Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
 
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Anthony Burwarde

(d. 1555)

Martyr.

Anthony Burwarde was examined by Nicholas Harpsfield and Thornden on 3 August. 1563, p. 1273.

Foxe records the articles against him and his answers 1563, p. 1273. Referred to in 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

He was burned on 6 August 1556 according to 1563 (p. 1273), or about 6 September [1556] according to later editions: 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708, at Canterbury.

 
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George Brodbridge

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of Bromfield, Kent.

George Brodbridge was examined by Nicholas Harpsfield and Thornden on 3 August for having refused to say confession to a priest. 1563, p. 1273. The examination is referred to in 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

Articles were put to Brodbridge which he answered. 1563, p. 1273. Referred to in 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

He was burned on 6 August 1556 according to 1563 (p. 1273), or about 6 September [1556] according to later editions: 1570, p. 1184, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708, at Canterbury.

 
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George Catmer

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of Hythe.

George Catmer was the husband of Joan Catmer. 1570, p. 2032.

He was examined by Nicholas Harpsfield and Thornden on 3 August. 1563, p. 1273.

Foxe records the articles against him and his answers in 1563, p. 1273. These are referred to in 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1614 and 1583, p. 1708.

He was burned on 6 August 1556 according to 1563 (p. 1273), or about 6 September [1556] according to later editions: 1570, p. 1184, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708, at Canterbury.

 
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James Abbes

(d. 1555)

Of Stoke Nayland, Suffolk. Martyr.

James Abbes was itinerant because of his religious beliefs. He was caught and appeared before Dr Hopton. He recanted but when the bishop gave him 40 or 20 pence [Foxe is not sure] he withdrew his recantation. He was burned in Bury on 2 August 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1864-65, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1683.

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Abbes took off his shirt to give as alms on his way to the stake. 1563, p. 1705, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

The sheriff railed against him but then said that Abbes was in fact saved but that he himself was damned. He went about the streets of Bury St Edmunds declaring this to be the case. 1563, p. 1705, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

Abbes was put in a dark house and then tied to a cart to be returned to his master. A priest came to him with a crucifix and troubled him further. He was burned a short time afterwards. 1563, p. 1705, 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

 
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James Tutty

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of Brenthley, Kent.

James Tutrye was examined by Nicholas Harpsfield and Thornden on 3 August. 1563, p. 1273.

Articles were brought against him to which he gave answers. 1563, p. 1273. Referred to in 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

In 1563 he was burned 6 August 1556 (p. 1273) but in 1570, p. 1184, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708, he was burned c. 6 September [1556] at Canterbury.

[Also referred to as Turtye and Tutrye.]

 
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John Goreway

(d. 1555)

Martyr. Of Holy Trinity Parish, Coventry, Warwickshire. [Fines]

Significat dated 30 August 1555 (C/85/64/12). [Fines]

John Goreway was burned in mid-September 1555 at Lichfield. 1563, p. 1273, 1570, pp. 1884-85, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

[Foxe also refers to him as John 'Coreway'.]

 
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Michael Dunning

Chancellor of Norwich (1554 - 1558?) [Fasti; DCL, 1555; Venn]

Michael Dunning is described by Foxe as one who was occupied with dispatching the godly during Mary's reign. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

Robert Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

Dunning made a visitation to Ipswich in 1556. He examined Peter and Anne Moone. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

He interrupted the examination of Peter Moone and his wife to tell Hopton that several prisoners (whom he described as 'heretics and Anabaptists') had been brought from Boxford, Lavenham, and the cloth country.1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

As they went to leave after their examination, Dunning told Peter Moone and his wife that they had to see him, for he was sure that they were heretics. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

Edmund Poole was examined by Dunning, chancellor of Norwich, and Mings, the registrar of the town of Beccles.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Hopton and Dunning left Ipswich without reexamining Anne and Peter Moone. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

After Thomas Spicer was examined and condemned by Dunning he was handed over to Sir John Silliard. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

John Denny was examined by Dunning, chancellor of Norwich, and Mings, the registrar of the town of Beccles.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

A papist brought Simon Miller before Dunning, who spoke with him and then committed him to ward. 1563, p. 1602, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

During his examination, Miller's confession was discovered hidden in his shoe. Miller reaffirmed his confession before Dunning. 1563, p. 1602, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

Crashfield was first examined by Dunning. 1563, p. 1616, 1570, p. 2204, 1576, p. 1902, 1583, p. 2010.

