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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the GlossesCommentary on the Text
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1180 [1111]

The proces and History of William Pygot, Steuen Knyght, and Ihon Laurence, concerning their examinations and constant martirdom susteined for the true cause of the Gospell. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdoms of Pygot, Knight and Laurence

All the information which Foxe had on these martyrs in the Rerum was acopy of Stephen Knight's prayers and the dates and places of the execution of the three martyrs, together with a brief but vivid account of Laurence being carried to the stake in a chair (Rerum, pp. 427 and 428). In the 1563 edition, Foxe added the articles put to the three and their answers, as well as accounts of the appearance before the Consistory Court of St Paul's. He also added the unforgettable story of children encouraging Laurence to remain constant, as he was burning alive, to his first edition. There were no significant changes made to the account of thesethree martyrs in subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments.

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Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
Pigot, Knight and Laurence

Narrative dominates the glosses in this section, along with an account of the issues discussed between the martyrs and their persecutors. As is usual, the day of death is given at the start (for two of the martyrs who died on the same day). The gloss 'Beliefe of the pretensed Catholicke church' qualifies the term 'catholic': the term was thus not always to be conceded to the other side without comment. The glosses remind the reader that Laurence was a priest and register the fact of his conversion from monastic life to protestantism ('Talke betweene Boner and Iohn Laurence Priest'; 'Iohn Laurence sometymes a Fryer'; 'The Martyrdome of Iohn Laurence Priest at Colchester. Anno. 1555'), illustrating that even those at the heart of the pope's church could see the truth if they wished.

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MarginaliaWyllyam Pigot, Steuē Knight. Iohn Laurence.AT the same time, that Tōkins and Hunter wer examined (as before is mencioned) there wer also broughte to examinacion Williā Pigot, Steuē Knight, and Iohn Laurence minister, of whom it was (the first day, being the eighte daye of Februarye) asked, by the Byshop of London, what their opinions were, touchyng the sacrament of the altar. Wherunto they seuerally answered, and also subscribed, that in the sacramēt of the altar, vnder the formes of bread & wine there is not the very substaunce of the bodye and bloud of our sauiour Iesus Christe, but a spirituall partaking of the bodye and blood of Christ: the very bodye and blood of Christe being onely in heauen, and no wher els. This answere thus made, the Byshop caused certayne articles to be redde vnto them, to the whych Pigot and Knyght dyd answer, as appeareth here vnder mencioned, and ther vpon were commaunded to appeare agayne the next day, at eight of the clock in the morning & in the meane whyle, to bethynke them selues, what they woulde do.

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¶ Articles or interrogatories, obiected by Edmond bishop of London to William Pygot, Steuen Knighte, and Iohn Laurence, the viii. daye of February. 1555. in the consistory in Paules. 
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The accounts of the appearances of Pygot, Knight and Laurence before the Consistory Court of St Paul's as well as the articles put to them, together with their answers, are all taken from Bishop Bonner's records, probably from a court book which is now lost.

WHether do you thinke, and stedfastly beleue that it is a catholyke, faythfull, christian, and true doctrine, to teach, preach, and saye that in the sacrament of the altar, vnder the formes of bread, and wine, there is without any substaunce of bread and wine there remayninge, by the omnipotent power of almighty God, and his holy word, really, truely and in very dede the true, & natural body, and bloud of our sauior Iesus Christ, the self same in substaunce (though not in outward forme and appearance) which was born of the virgin Mary and suffred vpon the crosse, ye or nay?

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Whether do you thinke and stedfasty beleue that your parentes, kinsfolke, frends and acquaintaunce here in thys Realme of England, before your byrth, a great while, and also after your byrth, professing and beleuinge the sayd doctrine and fayth, concerninge the sayd sacrament of the aulter, had a true christen fayth, and were faythfull and true Christen people or no?

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Whether do you thinke and stedfastly beleue that your godfathers, and godmother, professing and beleuing the sayd doctrin, and fayth, concerning the sayd sacrament of the

aulter, had a trewe christen fayth, and were faythfull and true christen people, or no?

Whether do you thinke and stedfastly beleue that your owne selfe in times past, being of the age of. xiiii. yeares and aboue, did think and beleaue concerning the sayd sacramente of the aulter in all poyntes, as your sayd parentes, kinsfolke, frendes, acquaintaunce, god fathers, and godmother did then thinke, and beleue therin or no?

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Whether do you thinke, and stedfastly beleue, that our soueraignes the King, and the Quene of thys Realme of England, and all the Nobilyty, Clergy, & Layty of this Realme professing and beleuinge the sayd Doctrine and faith, as other christian Realmes do, concernyng the said sacrament of the aulter, haue a trew Christian fayth, and beleue as the catholike, and true church of Christ hath alwais beleued, preached, and taught, or no?

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Whether do you thinke, and stedfastly beleue that our sauiour Christ, and his hys holy spirit, hath bene, is and shalbe, with his catholyke Churche, euen to the worldes ende, gouerning, and ruling the same in al thinges, especially in the necessary poyntes of christian religion, not suffering the same to erre or to be deceyued therin?

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Whether it is true that you, being suspected, or infamed to bee culpable, and faultye in speaking agaynst the sacrament of the aulter, & against the very true presence of Christs naturall body, and the substance therof, in the said sacramēt, and therupon called before me vpō complaint made to me against you, haue not bene a good space in my house, hauing frelie meate and drinke, and also diuers times instructed and informed, aswell by one beynge your Ordinary, as also by my Chaplains and diuers other learned men, some wherof were Bishops, some Deanes, and some Archdeacones, & euery one of them learned in diuinitie, and minding wel vnto you, and desiringe the safegarde of your soule, & that you should follow and beleue the doctrine of the Catholike Churche as afore, concerning the saide sacrament of the aulter, and whether you dyd not at all times synce your sayd comminge to me vtterly refuse to follow and beleue the sayde doctrine, concerning the said sacrament?

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Whether can you now find in your harte and conscience, to conforme your selfe in all poyntes to the sayde fayth, and Catholyke church, concernyng the sayd sacrament of the aulter, faythfully, truly, and plainly, without any dissimulation, beleuing therin as our said soueraignes, with þe nobilyty, clergy, and layty of this Realme, and other christian Realms and other persons aforesayd, and also the said catholyke church haue, and do beleue in that behalfe?

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In
GGG.iiii.