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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1235 [1166]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

ly in Christ, and you sayd then, who so euer should bring in anye straunge nation to rule here, it were treason and not to be suffered. Then sayd Browne to my Lord Rich: he belyes me my Lord. What a knaue is this? hee will sone belye me behind my backe, when he doth it before my face: and my Lord Rich sayd agayne, I dare saye hee doth so. After these wordes Wattes toke occasiō to speake some what of king Philip, of hys comming in: but what it was, I could not iustly learn: but this much was heard, that after those wordes spoken, the bench emong them selues stode vp, & sayd one to another: treason, sauing one good man, called iustice Gaudy, who a litle before was about to speake: but whē he heard them cry treason, he held down his head, as one greued and troubled at theyr doinges. And so Wattes was conueyed away, and after ward sent to the byshop of London, as the sayd letter before importeth, and there handeled as ye haue heard.

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The daye he was burned, being at Scots in the newe Inne at Chelmsford, eating meate with Haukes, and the reast that came downe to burning, they prayed together, both afore and after theyr meate. Then Wattes wente and prayed priuatly to hym selfe: and afterward came to his wyfe, and hys. vi. children being ther, and sayd these woordes in effect. Wyfe and my good children, I must now departe from you. Therfore henceforth knowe I you no more, but as the Lord hath giuen you vnto me, so I giue you againe vnto the Lord, whom I charge you see you dooe obey, and feare hym: and beware ye turne not to this abhominable papistry, against the which, I shal anon (by Gods grace) giue my bloud: let not the murthering of Gods Sayntes cause you to relent, but take occasion thereby to be the stronger in the Lordes quarrell, and I doubt not, but he wil be a merciful father vnto you. All these and such lyke wordes spake he vnto them, and they vnto hym, MarginaliaHere ii. offered to bee burnt with him.and so in the ende he bad them farewell and kyssed them al, and was caried to the fire.

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At the stake after he had kissed it, he spake to my Lord Rich these or the lyke wordes. My Lord sayth he, beware, beware, for you doo agaynst your own conscience herein: and without ye repent, the Lord wyll reuenge it. For you are the cause of this my death. 

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As the researches of Brett Usher have revealed, Lord Rich had been the patron of a number of evangelical preachers in Essex during the reign of Edward VI, thus explaining Wats's words to Lord Rich. (See the article by Brett Usher in John Foxe at Home and Abroad, ed. by David Loades[forthcoming]).

Thys Wattes before he was apprehended 

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This little anecedote about Wats giving away his possessions and settling his affairs appeared at the end of the account of Wats in the 1563 edition. This indicates that this particular anecdote came to Foxe from a different source than the material on Wats's background.

sold his clothe in hys shoppe. (For he was a linen draper by his science,) and disposed hys thinges to his wife and children, & gaue much cloth away to the poore: for he loked alwayes to be taken by gods aduersaries and hys, as you haue sene it come to passe.

 

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The Martyrdoms of Osmund, Bamford and Chamberlain

The Rerum merely mentions that Nicholas Chamberlain was burnt at Colchester on 11 June 1555 (he was actually burned on 14 June) and that on 12 June (actually 15 June) William Butler was burned at Harwich and Thomas Osmund at Manningtree, Essex (Rerum, p. 462).

All the factual information Foxe would print on these martyrs appeared in the 1563 edition. Unusually there is no material on these martyrs from their families, friends and sympathisers; all of the factual material on Osmund, Bamford and Chamberlain comes from Bonner's official records, probably a court book which is now lost. Foxe always preferred, whenever possible, to rely on the writings ofprotestants for his accounts of the martyrs and not on official documents. The reason was that official accounts were inevitably hostile to the martyrs. Foxe was acutely aware of this problem and, in the 1570 edition, he added a brief set of notes to the articles presented against Osmund, Bamford and Chamberlain warning readers of the bias in the official documents.