Crashfield was again examined by Dunning and Brydges, at which time he was asked to speak with Dr Pore. 1563, p. 1617, 1570, p. 2205, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2011.

Crashfield was condemned by Dunning. 1563, p. 1617, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2011.

On 23 July 1557 Cicely Ormes was called before Dunning and Brydges, at which time she was condemned. 1563, p. 1618, 1570, p. 2219, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2023.

Ormes wrote to Dunning about her recantation. 1563, p. 1618, 1570, p. 2219, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2023.

Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Thomas Spurdance was examined before Michael Dunning, chancellor of Norwich. 1563, pp. 1634-36, 1570, pp. 2220-21, 1576, pp. 1916-17, 1583, p. 2024.

Michael Dunning died in Lincolnshire while sitting in a chair. . 1570, p. 2298, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

 
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Richard Thornden

(d. 1558)

Suffragan Bishop of Dover (1545-1558) [ODNB]

Richard Thornden is described by Foxe as one who was occupied with dispatching the godly during Mary's reign. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

On 13 June 1555 John Bland was brought before Thornden. 1563, p. 1229, 1570, pp. 1851-52, 1576, pp. 1585-86, 1583, p. 1672.

Bland asked that the bishop of Dover and Master Collins be present at the disputation over the sacrament between Harspfield and Bland. 1563, p. 1222, 1570, p. 1846, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

On 20 June, Bland was reexamined, his articles read by the bishop of Dover and Bland's answers made. 1563, p. 1229.

Bland referred to Thornden's library as a source for texts for any discussion of scripture. 1563, p. 1222, 1570, p. 1846, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

Thornden stated that Bland had preached many heresies. Faucet wais present during this discussion. 1563, p. 1225, 1570, p. 1849, 1576, p. 1582, 1583, p. 1670.

Bland asked that Richard Thornden, bishop of Dover, and Robert Collins, commissary, be present at the disputation over the sacrament between Nicholas Harspfield and Bland. 1563, p. 1222, 1570, p. 1846, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

Cyriac Pettit was present during the disputation between Bland and Nicholas Harpsfield on 21 May 1555. 1563, p. 1222, 1570, p. 1846, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

On 28 May Nicholas Harpsfield had the mayor's sergeant bring Bland and Master Collins (comissary) before him, in Thornden's house. 1563, pp. 1220-21, 1570, pp. 1845-46, 1576, pp. 1579-80, 1583, p. 1667.

On 13 June [1555] Bland was brought before Richard Thornden, Robert Collins and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1229, 1570, pp. 1851-52, 1576, pp. 1585-86, 1583, p. 1672.

Thornden asked Bland if he knew of Oecolompadius and Zwingli, to which Bland responded that he had seen 'parte of their doinges'. 1563, p. 1226, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1583, 1583, p. 1671.

On 20 June Bland was reexamined and his articles read by Richard Thornden. Bland's answers were made and condemnation given. 1563, pp. 1229-30, 1570, p. 1852, 1576, p. 1582, 1583, pp. 1672-73.

Bland was condemned by Dover. 1563, p. 1230, 1570, p. 1852, 1576, p. 1582, 1583, pp. 1672-73.

Bland, Sheterden and Middleton were condemned on 25 June 1555. 1570, p. 1856, 1576, p. 1588, 1583, pp. 1675-76.

He examined and condemned John Frankesh. 1570, p. 1856, 1576, p. 1588, 1583, pp. 1675-76.

