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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1086 []

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

as one without reason and distract of mynde. Whiche being ones knowen vnto sir Frauncis Inglefield, he with his bloudy brother the parson of Inglefielde, thought good to rid the pryson of him, and so he was discharged. 

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The statement that Bolton was released by Sir Francis Englefield (1563, p. 1018) is explained by the fact that Englefield, in addition to his numerous other offices, was keeper of Reading gaol (Bindoff, Commons).

It is not to be forgotten, amongest so may other troubles, that in prison was layde a whyle for fornication a Coller maker by his science. Who being of nature very tender, and felyng not one quarter of Iohn Boltons troubles and miserable tormētes, fel mad. And through frendship of them, who were more madde thē he, libertie was geuen him to sit at the grate of the Dungeon, to worke for his lyuing, and to haue the benefyte of the lyght, whiche is (as prysoners saye) no small benefite. This mad man hauing his toles, that is to saye, an awle and a stretcher, and his libertie therwith vsed the same almoste to the destruction of his owne wife, and the sayde Iohn Bolton. For she comming to visit him, beinge great with chylde, and thinking of no daunger (poore woman) towardes her, the wretched mad man vngraciously thrust his awle in her bodye, and slew the litle babe within her wombe. And yet not content therwith, but to encrease his mischief more and more, he also with the same instruments, did in diuerse places, hurt the said Iohn Bolton, sittinge in the stockes, to the great peryll of his lyfe, and no lesse daunger of the same continually, whyle the sayde Coller maker remayned in pryson, as it appeareth euidently at this present vpon his body, for them that list to see.

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Suche crueltie, and so greatly was truth hated, and whordom mainteined, by this wicked Gaolour, that the euill persone coulde haue libertie to doo his mischief when he woulde, where the poore symple Iohn Bolton (layde in for conscience sake to Godward) mighte not once haue so muche fauour, as to be free from the stockes, and to walk a litle for his comfort. This is the truthe of this story, approued by sufficient and credible testimonies, aswell of the inhabitours of the sayd towne of Reading, whose letters at this present for the certification thereof we haue to shewe, dated to vs the xii. daye of May, as also by the confirmation of the partie hym selfe, on whome this crueltie was shewed, being although through the same their extreme handlyng weake and feble, yet, (God be praysed) a man alyue.

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THe second daye of December, the byshoppe of Wynchester beyng Lorde Chauncelor, preached againe at Paules Crosse, at whiche sermon was present, the kynge, and Cardinal Pole. He toke for his theame, this part of the Epistle of S. Paule to the Romayns the xiii. Chapter. This also we knowe the season (brethren) that we should nowe awake out of slepe. for nowe is our saluation nearer then when we beleued. &c.

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Some notes whereof as they came to my handes (faythfully gathered, as it appeareth by sundrie copies) I haue here thought good to set forth. 

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Block 35: From Gardiner's Cross sermon to 1555

Even his almost innumerable enemies conceded Stephen Gardiner's mastery of rhetoric and the Paul's Cross sermon of 2 December 1554 was one of his masterpieces. The impact of the sermon is indicated by its rapid dissemination. A detailed précis of this sermon appears in John Elder, A copie of a letter sente unto Scotlande (London, 1556), STC 7552, sigs. E6r-F1r, and the sermon was also translated into Latin: Concio reveren. Stephani episcopi Wintonien. Angliae cancellari, habita domenica prima adventus, praesentibus sereniss. rege et reverendiss. legato apost. in maxima populi (Rome, 1555). Neither was Foxe's source. Elder does not record many important details in Foxe's version; conversely Foxe does not have details in the Latin translation, especially its discussion of the queen's pregnancy. (Admittedly, this omission could be due to censorship on Foxe's part, although the reason for such censorship is obscure). Most importantly, Foxe states that his version was based on 'Some notes whereof as they came to my hands faithfully gathered (as it appeareth by sundry copyes)' (1563, p. 1018; 1570, p. 1651; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

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From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555

As occurs with other sections of text containing the words of the catholic enemy, these glosses contest and subvert the text. Thus Gardiner's 'dreaming' sermon is mocked with the implication that it is ungrounded in reason and a product of fancy. There are also examples of reworked points from the text. The finishing of Gardiner's Latin sentence in a derogatory way is unusually stark and unfounded in its criticism. The ongoing campaign to deride failed catholic prophecies continues .

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MarginaliaA dreaming sermō of Steuen Winton.First, he shewed howe the saying of Saynt Paule was verified vpon the Gentilles, who had a long tyme to slept in darke ignoraunce not knowyng God: therfore S. Paule (quod he) to styrre vp their heauy dulnes, wylled them to awake out of their long slepe, because their saluation was nerer, then when they beleued. In amplyfiyng this matter, and comparyng our tymes with theirs: he toke occasion to declare what difference the Iewyshe Sacramentes had, from those of the Christiās, wherin he vsed these woordes.

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Euen as the sacramentes of the Iewes did declare Christ to come, so do our sacramentes declare Christ, to be alredy come: MarginaliaTo saluation he is one to both.but Christ to come, and Christe to be come is not all one. for nowe that he is come, the Iewes sacramentes be done away, and ours only remayne, whiche declare that he is already come, and is nearer vs then he was the fathers of the olde lawe: for they had hym but in signes, but we haue hym in the sacramēt of the altar, euen his very body. Wherfore nowe also it is tyme that we awake out of our slepe, who haue slepte, or rather dreamed these twenty yeares past, as shal more easely apeare by declaryng at large some of the properties & effects of a slepe or dreame. And first, as men intending to slepe, do seperat them selues from company, and desire to be alone: Euen so haue we seperated our selues frō the sea Apostolicke of Rome, and haue bene alone, no Realme in Christendome lyke vs.

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Secondly, as in slepe men dreame, some time of kylling, some tyme of mayming, sometyme of drowning or burning, sometyme of suche beastlynes as I wyll not name, but wyll spare your eares: so haue we, in this our slepe not only dreamed of beastlynes, but we haue done it in dede: for in this our slepe, hath not one brother destroyed another? hath not halfe our money be wyped away at one tyme? and agayne those that would defend their conscience were slain: & others also otherwise troubled, besides infinite other thinges, whiche you all knowe as well as I: whereof I reporte me to your owne consciences. Farther, in a mans slepe all his senses are stopped, so that he came neither see, smell, nor heare: euen so where as the ceremonies of the churche were instituted to moue and styrre vp our senses, they being taken away, was not our senses (as ye woulde saye) stopped and we fast on sleepe? oreouer, when a man woulde gladly sleepe, he wyll put forth the candell, least pearaduenture it maye let his slepe, and awake hym. So of late, all suche wryters, as did hold any thyng with the Apostolike sea, were condempned, and forbyd-

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den to