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Next after Maister Haukes, and Wattes, came in the examination of Thomas Os-

mynde, Fuller, and William Bamforde alias Butler, and Nicolas Chāberlayne: who were sent vp to Boner to be examined by the Erle of Oxforde, and syr Philyp Paris knight, and a letter wyth them, the copye of whych letter here foloweth. 

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The fates of these six show the persecution spreading and taking a lethal turn. These figures were not targeted for persecution until they defied the authorities, and the willingness of people to risk their lives in such a defiance must have been a rude shock to the authorities. However, once the six were arrested, they were dealt with with relentless speed; they were arrested on 1 May and three of them were burned six weeks later. Compare this with the six months it took to bring John Bradford to the stake and eleven months it took to do this to John Philpot. Obviously the six were given a chance to recant, since three of them did so, but the elaborate pains taken with more prominent people with influential friends, whose conversion would have been propaganda coups for Mary's regime, were not taken with these obscure figures.

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¶ A letter sent from the Earle of Oxford to Boner Byshoppe of London. 
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The letter from Oxford to Bonner, the articles objected against the martyrs and their answers were all taken from Bonner's official records, probably from a court book which is now missing.

 

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Osmund, Bamford and Osborne (and Chamberlain)

As is usual, the glosses in this section are mainly narrative pointers and references to articles and answers (with 1563 giving only numbers, while later editions provide fuller references). There is some confusion in this section about the names of the martyrs, and this is reflected in the glosses. There is also a reference back to an earlier mention of the martyrs which is not accurate ('Tho. Osmund, W. Bamford, Tho. Osborne, Martyrs. Read before. Page. 1766' [1570]; 'Thomas Osmund, William Bamford, Thomas Osburne, Martyrs. Read before pag. 1508' [1576; 1583]).

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MarginaliaNycholas Chamberlayn, Iohn Waller. &cAFter our harty commēdations vnto your good Lordship, this shalbe to aduertise the same, that the Constables of Coxhal within your dioces, haue brought before vs this daye syxe persons, dwelling in the towne of Coxhall afore sayd, whose names herafter do follow, videlicet: Nicolas Chamberleyne, Weuer, Iohn Waller Fuller, Thomas Brody Weuer, Richard Webbe Weuer, William Bamforde alias Butler, Weuer, & Thomas Osburn fuller, for that they, at the feast of Easter nowe last, haue not obeyed to the order of the holy Catholik church, in receauing of the sacramēts, but obstinatly refusing the same, besides the holding of diuers other opinions, contrary to the fayth of the sayd church. Wherfore wee haue thought it good to send the same persons vnto your good Lordship, further to be ordered, as in such case shall apparteyne. Thus we commit your good Lordship to the keping of almighty God. From Hedinghā the fyrst day of May. 1555.

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Your Lordshippes assuredly
Oxinford. Phillip Paris.

THus being sent vp the fyrst daye of May, they were brought before the sayd Byshop the. xvii. of the sayd moneth to be examined, vpon diuers and sundry articles ministred and obiected agaynst them, wherunto they were compelled to answere, and to put theyr hands to the same: the copy of which theyr articles and answers, being all one in forme, and effect (if the Register say true) here followeth.

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¶ The copy of the articles obiected against Thomas Osmund, William Bamford and Nicolas Chamberlayne of Coxhall. 
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The letter from Oxford to Bonner, the articles objected against the martyrs and their answers were all taken from Bonner's official records, probably from a court book which is now missing.

Marginalia1.FIrst that thou Thomas Osmunde Fuller, wast & art of the parish of Coxhal, within the dioces of London, & thou hast not beleued nor doest beleue that there is here in the earth one catholicke and vniuersall hoale churche, which dothe hold and beleue all the faith and religion of Christ, and all the necessary articles and sacramentes of the same.

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Marginalia2.Item, that thou haste not beleued nor doest beleue that thou art necessarily bounden vnder the payne of damnation of thy soule to

geue