He examined and condemned Humphrey Middleton. 1570, p. 1856, 1576, p. 1588, 1583, pp. 1675-76.

He took part in the last examination of Nicholas Sheterden and condemned him on 25 June 1555. 1570, p. 1856, 1576, p. 1588, 1583, pp. 1675-76.

Thornden examined and condemned William Cokar. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

He examined Richard Colliar. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

He condemned Colliar on either 26 June, 26 July (1570, p. 1859,1576, p. 1591, 1583, p. 1678) or16 August 1555 (1570, p. 1868, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1688).

He examined and condemned William Hopper. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

He condemned Hopper on 26 June or 26 July 1555 (1570, p. 1859,1576, p. 1591, 1583, p. 1678) or 16 July 1555 (1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688).

He examined and condemned Henry Laurence. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

He condemned Laurence on 26 June or 26 July (1570, p. 1859,1576, p. 1591, 1583, p. 1678) or 2 August 1555 (1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688).

He examined and condemned William Sterne. 1563, p. 1250, 1570, p. 1868, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1688.

Thornden was referred to by William Sterne as 'Dick of Dover'. 1570, p. 1868, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1688.

Thornden examined and condemned Richard Wright. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

George Catmer, Robert Streater, George Brodbridge, Anthony Burwarde and James Tutty, martyrs, were examined by the bishop of Dover. 1563, p. 1273, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

John Web was examined by Nicholas Harpsfield and Thornden. 1563, pp. 1386-87, 1570, pp. 1959-60, 1576, p. 1687, 1583, p. 1794.

A mass was said at Canterbury by Thornden after the death of Edward VI. 1563, p. 1474 [recte 1472], 1570, p. 2046, 1576, p. 1764, 1583, p. 1871.

John Newman was apprehended in Kent and examined there by Thornden and others at Tenterden. 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, pp. 1686-87, p. 1950.

Newman was brought before Bonner and condemned with Denley and Packingham. Newman wrote a letter to Thornden about his conduct and doctrine. 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1950.

Thornden is described as a great persecutor. 1563, p. 1546, 1570, p. 2039, 1576, p. 1860, 1583, p. 1954.

Thornden condemned John Philpot of Tenterden, William Hay of Hythe, Thomas Hudson of Selling, Matthew Bradbridge of Tenterden, Thomas Stephens of Biddenden, Nicholas Final of Tenterden, William Lowick of Cranbrooke, and William Prowting of Thornham. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2154, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].]

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Joan Bradbridge, Walter Apelbye of Maidstone, Petronyll, his wife, Edmund Allin of Frittenden, Katherine,his wife, Joan Mannings, wife of Maidstone, Elizabeth, a blind maiden were all examined by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1570, 1570, p. 2161, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

Edward Benden petitioned the wealthy men of Staplehurst to write to Thornden, bishop of Dover, asking that his wife, Alice Benden, be released. 1570, p. 2167, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1980.

Benden told Thornden that his wife was being manipulated by her brother, Roger Hall, who gave her money, comforted her, and persuaded her not to attend mass. 1570, p. 2168, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1981.

Benden told Thornden that she would not be shriven by her parish priest if sent home. 1570, p. 2167, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1980.

Thornden released her, telling her to go to church 'when thou wilt'. 1570, p. 2167, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1980.

Thornden sent Alice Benden to 'Monday's Hole' prison. Her brother had great difficulty in finding where she was imprisoned but eventually found her five weeks after she had been moved. 1570, p. 2168, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1981.

On 25 March 1557 Alice Benden was called before Thornden, who asked her to relent. She refused, telling him that his treatment of her was not of God. 1570, p. 2168, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1981.

Thornden sent her to Westgate, where she was cleaned up, but her skin was so poor and her body so weak, that she could hardly walk and her skin peeled away. 1570, p. 2168, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1981.

She remained at Westgate until the end of April, when she was brought before Thornden and condemned. She was then sent to the Castle. 1570, p. 2168, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1981.

