This account is almost entirely based on Conrad Hubert's volume on the exhumation, burning and reinterment of the bodies of Martin Bucer and Paul Fagius in Cambridge and of Catherine Martyr in Oxford, the Historia vera de vita, obitu, sepultra condemnatione, exhumatione D. Martin Buceri et Pauli Fagii (Strasburg: 1562). This book was almost instantly translated into English: A briefe treatise concerning the burnynge of Bucer and Phagius, trans. Arthur Golding (London: 1562), STC 3966.[Back to Top]
In the 1563 edition, Golding's translation was simply reprinted. (Interestingly, although a manuscript copy of sections of the the Historia vera survives among Foxe's papers - BL, MS Lansdowne 388, fos. 251r-319v - and although Foxe unquestionably consulted the Historia vera - the 1563 account is not a fresh translation of the Historia vera but a very faithful reprinting of Golding's translation). Foxe also included a poem on Bucer by John Redman and an account of the exhumation of Catherine Martyr's body which he translated from the Historia vera. (Golding had not included this in his translation).[Back to Top]
In the 1570 edition, Foxe once again reprinted Golding's translation but deleted substantial portions of it. Some of this material was removed because it was inflamatory or offended powerful people, and some it was probably judged superflous and too concerned with the parochial affairs of Cambridge University. A large section dealing with the reinterment of Bucer and Fagius was dropped, probably because it took up too much paper, especially in view of the material added to this edition . This material seems to have been drawn from official records of the exhumation, which were probably kept at Lambeth Palace and sent to Foxe by Matthew Parker.[Back to Top]
No changes were made to this account in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, Foxe reprinted the material on the reinterment of Bucer and Fagius which had last appeared in the 1563 edition.
MarginaliaAnno. 1557. Ianuary. 9. MarginaliaVisitation at Cābridge, with the burnyng of Martin Bucer and Paulus Phagius bones.CArdinall Poole, three yeares after hys retourne into Englande, hauyng somewhat withdrawen his minde from other affaires of the Realme, and hauyng in all pointes established the Romishe Religion, began to haue an eye to the Vniuersitie of Cambridge, whiche place among other, espe-[Back to Top]
cially seemed to haue nede of reformation out of hand. MarginaliaThe Inquisitours.To performe this charge, were chosen Cuthberte Scot, not long before consecrated Bishop of Chester, Nicholas Ormanet an Italian, Archeprieste of the the people of Bodolon,
These persons thus appointed (in the meane while as the visitours were addressyng them selues to their iourney) MarginaliaA Citation sent before to doctor Andrew Perne Vicechauncellor.sent their letters with the Cardinals Citation before Doctour Andrew Perne, Vicechauncellour then of Cambridge, with the other Commissioners associate, commaundyng him to warne all the Graduates of the Vniuersitie in their name, to bee in a readines against the eleuēth daie of Ianuary betwixt eight and tenne of the clocke in the church of saint Mary the virgin: willyng hym especially to bee there hym selfe in presence, and also to sette forwarde all the residue to whose charge it belonged, that they shoud search out al Statutes, Bookes, Priuileges, and Monumentes apperteinyng to the Vniuersitie, or to any of the Colledges, or finally to any of them selues, and these to present the same before them at the day appointed, and euery man to appeare there personally: for they woulde not faile, but be there at the same tyme, to lay before them suche thinges as should seeme necessarie to thys charge of reformyng the Vniuersitie, and further to geue charge of all suche thinges as should seeme most for the profite and behoue of the same, together with suche thinges as were to be done on their parte, accordyng as should seeme most agreable to the Decrees of the Canon lawe.[Back to Top]
This Citation of the Cardinall beyng brought to Cambridge by Master Bullocke, was firste exhibited in the Conuocation house of the Regentes, and there openly red by the Orator of the Vniuersity the eleuenth daie of december.
This description of the establishment of the royal commissioners in Cambridge and their commission to investigate heresy in Cambridge was added in the 1570 edition and must have been drawn from official records of the visitation.
Surviving records reveal that the unnamed commissioner was Thomas Yale, who, at the time of the 1570 edition, was vicar-general of Canterbury and dean of the Arches [see the Oxford DNB]. It was undoubtedly Yale's prominence, and his close ties with Matthew Parker and Edmund Grindal, which induced Foxe to conceal his activities in Cambridge in 1557.[Back to Top]
We sayde at the firste, that the Cardinall thought the Vniuersitie to haue neede of reformation. MarginaliaThe cause why the reformation was taken in hande.The reason why he should thinke so, was this: either because the same of long continuaunce since any manne could remember, had cast of the Yoke of the Bishoppe of Rome, and cleaued to the wholsome doctrine of the Gospell, or els by reason that both for the late Schisme, not yet worne out of memory, and for the doctrine of Martine Bucer, who not long before openly in the sayd Vniuersitie interpreted holy Scripture, they saw many so sore corrupted and spotted with this infection, that (euen as when a fire is spread in a towne) vnlesse a speedy remedie were adhibited out of hande, it[Back to Top]