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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1337 [1268]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

bridge aboute the. xxviii. day of this Month of August beinge not longe time after the sayde maister Denley had there also suffered.

The burning of Stephan Horwood and Thomas Fust, martired for the testimony of the Gospell. 
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Martyrdoms of Harwood and Fust

There was a note in the Rerum stating that Harwood was burned at Stratford on 30 August 1555 while Thomas Fust was burned at Ware (Rerum, p. 523). Foxe's complete account of these martyrs was first printed in the 1563 edition and was drawn entirely from official records, now lost, of the diocese of London. This account was unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaSteuen Horwood. Thomas Fust.ABoute this tyme dyed also (by cruell fyre) these two martirs of God: that is to saye, Stephan Horwood, at Stratforde, and Thomas Fust at Ware. Which both two, as they were aboute one tyme burned, with the foremencioned Robert Smith, and George Tankerdfield, although in sundry places: so were they also examined and openly condemned to gethers with them. Their processe, be cause they are comenly in one maner and forme, I thinke superflious to make repetiociō of: they maye be vnderstanded by such ample histories as I haue before mencioned, to the which I referre the reder. In the laste appearing, which was the. xii. day of Iuly, þe said Thomas Fust (being by the Bishop moued to reuoake his opinion) said. No my Lord, for there is no truth commeth out of your mouthe, but all lyes. Ye condemne men, and will not heare the truth. Where can ye fynde any annointing or greasinge in Gods booke? I speake nothinge but the truth, and I am certaine that that is the truthe that I speake. This aunswere of him only I fynd noted by the register: who, howe slēderly they haue delte with vtteringe of suche matters, experience hath wel taught. 

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Foxe is articulating here one of the two reasons why he preferred to use a martyr's own account, or the testimony of sympathetic witnesses, to official records: official records were often terse, formulaic and those who wrote them often uninterested in recording details of considerable interest to Foxe. (The other reason was that they often contained statements by the martyrs that were embarrassing to Foxe). While historians such as A. G. Dickens or G. R. Elton praise Foxe for his pioneering research in archival sources, it should be remembered that for Foxe they were a poor second choice, to be used only, as in the case of Harwood and Fust, when there was nothing better available.

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But to be shorte, after this aunswer they were bothe, for their faithfull perseueraunce adiudged (by the Byshop in his accustomed pitye) as heretickes to be burned, and so were, as ye haue hearde.

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The constant martirdome of VVilliam Haile, burned at Barnet. 
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The Martyrdom of William Hale

The Rerum contains a note that William Hale was burned at Barnet in late August 1555 (Rerum, p. 523). Foxe's entire account of William Hale was printed in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions. Foxe's information on Hale was drawn from official records, now lost, of the London diocese.

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MarginaliaWyllyam Hayle.THis William Hayle of Thorpe in the coūtye of Essex, was sent vnto Boner byshop of London by Syr Nicholas Hare knyghte and other of the Commisioners, in the companye of George Tankerfield, Robert Smithe and others, as appereth by their letters to the saide byshop before mencioned: and was also with the saide Tankerdfielde and Smithe. &c. brought to be examined into the Byshops house, the vi. daye of Iuly, 1555. and there in forme of their ecclesiasticall law, had the same articles and questions propounded and obiected vnto him, as had the saide Tankerfielde, and others, heretofore spokē of, tending al to the maintenaunce of their popish trash & pelfe The deniall whereof, (as at a moste greuouse sore) the byshop and his complices found them selues not smally offended. Which not withe standing, yet this godlye martir (with the reste did moste constantly denye aswell their propitiatorie sacrifice of their masse, with theyr

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Transubstantiated bread, as also other theyre supersticious ceremonies and hipocritycal seruyce. And therfore the xii. day of Iulye, after sondry examinatiōs, and appearings, and geuing this exhortatiō vnto the people: MarginaliaHailes wordes to the people.Ah good people beware of this Idolatrer, and this Antichrist, poynting vnto the bishop of London, he was condemned for an hereticke, and deliuered to the poore Shriffes (as to their comon tormentors) to be burned, who sent him to Barnet, 

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In the months following the burning of John Bradford and John Leaf at the beginning of July 1555, the London authorities had heretics who had been convicted in the capital burned in villages surrounding it, instead of in Smithfield. This was undoubtedly due to fears of tumultous behaviour from the crowds drawn to the Smithfield executions.

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where, aboute the saide laste daye of Auguste, he moste constantly sealed vppe his fayth wt the consumption of his bodye by cruel fyre, yelding his soule vnto the Lorde Iesus, his onely, and moste sure redemer.

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The martirdome of Iohn Newman at Saffronwalden.

MarginaliaAugust. 31.ABoute the last daye of Auguste was Iohn Newmanne of Maydestone in Kent Pewterer, burned at Saffron Walden, in the county of Essex, for the testimonye of Christes veritye. Whose examination and condemnation, because it was in one tyme and forme, with maister Iohn Dēley I doo here omitte, referring the reder, for the knowledge therof, vnto his history, Pag. 1244. Howe be it for the better vnderstanding of the cause of hys deathe, here foloweth the confession of his fayth & beliefe, for the which they did thus cruelly persecute and burn him.

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¶ The faythe of Iohn Neweman, dwelling at maydston in Kent, who was by occupation a Peuterer. 
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This confession of faith was printed in 1563, dropped in the next two editions and re-inserted in the 1583 edition. Foxe apparently had a copy of this document in exile, as he stated that he would print it in the Rerum (p. 513), although he never did.ECL 261, fo. 61r-v is a copy of this confession.

The Lorde is the protectour of my life. MarginaliaAbac. 2.The iust shal liue by faythe, and if he withdrawe him selfe, my soule shal haue no pleasure in him. MarginaliaHebru. 10

MarginaliaGen. 1. 2.MY faythe is that there is one God, which is withoute beginninge and without ending. This God created all thinges visible and inuisible. And after that he had made both heauen and earth with all other creatures, he made mā, and set him in þe place which he had prepared for him which place he called Eden: he gaue to Adam his commaundementes, and preceptes, and sayd, when so euer thou dost the thing which I forbid, thou shalt sureley dye the death: yet did man for all this disobey God his creatour, and after his sinne he fled from God, hid him selfe, and was in a miserable desperate case. But God seing man in this miserable estate, MarginaliaGen. 3.because he and all his posteritie should not cōtinue in deathe, promised Adam that the womans sede shoulde treade the serpentes heade, wherby is ment that the sonne of God should become man, and destroye the deuill. Whiche by his subtil perswasions had deceiued Adam. Then did Adam by fayth take holde of Gods promise, and became the seruaunte of righte-

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