that ye haue my minde writtē all redye. For it was found about me, when I was taken by þe Iustice, Edmond Terrell: & also ye know my minde in the. iiii. article, plainly expressed, concerning the bodelie presence in the sacrament: for Christes bodye þt was borne of the Virgin Mary is in heauē, & wil not be conteined in so small a pece of bread: & the words which christ spake are true in dede: so must they also be vnderstanded by other of the scriptures, whiche Christ spake him selfe, and also the Apostles after him. And thus I make an ende. &c.[Back to Top]
By me Iohn Denleye.
THe first day of the moneth of Iuly, the said three prisoners wer (according to the Byshops last appointment) brought into the consistory, in Paules churche, where he proceded a gainst them in his vsual forme & maner of law: reding first their confessions, articles, & aunswers: then tempting them, somtime wt fayre promises, otherwhiles wt threatnings, whiche wer alwaies his chiefest arguments & reasons to perswade wt all: And in the ende, seing their vnmoueable constancie, he condemned thē as heretyckes, & gaue them vnto the shrieues of London, as his cōmen executioners (I wil not say hangmen) in this behalfe: who kept thē vntill they were commaunded (by writ) to sende them to their seueral places of suffering:
Early in 1555, the martyrs were sent to be executed in places where they had been active in preaching. But Denley and Patingham had no known connection to Uxbridge. They were being sent there rather than being burned in London where the crowds had become dangerously volatile.
A note recounting this anecdote, written in Foxe's hand, is in BL, Lansdowne 109, fo. 52r. Almost certainly the note was jotted down by Foxe as he listened to what an informant related to him.
All that there is on these three martyrs in the Rerum is a note stating thatJohn [sic] Wade was executed at Dartford in July, that John [sic] Polley was executed at Tunbridge in July and that Nicholas Hall was executed at Rochester in the same month. This information was essentially repeated in the 1563 edition. But in the 1570 edition Foxe added all the material he would ever have on the examinations of these martyrs. Foxe stated that this material came from the Rochester diocesan records. Foxe's account of these examinations remained unchanged in subsequent editions.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaIone Polley.A Litle before this was brēt at Tunbridge a certain woman, named Ione Polley, much about the time of the burning of M. Bradford of whom I should haue made mention before.
There is a note in the Rerum (p. 510) stating that Richard Hook was burned at Chichester in July 1555. Hook was one of a number of Sussex martyrs about whom Foxe never acquired much information.
MarginaliaRicharde Hooke martired at ChichesterLYkewise Richard Hooke aboute the same season and for the same matter gaue hys lyfe at Chichester.
There are brief notes in the Rerum (on p. 513) that William Coker, Richard Colliar, William Hopper, William Stere, Henry Laurence and Richard Wright were burned in Canterbury on 13 August 1555. (Foxe would later be less certain, stating simply that they were burned in late August). Foxe compiled the core account of these martyrs in the 1563 edition, and it was drawn from Canterbury diocesan records which are now lost. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added quite a lot of detail taken from informants. The account of these martyrs was unchanged in subsequent editions.[Back to Top]
AFter Iohn Denley, and other aboue mētioned, burned in the moneth of August, next folowed vi. worthy souldiers or rather captaines of Christes army, with valiant courage, standing to the defence of the word of
truthe and of saluation, whose names were, William Coker, Williā Hopper, Henry Laurence, Richard Wright, William Stere. All these being examined together, on þe xxvi. day of Iuly, being wednisday, &c. before Thorndon B. of Douer aboue mentioned, Nicolas Harpesfele, Archedecon, Richard Faucet, Robert Collins, vpon articles before specified. Page. 1229. aunswered for thēselues, seuerally, in effect as foloweth.[Back to Top]
Marginaliaw. Coker. w. HopperFYrst W. Coker saide, he would aunswer no otherwise then he had alreadye aunswered: William Hopper first semed to graunt to the fayth & determination of the catholyck church: after calling him selfe better to mind, constātly sticking to the truthe, was condemned the same tyme with William Coker, the. xxvi. of Iuly. 1555.
In the 1570 edition, Foxe took pains to add the dates on which events took place
MarginaliaThe words of Henry Laurence.HEnry Laurence, examined the saide daie of Iuly xxvi. and partly differred to the secōd of August, aūswered to articles obiected agaīst him: fyrst, he denyeth auricular confession, and that he had nor would receyue the sacrament, because saith he, the order of the holy scripturs is chaunged in the order of the sacramente. Moreouer, he being charged for not putting of his cap, MarginaliaPutting of his cap at the mentiō of the sacrament. when the Suffragane made mention therof, and did reuerence to the same: What said he, ye shall not nede to put of your cap. For it is not so holy, that you nede to put of youre cap therunto. Farther being apposed concerning the veritie of the sacramēt, geuen to christes disciples, affirmed that MarginaliaChrist gaue his body, as he sayd he was a dore.Christ gaue his very body to his disciples, & confessed the same to be the same, so as christ said he was a doore. &c. Adding moreouer that as he had said before, so he saith stil, þt the sacramēt of the altar is an Idole, & no remēbraunce of Christes passion, as contrary he knoweth not. At last being required to put to his hand in subscribing to his answers, he wrote these wordes vnder the bill of theyr examinations.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaThe subscription of Henry Laurence.☞ Ye all are of Antichrist, and him ye fo. And here his hand was staied to write any farther: belike he would haue written out (folow) &c. And so vpon the same, sentence was red against him.
MarginaliaRi. ColiarRIchard Coliar aboue mētioned, hauing the xvi. day of August to appeare, examined of þe sacrament of the popish aulter, answered and said, MarginaliaThe woordes of Ric. Colyar.þt he did not beleue, that after the consecration, there is the reall and substantiall body of Christ, but only bread & wine,
In a marginal gloss, Foxe was careful to 'clarify' Colliar's eucharistic theology, so that Colliar denied transubstantiation but not the sacrament itself.
MarginaliaRicharde Wrighte.RYcharde Wright the same place and daye, being the xvi of August appearing, and required of the Iudge, what he beleued of the real presence in the sacramēt, aunswered again,