Navigate the 1563 Edition
PrefaceBook 1Book 2Book 3Book 4Book 5
Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1109 []

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

where in the meane waye Saunders leader gaue hym a writyng, contayning the cause, or rather the accusation of the sayde Saunders, whiche when he had perused, where is þe man sayde the Bishoppe? Then Saunders beynge broughte foorth to the place of examination, fyrst moste lowly and mekely he kneled down and made curtesy before the Table, where the Bishop did sit: vnto whome the Bishop spake on this wise.

[Back to Top]

Howe happeneth it (sayde he) that notwithstanding the Quenes Proclamation to the cōtrary, you haue enterprysed to preach? Saunders denied that he did preache: but onelye, for so muche as he sawe the perillous tymes nowe at hande, that he dydde but accordynge as he was admonished and warned by Ezechiell the Prophete exhorte his flock and Parishioners to perseuer and stande stedfastlye in the doctrine whiche they had learned, saying also that he was moued and pricked forward therevnto by that place of the Apostles wherein he is commaunded rather to obey god then man: & moreouer that nothynge more moued or stirred him therevnto, then his owne conscyence. A godly conscience surely sayde the Byshoppe. This your conscience coulde make our Quene a Bastard or misbegotten: would it not I pray you?

[Back to Top]

Then sayde Saunders: we (sayde he) do not declare or say that the Quene is base or misbegotten, neyther goe about any suche matter. But for that let them care, whose wrytynges are yet in the handes of menne, witnessyng the same, not without the greate reproche & shame of the autoure: priuily taunting the Bishoppe hymselfe, MarginaliaThe booke of Wint. de vera obedientia.whiche hadde before (to get the fauor of kyng Henry the eyght,) written & set foorth in printe a booke of true obedience, wherein he hadde openly declared, Quene Mary to bee a Bastarde. Nowe maister Saunders goyng forwardes in his purpose, sayde: We do onely professe and teache the sinceritie and purity of the woorde, the whiche albeit it bee nowe forbidden vs to preache with oure mouthes: yet notwithstanding I do not doubt, but that our bloude hereafter shall manifest the same. The Byshop beyng in this sorte pretily nipped and touched, saide: Cary away this frensye foole to pryson. Vnto whome maister Saunders aunswered, that he did geue god thankes, whiche hadde geuen hym at the last, a place of reste & quietnesse, where as he might pray for the Bishoppes conuersion.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaA notable example of the lord, cōforting hys seruauntes in theyr troubles.Furthermore he that dyd lye with hym afterwardes in prison, in the same bedde, reported that he harde him say that euen in the time of his examination, he was wonderfully comforted, insomuche as not onely in spirite, but also in bodye, he receyued a certayne taste of that holy Communion of Sainctes, whylest a

[Back to Top]

most pleasaunt refreshyng dyd issue from euery parte and member of the body vnto the seat and place of the hearte, and from thence dyd ebbe and flowe to and fro vnto all the partes agayne. This Saunders continued in prison a whole yeare and thre monethes. In all whiche space he sent diuers letters to diuers men: as one to Cranmer, Ridley, Latimer: another to his wyfe, and also to others, certifying them bothe of the publike calamitie of the tyme, and also of his priuate afflictions, and of sondrye his conflictes with his aduersaries. As in wrytyng to his frende, he speaketh of Weston cōferring with him in prison, whereof you shall here anone, (by the leaue of the Lorde) as followeth in the storye. In the meane tyme the Chauncellour, after this litle talke with Mayster Saunders, as is aforesayd, sent hym to the prison of Marshalsey, &c. For the Cayphas (Winchester I meane) did nothyng but bayte hym with some of his currishe eloquence, and so committed hym to the prison of the Marshalsey, wher he was kept prisoner one whole yere and a quarter. But of his cause and estate, thou shalt now see, what Laurence Saunders him selfe did wryte.

[Back to Top]
A parcell of a certayne Letter of Laurence Saūders, touching the cause of his imprisonment, and concernynge the truthe of his doctrine taken out of a rent copye, so muche as remayned vntorne. 
Commentary  *  Close

After it was first printed in 1563, this letter was reprinted in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 201-03, and edited by Bull in the process. Bull's version was then reprinted in all subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments. Ecl 260, fol. 123r-v is a copy of this letter, which was used by Bull as his cast-off.

[Back to Top]

TOuchynge the cause of my imprisonment, I doubt whether I haue broken any lawe, or proclamation. In my doctrine I did not, for as much as at that time it was permitted by the MarginaliaHe meneth the proclamation of which mentiō is made before.proclamation to vse according to our consciences suche seruice as was then established. My doctrine was then agreable vnto my conscience and the seruice thē vsed. The acte whiche I did (he meaneth publike teachyng of goddes woorde in his own parish, called Alhallowes in Bredestreate in the Citie of London,) was such, as being indifferently weyed, sounded vnto no breaking of the proclamation, or at the leaste no wilfull breakyng of it, for as muche as I caused no Bell to bee ronge, neyther occupyed I any place in the Pulpit, after the order of Sermons or Lectures. But be it that I dyd breake the Proclamation: this longe tyme of continuaunce in prison maye bee thought to be more then a sufficient punishement for such a fault.

[Back to Top]

Touchyng the chargyng me with my religion, I saye with sainct Paule: MarginaliaAct. xxiiiiThis I confesse that after the way whiche they call Heresye, so woorshyp I the god of my fathers, beleuing al thinges whiche are written in the law and the

Pro-