Elderly chantry priest at Windsor
At dinner at Windsor, Master Ely complained of laymen who meddled with the scriptures and was challenged by Robert Testwood. When Testwood supported the king's supremacy over the church, Ely called him a heretic, refused to have anything more to do with him and reported him to the dean's deputy. A few days later, the act of supremacy was passed and the dean returned, attacking papal supremacy. 1570, p. 1386; 1576, p. 1182; 1583, p. 1211.[Back to Top]
A city in the Isle of Ely, county of Cambridge. 16 miles north-north-east from Cambridge. The city is exclusively of the liberty of the College, which is extra-parochial, and comprises the parishes of St. Mary and Holy Trinity, in the peculiar jurisdiction and patronage of the Dean and Chapter, within the Diocese of Ely, of which it is the seat[Back to Top]
English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)
Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)
Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)
The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaThe Archb. brought to the place of execution.But when he came to the place where the holye Bishops and Martyrs of God, Hugh Latymer and Ridley were burnt before hym for the confession of the truth, kneelyng downe, he prayed to God, and not long tarying in hys prayers, putting of hys garments to hys shirt, he prepared hymselfe to death. His shirt was made long down to hys feete. His feete were bare. Likewyse his head, when both his caps were of, was so bare,
The first Edition, p. 1502, for "so bare" has "shewed bare."
Then the Spanish Friers Iohn & Richard, of whom mention was made before, began to exhort him and playe their partes with him a freshe, but with vayne and lost labour, cranmer with stedfast purpose abidyng in the profession of his doctrine, gaue his hand to certaine old men, and other that stood by, biddyng them farewell.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaM. Ely refuseth to giue his hand to the Archbishop.And when he had thought to haue done so likewyse to Ely,
Foxe took the name of Ely and the fact that he was a fellow of Brasenose from 'J. A.' (cf. BL, Harley 422, fo. 51r).
MarginaliaThe Archbishop tyed to the stake.Then was an iron chaine tied about cranmer, whom when they perceyued to be more stedfast then that he could be mooued from hys sentence, they commaunded they fire to be set vnto hym.
Marginaliacranmer putteth his right hand which subscribed first into the fire.And when the woode was kindled, and the fire began to burne neere hym, stretching out his arme, he put hys right hand into the flame: which he held so stedfast & immoueable (sauing that once with the same hand he wiped his face) that all men might see hys hande burned before his body was touched. His body did so abide the burning of the flame with such constancy and stedfastnes, that standyng alwayes in one place without moouyng of his body, he seemed to mooue no more then the stake to which hee was bound: his eyes were lifted vp into heauen, and oftentymes he repeated hys vnworthy right hand, so long as his voyce would suffer hym: and vsing oftē the words of Steuen, MarginaliaThe last wordes of cranmer at his death.Lord Iesus receiue my spirite, in the greatnesse of[Back to Top]
the flame, he gaue vp the Ghost.
This fortitude of mynd which perchaunce is rare and not found among the Spaniards, when Frier Ioh. saw, thinkyng it came not of fortitude, but of desperation (although such maner of examples which are of the like constancy, haue bene common here in England) ranne to the L. Williams of Tame, MarginaliaThe Fryers lying report of cranmer.crying that the Archb. was vexed in mind, and died in great desperation. But he which was not ignorant of the Archbishoppes constancy, beyng vnknowen to the Spaniards, smiled only, and (as it were) by silence rebuked the Friers folly. And this was the ende of this learned Archb. whom, least by euill subscribyng he should haue perished, by well recantyng God preserued: and least he should haue lyued longer with shame and reproofe, it pleased God rather to take him away, to the glory of his name and profit of his Church. So good was the Lord both to hys Church, in fortifieng the same wyth the testimony and bloud of such a Martyr: and so good also to the man with this crosse of tribulation, to purge his offences in this world, not onely of his recantation, but also of his standyng agaynst Iohn Lambert and M. Allen, or if there were any other, with whose burnyng and bloude, hys hands had bene before any thyng polluted. But especially he had to reioyce, that dying in such a cause, he was to be numbred amongst Christes Martyrs, muche more worthy the name of S. Thomas of Caunterbury, then he whom the Pope falsly before did Canonise.[Back to Top]
And thus haue you the full story concernyng the lyfe and death of this reuerend Archbish. and Martyr of God, Thomas cranmer, and also of diuers other the learned sort of Christs Martyrs burned in Queene Maries time, of whom this Archb. was the last, beyng burnt about the very middle tyme of the raign of that Queene, and almost the very middle man of all the Martyrs which were burned in all her raigne besides. MarginaliaArchb. cranmer the middle Martyr of all the Martyrs burnt in Q. Maryes tyme.[Back to Top]
Now after the lyfe and story of this foresayde Archbishop discoursed, let vs adioyne withall his letters, beginning first with his famous letter to Quene Mary, which he wrote vnto her incontinent after he was cited vp to Rome by bishop Brookes and his fellowes, the tenour whereof here followeth.