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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1150 [181]

 

Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
Becket's Image and Other Events

The glosses in this section (1570, 1576, 1580) for the most part act as pointers to the narrative.

MarginaliaFebruary. 14.The xiiii day of February the lord Chācelor and other his fellow byshops caused the image of Thomas Becker, that olde Romish traytor, to be set vp, ouer the mercers chapell dore in in cheape side in Londō, in the forme and shape of a bishop, with miter and crosier. 
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Becket's Image

This account of the repeated iconoclasm against the statue of Becker first appears in the 1563 edition and was reprinted without alteration in all subsequent editions. Foxe was certainly drawing on oral sources for this, very probably John Barnes or a member of his family or household. Foxe presents Barnes's grievances in the matter sympathetically, and in some detail. The repeated attacks on the statue are widely reported in other sources (see Brigden, p. 593).

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Howe beit within two dayes after his erection, his two blessing fingers were first broken away, & on the next day (being the. 17. day of February) his hed was also striken of: whereupon arose greate trouble, and many were suspected, amōg whome one maister Ihō Barnes mercer, dwelling ouer against the same chapell was vehemētly (by the lord Chauncelor) charged withall as the doer therof: and the rather, for that he was a professor of the truth. Wherfore he and thre of his seruantes were committed to prison: and at his deliuery (although it could not be proued vpon him) he was bound in a gret some of mony, aswel to build it vp again, as often as it should be brokē down, as also to watch & kepe þe same And therfore at this his compelled charges the image was agayne set vp, the seconde daye of March, then next insuing, but (for lack, belike of careful watching) the xiiii. day of the same moneth in the night, the hedde of that daungerous beast (ouer whome there was such a charge geuen) was againe the secōd time broken of, which thing was so heynously taken, that the next day (being the xv. daye) there was a proclamation made in London: that who so euer woulde tell

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who did strike of this hed, (thoughe he were of counsell, and not the principall doer) he should haue not only his pardō, but also one hundreth crownes of gold, with harty thāks. But it was not knowen who did it.

 

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Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters

The glosses in this section (1570, 1576, 1580) are mainly functional, making clear the authorship of each letter.

MarginaliaFebruary. 18.The xviii. day of February Quene Mary at length after long delay maketh full aunswere to the king of Denmarks letters, who had written before two letters to the said Quene, in the behalf of maister Couerdale, for his deliuerance 
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Miles Coverdale's Release

This account of Miles Coverdale's release from prison and the correspondence between Christian III of Denmark and Mary on this matter first appear in the 1563 edition. All of this material was reprinted in the subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments without significant alteration. This was not the first or last time that Foxe would have drawn on the official correspondence of Mary's reign. These documents were clearly procured through the good offices of someone at court, very probably William Cecil.

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Christian III was, as Foxe observes, acting at the behest of John MacBriar (or Johannes Machabeus), who was Coverdale's brother-in-law and Christian's chaplain. The Marian government, as is apparent from Foxe, was deeply reluctant to release Coverdale; he had been the bishop of Exeter in the previous reign and, along with Cranmer, Ridley, Latimer, Barlow, Hooper and Ferrar he was among the members of the Edwardian episcopate targeted by the new regime. But Christian was in a position to apply pressure and he clearly did so. Although he was a pious Lutheran, Christian was also a valued ally of Charles V, the father-in-law of the English queen, and, at this time, England's most important ally. Mary delayed as long as she could, but released Coverdale and gave him a passport in February 1555. Had Christian not intervened, Coverdale would almost certainly have been one of the Marian martyrs.

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who at that time went vnder suerties, and was in gret daunger, had he not bene hearde by the great suite and letters of the sayd king of Denmark.

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The matter and copy of which his suite and letters, as they came to our hāds, we haue here set fourth and exprest, wherby the singuler loue of this good kinge towardes the truth of gods word, and the professors thereof might the better appeare to the world.

Fyrst this vertuous and godly king Christianus, hearing of the captiuity of Miles Coueruerdale, of whom he had had some knowlege before (being ther in Denmark in king Henry the eight his time) and lamenting his daungerous case, maketh intercession by letters to Quene Mary, desiring and requestinge the sayd Miles Couerdale to be sente vnto him. The date of which his first letters, was about the calendes of May. An. D. 1554. the copy wherof here followeth.

