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Warwick

Of Hadleigh

Warwick had an ear cut off, for seditious talk, during 'the commotion time in king Edwardes dayes' [presumably Kett's rebellion]. He heaped faggots around Rowland Taylor at the stake. He struck Taylor in the face with a faggot. 1563, p. 1079; 1570, p. 1703; 1576, pp. 1453-54; 1583, p. 1527.

 
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Calais

[Calyce; Calice; Calis; Callis]

Pas-de-Calais, France

Coordinates: 50° 56' 53" N, 1° 51' 23" E

 
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Dartmouth

Devon

OS grid ref: SX 875 515

 
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Edgecote (Banbury Field) [Banbery fielde]

Northamptonshire

OS grid ref: SP 505 475

 
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Hexham [Excham]

Northumberland

OS grid ref: NY 935 635

 
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Honiley [Wolney]

nr Kenilworth, Warwickshire

OS grid ref: SP 245 725

 
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Lancaster
Lancaster
NGR: SD 475 615

A borough and parish, having separate jurisdiction, partly in the hundred of Lonsdale, south of the sands, and partly in the hundred of Amounderness, both county palatine of Lancaster. 240 miles north-north-west from London. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Richmond and Diocese of Chester

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Losecoat Field

nr Empingham, Rutland

OS grid ref: SK 955 085

 
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Middleham Castle [Midleham]

Wensleydale, North Yorkshire

OS grid ref: NZ 328 309

 
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Warwick

OS grid ref: SP 285 655

Historic county town of Warwickshire

737 [713]

K. Edward. 4. Warre betwene the King and the Earle of Warwicke, with the occurrentes.

king of England, & raigned 22. yeares, albeit notwithout great disquitnes, and much perturbation in his reigne.

MarginaliaQueene Margaret fledde the lande.Queene Margaret hearing how her husband was fled into Scotland, was also fayne to flye the land, and went to her father Duke of Angeow: From whence the next yeare following she returned againe to renue warre against king Edward, with small succor and lesse lucke: For being encountred by the Earle of Warwicke, about MarginaliaAnno. 1462.Nouember she was driuen to the seas agayne, and by tempest of weather, was driuen into Scotland.

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MarginaliaK. Edward sitteth his own person in the kings bench iudging.In this yere we read that king Edward in the cause of a certayne widow for rape, sate his owne person in Westminster hall vpon his owne Bench, discussing her cause. Ex Scal. mundi.

The yeare folowing, MarginaliaAnno. 1463. king Henry issuing out of Scotland with a sufficient power of Scottes and Frenchmen came into the Northcountrey to recouer the crowne, vnto whom the Lord Radulph Percy, & Lord Radulph Grey flying from king Edward, did adioyn themselues: MarginaliaK. Henry 6. againe repulsed in the battaile of Exham.but the Lord so disposing, king Henry with his power was repulsed in the battaile of Excham by the Lord Mountacute, hauing then the rule of the North: where the Duke of Somerset, Lord Hungerford, Lord Rosse with certayne other were taken. The Lord Radulph Percy was slayne, the residue fled. Albeit the history of Scal. mūdi, referreth this battel to the yeare 1464. the 15. day of May. In the which moneth of May, were beheaded the duke of Somerset, Lorde Hungerford, Lord Rosse, L. Philip Wentworth, L. Tho. Husly, L. Tho. Findern, beside 21. other belonging to the retinue and household of king Hēry 6. Queene Margaret finding no resting place here in England, took her progres agayne from whence she came, learning in her own country to drinke that drinke, which she her selfe had brued here in England.

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MarginaliaK. Henry. 6. taken, arested, & committed to the Tower. Anno. 1465.And not long after, the next yeare, an. 1465. on the day of S. Peter and Paule, king Henry being founde & knowne in a wood by one Cantlow (as they say) was arested by the Earle of Warwicke, and at last of a king made prisoner in the tower of London.

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In this meane time, king Edward (after the motion of mariage for him being made, and first the Lady Margaret sister to Iames the 4. K. of Scottes thought vpon, but that motion taking no effect, afterward the Lady Elizabeth sister to Henry king of Castelle, being intended, but she being vnder age, the Earle of Warwick turning then his legation and voiage to the French king Lewes the 11. to obteyne Lady Bona, daughter of the duke of Sauoy, and sister to Carlot the French Queen, and obteining the same) had cast fauour vnto one Elizabeth Grey, widow of Syr Iohn Grey Knight, slain before in the battell of S. Albōs, daughter to the Duches of Bedford, and Lord Riuers, and first went about to haue her to his concubine: But she, as being vnworthy (as she sayde) to be the wife of such a high personage, so thinking her selfe to bee to good to be his concubine, in such sort wanne the kings hart, that incontinent, MarginaliaThe kyngs sodeine mariage with Queene Elizabeth. before the returne of the Earle of Warwicke, he maried her: at the which mariage were no moe then onely the Duches of Bedford, two gentle women, the priest & clark. Vpō this so hasty & vnlucky mariage, ensued no litle trouble to the king, much bloudshed to the realme, vndoing almost to all her kyndred, and finally confusion to the K. Edwardes 2. sonnes, who both were declared afterward to be bastards and also depriued of theyr liues: MarginaliaThe first falling out betweene K. Edwarde & the Earle of WarwickFor the Earle of Warwicke, who had bene the faythfull frend, and chiefe maynteiner before of the king, at the hearing of this maryage, was therwith so greuously moued and chaffed in hys mind, that he neuer after sought any thing more, then how to worke displeasure to the king, and to put him beside his cusshion. And although for a time he dissembled his wrathfull mood, till he might spye a time conuenient, and a world to set forwarde his purpose, at last finding occasion somewhat seruing to his mind, MarginaliaConspiracie against king Edward.he breaketh his hart to his two brethren: to witte, the Marqnes Mountacute, & the Archbishop of Yorke, conspiring with them how to bring hys purpose about. Then thought he also to proue a farre of, the mind of the duke of Clarence, king Edwards brother, & likewise obteined him, geuing also to him his daughter in Mariage.

