Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageLatin/Greek TranslationsCommentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
None
751 [727]

K. Edw. 5. Ric. Duke of Glocester made protectour. L. Hastings beheaded. Doctor Shawe.
The Epitaph of Pope Sixtus is this.


Non potuit sæuum vis vlla extinguere Sixtum

Audito tandem nomine pacis obit.
 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
An epitaph on Pope Sixtus
Foxe text Latin

Non potuit sævum ... pacis obit.

Translation

J. Barrie Hall

No force was able to obliterate savage Sixtus. He died finally on hearing the word 'peace'.

An other Epitaphe of the same Pope.


Sixte iaces tandem, nostri discordia secli.

Sæuisti in superos, nunc Acheronta moue.

Sixte iaces tandem, deflent tua busta cinædi,

Scortaq; lenones, alea, vina, venus.
 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Another on the same Pope
Foxe text Latin

Sixte jaces tandem ... alea, vina, venus.

Translation

J. Barrie Hall

At last you, Sixtus, the discord of our age, are brought low. You raged against the gods above: now set Acheron in motion. At last you are brought low, Sixtus, and your death is bewailed by catamites, harlots, pimps, the dice, the drink, and lust.

An other.


Gaude prisce Nero, vincit te crimine Sixtus,

Hic scelus omne simul clauditur, & vitium.
 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Another
Foxe text Latin

Gaude prisce Nero ... et vitium.

Translation

J. Barrie Hall

Rejoice, ancient Nero, Sixtus surpasses you in wickedness. Enclosed here together are every crime and every vice.

But leauing here pope Sixtus with hys verses, & vices, let vs nowe proceede, as we before promised, to enter the story of Maximilian, keeping notwithstanding the order of our kinges here in England: For a little before the reigne of Maximilian, king Edward the fourth ceased his life. an. 1483. after he had raigned 22. yeares. 

Commentary  *  Close
Edward V and Richard III

Apart from the description of Richard III's coronation, which is drawn from Hall's chronicle, Foxe's narrative of the brief reigns of Edward V and Richard III is based entirely on Thomas More's History of King Richard III and Polydore Vergil's Anglica historia. (Although Foxe regarded both historians as Catholics and untrustworthy sources on religious history; on secular affairs he preferred their humanist histories to chronicle accounts). For Richard's seizure of the throne, which is covered by both authors, Foxe preferred More's fuller and more dramatic account. For Richard III's reign after Buckingham's rebellion - which Foxe barely mentions - Foxe had to rely on Vergil.

[Back to Top]

Thomas S. Freeman
University of Sheffield

Marginalia

The death of king Edward. 4.

Anno. 1483.

In the tyme of which K. Edward, this also is not to be forgotten, þt one Burdet, MarginaliaBurdet. a marchant dwelling in Cheapside 
Commentary  *  Close

More alludes to the incident (see The History of the Reign of King Richard III, ed. Richard S. Sylvester, The Complete Works of St. Thomas More 2 [New Haven, CT, 1963], p. 70). But Foxe has details found in no other source; probably he drew on the memories of individual informants.

, at the signe of the crowne, whiche is the signe nowe of the flower de luce, merely speaking to his sonne, sayd that he wold make him inheritour of the crown, meaning in deede his own house. Marginalia

Tyranny in miscōstring a mans wordes.

The lawes of the realme misconstred for the princes pleasure.

For the which words, when K. Edward caused to be misconstred, & interpreted, as though he had ment the crowne of the Realme, wtin lesse space then 4. houres, he was apprehended, iudged, drawne, and quartered in Chepeside.

[Back to Top]
King Edward the 5.

MarginaliaK. Edward 5THis king Edwarde left behinde hym by hys wife Elizabeth 2. sonnes, Edward, & Richard & 2. daughters, Elizabeth and Cicilie. Which 2. soones Edward & Richard, for somuche as they were vnder age and not ripe to gouern, a consultation was called among þe pieres, to debate whether þe foresayd yong prince & king, shold be vnder the gouernment of his mother, or els þt Rich. Duke of Glocester brother to K. Edward the 4. & vncle to the child, should be gouernor of the K. and protector of the realme, there hath bene and is an old adage, the wordes whereof rather then the true meaning, is wrasted out of Salomon: MarginaliaEccle. 10.Væ regno cuius Rex est puer. &c. I. Wo to þe kingdom, the king whereof is a child. &c. But if I may finde leaue herein to thrust in a glose, I would this adde and say: MarginaliaVæ puero regi in suo regno.Væ illi puero, qui sui regni Rex non est. I. Wo to that childe, whiche is a king in a kingdome vnruly and ambitious. 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is probably adding this gloss so as not to disparage the memory of the boy king, Edward VI.

