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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1191 [1122]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

they mighte (as they thoughte) be saued: but Marshe sayde he woulde not as then bee troubled with medling with money, but wylled some good manne to take the money, yf the people were disposed to geue anye, and to geue it vnto the prisoners or poore people. So he went all the way vnto his death, with his booke in his hande, lookyng vppon the same, and many of the people sayde: this man goeth not vnto his death as a thiefe, or as one that deserued to dye. Nowe when he came to the place of execution, without the citye, nere vnto Spittle boughton, one Vawdrey, being thē deputie chaumberlayne of Chester, shewed Marshe a writing vnder a great seale, saying that it was a pardon for hym if he woulde recant. Whereat Marshe aunswered, that he would gladly accepte the same, and sayde farther, that he loued the Quene: but forasmuch as it tended to plucke him from god, he coulde not receiue it vpon that condition. After that, he beganne to speake to the people shewynge the cause of his death, and would haue exhorted them to sticke vnto Christ. Whervpon one of the Sheriffes sayd: george marsh, we must haue no sermoning nowe. To whom he sayd, maister, I cry you mercy: & so kneling downe made his prayers, and then put of his clothes vnto his shirte, and then was cheined vnto the post, MarginaliaThe burning and marterdōe of George March. hauing a number of Fagots vnder hym, & a thing made like a firkin  

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A small cask for liquids (OED).

wt pitch and tarre in the same ouer his head: and by reason that the fier was vnskilfully made, and that the wind dyd driue the flame to and fro, he suffred great extremitie in his death, whiche notwtstanding he abode very paciētly. Vpon this many of the people said that he was a Martir, and died maruelous patiētly and godlye. Which thing caused the bishop shortlye after to make a sermon in the Cathedrall Churche, and therein affirmed, that the sayde Marshe was an heretike, burnt like an heretike, & was a fierbrād in hel

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The difference between the account of the death of Bishop Cotes in the 1563 edition and the version in subsequent editions is striking. The account, while similar in its essentials in all four editions - that the bishop died of a venereal disease as divine punishment for executing Marsh - is considerably less graphic and detailed in the later editions of the Acts and Monuments. This is one indication that Foxe, possibly in response to Catholic attacks on his first edition, modified some of his rhetoric in later editions.

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In recompence of this his good and charitable sermon, within short time after, the iuste iudgement of god appeared vpon the sayd Byshop: who through his wicked and adulterous behauior, was (most shamefully it is to be spoken) burned with a harlot, and died therof, as credible report hath bene made: for euen they, which did speake best of him in this case, cōfessed that he had a hole or sore, in the secrete and priuy partes of his belly. And when som of the Bishops secret frendes (wherof two were Aldermē of Chester that had sene the dead body) wer gathered together, and minding to deface or discredite the rumour that then was vppon hym, declared the maner of his disease & woūd: Wherat one Brassy being then Coroner (and no heretike by the Romish profession) saide wt an othe, that thē surely the Bishop was burnt: for he before that time had taken the viewe of

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a mariner, which died vpon the like disease, & in euery case had such euidente sores & tokens as the Byshop had: more particularly mighte be sayde touching the last tragedy of this Byshop, and of his whorehunting: but shamefastnesse calleth backe.

This george marshe was also Curate of Laughton in Lecetershire, of whiche mayster Saunders was the parson. 

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Marsh was also the curate of Laurence Saunders' other living at All Hallow's Bread Street, London. Clearer evidence that Marsh's career was being fostered by powerful Edwardian protestants could not be desired.

He was learned, godly, and diligent in his office. He played not the hierling, as many hired parish priestes dyd in those dayes, but like the faythfull seruaunt of a full faythfull shepeheard kepte his sheepe from the poyson infection of the popish Wolues, by sound and diligent teaching. And when tiranny with force preuayled, then by patiente sufferyng he vanquished their fury, and by suffering death, as ye haue heard, he cōfirmed his shepe and people in the trueth taughte. Out of prison he wrote these two letters folowyng.