Martin Bradbridge was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2154, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

Nicholas Final was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

William Hay was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2154, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

Thomas Hudson was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2154, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

Stephen Kempe was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2154, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

William Lowick was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1570, p. 2154, 1576, p. 2155, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

John Philpot of Tenterden was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2154, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

Matthew Plaise was examined by Thornden, Nicholas Harpsfield and Collins. 1570, pp. 2169-71, 1576, pp. 1873-75, 1583, pp. 1982-83.

William Prowting was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Thomas Stephens was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

William Waterman was condemned by Richard Thornden and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1970].

Joan Bradbridge had two children, Patience and Charity. She asked Thornden to protect them after her death but he refused. 1570, p. 2169, 1576, p. 1873, 1583, p. 1981.

Thornden was taken with a palsy whilst watching a game of bowls at Bourne. 1563, p. 1706, 1570, p. 2298, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

Thornden died in the pulpit after giving pardon and remission of sins to his congregation. 1563, p. 1705.

[Referred to as 'Thorton' and 'Dick of Dover'.]

 
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Robert Samuel

(d. 1555)

Martyr.

Robert Samuel was a preacher at Barholt, Suffolk. 1563, pp. 1269-71, 1570, pp. 1878-79, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

He was spied on by men of Master Foster, Justice, who later put him in jail. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, pp. 1878-79, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

He was kissed by Rose Sherringham (or Nottingham) on his way to the stake. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

Samuel was burned on 31 August 1555. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1879, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1702.

Samuel's letters. 1570, pp. 1880-83, 1576, pp. 1610-13, 1583, pp. 1704-07.

 
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Robert Streater

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of Hythe.

Robert Streater was examined by Nicholas Harpsfield and Thornden on 3 August. 1563, p. 1273.

Articles were brought against him and he gave answers 1563, p. 1273. Referred to in 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

In 1563 he was burned 6 August 1556 (p. 1273), but in 1570, p. 1184, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708, he was burned c. 6 September [1556] at Canterbury.

 
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Thomas Cobbe

(d. 1555)

Thomas Cobbe, of Haverhill, Suffolk, was a butcher and a martyr. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14, 1583, p. 1708.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

[Foxe also spells his surname 'Cob'.]

 
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Thomas Hayward

(d. 1555)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation and origins.

Thomas Hayward was burned in mid-September 1555 at Lichfield. 1563, p. 1273, 1570, pp. 1884-85, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

 
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William Allen

(d.1556)

Martyr. Occupation unknown.

William Allen was burned in early September 1556 at Walsingham. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1575, 1583, p. 1707.

 
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Brenchley
NGR: TQ 675 415

A parish in the hundred of Brenchley and Horsemonden, lathe of Aylesford, county of Kent. 4.25 miles north from Lamberhurst. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Rochester.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Bromfield
NGR: SO 484 765

A parish in the hundred of Munslow, county of Salop. 3 miles north-west by west from Ludlow. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Salop and Diocese of Hereford.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Haverhill
NGR: TL 663 442

A parish, partly in the hundred of Hinckford, county of Essex, but mainly in the hundred of Risbridge, county of Suffolk. 28 miles south-west from Bury St Edmunds. The living is a discharged vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Sudbury, Diocese of Norwich.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Hith, Hyth [Hythe]
NGR: TR 160 360

A borough, parish and one of the Cinque Ports, having separate jurisdiction but locally in the hundred of Hythe, lathe of Shepway, county of Kent. 33 miles south-east by east from Maidstone, 67 miles south-east by east from London. The living is a perpetual curacy annexed to the rectory of Saltwood, in the peculiar jurisdiction and patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Stokenayland [Stoke-by-Nayland]
NGR: TL 986 362

A parish in the hundred of Babergh, county of Suffolk. 2 miles north-east by east from Nayland. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Sudbury, Diocese of Norwich.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Thetford
NGR: TL 870 830

