MarginaliaGalath. 1.In these sacramentes the couenaunt of the Lord is sealed vp vnto vs, the which who so euer will chaunge is accursed.
In none other place verely we find a sacrament but where it is tyed to the word of god. for the traditions of men, not agreinge to the worde, be Idolatries, specyally when they be sette in Gods place.
MarginaliaMath. 25. 2. Regū. 8 Hiero. 17. Exod. 22.This also we haue learned out of the commaundementes of Christ, that onely God is to be worshipped, who alone is the sercher of þe hartes, the which is proper to no creature. and we haue a commaundemēt in the old law: he that worshippeth an other god besides this, lett him suffer death.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaIohn. 14. I. Timo. 2.Vnto this God we haue none other mediator and intercessor, besides Iesus Christ.
It is euident therefore that God is not bound by the word vnto ymages and figures. MarginaliaBernard. de cœna domini.
The sacramēt of baptisme & of þe lords supper do offer vnto the beleuers the remission of sinnes: besides these the christians vse none other.
Other godly ordinaunces, as matrimony, the confirmation of the ministers of the church, do not bring vnto vs the remissiō of sinnes, which be inferior dignities, albeit we doe not despyse them: we deny that oblation shuld be made for the dead. for if when they wer aliue, they knew and praysed god, where they ought, they are saued. Otherwyse contrary, the Masses and Diriges, and suche like trifles can do thē no good.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaIohn. 3.Of this the word of god testifieth, he that beleueth in the sonne of god shal not be damned.
Marginalia1. Theß. 4Paule forbiddeth vs to be careful for thē that be dead: whiles we are in this world, it is certayne we may helpe one another, as well with prayer as with counsels.
But when we shal come before the throne of god, neither Iob, neyther Daniel, neither Noe shal pray for any person, but euerye man shall beare his own burthen: here life is eyther loste or gotten, here prouisiō is to be made for vs of eternal saluation, by the worship of god, and by faith. After this life, there is no place of repentaunce, neither of any satisfaction. There is none other place, but in this life to correct our affections, and maners: for after this life, euery person shall haue that, whiche in the same he hath purchased to himself.[Back to Top]
Al the Catholike faith, by thautority of scripture, beleueth the kingdom of heauē to bee the first place, frō whence he þt is not baptised is excluded vtterly. we acknowlege no thyrd place, yea nether we find it to be in þe holy scriptures.
We holde gods most holy word and commaūdement.
But of the traditions of men thus god speaketh: they worship me in vaine, teachyng þe doctrines and commaundementes of men. Also euerye plantation whiche my heauenly father hath not planted, shall be rooted out.
The only information on this pair in the Rerum is a note stating that John Launder was burned at Steyning, Sussex, and 'Dirickius Harmonus' was burned at Lewes, both in July 1555 (p. 510). [Foxe's source apparently confused Dirick Carver with Richard Harmon, another Sussex protestant, who was committed to the King's Bench in May 1554; see APC V, p. 128]. In the 1563 edition, Foxe had written his complete account of Carver and Launder. It was largely based on official records of the London diocese, now lost, but also, for its account of the despoiling of Carver's family, his learning to read English and of Carver's execution, on personal testimony or testimonies. The account was unchanged in subsequent editions.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaIuly. 22. & 23.THe. 22. day of the moneth of Iuly was burned at Lewes, within the county of Sussex, the said Dirick Caruer, late of the parish of Brighthampsted in the same county. And the next day (being the. 23. daye of the same moneth) was also burned at Stening the foresaid Iohn Launder, late of Godstone, in the county of Surrey. Which two men were (with others) about the end of þe moneth of October. an. 1554. apprehended by Edward Gage gentleman, as they were at prayer within the dwelling house of the said Dirick, and by hym wer sent vp vnto the Quenes counsell. Who (after examination) sente them as prisoners to Newgate, ther to attend the leysure of Boner bishop of London.
Carver and Launder were the first protestants from the diocese of Chichester to be tried for heresy. Technically they should have been tried by the bishop of Chichester, but at that moment the office was vacant. As a substitute, they were sent to Bonner, who really had no jurisdiction in the matter.[Back to Top]
This letter must have been copied at Bonner's orders into his diocesan records, probably into a court book which is now lost.
As Foxe explains in a marginal gloss, the court was wearing black due to the recent death of King Philip's grandmother Juana.
I.e., a significavit of excommunication. This was the writ which a bishop was required to send to Chancery, notifying them that an individual had been sentenced to death for heresy and turned over to the secular authorities.