There was the same season among other noble peeres of þe realm, the Duke of Buckingham, a man of great authoritie, who had maryed King Edwards wifes sister. Because the duke being so neare alliaunt to the K. had bene vnkindely (as he thought) of the king entreated, hauing by him no auauncement nor anye great frendship shewed, according to his expectation, took part therfore wt Richard Duke of Glocester, both against the Queene & her children, to make the foresayd Duke, MarginaliaRichard Duke of Glocester made protectour. the chiefe gouernour and protector. The whiche thinge being brought to passe, by the ayde, assistaunce, and workinge of the Duke of Buckingham, the Queene tooke sanctuarye with her yōger sonne: MarginaliaThe young king committed to Duke of Gloucester.the elder brother, which was þe king remayned in the custody of the Duke of Glocester his vncle 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe passes over the details of Richard's seizure of Edward V at Stony Stratford, as the young prince was heading from Wales back to London. On hearing the news that her eldest son was in Richard's custody, Elizabeth Woodville, Edward IV's widow, fled with her youngest son into sanctuary at Westminster Abbey.

[Back to Top]
. Who being now in a good towardnes to obtayne that which he lōg loked for, sought all the meanes, & soone compassed the matter, by false collour of dissembled words, by periurie, and labour of friendes, namely of the Duke of Buckingham, MarginaliaThe Duke of Buckingham a great doer for the protectour. and the Cardinall Archbishop of Caunterburye, that the other brother also shoulde bee committed to his credite. Thus the ambitious protector and vnnaturall vncle, MarginaliaBoth king Edwardes children in the possessiō of the protectour.hauing the possession of his two nephewes, and and innocent babes, thought himselfe almost vp the Whele where he woulde clime: Although he could not walke in such mistes and cloudes, but his deuised purposes began to be espyed: which caused him more couertly to goe about to remoue from him all suspicion and to blinde the peoples eyes. But before, he could accomplish hys execrable enterprise, some there were, whom he thought first must be ridd out of his way, as namely the Lorde Hastinges, and the Lord Stanley, who as they were sitting together in counsaile within the tower, the protectour (the matter beyng so appoynted before) sodaynly rushed in among them, and after a few words there commoned, he sondainly hasted out agayne: his minde belike, being full of mischiefe and furyewas not quiet. Who within the space of an houre, returned agayn into þe chamber with a sterne countenance and a frowning look, and so there set him downe in hys place. When the Lordes were in great meruell and muse at the meaning hereof: then he out of a cankered hart, thus begā to bray, asking them what are they worthy to haue, which go about to imagine the destruction of him being so neare to þe kings bloud, and protectour of the Realme? MarginaliaThe deuelishe protectour picketh quarelles.At the which question, as the Lords sat musing, the Lord Hastinges, because he had bene more familiare wyth him, thus aunswered, that they were worthy of punishement, what soeuer they were. Which when the other Lordes also had affirmed: that is (quoth the protectour) yonder sorceresse, my brothers wife, meaning the Queene and other with her, adding moreouer, and saying: that sorceresse & other of her counsayle, as Shores wife, with her affinitie, haue by their witchcraft, thus wasted my body: MarginaliaThe Queene & Shores wife, falsely accused of the protector to bewitch his arme. and therewith shewed forth his left arme a wearish withered thing as it was neuer otherwise, as was well knowne.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaAdultery punished of God.This Shores wife had bene before a Concubine to K.Edward, & afterward was kept by the same Lorde Hastinges. Moreouer here is to be noted, that by the consent of the said Lord Hastinges, the cruell protectour had deuised about the same time, the kindred of the Queene, innocently to be headed at Promfret, of mere despite and hatred. MarginaliaMurder iustly punished of godWher fore, this punishment not vndeseruedly, by the iust hand of God, fell vpon the said Lord Hastinges. 