A borough possessing exclusive jurisdiction, locally in the hundred of Shropham, county of Norfolk, but partly in the hundred of Lackford, county of Suffolk. 30 miles south-west from Norwich. The borough comprises the parishes of St Cuthbert, St Peter and St Mary the Less, all in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Norwich. St Cuthbert's is a discharged rectory with Holy Trinity annexed; St Peters is a discharged rectory with St Nicholas annexed; St Mary the Less is a perpetual curacy.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Yoxford
NGR: TM 396 687

A parish in the hundred of Blything, county of Suffolk. 23.5 miles north-east from Ipswich. The living is a perpetual curacy in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, Diocese of Norwich.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1732 [1708]

Q. Mary. Persecution in Kent. Fiue Martyrs burned at Canterbury.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Septemb.Bish. How prooue you that?

Coo. It is written in the 2. of the Acts.

Then the Bish. chaplayne sayd it was true.

Bish. The Bish. asked hym if he could his beliefe.

Coo. He answered yea, and so sayd part of the Creede, and thē after he said, he beleued more: for he beleued the x. commaundements, that it was meete for all such as looke to be saued to be obedient vnto them.

Bish Is not the holy church to be beleeued also?

Coo. Yes, if it be builded vpon the word of God.

Bish. The Byshop sayd to Coo, that he had charge of hys soule.

Coo. Haue ye so my Lord? Then if ye go to the Deuill for your sinnes, where shall I become?

Bish. Do you not beleue as your father did? Was not he an honest man?

Coo. It is written that after Christ hath suffred: There shal come a people with the Prince that shal destroy both Citie and Sanctuary. MarginaliaDaniell. 9.I pray you shew me whether this destruction was in my fathers tyme, or now?

Bish. The B. not answering his question, asked hym whether he would not obey the kyngs lawes?

Coo. As farre as they agree with the word of God, I will obey them.

Bish. * Marginalia* Well spoken and lyke the Popes clarke. Whether they agree with the worde of God or not, we be bound to obey them, if the kyng were an Infidel.

Coo. If Sydrach, Mysaach, and Abednago had so done, Nabuchadonosor had not confessed the liuyng God.

Bish. Then the B. told hym, that these 22. yeares wee haue bene gouerned with such kyngs.

Coo. My L. why were ye then dumme, and did not speake or barke?

Bish. I durst not for feare of death, and thus they ended.

But after this done, it was reported that I railed: wherfore I called it to memory, & wrote this my railing, that light should not be taken for darknesse, nor sinne for holynes, and the deuill for God, who ought to be feared & honoured both now and euer, Amen.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Roger Coo at Yexford. Anno. 1555. September.This Roger Coo, an aged father, after his sundry troubles and conflictes with his aduersaries, at length was committed to the fire at Yexford in the countie of Suffolk, where he most blessedly ended his aged yeares. An. 1555. Mens. Septemb. 

Commentary  *  Close

The last seven words were added in the 1570 edition. Foxe would have known that Coo's sentence was dated 30 August 1555 (BL, Harley 421, fos. 197r-198r); he would not have known that the writ for his execution was dated 7 September 1555 (PRO C/85/141, fo. 4r).

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¶ Thomas Cobbe of Hauerhill, butcher, Martyr. 
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The Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb

In the Rerum there is merely a note that Thomas Cobb was burned at 'Chetford' [i.e., Thetford] in September 1555. This note is essentially repeated in the 1563 edition. Foxe printed his full account of Cobb in the 1570 edition and it was drawn from Norwich official documents: the sentence against Cobb and an interrogation of Cobb. (These documents remain in Foxe's papers: the sentence is BL, Harley 421, fos. 203r-204r and the interrogation is fo. 217r-v. The sentence is the original document, but the interrogation is a copy made in Foxe's handwriting). There were no changes to this account in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaTho. Cobbe of Hauerhill in Northfolke, Martyr. MarginaliaExaminatiõs of Tho. Cobbe.OVer and besides this foresayd Roger Coo, Wil. Allen, Iames Abbes of Stokennayland, 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, 382, fn 3

Nayland, a chapel to the vicarage of Stoke. - ED.

