house, and shee close shut vp within her prison.

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The nexte day following, her grace entred Hamptoncourt on the backeside, into the princes lodging, þe doores being shut to her, and she garded without souldiours, as before, lay there a fortnight at the least, or euer any hadde recourse vnto her. MarginaliaLord William Haward gentle and faourable to Lady Elizabeth.At length came the L. William Haward, who maruellous honorably vsed her grace. Whereat shee tooke much comfort, and requested him to be a meane that shee might speake with some of the Counsell. To whome (not long after) came the Bishop of Winchester, the Lord of Arundel, the Lord of Shrewsbury, and Secretary Peter, who with great humilitie humbled them selues to her grace. Shee againe likewise saluting them, sayde: My Lordes (quoth shee) I am glad to see you: for me thinke, I haue ben kept a great while from you desolately alone. Wherefore I would desire you to be a meane to the Kyng and Queenes Maiesties, that I maye be deliuered from prison, wherein I haue bene kept a long space, as to you

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my Lordes, it is not vnknowen.

MarginaliaLady Elizabeth requested by Winchester to submit her selfe to the Queenes mercy.When she had spoken, Steuen Gardiner the bishop of Winchester kneeled downe, and requested that she would submit her selfe to the Queenes grace, and in so doing hee had no doubt but that her Maiestie woulde be good vnto her: MarginaliaLady Elizabeth standeth to be tryed by the lawe.shee making answere that rather then she woulde so doe, shee wold lie in prison all the dayes of her life, adding that she craued no mercy at her maiesties hand, but rather desired the Lawe, if euer shee did offende her Maiestie in thought, woorde, or deede: And besides this, in yealdinge (quoth shee) I should speake against my self, and confesse my selfe to be an offender, which neuer was towards her Maiestie: by occasion whereof the King and the Queene might euer heereafter conceiue of mee an ill opinion: and therefore I say my Lordes, it were better for me to lye in prison for the truth, then to be abroad and suspected of my Prince. And so they departed, promising to declare her message to the Queene.

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MarginaliaTalke agayne betweene Winchester and Lady Elizabeth. Lady Elizabeth denyeth to confesse any fault done to the Queeue.On the next day, the bish. of Winchester came againe vnto her grace, and kneelinge downe, declared that the Queene marueiled that she would so stoutly vse her selfe, not confessing to haue offended: so that it should seme the Queenes Maiestie, wrongfully to haue imprisonned her grace.

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Nay quoth the Lady Elizabeth, it please her to punish me as shee thinketh good.

Well quoth Gardiner, her Maiestie willeth me to tell you, that you must tell an other tale ere that you be sette at libertie.

Her grace answered, that she had as liefe be in prison with honesty & truth, as to be abroad, suspected of her maiestie: and this that I haue said, I wil (said she) stand vnto, for I wil neuer bely myselfe.

Winchester againe kneled down, and said: Then your grace hath the vantage of me & other the Lordes for your long and wrong imprisonment.

What vantage I haue (quoth she) you knowe, takyng God to record I seeke no vantage at your hands for your so dealing with me, but God forgeue you & me also. With that the rest kneeled desiring her grace that all myght bee forgotten, and so departed, shee beyng fast locked vppe agayne.

MarginaliaLady Elizabeth sent for to the Queene.A seuennight after the Queene sent for her grace at x. of the clocke in the nyght to speake with her: for shee had not seene her in two yeares before. Yet for all that shee was amased at the sodayne sendyng for, thinkyng it had bene worse then afterwardes it prooued, and desired her Gentlemen and Gentlewomen to pray for her, for that shee could not tell whether euer shee should see them agayne or no.

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MarginaliaLady Elizabeth brought to the Queenes bed chamber.At which tyme Sir Henry Benifield with Mistresse Clarencius comming in, her grace was brought into the garden vnto a staires foote that went into the Queenes lodgyng, her graces Gentlewomen waiting vppon her, her Gentleman Vsher & her Groomes going before with torches, where her Gentlemen and Gentlewomen being commanded tostay all sauing one woman, maistres Clarencius conducted her to the Queens bed chamber where her maiestie was.

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At the sight of whome, her grace kneeled downe and desired God to preserue her Maiestie, not mistrusting but that she should try her selfe as true a subiect towards her Maiestie, as euer did any, and desired her Maiestie euen so to Iudge of her: and sayde that shee should not finde her to the contrary, what so euer reporte otherwyse had gone of her.

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MarginaliaTalke betwene the Queene and Lady Elizabeth.To whom the Queene aunswered: you will not confesse your offence, but stand stoutly to your truth: I pray God it may so fall out.

If it doth not, quoth the Ladye Elizabeth, I request neyther fauour nor pardon at your Maiesties hands. Wel sayd the Queene, you stifly still perseuere in your truth. Belike you wil not confesse but that you haue ben wrongfully punished.

I must not say so (if it please your Maiesty) to you.

Why, then (sayd the Queene) belyke you wyll to other.

No, if it please your Maiesty (quoth she) I haue borne the burden, and must beare it. I humbly beseeche your Maiestie to haue a good opinion of me, and to thynke me to be your true subiect, not onely from the beginnyng hitherto, but for euer, as long as lyfe lasteth: and so they departed MarginaliaSmall comforte at the Queenes hand toward her sister.with very few comfortable words of the Queene, in English: but what she sayd in Spanish, God knoweth. MarginaliaKing Phillip thought to be a friend to lady Elizabeth.It is thought that king Phillip was there behynde a cloth, and not seene, and that he shewed himselfe a verye friend in that matter, &c.

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Thus her grace departyng, went to her lodgyng a-

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