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Golubac (Golubački grad: Serbian; Galambóc vára: Hungarian; Columbarium: Latin) [Columbatium; Columbetz]

Serbia

Coordinates: 44° 39' 44" N, 21° 40' 42" E

743 [719]

K. Edw. 4. Prophesies cause of much mischiefe. The Emperour Sigismundus.

licke Church.

MarginaliaThe 3. part how to auoyde the daunger of sinister prophesies.Now remayneth thirdly, after we know what prophecies be of God, and what not, that we be instructed next, how to eschew the feare and perill of all diuelish Prophecies, which make against vs. MarginaliaTwo remedies against deuilishe prophesies.Wherein two speciall remedies are to be marked of euery Christen man, whereby he may be safe and sure against all daunger of the enemie. MarginaliaThe first remedie.The first is, that we set þe name of Christ Iesus the sonne of God against them, through a true faith in him: knowing this, that the sonne of God hath appeared, to dissolue the works of the Diuell. And againe, this is the victory (saith the Scripture) that ouercommeth the world, euen our faith. Whatsoeuer then Sathan worketh or cā worke against vs, be it neuer so forceable, faith in Christ will vanquish it. Such a maiestie is in our faith, beleeuing in the name of the Sonne of God.

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MarginaliaThe seconde remedy against dangerous prophesies.The other remedy is faythfull prayer, which obteineth in the name of Christ, all things with the Lord. So that wicked feende, which had killed before seuen husbands of Tobias wife, could not hurt him, entring his matrimony with earnest praier: so no more shall any sinister prophecie preuaile, where praier out of a faithfull hart, doth striue against it 

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Foxe is referring to the Book of Tobit, one of the books in the Apocrypha.

. Neither am I ignoraunt, that against such temporall euils and punishments to this life inflicted, a great remedy also lieth in this, when Sathan findeth nothing, wherin greatly to accuse our conscience. But because such a conscience is hard to be founde, the next refuge is to flie to repentaunce, with amendment of life. For many times where sinne doth reigne in our mortall bodies, there also the operation of Sathan is strong against vs, to afflicte our outwarde bodyes heere, but as touching our eternall saluation, neyther worke nor merite hath any place, but onely our fayth in Christ. And thus much briefly touching the two speciall remedies, whereby the operation of all diuelishe Prophecies may be auoyded and defeated.

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Now, many there be, MarginaliaMans policy can nothing doe against the deuil. which leauing these remedyes aforesayd, and the safe protection which the Lorde hath set vp in Christ, take other wayes of their owne, seeking by their owne policie, how to withstande and escape suche Prophecies, either in eschuing the place and time subtilly, or else cruelly by killing the partie whome they feare: whereof commeth iniury, murther, and parricide, with other mischiefes in cōmon weales vnspeakable. To whom commonly it cōmeth to passe, that whereby they thinke most to saue themselues, by the same meanes they fal most into the snare, being subuerted and confounded in theyr owne policie, for that they trusting to their owne deuise, and not vnto the Lord, MarginaliaNo power can withstand Sathā, but onely Christ, and our fayth in hym. which only can dissolue the operation of Satan, the Lord so turneth their deuise into a trap, thereby to take them, whereby they thinke most surely to escape. Examples whereof we see not onely in Astyages King of the Medes aforesaid, and Cyrus: but in infinite other like euents, which the trade of the world doth dayly offer to our eies. So Queene Margaret thought her then cockesure, when Duke Humfrey was made away: when nothing else was her confusion so much, as the losse and lacke of that man.

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So if King Richard the second had not exercised suche crueltie vpon his vncle Thomas, Duke of Glocester, he had not receiued such wrong by King Henry the fourth as he did, pag. 594. Likewise this King Edwarde the fourth, if he had suffered his brother Gorge, Duke of Clarence to haue liued, his house had not so gone to wracke by Richard, his other brother, as it did. What befell vpon the Stndent of Astrology in the Vniuersitie of Basill, ye heard before, who if he had not mewed himselfe in hys chamber for feare of his diuination, had escaped the stroke that fell. Now, in auoiding such Propheticall euentes, which he should not haue searched, he fell into that which he did feare. These few examples for instruction sake, I thought by occasion to inferre, not as though these were alone: but by these few to admonish the Reader of infinite other, which dayly come in practise of life, to the great daunger & decay, as well in priuate houses, as in weales publicke.

