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750 [726]

K. Edw. 5. Doctour de Wesalia reuoketh. Pope Sixtus. The Rosary of our Lady.

him with perswasions to exhort him, and when he would not stand to their Canons, MarginaliaThe Church geueth witnes who were the writers of the scripture, but hath no authoritie aboue that which is writtē. wherby they went about to refute his doctrine, he was then demanded of Herwicus, why he would beleue rather the 4. Euangelists, then the Gospel of Nicodemus. To whō he answered, because he wold. Being asked againe why he beleued the 4. Euangelists, he said: because he so receiued of his parents. Then being demaunded, why he would not beleue the Doctours, because (said he) their doctrine is not canonical scripture. Againe, it was to him obiected, why he would be credited himself, when he preached, seing he would not beleue the holy doctors? To whome hee answered in this wise, saying, that he did preach as his duety was, but whether they gaue credit to his words, he did not care.

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Thys examination being ended, after these Articles were condemned by the Inquisitour & his assistance, then said he after this maner: MarginaliaBy this inquisition, Christ himselfe might be condemned.As you do with me, if Christ himselfe were here, he might be condemned as an heretike. After this they sent diuers to him to haue communication wt him, and to perswade him, sending also to him wt his Articles a forme of asking pardone: at length within 3. or 4. daies after, hee was content to condescend vnto them, and to submit himselfe to their holy mother Churche, and the information of the Doctors. In the boke of MarginaliaEx Orth. Grat.Orthuinus Gratius, and in MarginaliaEx Paralip.Paralypomena, adioyned to MarginaliaAbat. Vrsper.Abbas Vrspergensis, we reade these woordes wrytten of this Ioannes de Wesalia: 

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The following quotation is from Ortwin Gratius Fasciculi rerum expetendarum et fugiendarum (Cologne, 1535), fo. 166v. The 'Paralipomena' to which Foxe is referring is Casper Hedio's continuation of Burchard of Ursperg's chronicle. In this case, Hedio is merely repeating passages from Gratius.

Dempto solo articulo de processione spiritus sancti, in alijs videtur non ita graui censura &c. That is: except onely the Article of the proceeding of the holy Ghost, in other Articles it semeth that he was not to be chastened with so sharpe censure, if respit and space had ben geuen him, if good councellours had bene aboute him, if all they which did accuse and molest him, had not bene de via realium, as Thomistes, that is, of the sect of Thomas: MarginaliaDiscorde betwixt Reals & Nominals. which Thomists were set at that time, against the other sect of the seculars, which were called Nominales, and therfore, they so spited this Doctour because he did not hold with their Thomas, against whome otherwise (had it not ben for that cause) they would neuer haue ben so fierce and malitious in proceding against him. I take God to witnesse 
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This entire quotation, regarding contemporary disapproval of Ruceruth's trial, is taken directly from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Strasbourg, 1562), p. 560.

, which knoweth all things, þt this processe, which was made against him for his reuoking & burning of his bookes, did greatly displease M. Engeline of Brunswick, a great diuine, and also M. Iohn Keisersberge, being both learned, and famous men, but namely M. Engeline thought, that too much malice and rashnesse was shewed in handling of that same man, and did not feare to say, that many of his articles, and the greater part thereof, might be holden well inough, and greatly blamed the mad and phantasticall dissention of the Thomists, secking by all maner of wayes, how to get the triumph ouer the seculare deuines. &c. Hæc ille.

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MarginaliaEx Orth. Grat.Although thys aged 

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This paragraph was added in the 1570 edition in response to Nicholas Harpsfield's claim that Ruceforth was not a tue martyr because he did not die violently. (See Nicholas Harpsfield, Diaogi sex contra summi pontificatus, monasticae vitae, sanctorum Sacrarum imaginum oppugnatores et pseudomartyres [Antwerp, 1566}, p. 822). Foxe wanted to emphasize that Ruceruth was a victim of persecution.

