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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1126 [157]

ers to God for him, & so went through Chepesyde, to the place appointed, & was delyuered as close prisoner to þe keper of Newgat, wher he remayned. 6. dayes, no body being permitted to com to him, or to talk with him, sauing his kepers, & such as should be appointed therto. During thys tyme, the bloudye Byshop of London Bonar, & others at his appointment, as Fecknam, Chedsey, & Harpsfield. &c. resorted diuers times vnto him to assay if by any meanes thei could perswade hym to relent, & to becom a mēber of their Antichristiā church. Al þe wayes they could deuise they attempted. For besides disputacions & allegacions of testimonies of the Scriptures, & of auncient writers, wrasted to a wronge sense, according to their accustomed maner, they vsed also al outward gentlenes & significations of frendship with many great profers & promises of worldly cōmodities, not omitting also most greuous threatnings, if the other coulde not preuayle: but they foūd him alwaies one mā, stedfast & immoueable. Whē þe Papistical sect perceiued that they could by no meanes attaine to theyr deuelish purpose, with suche perswasions & offers as they had vsed for the conuersion of maister Hoper: they went about by false rumors and reportes of Recantacions (for it is well knowen that they and theyr seruauntes did spread it first abroade) to bring hym and the doctrine of Christ, which he professed out of credite with the people. So the brute being a litle spread a broad, and beleaued of some of the weaker sorte: by reason of the often resorte of the Byshope of London, and other it encresed more, & at the last came to maister Hopers eares. Wherewith he was not a litle greued that the people should geue so light credite vnto false rumors, hauing so simple a grounde: as it maye appeare by a letter which he wrote vpō that occasion: the copy whereof foloweth.

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¶ A letter of Maister Hoper for the stopping of certaine false rumors, spred abroad of hys recantacion. 
Commentary  *  Close

Hooper wanted this letter to be widely circulated and, judging from the number of copies which survive, he succeeded. Copies of it among Foxe's papers are: BL, Lansdowne 389, fos. 4v-5r; ECL 260, fos. 225v-226r and BL, Add. 19400, fo. 28r. A copy of the letter came into Foxe's hands in exile and it was printed in Rerum, p. 290; 1563; Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 130-31 and subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments.

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THe grace of our Lord Iesus Christ be with all them that vnfaynedly looke for the cōming of our Sauiour Christ. Amen.

Deare brethren, and systers in the Lord, and my fellowe prisoners for the cause of Gods gospell: I do much reioyce and geue thankes vnto god for your constancy and perseueraunce in affliction, vnto whom I wishe

continaūce vnto the end. And as I do reioice in your faith and constancy in afflictions that be in prison: euen so do I mourne and lamēt to heare of our deare brethren, that yet haue not felte such daūgers for Gods truth as we haue and do fele, and be dayly like to suffer more, yea the very extreme and vile death of the fyre: yet such is the reporte abroade (as I am credibly enformed) that I Ihon Hoper a cōdempned man for the cause of christ should nowe after sentence of death (being in Newgate prisoner and lokyng dayly for execution) recant and abiure that heretofore I haue preached. And this talke ariseth of this that the Byshop of London and his chapleynes resort vnto me. Doubtles if our brethren were as godly as I would wysh thē, they would think that in case I dyd refuse to talke with them, they might haue iust occasion to saye that I were vnlearned, & durst not speake with learned men, or els proud and disdaynful to speak with them. Therfore to auoyd iust suspicions of both, I haue and do daily speake with them when they come: not doubting but that they will reporte that I am neyther proude, nor vnlearned. And I would wishe all men to do as I do in this poynt. For I feare not their argumētes, neither is death terrible vnto me, praying you to make true reporte of the same as occasion shal serue: & that I am more confirmed in the truthe I haue preached heretofore by their cōming. Therfor ye that mai sēd to the weake brethren, praye them that they trouble me not with such reportes of recantacions as they do. For I haue hitherto lefte all thinges of the world and suffred great paines & imprisonement. And I thanke God I am as readye to suffer deathe, as a mortall man maye be. It were better for them to praye for vs, then to credite or reporte suche rumors that be vntrue. We haue enemies enoughe of such as knowe not God truely. But yet the false reporte of weake breathren is a double crosse. I wysh you eternall saluation in Iesus Christe, and also require you continuall praier, that he whiche hath begonne in vs maye continue it to the ende. I haue taughte the truth wyth my tong, and with my pen hereto fore, and here after shortly wyll confirme the same by gods grace with my bloud. Fourth of Newgat. 2. of February. 1554.

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Your brother in Christ, Iohn Hoper.

¶ Vpon monday morning the bishop of London came to Newgate, & there disgraded mayster Hoper, the sentence of which his degradation here foloweth. 

Commentary  *  Close

It may seem surprising that Foxe goes to the trouble of printing the formula for Hooper's degradation and describing the degradation in such detail; after all, they were intended to humiliate the martyr. But this enables Foxe to establish an unspoken but potent comparison between the humiliation of the martyr and the humiliation of Christ in his Passion.

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☞ Degradatio Hoperi.

JN nomine ✗ patris, ✗ et filij, ✗ et spiritus sancti. Amen. Quoniā per sententiam diffinitiuam a reuerendo in Christo patre, et domino Stephano permissione diuina Winton Epis. in, et contra te Iohannem Hoper præsbiterum, suæ iurisdictionis ratione hæresis, et delicti infra illius diœcesin Winton. notorie commissa existentem, nuper rite et legitime prolatam, constat sufficienter et legitime nobis Edmundo London. episcopo te præfatum Iohannē Hoper hæreticū manifestum, et obstinatū, ac pertinacē fnisse et esse, ac constat at similiter tanquā hæreticum huiusmodi per dictam sententiam pronunciatum, et declaratum, fuisse, maiorisque excommunicationis sententia ob id innodatum et inuolutum similiter esse, ac ab ordine tuo deponendum et degradādum, curiæque seculari ob demerita tua huiusmodi tradendū fore, prout ex tenore dictæ sententiæ, ad qvam nos in hac parte nos referrimus, plenius, planius, et expressius liquet et apparet: Idcirco nos Edmundus epis. London. antedictus, quia nostra et vniuersitatis etiam interest nostras hic partes interponere, et vicariam operam mutuamque vicitudinem inmpendere, in cuius etiam diœcesi tu Iohannes Hoper idem hæresis crimē

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tunc
CCC.i.