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MarginaliaA briefe rehearsall of the matter of prophesies, before passed.Wherfore briefly to repete, what before simply hath bin said touching this matter, seeing that Sathan thorough such subtile Prophecies, hath & yet doth dayly practise so manifold mischiefes in the world, setting brother against brother, newphew against þe vncle, house against house, and realme against realme, gēdring hatred, where loue was, & subuerting priuely þe simplicity of our christian faith, therfore þe first thing & best is, for godly men not to busie their braines about such phātasies, neither in delighting in thē, nor in harkening to thē, nor in searching for thē, either by southsaier, or by cōiuratiō, or by familiar, or by astrologer:knowing and considering this, that whosoeuer shalbe desirous or ready to search for them, MarginaliaThe deuil ready to answere in matters of diuination.the Deuill is as ready to aunswere his curiositie therein. For as once in the old tyme of Gentilitie 

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I.e., paganism.

, hee gaue his Oracles by Idols, and Priestes of that tyme: so the same deuill, although he worketh not now by Idols, yet he craftely can geue now aunswere by Astrologers, and coniurers in these our dayes, & in so doyng, both to say truth, and yet to deceaue men whē he hath sayd. Wherfore, leauyng of such curiositie, let euery Christen man walke simple in his present vocation, referryng hid thynges not in the word expressed, vnto him which sayth in his word: Non est vestrum scire tēpora & momenta temporum. &c. MarginaliaCuriositie of prophesies to be auoyded.It is not for you to know the tymes, and seasons of tymes, which the Father hath kept in his owne power. &c.

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Secondly, in this matter of Prophecies, requisite it is (as is sayd) for euery Christen man to learne, how to discerne and distinct the true Prophecies, which proceede of God, and the false Prophecies, whiche come of Sathan. The difference wherof, as it is not hard to be discerned: so necessary it is, that euery good man do rightly vnderstand the same, to the entent that he knowing & flying the daunger of the one, may be the more certaine and cōstant in adhering to the other.

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Thirdly, because it is now sufficient that the deceitfull Prophecies of the deuill be knowen, but also that they be resisted. I haue also declared, by what meanes the operation of Sathans workes and Prophecies are to be ouercome: that is, not with strength and policie of mā, for that there is nothyng in man, able to counteruayle the power of that enemy. Vnder heauen there is nothyng elles that can preuayle agaynst his workes, but onely the name of the Lord Iesus the sonne of God, not outwardly pronoūced onely with our lippes, or signed in our foreheads with the outward crosse, but inwardly apprehended and dwellyng in our hartes by a silent fayth, firmely and earnestly trustyng vpon the promises of God, geuen and sealed vnto vs in his name: For so it hath pleased his fatherly wisedome, to set him vp, to be both our righteousnesse before himselfe, and also to be our fortitude agaynst the enemy, acceptyng our fayth in his sonne, in no lesse price, then he accepteth the workes & worthynesse of the same his sonne, in whom we do beleue.

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MarginaliaThe strength of a Christiā mans fayth in Christ.Such is the strength and effect of faith both in heauen, in earth, & also in hell: In heauen to iustifie, in earth to preserue, in hell to cōquere. And therfore when any such Prophecie, or any other thing is to vs obiected, which seemeth to tend agaynst vs, let vs first consider whether it sauour of Sathan, or not. If it doe, then let vs seek our succour, not in our selues, where it doth not dwell, neither let vs kill, nor slay, nor chaunge our vocation therfore, folowing vnordinate wayes: but let vs runne to our Castle of refuge, whiche is to the power of the Lord Iesus, MarginaliaOnely Christ able to withstād the power of Sathan. remembring the true promise of the Psalme: MarginaliaPsalm. 90.Qui habitat in adiutorio altissimi, in protectione Dei coœli commorabitur. That is. Who so putteth his trust in the succour of the Lord, shall haue the God of heauen to his protector. And then shall it afterward follow in the same Psalme. Ipse liberabit te a laqueo venantium, & a verbo aspero. That is. And he shall deliuer him from the snare of the hunter, and from all euill wordes, and Prophecies, be they neuer so sharpe, or bitter agaynst him. &c. And thus much by the occasion of kyng Edward, of Prophecies.

