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Cologne (Köln; Colonia Agrippina)

[Colen; Colleyn; Collen; Colon]

North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Coordinates: 50° 57' 0" N, 6° 58' 0" E

Cathedral city

 
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Eger (Agria; Erlau: German) [Erla]

northern Hungary

Cathedral city

Coordinates: 47° 53' 56.47" N, 20° 22' 28.92" E

 
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Naples (Neapolis)

[Neaples]

Campania, Italy

Coordinates: 40° 50' 0" N, 14° 15' 0" E

Capital city of the historic kingdom of Naples

780 [756]

K. Hen. 7. The history of the Turkes. Prophesies of the Turke and Pope expounded.

all hys hoste was driuen backe, by the handes of the generall, called Karetshim Laslaw and his valiaunt company, Who not onely defended the said town, but also constrayned the Turks to retyre, to the great shame and confusion, with a great slaughter of the turkish rable: For the whiche the euerlasting God be praysed for euer.

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The maner of the ouerthrow was this. As the foresaid generall did see his aduauntage wt Captayne George, and other horsemen of the Sclesians and Hungarians, they set on þe rereward of the Turks and killed about 8000. of thē, Marginalia8000. turkes slaine. and tooke also some of their artillery and followed them so fast, þt the Turkes were constrayned to flye into a marishe ground, and to breake the wheeles of the rest of theyr artillary, to saue themselues, and therwith they got a very rich booty, MarginaliaChristian captiues rescued & taken from the turkes.rescuing besides and taking from the Turks a great number of christian prisoners. Like thankes also are to be geuen to God, for the prosperous successe geuen to Magot schie the valiaunt Captaine of Erla, who making toward the Turkes, and recountring with the Tartarians, Marginalia800. turkes slaine.slue of them about 8. hundreth.

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MarginaliaA great captaine of the turkes slaine and his treasure taken.Not long after this, it happened through the like prouidence of our God, a turkish Captayne called Begen, accompanyed wt a thousand freshe horsemen came newly out of Turky, to go toward the citty named Quinque Ecclesiæ, or Finffenkyrchen: with whome the Erle of Serin by the way did encounter, and in the night setting vpon hym, killed the captayne and tooke 8. Cammels, and 8. Moyles laden with treasure, and also got two red Guidons, wyth a whole great peece of rich cloth of gold, and with an other fayre and straunge Iewell. The horse of this foresayd turkish captayn, was betrapped and decked most richly. The sadle wherof had the pommell and the backe part couered ouer with plate of fine Arabicke golde, and the rest of the sadle, beside the sitting place, was plated with siluer very fayre gilded. The seate of the sadle was couered with purple veluet: the trappers and bridle beset with little Turkeys, and Rubies: Which horse was sent to Vienna vnto the Emperour Maximilian for a present.

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Although the Earle would very fayne haue saued the Captayn, not knowing what he was, yet the Ianizarites labouring to carry away their captayne, so stiffly defended thēselues, that the Earle with his company, was constrayned to kill both them and theyr Captayne. From whome the said Erle of Serin þe same time got, xv. thousand Turkish and Hungarish Ducates: which money was brought for the payment of the Turkishe souldiours in the towne aforesayd of Finffenkyrchen. &c. All which 

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The passages that follow, on the need for Christian unity and thepossibility that the Turks might capture Rome are Foxe's opinions.

be good begynninges of greater goodnes to be hoped for hereafter, thorough the grace of Christ our Lord, especially if our Christian rulers and potentates, first the churchmen & prelates for theyr partes: then the ciuile powers & princes for their partes, with holding theyr affections a little, will turne their brawles & variance, into brotherly concord and agrement, which the Lord of peace put in theyr mindes to doe. Amen. Or otherwise if it will so please the Lorde, that the turke come further vpon vs, so as he hath begonne, for our punishment & castigation, his grace then geue to the flock of his poore Christians, constancie of fayth, pacience in suffering, and amendmēt of life: For so I vnderstand by publicke fame, although vncertaynly rumored by the voyce of some, that the Turkes power of late, this present yeare of our Lord 1566. hath perced the parties of Apulia within Italy, MarginaliaThe turke pearcing into Italy. wasting and burning the space of an. 100. myles toward Naples. 
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These rumors were false.