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and feble old man, by weakenesse was constrained to geue over vnto the Romish clergy, MarginaliaDoct. Iohn de Wesalia reuoketh his opiniōs. by outward profession of his mouth: yet notwithstāding, his opinions and doctrine declared his inward heart, of what iudgement he was, if feare of death present had not otherwise enforsed him to say, then hee did thinke. Agayne, although he had reuoked after their minds, yet we reade no such fourme of recantation to be prescribed to hym to read opēly vnto the people, as the vse is here in England. The story of this man is more fully to be found in the bokes of Orth. Gratius. &c.

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As touching the raigne of this Fredericke Emperor, seeing we haue comprehēded hetherto sufficiently the most principal matters in his time incurrent, we wil now passe forwarde (the Lorde guiding vs) to Maximilian, after I haue first geuen a briefe memorandum of 3. valiant Princes and Captaines, florishing in the same time of thys Fredericke, in Germaine: MarginaliaAlbert duke of Saxonie, called Dextra manus imperii.Of the whych, was one Albert Duke of Saxonie, who for his renoumed and famous acts, was called by publique voyce, Dextera manus Imperij. The ryght hande of the Empire. MarginaliaAlbert Marques of Brandenburg called Achilles Germnicus.The other was Albert, Marques of Brandenburge, to whome also the name was attribute, named of Pope Pius to be Achilles Germanicus. The third was Fredericke Earle Palatine, surnamed Victoriosus, who manfully defended the fredome and maiesty of þe Empire, from the fraudulent oppressions of the popes tirāny.

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MarginaliaAnno. 1484.In the yeare of our Lorde 1484. in this Emperours time dyed Popes Sixtus the 4. a little before touched, MarginaliaThe abhomination of Pope Sixtus. a monster rather of nature, then a prelate of the Church 

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The material on Sixtus IV - including the pasquinades - is taken entirely from John Bale's Catalogus, pp. 602-4 and 624-5.

. Of him writeth Platina, that vniustly he vexed al Italy with warre and dissension. MarginaliaEx Declamatione Agrippa ad Louanienses.Agrippa writing of hym, sayeth that among all the bawdes of these other latter dayes, whych were builders of brothelhouses, this Pope Sixtus 4. surmounted all other: who at Rome erected a stewes of double abhomination, not onely of wemen, but also. &c. wherupon no small gaine redounded to his coffers: For euerysuche common harlot in Rome paide to him a Iuly peece 
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I.e., the prostitutes paid a tax every July.

, the summe wherof grew in the yere, some while to 20000. at length to xl. M. duckets. Wherunto accordeth right wel the Epitaphe of Iohn Sapidus, which in the ende heereof we will annexe.

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Iohn Carion, also speaking of this Bishop, witnesseth him to be a man rather borne to warre, then to Religion: MarginaliaThe warres of Pope Sixtus.For hee warred against Vitellius Tiphernates, agaynst the Florentines, the Venecians, whome he excommunicated, and did not absolue till he died: also against Columnenses, against Ferdinandus king of Apulia, and Duke of Calabria: also against other nations and Princes moe. MarginaliaEx Ioan. Laziardo. lib. Historiæ Vniuersalis. cap. 284.Ex Ioan. Laziardo.

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Of the sayde Pope it is recorded, that he was a speciall patron and tutor to al begging Friers, MarginaliaA large gift of the Pope to the begging Friers.graunting them to haue and enioy reuenues in this worlde, & in the world to come euerlasting life. Among the which Friers 

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In the 1563 edition, Foxe printed an account of Alan de Rupe's founding of a rosary and a confraternity in honour of the Virgin Mary and of the vision which inspired it. Foxe drew this account from Bale, but (interestingly) was openly sceptical about it. By 1570, Foxe had checked Bale's source and found that Bale's report was accurate. (See Thomas S. Freeman, 'Offending God: John Foxe and English Protestant Reactions to the Cult of the Virgin Mary' in The Church and Mary, ed. R. N. Swanson, Studies in Church History 39 [Woodbridge, 2004], pp. 232-5).