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Now hauing lōg taried at home 

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Holy Roman Emperors and Hussite Wars

Why did Foxe devote a section of an ecclesiastical history to the dynastic struggles on the Continent in the later fifteenth century? There were three reasons. In the first place, Foxe wished to trace the fate of Bohemia after the Hussite Wars. In the second, this is an early appearance of the Ottoman Turks in his history and it serves as an introduction to Foxe's later account of their history. And finally the continuing threat that they present underscores Foxe's urgings that the rulers of Europe abandon their destructive and petty wars and unite against their common foe. For Imperial and Bohemian history, which takes up about half of this section, Foxe drew on Aeneas Sylius Piccolomini's De Bohemorum origine (Salingraci, 1538), pp. 113-22, 125, 130-41, 144-50 and 156-61. (Piccolomini became Pope Pius II; he had been a papal legate to Bohemia). Hungarian history, the campaigns of Charles the Bold and the wars of Emperor Maximilian I, are all taken from Chronicon Carionis, ed. Phillip Melanchthon and Caspar Peucer (Wittenberg ['Wittenburg'], 1580), pp. 640-1, 672-678, 680-1, 686-7 and 700-1. The complaints made at the Council of Basel about papal exactions are all taken from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus Testium Veritatis (Strasbourg ['Strassburg'], 1562), p. 291 as is the material on the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges (Catalogus Testium Veritatis, pp. 291-304 and 474-5). The passages denouncng Pius II are based on Bartolomeo de Sanchi de Platina, Historia de vitis Pontificum Romanorum, ed. Onophrio Panvinio (Venice, 1562), fo. 244r. Foxe's quotation of Pius II's praise of George of Poděbrady is particularly interesting. Foxe took it, as he states, from the 'Descriptione Europae' in Pius II's Cosmographia (Cologne, 1522), p. 117. But Foxe sates that Pius said that George was 'magnus vir alioqui, et rebus bellicis clarus' [otherwise a great man and illustrious in military matters]. What Pius actually said was that George 'putetur magnus vir alioqui, et rebus bellicis clarus' [was considered to be otherwise a great man and illustrious in military matters]. This piece of selective quotation is a reminder of how subtly Foxe could make a source serve his purposes. Thomas S. Freeman
University of Sheffield

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in describyng the tumultes and troubles within our owne land, we will let out our story more at large, to consider the afflictions and perturbatiōs of other parties and places also of Christes Church, as wel here in Europe vnder the Pope, as in the East partes vnder the Turke, first deducyng our story frō the tyme of Sigismund, where before we left: Which Sigismund, MarginaliaSigismundus Emperour. as is aboue recorded, was a great doer in the Councell of Constance agaynst Iohn Hus, and Hierome of Prage. This Emperour had euer euill lucke, fightyng agaynst the Turkes. MarginaliaSigismundus vnprosperous in his warres.Twise he warred agaynst them, and in both the battailes was discomfited and put to flight: MarginaliaSigismundus ouercome of the Turkes. once about the Citie of Mysia, fightyng agaynst Baiazetes the great Turke. an. 1395. the second tyme fightyng against Celebinus the sonne of Baiazetes, about the towne called Columbacium. But specially, after the Councell of Constance, wherein were condemned and burned those two godly Martyrs, more vnprosperous successe did then folow him, MarginaliaSigismundus ouercome of the Bohemians. fightyng agaynst the Bohemians, his owne subiectes. an. 1420. by whom he was repulsed in so many battailes, to his great dishonour, during all the life of Zisca, & of Procopius, as is afore more at lēgth expressed: who was so beaten both of the Turkes, & at home of his owne people, that he neuer did encounter with the Turkes af-

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