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This matter being thus prepared agaynst the kyng, the first flame of this cōspiracy began to appeare in þe north country. Where the Northrenmen in short space gathering thēselues in an open rebellion, & finding captaines of their wicked purpose, came down from Yorke toward London. Agaynst whom was appoynted by the king, W. lord Harbert Earle of Penbroke, with the Lord Stafford, and certayne other Captaynes, to encounter. The Yorkeshyre mē geuing the ouerthrow first to the lord Stafford, thē to theEarle of Penbrok and his company of Welchmē, at Banbery fielde, at last ioyning together with the army of the Earle of Warwicke, and Duke of Clarence, in the dead of the night, secretly stealing one of the kinges field at Wolney by Warwick, killed the watch, MarginaliaK. Edward takē prisoner by the Earle of Warwicke.and tooke the king prisoner, who first being in the castle of Warwicke, then was conueyed by night to Midleham Castle in Yorkeshyre, vnder the custody of the Archbishop of Yorke, where he hauinge loose keeping and liberty to go on hunting, meeting wyth syr William Standley, syr Thomas of Brough, and other his frendes, was to good for his keepers, and escaped the hands of his enemies, and so came to York, where he was well receiued: from thēce to Lankester, where he met with the Lord Hastinges his Chamberlayne, well accompanied, by whose helpe he came safe to London.

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After this tumult, when reconciliation could not come to a perfect peace & vnity, although much labor was made by þe nobility, MarginaliaThe rebellion in Lincolnshire repressed.the Earle of Warwick raiseth vp a new war in Lincolnshyre, the captaine wherof was Sir Rob. wels knight, who shortly after being taken in battell wyth hys father, and sir Thomas Dunocke were beheaded, the residue casting away their coates, ran away and fled, geuing þe name of the field, called Losecoat field. MarginaliaThe Earle of Warwicke and the Duke of Clarence fly into Fraunce.The erle of Warwicke after this put out of comfort and hope to preuayle at home, fled out of England. An. 1470. first to Calice, then to Lewes the French king, accompanyed with the Duke of Clarence. The fame of þe Earle of Warwicke and of his famous actes, was at that time in great admiration aboue measure, and so highly fauoured, that both in England & Fraunce all men were glad to behold his personage. Wher fore the comming of this Earle & of the Duke of Clarence, was not a litle gratefull to the French king, and no lesse oportune to Queene Margaret, King Henryes wife, and Prince Edward her sonne, who also came to the Frenche Courte to meete and conferre together, touching their affayres: where a league betwene thē was cōcluded, & moreouer a mariage betwene Edward prince of Wales, & Anne the secōd daughter of the Erle of Warwick was wrought. Thus all things fasting luckely vpō the Erles part beside the large offers, and great promises made by the Frenche king, on the best maner, to set forwarde their purpose, the Earle hauing also intelligence by letters that the harts almost of all men went with him, and lōged sore for his presence, so that there lacked now but onely hast with al speed possible to returne: MarginaliaThe Earle of Warwick & the Duke of Clarence returne into England.he with the duke of Clarence wel fortified with the French nauy, set forward toward England: For so was it betwene them before decreed, that they two should proue the first venture, and then Queen Margaret with Prince Edward her sonne, should folow after. MarginaliaThe receiuing of the Earle of Warwicke into England.The ariuall of þe Earle was not so soone heard of at Dartmouth in Deuonshyre, but a great cōcourse of people by thousands went to him from all quarters to receiue & welcome hym, Who immediatly made proclamation in the name of kyng Henry the sixt, MarginaliaK. Henry againe proclaymed kyng. charging all men able to beare armour, to prepare themselues to fight agaynst Edwarde Duke of Yorke vsurper of the Crowne. Here lacked no freendes, strength of men, furniture, nor pollicy conuenient for such a matter.

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When king Edwarde (who before not passing for the matter, nor seking how, either to haue stopped his lāding, or els straight wayes to haue encountred with him before the gathering of his frendes, but passing forth the time in hunting, in hauking, in all pleasure & daliance) had knowledge what great resort of multitudes incessantly repaired more and more dayly about the Erle and the Duke began now to prouide for remedy, when it was to late. Who trusting to much to his friendes and fortune before, dyd nowe right well perceiue what a variable and inconstant thyng the people is, & especially here of Englād, MarginaliaThe inconstant leuitie of the people of England.whose nature is neuer to be contēt long with the present state, but alwayes delighting in newes, seketh new variety of chaunges, eyther enuying that which stādeth, or els pitying that which is fallen. Which inconstant mutability of the light people, chaunging with the winde, and wauering with the reede, did well appeare in the course of this kinges story. For he, through the people when he was down, was exalted: now being exalted of the same, was forsaken. Wherby this is to be noted of all princes, that as there is nothing in this mutable world firme and stable: so is there no trust nor assurance to be made, but onely in the fauor of God and in the promises of his word, onely in Christ his sonne, whose only kingdome shall neuer haue ende, nor is subiecte to anye mutation.

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These thinges thus passing in England on the Earles side agaynst king Edward, he accompanyed with þe Duke of Glocester his brother, and the Lord Hastings, MarginaliaThe constant hart and truth of the Lord Hastinges. who had maried the erle of Warwicks sister, and yet was neuer vn-

true
QQ.iij.
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