Robert Samuell and other moe, in the same yeare vpon the 12. of August, was also with them condemned Thomas Cobbe of Hauerhill Butcher, executed in the moneth of September aforesayd. Who beyng brought and examined by Michaell Dunnyngs the bloudy Chauncellour of Norwich, first whether he beleeued that Christ is really and substantially in the Sacrament of the aultar, aunswered that the body of Christ borne of the blessed virgin was in heauē, and otherwise (he sayd) he would not aunswere, because hee had read it in the Scripture, that Christ did ascende, and dyd neuer descend since, MarginaliaThe reall presence of Christ only in heauen.and therefore sayd that he had not learned in the Scripture, that Christ should be in the Sacrament.

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Furtheymore, beyng demanded whether he would obey the lawes of the realme of England, made for the vnitie of fayth, or no, he aunswered that his body should be at the King and Queenes commaundement so farre as the law of God would suffer. &c. 

Commentary  *  Close

While Foxe is entirely correct in his reports of what Cobb said, he is very selective in his reporting of it. He did not report Cobb's remark 'that he cannot rede in scripture that Baptisme shuld be a Sacrament' nor did he report that Cobb declared that 'he cannot fynde in goddes worde that any Sacrament is in the Church' (BL, Harley 421, fo. 217v). Foxe would have found both views completely unorthodox. It is worth repeating that Foxe must have known what Cobb actually said; he had taken the statements of Cobb which he printed from the interrogation of Cobb, and the copy of the interrogation found in Foxe's papers is in the martyrologist's handwriting.

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Foxe obtained the date of Cobb's condemnation from his sentence; the original sentence is in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley 421, fos.203r-204r).

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Thomas Cobbe at Thetford. Anno. 1555. September.In fine the sayd Tho. Cobbe beyng condemned the same xij. day of August, with the other his fellowmartyrs, was burned in the towne of Tetford. An. 1555. Mens. Septemb.

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The Martyrdome of George Catmer, Robert Streater, Anthony Burward, George Brodbridge, and Iames Tutty. 
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The Martyrdoms of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge and Tutty

A note in the Rerum relates that George Brodbridge, James Tutty, GeorgeCatmer, Robert Streater and Anthony Burwood were burned together at Canterbury on 6 September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). Foxe's complete account of these martyrs appeared in the 1563 edition; it seems to be drawn from a description of the examination of the six martyrs by a sympathetic observer, although it is possible that it is drawn from an official record. There are no substantial changes in the account of these martyrs in the 1570, 1576 and 1583 editions.

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Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 383, line 4

This portion is thus prefaced in the first edition of the Acts (p. 1273): "Like as Bonner byshoppe of London raged in his crueltie here within his dioces of London: so his bloudye bretherne the byshoppe of Dover and Nicholas Harpesfielde, archdeacon of Caunterburye (a whelpe of Bonner's owne heare), did no less bestyrre themselves there: as appeareth, as well by the handlying of John Blande, and divers others before mentioned, whiche were all within a very short time dispatched; as also by these fyve godly and constant martyrs." As for "heare" in the above extract, it is explained by the following: - "Hair: grain, texture, character. This is a common word in old plays." - (Halliwell.)

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NOwe from Northfolke and Suffolke, to returne agayne into the Diocesse of Caunterbury, 

Commentary  *  Close

Note that a savage denunciation of Nicholas Harpsfield as 'a whelpe of Bonners owne hear[t]e' which appeared in the 1563 edition was replaced by this bland introductory sentence. This is a good example of Foxe tending to moderate some of his more inflamatory rhetoric in the second edition of the Acts and Monuments.

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we haue to entreat of fiue worthy Martyrs, whose bloud in the same yeare and moneth of September was spilt for the true testimony of Christ, and his Gospels cause. The names of the which fiue Martyrs were these.


