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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1076 []

Actes and Monumentes of the church

is sayde before euerye generall counsell, and therefore it muste nedes be good. But peraduenture ye doubte of the Masse of oure Ladye. But I tell you, there is stuffe inough in scrypture to proue it, and good stuffe too. But stuffe did he store them with none but this. For the other part of his perswasion, he said. There were a companye of goodly Copes, that were appoynted to Wyndsore, but he had found the Queene so gratious vnto hym, that they shoulde come to Christes Churche. Nowe if they lyke honest men would come to Church, they shoulde weare them on holy dayes. Nowe besides al this. He would get thē the Lady Bel of Bampton, and that shoulde make the swetest ryng in all Englande. And as for an holy water sprinckle, he hadde alreadye the fayrest that was wythin the Realme. Wherefore hee thoughte that no manne woulde bee so madde to forgoe these commodityes. &c.

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Whiche thynges I rehearce, that it maye appeare, what wante of discretion is in the fathers of Poperye: and into what ydle follies such men do fall: whom I besech the Lorde, if it be his pleasure, to reduce to a better truth, and to open theyr eyes, to see theyr owne blyndenesse.

 

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After the account of Tresham's oration, Foxe went on in the 1563 edition to give brief relations of a few important events in the autumn of 1554. Most of these were later dropped in favour of more detailed accounts of the same events which Foxe obtained.

A few phrases of Foxe's description of the opening of parliament on 12 November 1554 in the 1563 edition were retained; otherwise this material was replaced in 1570 with more detailed accounts drawn from Foxe's lost chronicle source.

☞ Aboute the same time, Boner Byshoppe of London went on his visitation in London, enquiryng vppon a number of moste blasphemous, foolishe, and vayne articles, aswel touchyng his clergy, as also the temporaltye.

 

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Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation

As with Harpsfield's disputation, Foxe is keen to correct what he sees as popish errors: for example, the historical point about the doctrine of the natural presence. The anger follows the pattern of ostensible provocation by an attack on the godly (preachers in this case). The glosses concerned with Bonner's visitation are relatively restrained in their criticism: the reported actions of the bishop were presumably damning enough. Foxe marks the itinerary, and twice mentions his 'behauiour', priming the reader to focus on his conduct. Other glosses list his insulting and violent behaviour, making clear the rank and status of those abused to compound the sense of disorderly proceeding. The glosses suggest Bonner was both vicious and ridiculous: he goes in a 'pelting chase' which suggests a lack of self-control and is easily put down by Sir Thomas Josselin . Glosses note the discrepancies between editions that follow the usual pattern of 1583 being less accurate than earlier editions; also noted are examples of a mistake in 1570 corrected in later editions.

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MarginaliaOctober.☞ In this moneth of October, 
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Block 30: Gardiner's sermon to Bonner's visitation

Gardiner's Paul's Cross sermon of 30 September 1554 was mentioned, and a brief summary of it given, in 1563 (p. 1008). This was replaced in the next edition by a fuller and more detailed account (1570, p. 1644; 1576, pp. 1402-03; 1583, p. 1473). This account was based on notes taken by someone in the audience which survive in Foxe's papers (BL Harley 425, fol. 118r). The account printed by Foxe is more detailed than the material in his papers, and more hostile to Gardiner: Foxe seems to have embellished his source.

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dyd the lord Chauncellour (Byshop of Winchester) preach at Paules Crosse, and in his sermon affirmed the carnall presence of Christes bodye in the sacrament of the Altare: he spake euyl by þe preachers that were in Kyng Edwarde the. vi. his daies: and made great commendation of kyng Philip and Queene Mary: praising the kynge for his vertue, godlinesse, wit, gentlenesse, humilitie, patience, mercye, and profoundnesse: affirming that he came not hither for nede, for that he had tenne tymes so muche as we haue: and sayde that he had broughte with him estimation, dignitie, and great Treasure. Therefore (quod he) entreate hym louinglye, & make muche of him, that he may here continue wyth vs. His whole sermon was, that one shoulde loue another: whiche was but slenderly kepte by hym and his felowes (as shortly after appered) towarde the true preachers and professors of Christes gospell.