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¶ Christianus dei gratia Daniæ, Noruegiæ &c. Rex &c. eadem gratia Serenissimæ ac potentißimæ principi D. Mariæ Angliæ. Galliæ & Hiberniæ Reginæ, consanguineæ nostræ chariß. salutem.

SErenissima princeps consanguinea charissima, pro necessitudine mutua ac coniunctione, non solum regij nominis inter nos, sed etiam sanguinis, maxime vero vtrinq; inter hæc regna nostra a vetustissimis vsq̀ temporibus propagata ac seruata, non modo cōmerciorum, sed omniū officiorum vicissitudine & fide, facere non potuimus. quin pietatis & doctrinæ excellentis cōmendatione, vere reuerendi viri Ioannis Machabæi, sacræ Theologiæ doctoris & professoris præstantiss. subditi ac ministri nostri imprimis dilecti, supplicibus grauissimisq̀ precibus cōmoti, ad Sere. vestram has literas daremus. Exposuit is nobis, in hac recenti perturbatione ac motu regni Angliæ, quem ex animo euenisse dolemus, & nunc indies in melius verti speramus, quendā nomine Milonem Couerdalū, nuper diœcesis Exoniensis, piæ laudatissimæ que memoriæ proximi Regis Serenitatis vestræ fratris, consanguinei itidem nostri chariss. autoritate constitutū Episcopum, nunc in tristiß. calamitates, carcerem, ac periculum vitæ, nulla atrocioris delicti culpa, sed illa fatali temporum ruina incidisse. Quæ quidem hic Machabæus noster, quod ei affinitate, et quod grauius est, pietatis eruditionis ac morum similitudine, tanquam frater deuinctus sit, non minus ad se pertinere existimat. Itaq; nostrā opem implorat, vt quam ipse gratiam & fauorem apud nos meretur, hominis innocentis calamitati ac periculo (quod ipse non minus suum putat) accommodemus. Mouemur profecto non temere, illius viri cui suo merito imprimis bene volumus, cōmiseratione, eiusq; maxime testimonio de captiui Antistetis innocentia atque integritate, de qua quidem est, vt eo melius speremus, quod multis iam morte mulctatis sontibus, de ipso integrum adhuc Deus esse voluit. Proinde nō dubitauimus Sere. vest. quanta poßimus diligentia atq̀ animi propensione rogare, vt nostra causa, captiui illius D. Milonis rationē clementer habere dignetur, eumq̀ vt a sceleris ita a pœnæ etiam atrocitate alienū esse velit, & temporū offensam, qua ipsum quoq̀ affligi verisimile est, nobis nostræq̀ amicitiæ regiæ & precibus, præsertim hoc primo aditu, benigne condonare, saltem eatenus, vt si forte hoc rerum statu grauis eius præsentia sit, incolumis ad nos cū suis dimittatur. Id nobis summi benificij loco & Serenitati vestræ in florentiß. regni auspicijs (quæ augusta, fausta, ac fortunata Sere. ves. ex animo optamus) ad clementiæ laudem honorificum erit: & nos dabimus operam, vt cum amicitiæ nostræ habitam rationem intellexerimus, eo maiore studio in mutuā vicem gratitudinis omniumq̀ officiorum erga Serenitatē vestrā eiusq̀ vniuersum regnum & subditos incumbamus. Deum optimum maximum precamur, vt Serenitati vestræ ad gloriam sui nominis & publicam salutem fœlices omnium rerum successus & incolumitatem diuturnam largiatur. Datæ ex arce nostra Coldingeēsis septimo Calendas Maij. Anno. 1554.

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Vester consanguineus frater &
amicus Christianus Rex.

TO these letters of the king, Queene Marie aunswering againe declared, that the sayde Miles Couerdall, was in no such captiuitie for any religiō, but for certen debt: 

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Mary was correct in maintaining that Coverdale was under sureties for being in arrears to the Crown over clerical taxes; in fact, Foxe's use of the word 'captivity' obscures the fact that Coverdale was not being held in prison, but was free and merely obliged to report weekly to the Court of First Fruits and Tenths (PRO E347/1, fo. 38r). However, this was a rather cynical device to hold him until laws against heresy, repealed under Edward VI, could be re-enacted.

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so neither plain

ly graunting, nor expresly deniyng his request, but vsing a colourable excuse for shifting of the matter, as appeareth by his seconde letter sent to the quene, dated the 24. of Sep. as foloweth.

Christianus
EEE.i.