George Catmer, of Hyth.
Robert Streater, of Hyth.
Anthony Burward, of Calete. 
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, 383, fn 1

Calais, or Caley's Grange and Rectory in the isle of Thanet, may perhaps be intended. - ED.


George Brodbridge, of Bromfield. 
Commentary  *  Close

In 1551, it was testified that George Brodebridge had stated that predestination was conditional (BL, Harley 421, fo. 134r). It is unclear whether or not Brodebridge held these views when he died.


Iames Tutty, of Brenchley.

MarginaliaExaminations of these fiue Martyrs.Who vppon the 3. day of August were brought before Thornton the foresaid Bish. of Douer and his complices, and there were both iointly and seuerally examined vpon certaine Articles, touching the Sacrament of their aultar, auricular confession, and other such lyke.

MarginaliaExamination & aunsweres of Catmer.To the which the sayd Catmer (being first examined) made aunswere on this wise: Christ (quoth he) sitteth in heauen on the right hand of God the Father, and therefore I do not beleue him to be in the Sacrament of the aultar: but he is in the worthy receiuer spiritually, & the Sacrament as you vse it, is an abhominable Idoll.

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MarginaliaExamination & aunsweres of Streater.Next vnto hym was called forth Rob. Streater: who beyng also asked whether he dyd beleue the reall presence of Christ in the Sacrament of the aultar, sayd, that he dyd not so beleeue: for you doe maintayne heresie and Idolatry (quoth he) in that ye teach to worship a false God in the Sacrament, enclosed in a boxe. It is you that are the malignant Churuch: for in your Church there are twenty thyngs vsed agaynst the law of God.

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MarginaliaBurward examined.The like obiection was articulate also against Anthony Burward, who also sayd, that their Sacrament was made an Idoll.

MarginaliaBrodbridge examined.After hym was George Brodbridge demanded what he sayd to those Articles. Who aunswered, that hee would not be confessed of a priest, because he could not forgeue his owne sinnes: and further sayd, that in the Sacrament of the aultar there is not the real body of our sauiour Christ, but bread geuen in the remembrance of him. Moreouer, as for your holy bread, your holy water, and your Masse, I do (quoth he) vtterly defie them.

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MarginaliaThomas Tuttie examined with his aunswere to the same.And last of all did also Iames Tutty make & confirme their sayd former aunswers.

And therefore they were all fiue condemned to be burned as heretikes, and so were they all in one fire at Canterbury aforesayd, about the 6. day of September thē next followyng.

The burnyng of fiue Martyrs at Caunterbury. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Catmer. Streater, Burward, Brodbridge, Tuttie, at Canterbury. Anno. 1555. September. Ex Registro.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The small woodcut of five men, burned in September 1555 at two stakes in one fire at Canterbury (Type 1), was reused for two subsequent multiple burnings, including that of three men and two women at Canterbury in November 1558.

¶ Thomas Hayward and Iohn Goreway, Martyrs. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdoms of Thomas Hayward and John Goreway

A note in the Rerum states that Thomas Hayward and Thomas [sic] Goreway were burned at Lichfield in September 1555. Apart from correcting Goreway's name, this note was repeated in the 1563 edition. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a statement that while the persecution was concentrated in London, East Anglia, Essex and Kent, other parts of the realm were affected as well.

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MarginaliaThomas Hayward, Iohn Goreway Martyrs.ALthough the rage and vehemency of this terrible persecution in Queene Maries dayes did chiefly lyght in London, Essex, Northfolke, Suffolke, and Kent, as hath bene partly already declared: yet notwithstandyng, besides the same, we finde but fewe partes of this Realme from this fatall storme, but some good Martyrs or other there shed their bloud. And first to begin with the Dioces of Lichfield and Couentry, there we finde these two to bee condemned and also burned about the middest of the sayd month of September at the towne of Lichfield: whose names were Thomas Hayward, and Iohn Goreway. MarginaliaThe Martyrdõe of Thomas Hayward and Iohn Goreway, at Lichfield, Anno. 1555 September.

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The
NNNN.iiij.