Which if it be certaine, it is to be feared, that the Turke hauing thus set in his foote, & feeling the sweetnes of Italy, wil not so cease before he get in both head and shoulders also so farre into Italy, that he will display hys banners within the walles of Rome, & do with old Rome the like as Mahumete his great granfather did with newe Rome, the city of Constantinople, and as the Persians did with Babylon.

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MarginaliaConiectures why it is to be feared that the turke shall gette Rome.The causes why we haue so to iudge, he diuers: first þt the sea of Rome hath bene defended hetherto and mayntayned with much bloud, and therefore it may seeme not vncredible, but that it will not long continue, but be lost wt bloud agayne, according to the verdict of the Gospell: He that striketh with the sword, shall perish with þe sword. &c. 

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Matthew 26:52.

An other cause is, the fulfilling of the 18. chapter of the Apocalips: where is written that great Babilon shall fall & be made an habitation of deuils, and a denne of vncleane spirite, and a cage of filthye and vncleane byrdes: 
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Rev. 18:2.

the fall wherof shal be like a milstone in the sea, that is, which shal not rise agayne. And this to come before the day of iudgement, the text of þe sayd chapter doth apertly declare: where the wordes do follow, shewing that the kynges of þe earth, and the marchantes which had to doe with the whoorishe City, standing a farre of for feare of the heate, and behol-ding the smoke of the sayd Cittie flaming and burning wt fire, shall bewayle and rue her destruction and desolation &c. What citty is this, called great Babilon, whiche like a mylstone shall fall and burne, and be made an habitation of vncleane spirites, and beastes, let the reader construe. MarginaliaThe phrophesi of the 18. chap. of the Apoccalips expounded.This is certayn and playne by these her kinges and marchantes standing a far of for feare, and beholding her burning, that the destruction of this city (what cittye soeuer it be) shall be seene here in earth before the comming of the Lordes iudgement, as may easely be gathered by these iij. circumstances, that is, by the stāding, the beholding, and bewayling of her marchauntes. By the which marchauntes and kynges of the earth, peraduenture may be signified, þe Pope, the rich Cardinalles, the great prelates and fat doctours, and other obedienciaries of the Romish sea: who at the comming of the Turkes, will not auenture theyr liues for theyr Church, but will flee the citty (no doubt) and stād a farre of from daunger: and when they shal see with their eyes, and heare with theyr eares the city of Rome to be set on fire and consumed by the cruell Turks, the sight thereof shall seeme to them piteous and lamentable, to behold the great and fayre city of Rome, the tall castle of S. Angell, þe Popes mighty sea (where they were wont to fishe out such riches dignities, treasures, and pleasures) so to burne before theyr eyes, and to come to such vtter desolation, which shal neuer be reedefied agayne, but shall be made an habitation of deuils and vncleane spirites, that is, Turkes and heathen Sultans, and barbarous Saracens. &c. This (I say) peraduenture may be the meaning of that prophetical place of the Apoc. not that I haue here anye thing to pronounce, but onely geue my gesse, what may probably be coniectured. But the end at length will make this and all other thinges more playne and manifest. For misticall prophesies lightly are neuer so well vnderstand, as when the euent of them is past and accomplished.

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The third cause.

Ex Paulo Iouio.

And other cause concurring with the causes aforesayde may be collected, out of Paulus Iouius,,  

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This anecedote is taken from Paolo Giovio's commentary on theTurks as excerpted in Paolo Giovio, Machumetis Saracenorum princips…Alcoran (Basel, 1550), III, p. 132.

who writing of þe subuersion of Rhodes, which was as ye heard. an. 1522. vpon Christmas day, sayth that it chaunced sodenly the same day in Rome, that as Pope Hadrian the vi. was entring into the church to his seruice, sodeinly ouer hys head the vpper frontier or toppe of the chappel dore, which was of marble immediately as the pope was entring, fel downe and slue certayne of hys garde wayting vpon hym. Whereby peraduenture may be ment, that the ruine of Rome was not long after to folow the losse of Rhodes.