Commentary  *  Close

This is one indication that Foxe is following More, rather than Vergil's account of the same incident. Both authors see Hasting's sudden execution as a providential punishment, but while Vergil claims that that the crime being avenged was participation in the killing of Henry VI's son Edward (see Polydore Vergil, Anglica historia [Isengrim 1555], p. 573), More - and Foxe - feel that the crime was complicity in the executions of Edward V's maternal uncles (see The History of King Richard III, ed. Richard S. Sylvester in The Complete Works of St. Thomas More 2 [New Haven, CT, 1963], p. 52).

[Back to Top]

[Back to Top]

It followeth then more in the storye, that when the L. Hastinges had heard these false accusations of the tyraunt which he knew to be vntrue: certaynly (my Lord) sayd he, if they haue so done, they be worthye of haynous punishement. Why quoth the protector, doest thou serue me with if and with and? I tel thee, they haue so done, and that I wil make good on thy body traytour: and therewith geuing a great rap on the boord (for a token or watchword) one cryed treason without, and forthwith the chamber was full of harneysed men, The protector then approchyng to the L. Hastinges, arrested him as a traytour. MarginaliaL. Hastings arrested for a traytour. An other let flye at the Lord Standley: who to auoyd the blowe shronke vnder þe table, or els his head had bene cleft a sonder: notwith standing he receaued such a wounde, that the bloud ranne about hys eares. MarginaliaL. Stanley wounded. There were in that counsaile þe same time the Archbishop of Yorke, and Doctour Morton MarginaliaB. Morton. Byshop of Ely (by whose procurement afterward king Henry the vii. was sent for into England, and he made archbishop after that of Canterbury) these with the Lord Standley diuersly were bestowed in diuers chambers. MarginaliaThe tyranny of the protectour.The Lorde Hastinges 

Commentary  *  Close

The remainder of the this account of the reign of Edward V is based on The History of King Richard III, ed. Richard S. Sylvester in The Complete Works of St. Thomas More 2 [New Haven, CT, 1963], pp. 49, 58-68 and 75-82.

was commaunded to speede and shriue hym a pace, for before dinner the protector sware by S. Paule, þt he should dye: and so incontinently, without farther iudgement, his head was striken of, MarginaliaThe L. Hastings beheaded. by whose counsayle the Queenes kindred were at the same time and daye, beheaded at Pomfret.

[Back to Top]

After this tyrannous murder accomplished, the mischieuous protectour aspiring still to the crowne, to set his deuises forward, first through giftes and fayre promises, dyd subordinate Doctor Shaw a famous preacher then in Lōdon, at Paules Crosse to insinuate to the people, MarginaliaThe beastly protectour accuseth his owne mother.that neyther king Edward with his sonnes, nor the Duke of Clarence were lawfully begotten, nor the very children of the Duke of York, but begotten vnlawfully by other persons in adultery on þe Duches their mother, and þt he alone was þe true and onely lawfull heyre of the Duke of York: MarginaliaDoct. Shawes impudent sermō at Paules crosse.Moreouer to declare and to signifie to the audience, that K. Edward was neuer lawfully maried to the Queene, but hys wife before was dame Elizabeth Lucy, and so the 2. childrē of king Edward to be base and bastardes, and therfore the title of þe crown most rightly to pertaine to þe Lord protector. That this false flatterer and loud lying preacher, to serue þe protectors humour, shamed not most impudently to abuse that holy place, that reuerent auditorye, the sacred word of God, taking for hys theame: MarginaliaSap. 4.Adulteræ plantationes nō dabūt radices altas &c which he most impiously did apply against the innocent children & right heyres of this realm. MarginaliaExample for all flattering preachers to bware.Whereupon such grudge and disdayne of the people wyth worldly wonder followed him, that for shame of the people crying out of him, in few dayes after he pyned way.

[Back to Top]

When this sermon would take no effect with the people the protector vnmercisully drowned in ambitiō, rested not thus, but wtin few dayes after, excited þe Duke of Buckingham, MarginaliaThe Duke of Buckingham an other minister for the protectours furie first to breake the matter in couert talke, to the Mayor and certayne of the heades of the Cittie, picked out for the purpose: that done, to come to þe Guildhall, to moue the people by all flattering and lying perswasions to the same which shameles Shaw before had preached before at Paules Crosse. Whiche the Duke with all dilligence and helpes of eloquence, being a man both learned and well

[Back to Top]
spoken
RR.iiij.
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield