acording to his worde, to moue & to stir vp my mind to beleue these articles aboue written.
This is my faith: this I do beleaue, & I am content by Gods grace to confirme and seale the truthe of the same with my bloud..
By me Iohn Warn.
A narrative of Tooley's execution for theft, denunciation of the pope, the posthumous excommunication of him and the exhumation of his body were printed in the Rerum (pp. 443-44). This narrative was reprinted in all editions of the Acts and Monuments. In the first edition of the Acts and Monuments, Foxe added the letter sent to Bonner from the privy council, dated 28 April 1555, and Bonner's writ beginning the process of excommunication against Tooley as well as the depositions regarding Tooley's words on the scaffold and the examination of Robert Bromley. All of this material came from official records, now lost. There was probably a separate register kept for this case alone.[Back to Top]
Nothing in this account was altered in subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments
MarginaliaMay. 4.THere was about the tyme that the Spanyardes began first to kepe a sturre
I.e., when the Spaniards first began to be a notable presence in England.
Foxe is intimating that Tooley was treated more harshly than he otherwise would have been because his victim was Spanish.
this meanes to discharge his dutie toward the Pope. By the same Cardinal like lightening, and fierie fist, the bones of Martin Bucer, and Paulus Fagius, whiche had lyen almost two years in their graue, were taken vp & burned at Cambridge, as Tooleis carcase was here at Londō. And besides this, because he wold shew some token of his diligence in both Vniuersities, he caused Peter Martyrs wyfe, a woman of worthy memorie, to be digged out of þe churcheyarde, and to be buried on the donghill: of these two prodigious actes ye shall here more hereafter. But nowe to our purpose of Tooly, which hauing ended his praier, was hanged & put into his graue, out of the whiche he was digged again by the cōmaundement of the byshops. And because he was so bold to derogate thautoritie of the B. of Rome at the time of his death, it pleased them to iudge & condēne him as an heretike, vpon the cōmaundement of the counsels letter, as here appereth.[Back to Top]
Bonner's normal practice was to copy letters to him from the queen or the privy council into his register; this letter is an exception. This suggests that all the materials relating to the case of Tooley were kept in a separate register.
AFter our verie hartie commendatiōs to your Lordship, vnderstanding that of late amongest others that haue suffered about Londō for their offences, one leude persone that was condemned for fellonie, died very obstinatlye, professynge at the tyme of his death sondrie heretical and erronious opinions: lyke as we thinke it not conuenient that suche a matter should be ouerpassed without some example to the worlde, so haue we thought good to praye your Lordshyp, to cause further enquirie to be made thereof, and there vpon to procede to the makyng out of suche processe as by the ecclesiasticall lawes is prouided in that behalfe. And so we byd your Lordship hartely wel to fare. From Hampton court the xxviij. of Aprill. 1555.[Back to Top]
Your Lordships louing frēdes.
St. Wynton Cancell. F. Shrewesbury.
Iohn Gage, Thomas Cheney, R. Rochester.
William Peter, Rychard Southwell.
Anone after, a citation was set vpon Pauls church doore, vnder the B. of Londons great seale: the tenor wherof here ensueth.
This writ was the necessary first step in excomunicating Tooley. Foxe probably copied it from a register, now lost, containing all the documents in the Tooley case.
EDmundus permiß. diuina Lond. epis. vniuersis & singulis rectoribus, vicarijs, capellanis, curatis, et non curatis, clericis, et literatis quibuscunque per diœcesin nostram Lond. constitutis, et præsertim Richardo Clony Apparitori nostro iurato salutem, gratiā, et benedictionem. Quia fama publica, ac plurium fide dignorum relatione, nec non facti notorietate insinuantibus ad nostrum nuper peruenit auditū, quod quidam Ioānes. Tooly ciuis & Pulter Lond. perditionis et iniquitatis filius, ad profundum malitiæ perueniens. &c.[Back to Top]