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Marginalia

The fourth cause

Ex Ioan. Auentino. Annal. lib. 3. fol. 30.

The fourth cause I borowe out of Ioannes Auentinus,, 
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Johannes Aventinus, Annalium Boiorum (Ingolstadt, 1554), p. 301.

who in his thyrd booke alledging the names, but not the wordes of Hildegardis, Brigitte, and other propheticall men hath these wordes: Si vera sint carmina & vaticinia D. Hildegardæ, & Brigittæ. Sybillarum Germaniæ, & Bardorum fatidicorū, qui ea quæ nostro æuo completa vidimus, longo ante tempore nobis cecinerunt: Agrippinensis Colonia, nolimus, velimus, Turcarū caput erit. &c. MarginaliaA prophesi.That is, if the sayings and prophesies of Hildegarde, of Brigitte, & of other propheticall persōs be true, which beyng foretold long before, we haue seene now in these our dayes accōplished: þe town of Colen wil we, nil we, must needes be the head city of þe turks. &c.

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And this I write not as one pronouncing agaynst the City of Rome, what wil happen, but as one fearing what may fall. Which if it come to passe (as I pray God it do not) then shall the Pope well vnderstand, whether hys wrong vnderstanding of the Scriptures, & his false flattering glosers vpon the same, haue brought hym.

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MarginaliaA caueat to the bishop of Rome, if he be wise.Wherefore my counsayle is to the Pope, & all hys Popish mayntayners and vpholders to humble themselues, & to agree with theyr brethren by tyme, letting all contention fall: lest that while the Byshop of Rome shal striue to be the highest of all other Byshops, it so fall out shortly, þt the byshop of Rome shalbe found the lowest of all other Byshops, or peraduenture no byshop at all.

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Whereupon also an other cause may be added, taken out of Hieronimus Sauonarola, who prophecieth 

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Foxe drew Savanorala's alleged prophecy from Matthias Flacius,Catalogus Testium Veritatis (Basel, 15620, p. 585.

that one shall come ouer the Alpes lyke vnto Cyrus, & destroy Italy. Wherof see more, pag. 737.

MarginaliaEx Paulo Iouio.Thys Solimanus, if he be yet aliue, 

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Süleyman I died on 6 September 1566.

hath now reigned 46. yeares, who began the same yeare, in the which þe Emperour Charles the v. was crowned, which was an. 1520. and so hath continued by gods permission, for a scourge to the Christians, vnto this yere now present. 1566. This Solyman by one of hys Concubines, had hys eldest sonne called Mustapha. By an other Concubine called Rosa, he had foure sonnes, Mahumete, Baiazates, Zelymus, and Gianger. Of the whiche sonnes, Mustapha and Gianger were slayn (as ye heard before) 
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Foxe draws this account of the execution of Süleyman's eldest son,Mustapha, from a work by Nicholas Mossen, which was bound with BartholomeoGeorgevits, De origine imperii Turcorum (Wittenburg, 1560), sigs. L4r-M5v. Much of Georgevits work was extracted in Theodore Bibliander, Machumetis Saracenorumprincipis…Alcoran (Basel, 1550), III, pp. 164-91. Foxe probably consulted Georgevits's De origine after he read the extensive excerpts of it in Bibliander'sedition of the Koran. Süleyman's son Cihangir did die shortly after his brother, but the story that he committed suicide is fanciful. Foxe derived it from Mossen's account of Mustapha's murder in Bartolomeo Georgevits, De origine imperii Turcorum (Wittenburg, 1560), sigs. M4v-M5r.

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by the meanes of their own father. And thus much concerning the wretched tyranny of the Turkes out of the authors here vnder written.

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¶ Tae
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