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there was one named Alanus de rupe, MarginaliaAlanus, author of our Ladies Psalter. a Blacke Frier, which made the Rosary of our Ladies Psalter (so they terme it) and erected a certaine new fraternitie vpon the same, called Fraternitas Coronariorum, pertaining to the order of the Dominickes, of the which order Iacobus Sprenger, one of the condemners of Ioanne de Wesalia aboue mentioned, was a great aduācer, and especially this Pope Sixtus 4. who gaue to the sayd fraternities large graces and priuilegies.

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Concerning the institution of this Rosary, there was a booke 

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The book was Jodocus Beissel, Rosacea augustissime christiferae Maria corona (Antwerp, 1495). The passage quoted (accurately) below, is on sig. b5v .

set forth about the yere of our Lord 1480. in the beginning wherof is declared, that the blessed virgin entred into the celle of this Alanus, and was so familiar with him, that not onely she did espouse him to her husband, MarginaliaThen had the blessed virgine Mary two husbandes. but also kissed him with her heauenly mouth, and also for more familiaritie, opened to hym her pappes, and powred great plentie of her owne milke into his mouth. MarginaliaAn olde knaue to sucke his wiues brest. For the confirmation whereof the sayde Alanus, this holy babe (sayth the storie) did sweare deepely, curssing himselfe, if it were not thus, as he had made relation.

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This fabulous figment, when I read in the centuries of Iohn Bale 

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I.e. Bale's Catalogus, which was divided into 'centuries'.

, I began with my selfe to mistrust the credite therof, and had thought not to trouble the reader with suche incredible forgeries. But as the prouidence of God worketh in all things, so also it appeared in thys, that the very same booke came to my hands at the wryting hereof, wherein this selfe same narration is conteined, wherein I found not onely this to be true, which in Ihon Bale is expressed, but also found in like manner, an other wonder as prodigious as this: where in an other place not farre off, is storied in the same booke 
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Foxe is quoting the story accurately; it is taken from Jodocus Beissel, Rosacea augustissime christiferae Maria corona (Antwerp, 1495), sigs. a4v-a5r.

, howe that about the time of S. Dominicke, there was a certaine matrone in Spaine, named Lucia, which being taken captiue by the Saracenes, hauing her husband killed, was caried great with childe into the Turkish land.

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MarginaliaThe detestable impietie and blasphemie of the popishe lying religionWhen the time of her labour came, shee being left desolate among beastes and hogs, and remembring thys twise holy Rosary, (first instituted sayth the booke by S.Dominicke, and afterwarde renued by Alanus) eftsoones the holy virgin was ready and stoode by her, & receiued the childe at her trauaile, supplying all the partes of a diligent midwife: and moreouer causing a Priest sodenly to appeare, gaue the childe to be Christened, calling it after her owne name, Marianus: and so was shee wife to Alanus, midwife to Lucia, and Godmother to Marianus. Which story if it be true, then is the Popes Canon, by thys example, to be controlled, whiche permitteth midwiues in time of necessity, to baptise, seeing the blessed Virgine, playing the parte her selfe of a midwife, durst not Baptise thys childe without a priest. MarginaliaMendacem memorem esse oportet.

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It followeth more in the storye, that by the helpe of the sayd blessed virgin, this Lucia our Ladies gossip, after her Purification, was restored wt her childe safe to her country againe. MarginaliaEx Latino Codice impresso, cui titulus: Rosasca Mariæ Corona.Thys booke being in Latine and Printed, beareth thys title: Rosacea Augustissimæ Christiferæ Mariæ Corona: and in the front it sheweth the name of Iodocus Bisselaius a noble manne of Aquine. And this by the occasion of Pope Sixtus. Which Sixtus, what a maintainer of blind superstition he was, partly by that aforespoken, partly by the ende following it may be seene. For we reade in certaine wryters, þt after thys Pope had vnderstanding that Hercules Estensis, Duke of Ferraria, had ioyned peace wyth the Venetians against hys will, he was so greeued therewith, that for rancour of minde, wythin 5. dayes after, hee died: MarginaliaThe death of Pope Sixtus. 4. whereunto hys Epitaph following geueth sufficient record. About whose time also died Platina, MarginaliaHere endeth Platina. a man not vnlearned, but yet a shamefull flatterer and bearer wyth the wicked liues of the Popes.

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