and further denying, that he would hereafter be confessed to any priest, for that he findeth it not in Christes boke, & taketh it only to be a counsel. And concernyng the sacrament, commonly called here in England, of the altar: he confessed that he neither hathe, nor dooth beleue, that in the said sacrament, there is the reall body and bloud of Christ, because that the body is ascended into heauen, and there dothe sitte at the ryghte hande of God the Father. And moreouer sayd, that the masse, now vsed in the churche of England, is naught, and full of Idolatry and abhomination, and against the worde of God, affirming also, that there are but two sacraments in the churche of Chryst, Baptisme, and the supper of the Lorde. &c. And to these assertions, he said, he would stand and so did to the end. And when at last the B. began to reade the sentence, exhorting him before with many words, to reuoke his professed opinion (whiche they called damnable and hereticall) he not withstanding, resisted all contrary perswasiōs, answering the bishop again in this forme of wordes. MarginaliaThe words of George Thankerdfild at his condemnation.I will not, saythe he, forsake myne opinions, except you (my Lorde) can repell them by scriptures, and I care not for your diuinitie: for you condemne all men, and proue nothing against them. And after many fayre wordes of exhortation, whiche Boner then vsed (after the popish maner) to conuerte or rather peruert him, he answereth boldly againe, saying moreouer: That the Churche wherof the Pope is supreme heade, is no parte of Christes catholicke Churche. And adding therunto, and alleaging, and pointing to the Bishop, spake to the people saying: Good people beware of him, and suche as he is: for these be the people, that deceaueth you. &c.[Back to Top]
These with other wordes moo, he spake, wherupon, the Bishop reading the sentence of his popish condemnation, gaue him to the secular power.
This is another example of a martyr being sent out of London to a nearby town or village to be executed. This is due to the unease the authorities were beginning to feel about the reaction of Londoners to the executions.
Robert Smith's account of his examinations was printed in the Rerum (pp.513-23), as was a note stating that he was burned at Staines on 26 August 1555. With the exception of Smith's letter to 'all which love God unfeignedly', all of the material on Smith in the Acts and Monuments and all of his writings printed by Foxe appeared in the 1563edition. The core of the material on Smith himself was a reprinting of his account of his examinations. Foxe also added a brief introductory account of Smith's life and a graphic description of his execution. (This description, probably derived from an eyewitness, came to Foxe while the Acts and Monuments was being printed and was placed in an appendix at the end of the first edition). None of Smith's verse epistles were printed in the Letters of the Martyrs, but two of his prose letters were reprinted there. The Letters of the Martyrs also printed the letter 'to all which love God unfeignedly' for the first time. In the 1570 edition,the account of Smith's execution was moved from the appendix into the account of Smith, while all of Smith's verse letters were dropped. The 1570 account was reprinted without alteration in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, Smith's verse letters were restored and the letter to 'all which love God unfeignedly' was introduced into the Acts and Monuments.[Back to Top]
MarginaliaRoberte, Smith.ROberte Smith was broughte vnto Newgate, the fift of Nouember, in þe first & second yere of þe king & quene, by Iohn Mathew, Yeoman of the garde, of the Queenes side, by the commaundements of the councell. This Smithe,
first gaue him selfe vnto seruice in the house of sir Thomas Smith knight, being thē Prouost of Eaton: from thence he was preferred to Windsore, hauing there in the College a clarkship of ten pounde a yeare. Of stature he was tall & slender, actiue about many things, but chieflye deliting in the arte of painting, which many times, rather for his mindes sake then for any liuing or lucre, he did practise and exercise. In religion, he was feruent, after he had once tasted the truth, wherin he was confirmed much with the preachings & readinges of one M. Turner,
William Turner, a protestant controversialist, a pioneering botanist and the dean of Wells cathedral.
Officials sent by royal or episcopal authority to inspect the clergy.
MarginaliaCoufessiōABoute 9. of the clocke in the mornynge, I was amonge the reste of my brethren broughte to the Bishoppes house: and I firste of all was broughte before him into his Chamber, vnto whom the Bishop said, as foloweth after he had asked my name.
Boner. How lōg is it ago, since the time that ye were confessed to any priest?
Smith Neuer since I had yeares of discretion. For I neuer saw it nedeful, neither commanded of god to come to shewe my faultes to any of that sinfull number whome ye call prestes.
Boner Thou shewest thy selfe euen at the first chop to be a ranke heretike, which beinge weary of painting, art entred into diuinity, and so fallen, through thy departing from thy vocation, into heresy.
Smith Although I haue vnderstandinge in the sayde occupation, yet I prayse God I haue had little neade al my life hitherto to liue by the same, but haue liued without the same in mine owne house as honestly in my vocation, as ye haue liued in youres, and yet vsed the same better then euer you vsed the pulpit.[Back to Top]
Boner. How longe is it a goo, since ye receyued the sacramente of the Alter, and what is your opinion in the same?
MarginaliaSacramēt of the alter.Smith. I neuer receaued the same, since I had yeares of discretion, nor neuer will, by Goddes grace: neither doo esteme the same in any pointe, because it hathe not Goddes ordinaunce, neyther in name, nor in other vsage, but rather set vp, and erected to mocke God with all.
Boner. Doo ye not beleue, that it is the verie bodye of Christ, that was borne of the Virgin Mary, naturally, substancially and really, after the wordes of Consecration?
Smith. I shewed you before, it was none of Goddes ordinaunces, as ye vse it: then muche lesse to be God, or any parte of his substaunce, but onely breade and wine, erected to the vse a fore saide: yet neuertheles, if he can approue it to be the body that ye spake of, by þe word, I wil