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111 [133]

MarginaliaStriuinge for the election of Cāterbury.selues together at mydnight, & elected their superior Reignold, & without þe kyngs lycēce or yet knowledge, pryuely placed hym in the metropolical seat, synging Te deum at midnight. And because the kyng shoulde not make their election of none effect, vtterly they chargynge him by vertue of his othe, to keepe all secrete by the waye, and to shewe nothing what was done, before he came to the Pope, but he contrary to his othe, so sone as he came in Flaunders opened all abroade the matter, & vttered their councell. Whereupon the Monkes being not a litle agreued with him, sent him priuely to the court of Rome out of hande. The next daye sent to the kyng, desyring of hym his gracious licence, canonically to chose their Archebyshop. The kyng moste gentlye and fauourablie graunted their petition, requiring them instauntly, and desiring that for his sake they would shewe fauoure to Iohn Gray then byshop of Norwiche, as they did in dede, erecting hym into that seate of their hyghe primacie.

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Moreouer, because the autorite of kynges and prynces was then but small in their owne dominion, without the Popes consent, and confirmation to the same, he sent also to Rome of his owne charges, to haue the foresayde electiō ratified by the Pope. The suffraganes of Canterbury then being not a litle offended at these twoo elections, sent spedely to Rome, to haue them both stopped, for that they had not beene of counsell with them. So grewe there at the latter a moste prodigiouse tumulte.

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Marginalia1206The next yeare after, the suffraganes of the prouince of Caunterbury on the one side, and the Monkes of Caunterbury on the other syde, came afore the Pope with their brawling matter. MarginaliaPrelats of the churche had thē mony enough belike that they coulde kepe playe at Rome against their prince, whiche thinge caused the princes after to seeke such means to cut them short.First the Monkes presenting Reignolde their superiour, desyred þt their election might be confirmed. The suffraganes likewyse, complayned that the Monkes woulde presume to chuse the Archebyshop without their consent, and therfore desyred by diuerse reasons the first election to be of none effect. The Pope decising the matter betwene both, pronoūced with the monkes, charging the suffraganes & byshops, to medle no more with that election, but to let the monkes alone. Marginalia1207The monkes of Canterbury now hauing the whole electiō in their own handes, fell also at sqare among them selues, the yonger sort with the elder. The yonger sort whiche had chosen Reignold their superiour, would that election to stande. The elder sort of the monkes replied againe, saying: that the first election was done by stelth & by night, and by the yonger part, also without the counsell of the elder monkes, ouer and besydes it, was done without the kynges lycence or appointment, and without the due solemnitie thereunto belonging.

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And as concerning our election (saye they) MarginaliaDissention amonge the Monkes of Cāt. about the election of tharchb.it was done in the cleare lyght of the daye, by the whiche it had autoritie in presence of oure liege Lorde the kyng, and his counsell beynge to the same.

This allegation thus proponed, the superiours proctour or man of lawe, stode foorth & proued the former election to be good, and this latter to be voyde and of no value, after this sorte. whether the first election (sayeth he) were iust or vniust, ye ought first by the law to haue condemned it, afore ye should haue presumed to the second: but thus ye did not. Therefore is this your latter doyng no election at all. The first therfore is rather to be ratified thā yours. When they had thus multiplied talke on both sydes, with many fryuolous allegations a lōg tyme, 

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Richard I and Third Crusade

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

and could not agree vpon one persone, Pope Innocent condemned bothe their elections, cōmaunding them to chose Steuen Lāgton, then Cardinal of S. Chrisogone, for their Archebyshop. The mōkes then answered, that they durst not so do, without consent of their kyng, and for that it was preiudiciall to their auncient liberties. MarginaliaThe pryde and tyrāny of the popeThe Pope by and by (sayth the text) as one in a furie, takyng the woordes out of their mouthes, sayd thus vnto them. we wyll you to knowe it, that we haue full power and autoritie ouer the churche of Caunterbury: neither are we wont to tarie the consent of princes. Therfore we commaund you in paine of our great curse, that ye chose him only whō we haue appointed you.

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The Monkes at these wordes abashed and terrefied (what though they muche murmured in their hartes) yet consented they all in one, & thereupon sange Te deum: onely did Doctour Helias Brantfield withdrawe him selfe from that election, whome the kyng had sent for the admission of the byshop of Norwyche. MarginaliaSteuen Langton made Archbyshoppe of Canterbury.Thus was Steuen Langton in the hyghe churche of Viterby, by the Popes own hande made Archebyshop of Cāterbury. From thēce forth therfore (sayeth Mathew Paris) the Pope could do no lesse but mightely defend hym frō all vexation and daunger, considering that he was his owne deare dearling, and a chylde of his owne creation.

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Vpon this occasion, kynge Iohn conceyued an exceading displeasure against his clergie, þe monkes of Canterbury, as he had good cause, they doing so many euyls against his princely prerogatiue. without his licence they elected their Archebishop, and put by the Byshoppe of Norwyche, whome he had appointed. They wasted a great part of his treasure for þe wars, and to bryng all to the Deuill, they made Steuen Langtō their hyghe metropolitane, whom he toke for a greuous enemie vnto the whole Realme, beyng alwayes so familiar with the Frenche kyng. Wherfore in his anger he banyshed them out of the lande, to the nomber of

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64. for