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Letters of george marsh

As is usual with the martyrs' letters, scriptural references dominate. There are also glosses which contrast worldly and outer things with godly and inner things ('The glory of the Church standeth not in outward shewes'; 'If worldly men ieopard so much for earthly thinges, how much more ought we to ieopard for euerlasting thinges?' ). There are glosses relating to the binary between truth and falsehood ('True salte discerned from the corrupt and vnsauory salt'; 'True receauers of the word, who they be'). The paradoxical characterisation 'Death is a dore to lyfe' is also highlighted. A section concerned with the proper conditions for godly fasting is quite heavily annotated ('Praying and fasting'; 'True fast what it is'; 'How to fast without hipocrisie'; 'Abuse of fasting among Christians'; 'The Iewish maner of fasting reproued'; 'The Christians in superstitious fasting exceede the Iewes'). Most of the non-scriptural glosses simply note the basic topics under discussion, but there are some examples of Foxe drawing out some of the theological issues implicit in Marsh's letters, as with the soteriological 'Workes of mercy doe not merite with God touching our saluation, any thing' and the glossing of the term 'we' as the 'elect' in 'Straite is the way which the elect must walke in' (there is a reversal of this in 'The Church is euer forewarned before afflictions', in which the 'the Church' is substituted for the 'elect' in the text). Marsh's warning against strange doctrine is taken by Foxe (without direct textual warrant) as a reference to 'Doctrine of good workes'. There are many examples of disagreement between editions among the large number of scriptural references.

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The Letters of george marsh

Marsh's letter to his congregation at [Church] Langton, and his letter to his friends in Manchester, were both first printed in the Rerum and then subsequently in all editions of the Acts and Monuments, and in the Letters of the Martyrs as well. All of the other letters of Marsh were first printed in the 1570 edition of the Acts and Monuments and are not in the Letters of the Martyrs. They may very well have been sent to Foxe by the same person or persons (perhaps Robert Langley) who sent him Marsh's account of his examinations.

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MarginaliaA leter of G. March to men of Langhton.GRace 
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This letter, from Marsh to his congregation at [Church] Langton, was first printed in the Rerum (pp. 432-7). This letter was reprinted in all editions of the Acts and Monuments and in the Letters of the Martyrs (pp. 664-72) as well.

be with you, and peace bee multiplied in þe knowlege of Iesus the Lord. Amen. I do now write vnto you, my beloued in the lord at Laughton, to stirre vp and to warne youre mindes, & to call to your remembrance þe wordes which haue ben told you before, and to exhort you (as þe good man & ful of the holy ghost Barnabas did the Antiochians MarginaliaActes. 13) that with purpose of hearte ye continuallye cleaue vnto the lord, and that ye stand fast, and bee not moued away from the hope of the gospel, wherof (god be thanked) ye haue had plentuous preachynge vnto you by your late pastor maister Saūders, 
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Laurence Saunders, the martyr.

and other faithfull ministers of Iesus Christ, which now, whē persecution ariseth because of the word, doe not fall away like shrinking children, and forsake the truth, MarginaliaLuke. 8. Roma. 1being ashamed of þe gospel, whereof they haue bene preachers, but are prest and ready for your sakes (whiche are Christes misticall body) to forsake not only the chief and principall delites of this life, (I dooe meane their natiue countreys, frends, liuings &c.) but also to fulfil their ministery vnto the vtmost, that is to wit, with their paineful imprisonmentes and bloudshedings (if nede shall require) to confirme & seale Christes gospel, wherof they haue bene ministers. And (as S. Paule saith MarginaliaActes. 12.) they are ready not onely to bee caste into prison, but also to be killed for the name of the lord Iesu. Whether these, MarginaliaMath. 5.being that good salt of the earth, that is true ministers of Goddes worde, by whose doctrine (being receyued thorow faith) men are made sauory vnto god, and which themselues lose not their saltnesse, now when they be proued with the boysterous stormes of aduersitie and persecution: or others being that vnsauorye salte whiche hath loste her saltnesse, that is to witte, those vngodly ministers, which do fall from the worde of God vnto the dreames and traditions of Antichriste: whether of these I say be more to be credyted &

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beleued,