And yet for all these practises, and deuises of ill menne, here you see her grace establyshed in her estate, beynge youre lawefull Queene and Gouernesse, borne amonge you, whome God hathe appoynted to reygne ouer you, for the restitution of true religion, and extirpation of all errours and sectes. And to confirme her grace the more strongly in this enterpryse, Lo howe the prouidence of GOD hathe ioyned her in maryage with a Prynce of like relygion, who beynge a Kynge of greate myght, armoure and force, yet vseth towardes you neyther Armoure nor force, but seketh you by the waye of loue and amitie: in whiche respecte greate cause you haue to geue thankes to almyghtye GOD that hathe sente you suche Catholyke Gouernours. It shall bee therefore youre parte agayne, to loue, obey, and serue them.[Back to Top]
And as it was a singular fauoure of GOD to conioyne them in maryage: so it is not to be doubted, but that hee shall sende them issue for the comfort and suretye of this common welth. Of all Princes in Europe, the Emperor hath trauayled moste in the cause of religion, as it appeareth by his actes in Germanye: yet happely by some secrete iudgemente of GOD, he hathe not atchieued the ende: with whom in my iourney hetherwards, I hadde conference touchinge my Legation, whereof when he hadde vnderstandynge, he shewed greate appearance of moste earnest ioye and gladnesse: saying that it reioyced him no lesse of the reconcilemente of this Realm vnto Christian vnitie, then that his sonne was placed by Mariage in the kyngedom. And most glad he was of all, that the occasion thereof should come by me, beyng an Englishe manne borne, whiche is, as it were to cal home oure selues. I can Well compare him to Dauid, whiche thoughe he were a manne electe of God: yet for that he was contaminate with bloud and warre, coulde not builde the temple of Hierusalem, but lefte the finishinge thereof to Salomon which was Rex pacificus. So may it bee thoughte, that the appeasinge of controuersies of religiō in christianity, is not apointed to this Emperoure, but rather to his sonne, who shall perfourme the buildynge that his Father hathe begunne: whiche Churche cannot bee perfitelye builded without vniuersally in all Realmes we adhere to one head, and doe acknowledge hym to bee Vicar of God, and to haue power from aboue. For all power is of God accordynge to the saying. Non est potestas nisi a deo. And therfore I consider that all power beynge in GOD, yet for the conseruation of quiete and godlye life in the worlde, he hath deriued that power from aboue into two partes here in earth: MarginaliaTwo powers in earth: the Ecclesiastical power, and the imperiall.which is in the power Imperiall and Ecclesiasticall. And these twoo powers, as they be seuerall and distincte, so haue they twoo seuerall effectes and operations. For Seculer Princes, to whome the Temporall swearde is committed, be mynisters of God to execute vengeaunce vppon transgressours and euyll liuers, and to preserue the wel dooers and innocentes from iniury and violence. Whiche power is represented in these twoo moste excellent persones, the kynge and Quenes Maiesties here present, who haue this power committed vnto them immediatelye from God, withoute anye Superioure in that[Back to Top]
The other power is of ministration, whiche is the power of the keyes, and order in the Ecclesiastical state, whiche is by the authoritye of Goddes woorde, and examples of the Apostles, and of all olde holy Fathers from Christ hytherto, attributed and geuen to the Apostolyke Sea of Rome, by specfall prerogatyue. From whiche Sea, I am here deputed Legate and Ambassadour, hauing full and ample commission from thence, and haue the keyes commytted to my handes. I confesse to you that I haue the keyes, not as myne owne keyes, but as the keyes of hym that sente me: and yet cannot open: not for want of power in me to geue, but for certain impedimentes in you to receiue, whiche muste be taken awaye before my commission can take effecte. This I proteste vnto you, my commission is not of preiudice to any persone. I come not to destroye, but to build, I come to reconcile, not to condemne, I com not to compell, but to call agayne: I am not come to call anye thing in question, alreadye doone. But my commission is of grace and clemency, to suche as wil receiue it. For touching all matters that be past, they shall be as things cast into the Sea of forgetfulnes.[Back to Top]
But the meane whereby you shall receaue thys benefyte, is to reuoke and repeale those lawes and statutes, whiche be impedimentes, blockes and barres to the execution of my commission. For lyke as I my selfe hadde neyther place nor voyce to speake here among you, but was to all respectes a banyshed manne, til such tyme as ye hadde repealed those lawes that laye in my waye: euen so cannot you receyue the benefyte and grace offered from the Apostolike Sea, vntil the abrogation of such lawes, wherby you haue disioyned and disseuered your selues from the vnitie of Christes Churche.[Back to Top]
It remayneth therefore, that you lyke true Christians and prouydente men, for the weale of youre soules, and bodyes, ponder what is to bee doone in thys so weighty a cause. And so to frame youre actes and procedynges, as they maye tende fyrste to the glorye of GOD, and next to the conseruation of your cōmon wealth suretye and quietnesse.[Back to Top]
☞ Shortly after this, the foresayd three estates, assembled agayn in the greate Chamber of the Courte at Westminster: Where the kyng and Quenes Maiesties, and the Cardynall beyng present, they did exhibite (sitting al on theyr knees) a supplication to theyr hyghnesses, the tenour whereof ensueth.
The supplication of parliament to Philip and Mary for permission to present their submission to Pole together with an account of Pole's receiving that submission are reprinted from Elder (cf. Copie of a letter, sigs. E3r-E5r with 1563, p. 1010; 1570, p. 1649; 1576, p. 1407; 1583, p. 1477).
WE the Lordes Spiritual, and Temporall, and the Commons of this presente Parliament assembled, representyng the whole body of the Realme of England, and Dominions of the same, in our owne names particularlye,