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Pole's Oration

The glosses here show Foxe refocussing his attack on Pole, as he did earlier on Bonner. The 1563 and 1570 editions have different glosses linking Pole with avarice and (in the case of 1570) other vices; these were later dropped, and the main emphasis was on Pole as a persecutor of consciences. Foxe also uses the glosses to demonstrate Pole's involvement in a nexus of papal and imperial allegiances, drawing out some amusing images of Pole as a papal messenger/housebreaker jangling the power of the keys in the lock of English law. A clearer focus on Pole in his political and persecutory role rather than on his personal failings dominates after 1570. There are several references to earlier parts of the book in response to Pole's historical arguments: in all cases 1583 fails to give a reference, unlike 1570 and 1576.

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MarginaliaNouember 12.The. xii. daye of Nouember, beganne a parliament, to the whiche the kyng and Queene rode in theyr Robes. During the same Parliament, Cardinall Poole, came into England about the. xxiii. daye of the same moneth, and was receiued with muche honoure in all places as he passed. And after that, he was restored by acte of Parliamente restored to his olde e-

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state and dignitie, (whiche he was put from by king Henry the eight.) He came into the Parliament house, which at that present was kept in the great Chamber of the Court at White Hall, for that the Queene was then sicke, and coulde not goe abrode, where as (the king and Quenes maiesties sitting vnder the clothe of Estate, and the Cardinal sitting on their right hande, with all the other Estates of the Parliament being present) the Bishoppe of Winchester beyng Lorde Chauncellor, beganne in this maner. 

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Block 33: Pole"s oration

All editions of the Acts and Monuments contain Gardiner's short introduction of Pole in parliament on 28 November 1554 and Pole's speech celebrating the restoration of England to the catholic faith (1563, pp. 1008-10; 1570, pp. 1647-49; 1576, pp. 1405-07; 1583, pp. 1476-77). In the 1570 edition, however, Foxe added a few phrases to Gardiner's introduction of Pole's oration. This addition included the information that the gate to parliament was locked during Pole's oration (which somewhat detracts from the cardinal's eloquence). Gardiner's introduction and Pole's oration were reprinted from John Elder, A copie of a letter sente unto Scotland (London, 1555), STC 7552, sigs. D1r-E2r. Elder states (sig. E2r-v) that he based his version on notes taken by a friend of his, an MP, who was present.

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MI Lordes of the vpper house, and you my masters of the nether house here is present the ryght Reuerend father in God, my Lorde Cardinal Poole, come from the Apostolyke Sea of Rome, as Ambassadour to the Kynge and Queenes maiesties, vpon one of the weightiest causes that euer happened in this realme: and whiche perteineth to the glory of God, and youre vniuersall benefite. The whiche Ambassage theyr Maiesties pleasure is, to be signifyed vnto you all by his owne mouthe, trusting that you wyll receyue and accept it, in as beneuolēt and thankefull wyse, as theyr highnesses haue done, and that you wyll geue an attent and inclinable eare vnto him.

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When the Lorde Chauncellour had thus ended his talke: the Cardinall taking þe tyme then offered, began his Oration in this wyse folowyng.

The tenoure of Cardinall Pooles Oration, made in the Parliamente house at his fyrste commynge into Englande, in the presence of the kynge and Queene, and the other estates of the Parlyamente.

MarginaliaDecemberMI Lordes al, and you that are the commons of this present Parliament assembled, whiche in effecte is nothinge else but the state and body of the whole Realm, As the cause of my repaire hither hathe bene bothe wiselye and grauely declared by my Lord Chauncellor, so before that I enter to the particularities of my Commission, I haue somwhat touchyng my selfe, and to geue most humble and hearty thanks to the king and Quenes maiesties, and after them to you all, whiche of a manne exiled and banishte from this common Wealthe, haue restored me, to a member of the same: and of a manne hauyng no place neyther here or els where within this Realme, haue admytted me in place where to speake and to be heard. This I proteste vnto you all, that though I was exiled my natiue countrey with oute iuste cause, as God knoweth, yet the ingratitude coulde not pul from me the affection and desire that I had to profite and dooe you good. If the offer of my seruice might haue bene recei

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ued,